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Clavis Syriaca 



Henry F. Whish 




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THE BEQUEST OF 

JOSEPH HENRY THAYER 

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20 March 1902 




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CLAVIS SYRIACA. 



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Cambttoge: 

PRINTED BY 0. J. CLAY, M.A. & BON, 
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS. 



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CLAVIS SYRIACA: 

A KEY TO THE 

ANCIENT SYRIAC VERSION, 
CALLED "PESHITO," 

OF THE FOUR HOLY GOSPELS. 



BY THE 



REV. HENRY F. WHISH, MjL, 

CORPUS CHBI8TI COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE. 



LONDON: 

GEORGE BELL AND SONS. 

CAMBRIDGE : DEIGHTON, BELL AND CO. 

1883 



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^vv 



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TO 
THE RIGHT REVEREND FATHER IN GOD 

RICHARD 
LORD BISHOP OF CHICHESTER 

THIS VOLUME 

DESIGNED TO ELUCIDATE THE VENERABLE AND ANCIENT SYRIAC 

(PESHITO) VER8ION OF THE FOUR HOLY GOSPEL8 

IS 

WITH HIS LORDSHIPS PERMISSION 

MOST RESPECTFULLY AND DUTIFULLY 

INSCRIBED 

BY THE AUTHOR. 



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PREFACE. 

Little need be said in the way of introduction to the 
following Work, which in answering to its title sufficiently 
explains its own object: viz. to furnish a complete analysis of 
the text of the Four Gospels, as it exists in that ancient and 
venerable Syriac Version of the New Testament, commonly 
called Peshito — i.e. the simple, or literal: — a Version which 
loses nothing of its value from the fact, that whereas for a long 
time it was regarded as the most ancient, the researches of 
later years have brought to light a MS. of the Gospels in 
Syriac, supposed to be at least as ancient as the Old Latin, 
and which is now in the British Museum. 

The plan which I have endeavoured to carry out in the 
following pages is this : — To give 

1. The Syriac word, as it stands in the text. 

2. The English rendering, according to the Authorized 
Version, with a more literal translation where it seems necessary. 

3. The corresponding Greek word, or words, — preceded, 
where not strictly literal, by the abbreviation Gr. 

4. The parsing of the word, with all its various forms, as 
occurring in the Gospels, or in other parts of the New Testament, 
with references. 

As a rule, I have not thought it necessary to give the affixed 
forms, except where the simple form does not otherwise occur, 
or where the affix seems to present any peculiarity. 

5. The derived forms traced to their respective Roots. 
Under this head are in some cases added derivatives from verbs 
and nouns, which, although not occurring in the Gospels, often 
serve to illustrate the meaning of the original Root. 



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ii PREFACE. 

6. The analogous, or cognate, form, where such exists, 

(a) In Hebrew, with reference (except in a few very 
common words) to one or more familiar passages in 
the Old Testament. 

(b) In Chaldee, with similar, but fuller, references to the 
Books of Daniel and Ezra. 

7. A literal translation of such passages as deviate in any 
remarkable degree from the Original, whether in grammatical 
construction, or in the actual reading of the text. Where the 
Syriac Version, thus deviating from the Received Text, agrees 
with one or more of the most ancient Greek MSS., such agree- 
ment is noted: the MSS. referred to being principally the 
Sinaitic, the Vatican, and the Alexandrine. 

I have appended a complete Index to the whole Work, by 
reference to which the Student will readily find every word — 
including every conjugation of the Verb — where it first occurs, 
and where it is fully explained. 

In the arrangement of this Clavis, the Gospel of S. John is 
placed first in order; since, as in Greek, so in Syriac, its 
language and construction is the simplest, and presents fewer 
difficulties to the beginner : and by this plan, the Gospel of S. 
Luke, which is the most difficult, stands last 

The Text which I have followed is that published by Mr 
Bagster, and bound up with Gutbir s Lexicon. 

Although designed, in the first instance, for the use of 
beginners, this Work does not profess to be, in the strictest 
sense, elementary ; it being taken for granted that the student 
has mastered at least the Elements of Syriac Grammar, and is 
acquainted with the forms of Nouns and Adjectives, Paradigms 
of Verbs, &c. The Grammars to which I have occasionally referred 
are those of Dr Phillips, President of Queens 1 College, Cambridge 
(Deighton, Bell and Co.), and B. Harris Cowper, Esq. (Williams 
and Norgate). There is also a very useful little Grammar pre- 
fixed to the "Syriac Reading Lessons," published by Mr Bagster. 



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PREFACE. iii 

I take this opportunity of expressing my great obligation to 
the Rev. J. Sandford Bailey, for his kind counsel and invaluable 
assistance while this work was preparing for the press : — to the 
Very Rev. the Dean of Canterbury, for his great kindness in 
allowing me to submit the MS. to his inspection; and to my 
revered Diocesan, the Lord Bishop of Chichester, for the high 
honour he has done me in permitting me to dedicate these pages 
to him. It is my earnest hope that my work may prove not 
altogether unworthy of such patronage. I shall feel that my 
object has been fully attained, and the labour of many years 
well spent, if it should be the means of affording some assistance 
to those who have begun, and perhaps of encouraging many to 
begin, the study of the Syriac Language : — a Language which 
must commend itself to all, not only for its own intrinsic beauty 
and sweetness (the very Italian of the Semitic family), and the 
ease with which, especially with a previous acquaintance with 
Hebrew, it may be acquired ; — but chiefly as being, in all pro- 
bability, the native Tongue of the Son of God Manifest in the 
Flesh, — the Language in which Etis "Gracious Words" were 
uttered, His Sermon on the Mount, His Parables, His Words of 
love, reproof, and warning ; — the Language which gave expression 
to His last Cry on the Cross, 

HENRY F. WHISH. 

Brighton, 

June 22, 1883. 



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ERRATA. 

f 

Page 3, line 14, for ^ read p.. 

„ 21, „ 16, for ^OO&O ^JLo read *>oALo ^k>. 

„ 88, „ 4 from the bottom, for "quadrilateral," read "quadri- 
literal." 

„ 90, „ 4, for }£o read }'*£>. 

„ 101 (Chap. v. 2), for }2oO} read VAooj. 

„ 103, lines 21, 22, for £rf)|\ ]£oi, read ]^o{l, l£o{. 

„ 134, line 13, for ^oAj] read <oAj}. 

„ 145, „ 13, for 05^Ai\ read o5^AlQ^. 

„ 149, „ 5, for ^01" Aj? read ^ppoAj). 

„ 163, „ 4 from the bottom, for A .] > m^> read A ,| . m^> 

X X 

„ 175, „ 12, for CTLlJ* read <Jl£J>. 

„ 183, „ 5, for 0^ read O^. 

„ 199, „ 1, for 'ttl^&oT read U^^l- 

„ 240, „ 14, for "Editors" read "Editions". 

„ 262, „ 23, for «o50ki read •oIoki. 

„ 310, „ 3 from the bottom, for •^iOKLOO^D read •-»01QDJa^. 

„ 322, „ 6, for lyft>S f M read l^Cai^i. 

„ 386, 387, top of page, for "Matthew" read "Mark". 

„ 391, line 15, for la-^t read )^ » ^ t 

„ 480, „ 4, for )ljaOD read })50flD. 



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CLAVIS. 



.•pa 



THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO 

S. JOHN. 



A^POji 1^]o ^O) llOg-O ^-LmCU) )Lo]o- r 2 l^j-O ^O i \ yt-JP) 

TA^ ZTo/y Gospel, Uie Preaching of John the Preacher, which he spoke 
and preac/ied in Greek at Ephesus. 

CHAPTER I. 
(^pJlSLO, a cJuipter — from the Gr. K€<f>d\aiov. j 

Ver. 1. A » m *i*s i n the beginning — lv apx5* 

X 

— *0 inseparable preposition. 

X ** 

— Ai ■ i3 noun fern, denom. from «_*_«$, head. — A beginning. _Lo 

X * X ^ 

Ao-j*-»jID, /row the beginning, aw apxfjs, ch. viii. 44 : S. Matt. 

X 

xix. 4, 8; S. Mark x. 6 Def. ]& » - »\ the beginning, Hebr. 

X 

iil 14; vii. 3. The first, Acts xxvi. 23. First-fruits, S. James 
i. 18. — PL def. ]A > a .; Hebr. vii. 4 (Gr. cic t£v a#c/Do0inW). 
Heb. JVJPiO, U«n. i. 1. 

— loqi ^OToAj] was — rjv — bJ\ , is ; properly a primitive and in- 

" X X 

declinable noun signifying "existence, being". With pi. suffixes, 
W. C. 1 



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2 S. JOHN I. 1, 2.* 

Ver. 1 . it forms the pres. tense of the subst. verb, as %^GloA^ , lie is, 

* A 1 7 X 

^00"LilLi|, Uiey are, <fec. : the imperf. tense being expressed by the 

r x 

addition of |OOT, OOOT, <fcc. In the 3rd pers. of both numbers the 

affix is often omitted; as |OOT LJ\ he was, OOOT LJ\, they were. 

A-i I followed by the dative expresses the verb " to have" ; 
as * i \ A-i|, 1 have, Lat. Est mihi; y\ A-i|, thou liast, ch. iv. 11. 

Similarly is used AoJ^ = A-il (J , is not. 

7 * o 

— ]'&£o the Word—o Aoyos— Def. of U& (S. Matt. iv. 4, Ac.) noun 

fem. (here masc. in sense, and therefore joined with a masc. verb), 
A word, speech, or thing, cause, reason (as Heb. *"Q1). PI. 

T T 

■ 1 NV>, def. (lib, ch. iii. 34. — Constr. ]);-* - >'Vvr> tlie words 

V X -* f 

0/ truth, Acts xxvi. 25. Root ^S>0 Pa. ^O, spoke. 

Heb. n^O, Ps. xix. 5. Thing (as *]$?$, Job xxxii. 11.— 
Chald. nVo (for K^fi) «^^ I>an. ii. d[ * Def. HH^Jb, and 
Wm3» ver. 5, 15. Thing, ii. 5, 8, <fcc. 

t ; • 

— OOTO pers. pron. 3. sing. masc. pre6xed with the copulative conj. O, 

and. It expresses here the force of the Gr. art. d. — PI. masc. 

^QJOT. 

— Zo-^ with — 7iy>os — Preposition. With affixes, - »7r>\ %vith me, 

,2.0-1, w?t/A ms, «fcc. Also signifying to, towards, at tlie hands of 
(S. Matt. vi. 1).— Zd^ ^l2>, from; otZo^ ^-i, /rom 7/iw, ch. 
vii. 29, below. 

— 1<7V& GOD — rov 0coV — Def of OT^s, Rev. viii. 2; xxii. 9, 

P c 

according to De Dieu ; — Others read the def. form, as here and 
elsewhere in the N.T Fern. def. jZoi-^, t/ie Goddess, Acts xix. 

27 : with aft ver. 37.— PI. masc. def. |£l&, ch. x. 34, 35, below. 
Heb. tibli, Ps. 1. 22.— Chald. pl^tf, Dan. ii. 18. Def. 
KflSK, ver. 20. PI. JVjSn, ver. 11. "' 

2. POT this, tlie same — ovtos — Demonstr. pron. masc. sing. — PI. masc. 

■ i NOT, these, those. 



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* S. JOHN I. 3. 3 

Ver. 3. ^\d all, all things — irdvra — Properly a noun masc. denoting entirety, 
universality, but used adjectively. With affixes, ^\o, we all, 

all of us-, ^Q-qXd, all of you, <fcc. — When referring to a following 
noun, the affix agrees with that noun, and is pleonastic; as 

}LCH* OlXo, all (of it) the people. 

Heb. and Chald. 7Jj), "73, of frequent use. 

T 

— Glpil^ by His hand, i.e. by Him — Gr. St* avrov—Det (with prefixed 

preposition, to which the first vowel is remitted, — and affixed 
pron. 3. sing, masc.) of pi, noun fem. The hand, seldom occur- 
ring as a noun* Del },-»} (S. Mar. vii. 32) tlie liand, also power, 

X 

X ••« 

dominion. — PL (of masc. form) ^->|-> I . S. Mar. ix. 43 ; Col. ii 
11.— Def. |aj*l, S. John vil 30, 44. 

x 

pi with pref. *0, ^L is used as a preposition. |-i-0, by, by 

means of -u ^L, at, near, by the side, slwre, of 
Heb. y. Chald. T def. NT, Dan. v. 5, 24. 

t - t; 

— |OCTI was, was made, came into existence — iyivero — The Substantive 

verb, pret. 3. sing. — Fut. |00TJ, S. Matt. xxvi. 35 Imperat. 

^OGI, S. Matt. iL 13 ; pL OOC7I, v. 48 : S. Luke xii. 36, 40 

X 

Inf. with pref. ii, 1oaikl\ S. John iii. 9 ; ix. 27 ; S. Matt xix. 

21._Part. looi, S. Mark iv. 28. Fem. X*0&, S. Matt. xii. 45 ; 

xiil 22; S. Mark iv. 19, 32.— PI. masc. ^»OCTI, S. Matt. xiv. 21 ; 

xv. 38 ; S. Luke ix. 14. — Fem. _i001, S. Mar. xii. 25 ; S. Luke 
xx. 34, 35. 

For the complete paradigm of this verb, see Phillips's Gram. 
§33. 

Added to the participle or preterite of verbs, it forms their 
imperfect and pluperfect tense respectively, and the two words 
coalesce, d taking the linea occultans. Thus : 

Imperf. ^OOl ^§uO (Kotelvo) he was killing. 

Pluperf. looi ^a (K'talvo) he luad killed. 
Similarly, it forms its own tenses ; as, 
Imperf. JOOI |001 (hovevo) lie was. 



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4 S. JOHN I. 3, 4. 

Yer. 3. Pluperf. |ooi JOC1 (h'vovo) Ae Jiad been. 

Yet in some cases we find the imperf. with the force of a 
pluperf. and vice versa. 

Heb. n\i. chaid. nn. 

.. f * • * ».* 

— %,*010, S\n without Him — x^pis a ^rov — ,^*^ (Rom. vii. 8 ; Philem. 

ver. 14) prep. Without, besides. Followed by _Lo, S. Matt. x. 29 ; 
S. Luke xxii. 6. — Takes affixes as a pL noun, as here 3. masc. 

So CTLij-L-l^, without it (sc. \LQ ^ >pQ, fern. Iioliness), Hebr. xil 

14; , ijSNn, witJwut us, Hebr. xi. 40. 

Heb. ngSa, with aff. HgS>3, T^jfpS, Gen - xlL 16 > 44 ' 

Comp. of 73 9 not, and TJ^ **lg smJ#. Compare HJD3 

always with pref. |fi *nj7 730 Ps. xviii. 32. 

— |I£>| P no£, wo£ even — ov8c — Comp. of *£D|*, o^o, & n d U w<tf. 

— |pK» on« — cv — Fern, of ^ (ver. 40) where see note. One, a certain 

one (tis). 

— Zooi was — b/ivero — Pret. 3. sing. fern, of }om. See note above. 

The point over L marks the feminine gender. 

— ^OjlO something, anything — Indeclinable. Followed, as here, by > 

tJutt which, wJiatsoever. It forms phrases: as ^OjiO ^OjiO various, 
Acts xxi. 34;— ioJ& ]J and ]] 2>Oj&, nothing, S. John xvL 23; 

S. Matt. v. 13 : — $O^D ^D, all, whatsoever, S. John xvi. 23: — 
^OjlD ^OD, in every way, Gr. Kara 7raKra rpoirov, Rom. iii. 2. 

— JOOIJ *Aa£ w?Aic/i was, existed — o ycyovcv — J, relative pronoun, with r 

before a vowelless consonant. 

4. GITD tra iifrra — iv auT<3— Preposition with affix 3. sing. masc. 

— ( " » » life — £<mj — L>ef. of " * m, pi. noun masc Zt/e, health. The two 

X 

dots (Ribui) mark the plural. Agrees, as an abstract noun, with 
the verb JOOI in the singular. But in the next clause it is joined 
with the pi. form ^OGT-iA-i]. 

f x 

Heb. D^H, ^n. ii. 7. — Chald. ppf, as an abstract noun, 
Dan. vii. 12. Constr. ^H, Ezr. vi. 10. 

— pOlQJ the light — to <£<Gs — Noun masc. def. — Root 50TJ, shone. 



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S. JOHN I. 4—6. 
Ver. 4. P*JLjJL£2> of men — lit. of the sons of men — twv avOpuictav — Plur. of 

» T • 9 • 7 

i ■ 1, ,r i (ch. ii. 25) def. ( m *i **\ ver. 6, below. Noun masc. com- 
pounded of ^Q, aon, and wij], def. hL)|, man, by aphseresis of 

|. The sing. def. in a separate form, j-ij) fJD, occurs, S. Matt. 

xii. 12 : also the pi. \kl\ JLl^, S. Matt. vi. 5, <fcc. 

5. |^o ^ *k«^ i n the darkness — tv tq cK&rlq. — Def. (with pref. prep. *0) of 
(ch. xx. 1) noun masc. Dark, darkness — R. y ~» — , was 



dark 

Heb. 1|Bfn, Gen. L 2.— Chald. WH, Dan. il 22. 

— 5<TLllD shining, shineth — <£<uVci. — Aphel part, of XJU, shone. Aph. 

Sou | (Acts xvi 29), lightened, illuminated ; — Pret. 3. fem. 

•iicruf, S. Luke iL 9 Fut. JauJ, Eph. v. 14 Infin. with ii, 

03CJ11V>\, S. Luke i. 79 Part, fem. ]^^, S. Luke xv. 8.— 

PL masc _-»5<7LLlO, S. Matt. v. 15._Part. pass. pi. masc. (of 

the same form), S. Luke xii. 35. 

— (1 not — ov. 

— OiaSjj comprehended it — avro... KartXa/Stv. — Aphel pret. 3. sing, (with 

af£ 3. sing, masc.) of yi J or ^i5j, trod wit/i the feet, proceeded. 

Aph. ^5>| (Rom. ix. 31) trod out corn : attained to, reached, 
seized, overtook, perceived, experienced, followed to perfection. Pret. 
1. sing. AdSjV, Acts x. 34 ; xxv. 25 ; Phil. iiL 13.— 3. pi. 005>f 

Rom. ix. 30 Fut. yl^X, with aff. ^0333^, 1 Thess. v. 4.— 

1. sing. S>{[, Phil. iii. 12 ;— 3. pL iQ2>r* f 1 Tim. vi 19:— 1. pi. 
yifl, 1 Thess. iv. 15 Imperat. yi}\ 9 1 Tim. vi. 12._Inf. 

033.VA, Eph. iii. 18 Part. mS-Sd, 1 Cor. ix. 9 ; Fem. )s>J&), 

S. Mark ix. 18. 

Heb. Hiph. ^p*HH caused to walk, Ps. xxv. 5, 9 ; cvii. 7 ; 
cxix. 35 ; overtook, with ace. Judg. xx. 43. 

Derivatives, |Ad5>, noun fem. def. a treading out corn, 1 Tim. 
v. 18. 

|Ad5o>, noun fem. def. a footstep, Acts viL 5. 

6. ))A*|? who was sent — Gr. cwrcoTaA/AeVos — Ethpaal pret. 3. sing, (with 



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6 S. JOHN L 6, 7. 

Ver. 6. pref. relat y, to which the first vowel is remitted) of 5p* (not 
used in Peal); Pael *,_•, *atf_ Ethpa. i}La], S. Luke iv. 26 
(where however the Vienna and some other Edits, read 5>Zl*|, 
Ethpeel) was sent Pret. 3. sing. fern. LhL*], Acts xiii. 26 : — 
2. sing. LiyL*\, S. John iii. 2 : — 1. sing. Lh/Lm], S. Matt xv. 
24; S. Luke iv. 43 :— 3. pi. oilL*T, ver. 24, below; S. Luke 
vii. 10 ; xix. 32; Acts v. 22 (Vienna and some others 05jAV)) ; 

x. 17; xi. 11.— 3. pi fern. ^nZuf, Rev. v. 6 Part >]Lm£d, 

pL masc. -~.yy L*£o, 1 S. Pet. ii. 14. 

Chald. Ithpa. part. *T^p|B^fi exerted himself \ endeavoured, 
followed by 7 Dan. vi. 15. 

— _Lo from — irapd — Preposition. 

— OtIQl* Aw name — ovofw. aura) — ^Q-# (Eph. i 21) noun masc. A name. 

Wit haff. pron. of the 3rd pers.— Def. ]SlL*, S. Mark iii. 16, 17. 
— Constr. ±CLb, S. John v. 43; S. Matt, xxviii. 19. With 
affixes, y^£L» t Thy name, S.*Matt. vi. 9, <fcc. - >Vr>^ My name, 
S. John xiv. 13, 26, <fcc. For an explanation of this latter form, 
see Phillips's Gr. § 29 (4); Cowper/s Gr. § 154 (3).— PI. JioikL* 

^ X 

(irreg.) Phil. ii. 9.-— Def. loiVf, S. Matt. x. 2.— With aff. 

» 

^OCTUOlSo*, S. John x. 3 ; ^onloiLOL*, S. Luke x. 20. 

Heb. QJJf (of very frequent occurrence) — Chald. QE? Dan. 

iv. 5 ; Ezr. v. 1. Takes affixes as from Qgf see Dan. ii 20 ; iv. 

5, &c.— PI. p&B>', Ezr. y. 4, 10. 

7. | L \ came — tjXQw — Verb pret 3. sing. Came, arrived. Joined with 

p 

^Q,n\, it signifies made progress, as in 1 Cor. xL 17 : — with 
5Ai, followed, as in ver. 27, 38, below. Pret. 3. sing. fern. 'LL\, 

7 P 

ch. ii. 4. — 2. sing. A-iZl, ch. vi 25, <kc. — 1. sing. L*L], ver. 31, 
below.— 3. pi. o2.f, ver. 39, below.— 2. pi. ^pA-iZf, S. Matt. xxv. 
36.— 1. pi. ^2jf, S. Matt. ii. 2 Fut. ]L\}, ch. iv. 4, <fcc.— Fern. 



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S. JOHN I. 7. 7 

Ver. 7. )l]L, S. Luke L 43.-2. sing. )L]L, 2 Tim. iv. 21.— 1. sing. 1Z1, 

S. John xiv. 3.-3. pi. <o4j, S. Matt. viii. 11 :— Fem. ^JZ^J, 

S. Matt, xxiii. 36, &c.— 2. pi. ^L]l, ch. v. 40, below.— 1. pi. 

IZ^J, Hebr. vi. 1. Imperat. ]Z, ver. 43, 46, below. —Fern. ^Z, 

S. John iv. 16.— PI. oZ, ver. 39, below ; Fem. " *)*? , S. Matt. 

xxviii. 6 — Inf. (with !>) UK)\, S. John vii. 34, 36 Part. 

]L], ver. 9, below;— Fem. V»— 1 > ch. iv. 15.— PL masc. -->2J[, ver. 

38, below: — combined with ^1 »», ^-L-iZ], ch. xiv. 23; xxL 3: 

—Fem. ^L]\ 1 S. Pet. ii. 19.— Part. Peil ^Z]', S. John vl 17;— 

X 

pi. ^ViZf, ch. xl 19. 

X X 

Heb. nnM (used in poetry only) Deut. xxxiii. 2. — Chald. 

nr.N Dan/vii. 22.— Inf. tfn&S ch. iii. 2. 
T -. > ..... j 

— |Zo>3i rn\ for a witness — cfe fxaprvptav — ^, to, for — Inseparable pre- 

position —used also to mark the accusative case. 

(LOKTlfiD, def. of OJOUX) (Acts xiv. 16) noun fem. Testimony, 

witness. — Constr. form. |; DO » Z.O*CTl£D, witness of untrutJi, i.e. 

false witness, S. Matt. xv. 19. — PI. ^p'joifX), def. \LO'iO\£D, with 

affi ^OClZ.O;>01£D, S. Mark xiv. 56. Compare Gen. xxxl 47, 

where this word is used by Laban the Syrian. Eoot JCTlfiD, wit- 
nessed. 

The Heb. word ^HC? with aff. Hilt? my witness, record, is 

found once, Job xvi. 19. 

— ?GUXU> to bear witness, tlcat he miyht bear witness — Zv* fiapTvpijarj — 

Aphel fut. 3. sing. (pref. * here a causal conjunction) of K7LCD, 

witnessed. — A ph. 501£D| (ver. 32, below), bore witness: — Pret. 2. 

*CTl£D|, Acts xxiiL 11 : — 1. sing. L)3\£0], ver. 34, below: 

—3. pi. OJ<JUd(, Acts x. 43 :— 1. pi. ^CTlflD?, 1 Cor. xv. 15 

Fut. 1. sing. ?Ol£0|, S. John xviii. 37 Imperat. jcnfiDJ, ver. 23. 

— Infin. oynmSnN, Rev. xxii. 16 Part. JCTLCOSO, S. John iii. 

32; vii. 7; viii. 13, 14:— Fem. "|>aixnk>, Rom. ii. 15.— PL 



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8 S. JOHN I. 7. 

Ver. 7. masc. i)01CQlO, S. Matt, xxiii. 31, &c. Combined with 

? r x t 

^1 »», ^J-»iOimV>, S. John iii. 11. 

— ^L concerning — wept — Preposition. 

— wA_L-^2> tliat every man, all men — Gr. Iva iravrts — Compounded of 

^\d + wA_3 J , by aphseresis of ] , but often used as separate words. 
Pref. j, causal conjunction. 

— , Vr> .m i might believe — Gr. irwrTcvo-cixri — Aphel fut. 3. sing, (with > f 

prefixed to the foregoing word, having the force of the subjunc- 
tive) of ^£(> persevered, was constant, faithful; used only in 
part. Peil -juLo]*, def. ] 1 i V))* faithful, constant, Phil. i. 3 :— 

^ X X 

Fern, (same form) 1 Tim. v. 5: — def. ]Ajl*1d), Acts xii. 5. — 

X 

PL » * ■ Ipf, Acts i. 14, <fcc.:— def. jjLi-^V, 1 Tim. v. 23.— 

^* x X * x 

Ethpeel V»|/ | ; remained firm, constant, once in Imperat. pi. 
OlloUr, Co1 - iv - 2 - 

* f 

Aph. Vn .m (S. John iii. 18) believed. In this form the 

characteristic ft of the Heb. Hiph. PfifctH is retained, and the 

I . ... v 

1st radical changed to Yud. Usually followed by ^ or «0 ; but 
sometimes immediately by the noun, as in S. Mark xvi. 1 1 : 
S. Luke xxiv. 11. Pret. 3. sing. fem. 'AfVt.rn S. Luke i. 45 — 
2. sing. AiO^.rn S. John xx. 29, <fcc— 1. sing. Ll±H*(T\, Acts 
xvi 15.— 3. pi. Ollfl,»C71, 8. John ii. 11, &c.— 2. pi. ^oAllO-iai, 

S. John v. 46, <fca— 1. pi. —LLq tOI, S. John vi. 69 Fut. 2. 

sing. Vn .rn/ S. Mark ix. 23. — 1. sing. _Sa^Ol|, S. John ix. 
36.-3. pi. ^QJLkLiCTU, S. John xi. 42, <fcc— 2. pi. lOlVWaiZ, <- 

S. John iv. 48; v. 47, <fec— 1. pi. v V)i(71J, S. John vi.* 30, <fcc 

Imperat -J^LiOl, S. Mark v. 36 : — Fem. . i iVliOl, with aff. 
. > i > iVn.rn S. John iv. 21: — Pi. r>iVn>rn c h. x. 38, <fec 

X * 

Inf. r»iVn.rnVn\ c h. v. 44 Part. ^O^rnVn ver. 50, below, 

and frequently. Def. ]ll£L»OlSo, ch. xx. 27: — Fem. (same 
form) ch. xi. 26, 27:— Def. lAllOaCJlSo , Acts xvi. 1.— PL 



r> 



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S. JOHN I. 7—9, 9 

Ver. 7. masc. > iVn .rnVn ver. 12, below; — combined with * *» # 

^ X ^ 

i . iVn,fliVn c h. iv. 42 :— Def. )ll£L><7l2aD, Acts viii. 2, &c. 

_Part pass. —So^OlSo, one w?Ao w faithful, in w/iom trust is 

reposed, S. Matt. xxv. 23; S. Luke xvi. 10.— -Def. ]il£L»OlSo, 
S. Matt. xxiv. 45; xxv. 21, 23; S. Luke xii. 42. Used also in 
def. state as a substantive, an Eunuch, Acts viii. 27, <fec. — Fern. 

(same form) 1 Tim. i. 15 : — Def. "JAjLlCLiOtLo, Acts xiii. 34. PI. 
masc. def. (jlLOjCJiLd, S. Luke xvi 11, 12. As a substantive, 
S. Matt. xix. 12.— PL fern. ^JtScuCJlSO, 1 Tim. iii 11;— Def. 
TaJlSQ-iCJiSd, Rev. xxi. 5. 

Heb. HipL (as above) Gen. xv. 6. — Chald. Aph. Vyn Dan. 

vL 24. Part. pass. oh. ii. 45 ; vi 5. 

8. ]j\ , but — dXXd — Conjunction, commonly regarded as identical with the 

Gr. word which it here represents. But its etymology as com- 
pounded of J + U is evident from its meaning in ch. x. 10, except, 

unless — Gr. el fxrj. — J \}\ , lav iirj, ch. iii. 27. 

9. M-tt > for* is * ne Gr. y<H> ) ^d* like it, never begins a sentence. 

— |*r-*?> of the truth, i.e. the true Light — Gr. (to <£<3s) to dXrjOivov — 

Noun masc. def. firmness, sincerity, integrity, verity. With pref . 
> of the genitive, which takes F before a vowelless consonant. — 

Pref. «0, pi m «*\ in truth, of a truth, verily, Acts x. 34. — Root 

i^M \-b , was firm. 

— - m * ^lu 5(TLllD5 , which lighteth every man — o (fxori&i irdvra avOpay- 

ttov. Here J is the reJ. pronoun ; ^ marks the object. 

— |£|?» tluU cometli — Gr. ip\6^cvov. Participle of ]£), came (see note, 

ver. 7). The first vowel remitted to j . 

— pf)\\\, into tlte world — cts top koct/xov. Def. (with pref. prep. -^) 

of %o\\ (ch. iii. 15), noun masc. primarily signifying a long or 
indefinite space of time — eternity (cuu^, Lat. cevum); then the 
world, Lat. mundus. PI. VvnVC s. Matt, vl 13. Def. 

^ X 

]V>\S, Rom. xvi. 25. ]ioXi? U^O, Gr. 6 £ao-i\cus tw iylmv 

(at iOv&v), Rev. xv. 3. 
W. C. 2 



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10 S. JOHN I. 9-11. 

Ver. 9. Heb. cSty, Pa. xxv. 6.— Chald. D^tt, perpetuity, Dan. iii. 33. 

10. CTLLpi, knew Him — avTov...eyva> — Pret. 3. sing, (with aff. 3. sing. 

y 

masc.) of ^p* (ch. iv. 1) knew, understood. For the rule of the 
vowels, gee Phillips's Gr. § 48; Cowper § 102. 

Pret 3. sing. fern. 'Air!, S. Mark v. 33; S. Luke vii. 37.— 

2. sing. A^^, with aff. S. John xiv. 9: — Fern. ^ZlL-*, S. Luke 

X X 

xix. 44. — 1. sing. Alp*, S. John xvii. 7; S. Luke xvi. 4. — 3. pi. 
Q\-i, S. John vii. 26, <fcc.— 2. pi. \OA^*, Gal. iv. 9: with aff. 

S. John viii. 55.— 1. pi. ■ S*i, S. John iv. 42, &c Fut. l£l, 

S. John vii 51, «fcc. :— Fem. «-i-Lj2, S. Matt. vi. 3. — 2. sing. ^jZ, 

S. John xiii. 7; S. Luke L 4. — 1. sing. ^*f, S. Luke i. 18. — 

3. pi. ^OlfJ , Rom. L 28 :— with aff. S. John xvii. 3 ; S. Luke 
ix. 45:— Fem. ^S,l, Rev. ii. 23.-2. pi. <a^?2* S. John viii. 28, 

32, Ac.— 1. pi. V, 1 Cor. ii. 12; 1 S. John v. 20 Imperat 

^j, Hebr. viii. 11:— PL Olj, S. Matt. xxiv. 33, 43 Inf. with 

\ ^ffis, S. John xiv. 5 Part. 1^1, ch. i. 31:— Fem. ]lpl, 

ch. iv. 10; coalescing with %^Aj), w-iAi^, S. Luke xix. 42. — 

PI. masc. * ^ i, ver. 26, below: coalescing with -J k», —J * ^ - , 

ch. iii. 2; — with ^pAj|, ^oAj-Lp*, 2 Cor. iii. 3. — Constr. <*-*-!,_», 

Rom. vii l._For the part. Peil, see note, S. Matt, xxvii. 16. 
Heb. yy (very frequent)— Chald. yp Dan. iL 8, <fcc. 

11. Ol\i|\, to his own — ets rd l&ia — Prep. ^, prefixed to v^>, a particle 

compounded of j (or «-»*, Chald. ^) and ^ of the dative. With 

affixes (here 3. masc. sing.) it serves for personal pronouns of all 
persons and genders. See Phillips, Gr. § 28 : Cowper § 67, 68. 
Compare Heb. *S"^K * W 

••• -;' • v ' 

— «->Q10\nO, received Him — avTov...7rap&a/fov — Pael pret. 3. pi. (with 

aff. 3. sing, masc.) of m*So, demanded of a person, with aff. 
* i l\no, Acts xxv. 24. Exclaimed, part. ^£XO, Rom. xi. 2. 



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S. JOHN I. 11, 12. 11 

Ver. 11. Opposed himself, fut ^0£1QJ, Rom. viii. 33.— Pa. ^£ld (ch. 
iii. 33; S. Luke ix. 11), took, received, accepted. — Pret. 3. fem. 

•AS^lD, 1 Tim. v. 10.— 2. sing. A\AA s. Luke xvi 25. — 

1. sing. AX^lO, S. John x. 18. — 3. pi. C1^£lO, ch. xvii 8. — 

2. pi ^oA\nn, S. Luke vi. 24.— 1. pL ^Nnn, Acts xxviii 21. 
Fut. Wnm, S. Matt, xviii 5; xix. 29, <fcc.— Fem. . iNnnZ, 

Hebr. xi 11.— 2. sing. ^CloZ, 1 Tim. v. 19;— Fem. - iNnnZ, 

S. Luke L 31.— 1. sing, ^iof with aff. 2 Cor. vi 17.— 3. pi. 
AV^Ai S. Mark xii. 40; S. Luke xx. 47; with affl S. John 

vi 21.— 2. pL ^oNnnZ, ch. v. 43.— 1. pi. Wnm, Gai iv. 5 

Imperat. ^ilo, S. Luke xvi. 7.— Pi (A£lO, S. John xx. 22; 
S. IVIatt. xi 14 — Inf. oNnnVlN, S. John vii 39; with affl 

7 
• • » f 

(pleonastic) ch. xiv. 17. —Part. udOk), ch. iii 32, <fec. Fem. 
]lnoiO, Hebr. vi. 7.— Pi masc. -AnfilD, S. John iii. 11, 

«fcc. — Coalescing with - 1 m, ■ 1 i NnnV), Acts xxiv. 3: — with 

<oAj|, ^pAiNnnV), Col. iii 24 Part. pass. WnnV>, used as 

a noun; see note, S. Luke iv. 19. 

Heb. Piel ^3p f Prov. xix. 20.— Chald. Pa. ^p 9 Dan. ii 6 ; 

vi 1; vii 18. 
12. _»-\-i], they, as many (as) — wroi — Demonstr. pron. pi, usually 
followed (as here) by >. 

— _-i>, the same as the Gr. 8c, used in the same way aud signification. 

^ 7 

— *OCTL», He gave — c&wccv — For the peculiarities of this verb, see 

" Phillips's Gr. § 40 (9); Cowper's Gr. § 113 (6).— A verb de- 
fective in the Fut tense and Inf. Mood, which are supplied by 

the verb ^Aj, found in these two forms only. See note, ver. 22, 

r 

below. Pret. 3. fem. A^OlI, S. Mark vi 28. — 2. sing. A^OU, 

S. John xvii 2, <fcc. — 1. sing. A^Ol^, ch. xiii 15; xvii 8, 14, 
22.-3. pi. enroll, S. Matt. xv. 36.-2. pi ^oZoou, S. Matt, 

xxv. 35, 42. — 1. pi _^01-i, Acts xxi 7, 19._Imperat. %001, 



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12 S. JOHN I. 12. 



F 



Ver. 12. S. John iv. 15, <fec. Fem. o^rxn, ch. iv. 7, 10. — PL OOCT, 
S. Matt. x. 8: — Fem. x "^, S. Matt xxv. 8.— .Part. *OOll, 
S. John iv. 10, <fec. — Fem. [£XTL», ch. xv. 2. — PL masc. > ^vn . 

T V • 

S. Matt. xxi. 41, &c. — Coalescing with ^ 1 »», i » <vn > 2 Cor. 
i. 20, <fec.— PL fem. ^CTU, 1 Cor. xiv. 7 Part. Peil, %^CTL», 

« P X 

S. John vL 65: — Fem. |lX*CJLi, Acts xix. 39. — PL masc. 

X 
X 

■ * n iOia , Acts ii 47. 

^ X X 

Heb. ^pp, only in imperat. Prov. xxx. 15 ; Gen. xxix. 21, 
and a few other places only. — Chald. 3H* , Dan. ii. 37, &c. 

— ^OOT-^, to them — avrots — -^ of the dative with affixed pronoun 3. 

masc. pi. 

— )\ ft\p », the power — Igowriav — Def of ^ft\o » (S. Matt xxviii. 

18) noun masc. rule, dominion, one wlio has power (Arab. Sultan). 

PL def. ]i&lo-», Rom. viiL 38. Gr. dp X ai R. ^X*, liad 

power. . . 

Chald. ffc?J?, Dan. iiL 33, ike. PL def. K*JID?E>, ch. vii. 27. 

. It J T T- T J T 

—fish?* ruler, cn - iii. 2. 

* ■* 

— ^OOJU .... 5, that they miglU become — to become-^Gr. ytvicOai — Fut. 

3. pi. of | OCT, was, became. The *, with r before a vowelless 
consonant, prefixed to ) k '. 1 *~). 

* # f r 

— t-LLTD, the sons — tckvo. — PL def. of j^ (ver. 45, below), noun masc. 

a son. Def. ]&, ch. iii. 35. PL (irreg.) . i 1 O, Acts vii. 29; 

^ X 

Gal. iv. 22.— Constr. . Y 1 Q, S. Matt. xx. 20; S. Mark iii. 17; 
S. Luke i. 16._^b with aff. 1. sing, and 2, 3 pL takes the 
vowel *; as *-*^, my son, S. Matt. ii. 15; iiL 17, &c. — 

^^^ your son, S. John ix. 19. 

7 r . . . ,. 

^, - " a !D, enter into certain idiomatic expressions; as 

\j*S\ ^O or v-*-Ji-^> 5<w ^ wwc», ie. man, pi. ML)) wi-JLO or 
j ^ i » i ^ S ee ver. 4, above. 



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S. JOHN I. 12. 13 

Ver. 12. 2oX*3ol i^JL2, people of Jerusalem, S. Mark i. 5. 

X .« *• F F 

« * ^ - ^V>*» jjQj ,/?/ty years old, S. John viiL 57. 

lycnv/i/ > i » j^ ? twelve years old, S. Luke ii. 42. 
F ? ^ * 

.» F .. F 

I^LiJD fiJLQ, *&>*« o/* <A« houseltold, viz. all but the heads of the 
family, father and mother, S. Matt. x. 25, 36; xxi v. 45; S. Luke 
ix. 61. 

|5Uj t-iJLQ, sow* o/" the free, i.e. <Ac ,/ree, S. John viii. 33, 36; 

S. Matt, xvii 26. 

(locna^ «^lL2, sons of relationship, i.e. kindred, S. Luke i. 58. 

|A-iQ-l « i m, acquaintance, S. Luke ii. 44. 

X 

|A) i|V) « iio, «otw o/" J/te city, citizens, S. Luke vii. 12; xv. 15; 

xix. 14. 

pQl. « ilO, *<ms of the people — nation, S. John xviii. 35. 

PfiNi ^O, the son of peace, i. e. one worthy of your favour or regard, 
S. Luke x. 6. 

» F 

Om±* }jO, the son of his time, i.e. in that very hour, immediately, 

*S. John v. 9; xiii. 30; S. Matt. xiii. 5, 20; xxi. 20. 
Similar phrases occur in other parts of the N. T. ; as, 

^oaiLQ-llDo] ji, and OlZoJ-Lool *_i_L2, a son of tlieir craft, or 
■» 
occupation, fellow-craf tsman ; fellow-craftsmen, Gr. ofior€\vo^, 6fio- 
Ttyyoi. Acts xviii. 3, and xix. 24, 25, 38. 

» J .«F •• F 

pZ.| « i 1 *"\ «orw o/" <Ae ^foce, i.e. *foy o/* $Aa£ p^oce, Gr. ol cvroirioi, 
Acts xxi. 12. 

1 1 m wiJLQ, grandchildren, Gr. txyova, 1 Tim. v. 4. 

* .. F 

»-»iffiO «■ i IP, sons of my flesh, i.e. my own people, Rom. xi. 14. 

F F . 9 f .. F 

*-*»Mp1 ^ son o/"wy yo&e, yokefellow, Phil. iv. 3; and L.01 *-i-L2, 

^Cor. vi 14. ^ 

|Z.oZ4«» *■ i m, joint-heirs, Rom. viii. 17 ; Eph. iii. 6. 
OinW) >■ i m, At* councillors, Acts xxv. 1 2. 

F ff F F 

wiOIQ 1 i JDyJD ^Q, son o/^fo educators (of Herod), i.e. one who was 

brought up with him (aff. pleon.), Acts xiii. 1. 
l^sAiS i. i I O, son* of idols, idolaters j Rev. ii 14, 20. 



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14 S. JOHN I. 12, 13. 

Ver. 12. - > 3 ^ t-iJLQ, *orw o/* wy year*, my equals in age, Gr. owrjki- 
Kiu/rag, GaL i. 14. 

^Q£)A^^# ujJLD, children of your own tribe, your own countrymen, 
1 Thess. ii. 14. 

Heb. |3, very frequently; *T3, Ps. iL 12; Prov. xxxi. 2. — 

Chald. *fi, Dan. iii. 25; Ezr. v. 1.— PI. p}3, constr. ^21, Dan. 

ii. 25; Ezr. vi. 9. 

13. oX, not— compounded of OOl JJ, is not — Interrogatively, ch. vii. 25, 

belo*w. 

— (So J ^So, from tfie blood, of blood — Gr. c£ aXpArmv — Def. of iO> (Acts 

xvii 26.) noun masc. Blood — Takes with aff. 1. sing, and 2, 3. pi. 

the vowel of its abs. state, as «»jlS£>, ch. vL 54, seqq. ; S. Matt, 
xxvi 28, <fec; ^OOli£), S. Luke xiii. 1. 
Heb. t3T, Ps. xciv. 21. 

T 
« P « * » 

— |1 i D» ^So, of the will — Ik ^cXifftaro? — Def. of ^ > Q», noun masc. 

TJ^#, good pleasure. With pref. *0, adv. willingly, sud sponte, 

Gr. Ikovvcl, Rom. viii. 20. — Constr. % OQl mV\^ , > *^^> &y *Ae 
wi# of their soul, willingly, 2 Cor. viii 3. — PL with aff. cxlx£)», 
my desires, will, Acts xiiL 22. — It. £o. , willed. 

— ]{£&£)), of tJie flesh — crapjeos — Def. (with J of the gen.) of ;JX1£} 

(ch. xviL 2) noun masc. Flesh. — PL def. lyfflH, S. Jude ver. 7. 
Heb. TJ?2i, Gen. vi. 13; Ps. lxv. 3.— Chald. -|fcfa, Dan. vii. 

5. Def. N^3, ch. ii 11; iv. 9. 

t ; . 

— |l^,A of man — avSpos — Def. (with j of the gen,) of r^ni, noun 

masc. A man, and man, Le. the male sex in general — PL 

XT »« 7 

\ ^ tij def. (r^-ii) Acts l. 16, <fec. 
Heb. *13J| (chiefly in poetry) Ps. xxxi v. 9. — Chald. *Djl, 
Dan. iL 25;' v. 11.— PL ^33, def. Jt*T3il, ch. iiL 8,12. Root 

Heb. *Qj|, was strong, prevailed — Syr. Ethpe. or (Ethpa.) ^-tZ|, 

sliowed himself strong, Imperat. pi. O^Cl-«Z| , quit you like men, 
1 Cor. xvi. 13. 

— Of-^iZl, were born — iyivvrjOrjaav — Ethpeel pret. 3. pi. of j— ^-», gave 



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S. JOHN I. 13, 14. 15 

Ver. 13. birth to.— Ethpe. ^Zf (ix. 19), was born. Followed by j£> 

* X 

*^_i$> was born again, see ch. iii. 3, 7._Pret. 2. sing. Z-X^i.*), 

x* * « x 

ch. ix. 34:— 1. sing. Z^lklZl* Acts xxii. 8:— 2. pL *^_>5j ^JD 

.o/A iZf 1 S. Pet L 23 Fut. A^Aj, S. John iii. 4 Part. 

^Ak), ver. 3, 5.— Inf. OjiLiA&X ver. 7. 

14. ^»uio> an d dwelt, tabernacled — *al co-Kifpaxrcv — Aph. pret. 3.' sing, 
(pref. O, to which the vowel is remitted) of ^-JUi> used only in 
Aph. ^A|) y overshadowed, protected, fell or rested upon. Followed 
by *0, as here ; or, as elsewhere, by uL. — Pret. 3. fern. 'AJ-m (> 
Acts x. 44: xi. 15.— Fut. ^^J (or ^ll) S. Luke i. 35. Gr. 
cfl-to-Kiao-ci — Acts ii. 26; 2 Cor. xii, 9. — 3. fern. i-d-> Acts v. 15. 
Heb. p]|, with *?£, 2 Kings xx. 6.— Hiph. p*, with S#, 
Isa. xxxi. 5. 

— -JD, in ua — Iv ij/uv — Prepos. *0 with afE 1. pi. 

— ^-iV"0, and we beheld — *al i$€aadfi€$a — Pret. 1. pi. (pref. O with f 

before a vowelless consonant) of ]|>*> (ver. 18) saw, beJteld. — Pret. 

3. fern. *Zvk», ch. xx. 1, 12, 14, 18, <fec. — 2. sing. A^V**> Acts xxii. 

r 

15: with aff. & John ix. 37; xx. 29.— 1. sing. A-»V", ch- viii - 3 & 
—3. pi. OVk», ver. 39, below, &c.; Fem. Jiv», S. Mark xv. 47, 

<fcc.— 2. pi. <oA^Ik», S. John v. 37, <fcc. Fut. ]wi, ch. iii. 3.— 

2. sing. 1|-k»Z, ver. 46, 50, below. — 1. sing. ]\**\, S. Mark x. 51 : 

—3. pi. vpWJ, S. John vii. 3:— 2. pi. v OVk»Z, ver. 39, 51, 

»* * X 

below; — 1. pL (1-KfcJ, ch. vL 30._Imperat. «-»l>*> ch. vii. 52, 
&c.;— pi. OVk», ch. iv. 29: — Fern. v i Qm, S. Matt, xxviii. 6 

Inf. ]U*£), S. Matt. xiii. 14; pref. \ S. Matt. xi. 7, 8, 9, Ac- 
Part. ]\*>, ver. 33, below; fern. ]L\S*, ch. iv. 19. — PI. masc. 
^ i]»i, ch. vi. 2, &c. : — coalescing with - \ m, -J Q m, ch. ix. 

41 ;— with <oAj), <oA-»iI>, Phil, iii 17.— PI. fem. <Ji|Ij, S. Matt, 
xiii. 16. 



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16 S. JOHN I. 14. 

Ver. 14. Heb. Htfl, chiefly in poetry, Pa. xivi. 9, «fcc. Chald. Ktfl, 
Dan. ii. 31, 34, &c. 

— 01»-OC1jp , his glory — rrjv 8o£av atJrov — Def. (with aff. 3. sing, masc.) 

of o-k^Q ~ i def. I * * *^»rt » (i n the next clause) noun masc. 
Praise, glory, Majesty, — It. a^ », Pa. a^n », glorified, 

— m-*T > °* — *k — Conjunction — answering to the Heb. 3 ^ 

— } i » ^ t), o/'tffe Only-begotten — /jio*'oy€voi)s — Def. (pref. y of the gen., 

9 

to which the first vowel is remitted) of -i t . » ** i, noun masc, an 

onfy ora, on/y cAiW. Fern. def. (A-ipk-KK-i, S. Luke viii. 42. 
Heb. *]TP> Gen. xxii. 2. — R. ^H*, was united, 

• T - T 

— |oj V>;, which (is) ./row <A« Father — Gr. irapa IlaTpos — Def. of 

*o] , noun masc. This noun (like \>J\ , brother, and |1q*j , father- 
in-law) takes in the sing. O before all affixes, excepting that of 1. 

sing, in which T is changed to % thus: — - » ^|, my father, ch. ii. 

16; — ^Q-0|, thy father, ch. viii 19; *-*01OO|, his fattier, ver. 18, 

below; — 0100|, her father, ch. viii 44; — \Q^|, our father, ch. 
iv. 12; — ^ononj, your father, ch. viii. 38; — ^pOlOOJ, their 
fatlier, S. Matt. iv. 21. — The pi. has two forms; masc. —iCrLOJ, 
Hebr. xii. 9. def. |oio|, S. Luke i 17, patres naturales; — and 

mOj 9^ 9 -T 

fern. def. |Z£TLO j , S. John vii 22, patres spirituales. According 
to Amira, this distinction extends to the singular, the first being 
distinguished by Ruchoch (jo|), and the second by Kuschoi 

Heb. 3M Ps. ciii. 13; Constr. lxviii. 6.— Chald. 2tf, with 
aff. VfflK, Ban. v. 2.— PI. jfOK, with aff. Dan. ii. 23; Ezr. iv. 
15; v. 12." 

— UlO}, which (is) full (sc. }A\lO, but masc see note above, ver. 1) — 

irkyprjs — Part. Peil (pref. rel. } with T before a vowelless conso- 
nant) of U^, filed. Here, as throughout the N. T., in immediate 

9 

construction with the following word. Fem. | » I^lO, ch. xxi. 11 ; 
Acts xvii 16; S. James iii. 17.— Constr. Z\ > Vf>, S. Luke i. 28; 



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S. JOHN I. 14, 15. 17 

Ver. 14. Eph. iii. 10.— PL masc. » ^<*\ S. Matt xiv. 20, <fcc.— Constr. 

. * I Vf>, 2 S. Pet ii 13.— PL fern. ^v\V), 1 S. Pet L 22. 
For the verb itself, see note, S. John il 7. 

— Von i \, grace — Gr. xapiros — Dei of on i q (Rom. iv. 4) noun 

fern. Favour, beneficence. R. *o]-£, Pa. t n>^ did good. 

— VA#ono, a?ui *ru*A— Gr. kcu dXi^cias— Def. (pref. O) of /pi D, 

noun masc. Truth. — PL _jZl*Q-D, not occurring in the N. T. 

Heb. BJgfp, BBfp, Ps. lx. 6; Prov. xxil 21.— Chald. &1B>j3, 
Dan. iv. 34, t3^p"|&, o/"a truth, truly, ch. iL 47. 

15. KTLCD, fore witness — fiaprvpci — Verb Peal pret TTcw a witness, testi- 
fied. Pret 2. sing. ZjOlflD, ch. iii. 26. — 3. pi. OjOlflD, Acts viL 
58.— Fut jOlinj, S. John ii. 25;— 2. sing. jOlfl>2., S. Matt xix. 

18, <fcc Part >CTlflD, S. John v. 37, &c.— Def. V>(Tui, used as 

a noun, A witness, martyr, Acts L 22, <fcc. — Fem. |>Ol£D, Hebr. 

X » 

x. 15. — PL masc. _a)OI£0, S. John iii 28; coalescing with 

^Im, ,-JL_i*7LQD, 1 S. John i. 2. PL def. 1}01XX>, S. Matt. xxvi 
59, <fcc. 

— ^aOTq\\, of (concerning) Him — ircpi avTov — ^i, prepos. with aff. 3. 

sing. masc. 

— |-Ldo, and cried — #cal jcacpayc — Verb Peal pret. (pref. O with T before 

a vowelless consonant) cried out, exclaimed, proclaimed. — Pret 3. 

fem. 'ALo, S. Luke i. 42.— 1. sing. L i SO, Acts xxiv. 21. — 

X 

3. pi. 02>£>, S. John xviiL 40. &<x Fut. Unj, S. Matt xiL 19; 

— 3. pL fem. ^JJLqj, S. Luke xix. 40 Inf. ]vr>0%\ S. Mark 

x. 47._Part ]lo, S. John vii. 37, <fcc.— Fem. ) 1 SO, S. Matt. 
xv. 22, 23.— PL masc. » v ^, S. John xii. 13, <fec. 

Compare Heb. i*Wj|, cried, lowed (of cows), 1 Sam. vi. 12. 

— jiO|0, and said — Gr. \tymv — Verb Peal pret (the first vowel remitted 

to O prefixed). $aid, spoke. Pret 3. fem. 'l^d\, S. Mark v. 33; 
S. Luke ii. 48. — 2. sing. masc. 2*Lol, S. John xviii. 34, Ac. — 
w. c. 3 



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<r 



18 S. JOHN I. 15. 

Ver. 15. Fern. w^2j1d|, ch. iv. 18. — 1. sing. 2*£o), in this ver. and ver. 30, 
50. — 3. pi. masc. Ojio |, ver. 22, below, <fcc.; Fern. «-»}i£|, S. Luke 
xxiv. 10, 24; and ^t&f, S. Matt. xxv. 8; S. Mark xvi. 8; S. 
Luke xxiv. 9.-2. pi. ^o/ r k)1 , S. Luke xii. 3. — 1. pi. v jSd1, Acts 
xxi. 14 Fut *&1j, S. Matt. xii. 32:— Fern. £o)L (for ^^2.) 

X XX 

S. Mark xiv. 69.-2. sing. *k>1Z, S. Matt. xxvi. 63.— 1. sing. 

X 

lk>l, S. Luke vii. 40, kc— 3. pi. masc. v O*lo]j, S. Matt, vii. 22, 

X ^ X 

&c— Fern. x$C>h, S. Matt, xxviii. 8.-2. pi. ^^SoU, S. Matt, 
iii. 9. — 1. pi. tibp, S. Matt. xxi. 25._Imperat jib], Acts xxii. 

X 

27;— Fern. ^jloT, S. John xx. 17.— PI. 0|2cf, S. Matt. x. 7;— 
fern. —*;Lo|, ch. xxviii 7; S. Mark xvi. 7 Inf. £o]ka\ 

^ X 

S. John viii. 26 — Part. &)', ver. 23, below.— Fern. l^o] , ch. ii. 
3. — PI. masc. _»p£|, ver. 38, below; — coalescing with * *», 

^-L^of, ch. viii. 48.— PI. fern, ^JLof, S. Matt. xxv. 9, 11 Part. 

Peil r * Lof, S. Matt iii. 3:— fern. )\ » Lof, Acts ii. 16. 

X X 

Heb. *)JbN, of very frequent occurrence — Chald. ^IStf, Dan. 
ii. 25, &c. 

— QJOl, this is — Gr. ovtos yv — For OCT poi, the latter word represent- 

ing the Copula. 

— OCT, He, Demonstr. pronoun. PL ^QJCT. — Fern. «_t01, pi. —tJOl. 

— Z*£o|>, that I said — of whom I spake — ov Arrov — Pret. 1. sing, of 

jib] (see above), with pref. } to which the vowel is remitted. 

— «-»$A£2>, after me — oVio-o) /xov — $&£}, prep. (ch. ii. 12) after; with 

aff. 1. sing. The particle ) is employed to introduce a speech or 
quotation. This word, besides its simple and affixed forms, occurs 
in the following compound forms : 

1. iAib 5Ao, one thmg after another, in order, Acts xL 4. 

2. ^jDjAs, S. John xL 7, 11. ^JDiZo ^i£, S. Luke xii 4. 
^jJiiAi ^k>, Hebr. iv. 8. Afterwards. 

3. 5A£> ^S), after, followed by a noun, ch. v. 4; S. Matt i. 12. — 



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S. JOHN I. 15, 16. 19 

Ver. 15. j 5 As _lD, after that, postquam, followed by a verb, S. Matt, 
xxvi 32; S. Luke xxii 20; Acts i. 3, 13. 

4. As a noun in the def. state, with pref. ^, |^^\ ; to the back, 
back again, 2 S. Pet ii. 21. 

TransL That after me He cometJi, and was before me. — OlX, to Him 
is here pleonastic. See Cowper's Gr. § 198. 

— » iV> f O, before me — ifiirpoaBw fiov — VOpO (S. Matt v. 16), prep. 

9 » 

Before; taking pL affixes; here with aff. 1. pi. — ^OpO ^io, before, 

7 9 * • 

S. John xvii. 24. — - *^rs ^i& 9 before me, ch. v. 7. — J ^Of-0» 

9 * 

before that, priusquam, S. Mark xiv. 30. — J ^OpD _Lo, the same, 
S. John xiii. 19; xvii. 5. 

Chald. mj5, D"Tp> Dan. ii. 9, and very frequently. 

tJ: t|t: 

— J VkflV), because — oti — ^\JLo, prep. On account of, Gr. Sta, ch. iii. 

29; S. Mark iv. 7; Rom. iv. 25. .For *A« *afo of, Gr. cvcKcy, 
S. Matt. v. 10. — Followed, as here, by J, Because, since; in order 

that, Gr. fro, S. John vii. 23; S. Mark iii. 10.— Followed by Jjct, 

or |)CT, to which it is sometimes joined as one word, it means 
Because of this, therefore, ver. 31, below; S. Matt. xii. 27, 31; 

xxiii 34. — Followed by, or joined with, fJLk), Wherefore, why ? — 

With pron. affixes it takes the form A^$V); as, ^A^/JV), for 

my sake, S. Matt v. 11; OlA!L|s2> (she heard) of Him, S. Mark 
vii. 25. 

* * 9 7 

— - » ISP OCT tuLLOpO, ZZe w before, anterior to, me — Gr. irpwro<: /tov nv 

— OCT here represents the logical copula, and the two words are 

~ 9 7 

pronounced as one, Kadmoyu — - **<n^r\ noun masc. The first, 

» 9 7 

preceding, ancient, elder. — Def. | > V), D, ch. v. 4. — Fem, def. 

|A»<^o ch. ii 11. — Constr. ZllIDj-D, used as an adverb, first, 

for the first time, Acts xi. 26; xiii 46. — PI. masc. def ] »V) t O , 

those of old time, the ancients, S. Matt. v. 21, <kc. — PL fem. def. 

fovvn A Hebr. v. 12. 

Chald. 'ISlp, pL de£ N*&"K3, Dan. vii 24.— Fem. del 

NTlWp, ver. *4~;— PI. def. NJVfillp, ver. 8. 
t;t :l- ttt :|- 

16. rn/cs » x^n _l0, of His fulness — c/c tov TrXiypwfuxTos aurov — Q-k-^tiO, 
noun fem. Fulness — Def. V n * "^ Occurs in the N. T. only 



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20 S. JOHN I. 16, 17. 

Ver. 16. once elsewhere, with aff. fern. otZq i \lO, its fitting up, i.e. tfiat 
which is put in to fill it up, S. Matt. ix. 16. R. |il0, Pa. . i NV>, 
fitted. 

— ^ y) ^ !■*■»> w*> o# of us; all we — ^ftcis irdvrcs — ».1j>j, pron. 1. pL — 

For . \n, see note, ver. 3. 

— .nffi 1, we have received — eXdfioficv — Pret. 1. pi. of »«^ftft i (ch. xiii. 

30), took, obtained, bore away; cut off, S. Luke xxii. 50. — 

}LL}] ^£QJ, duxU uxorem, married, S. Matt, xxii 25. — With 
\Si\ (pref. *Q pleonastic) (ib(0 «HHU, assumed an appearance, 
played Hie hypocrite; whence part. pi. \2*\^ «^^£XU, hypocrites, 

S. Matt, vi 2, &c Pret. 3. fern. 'A^mi S. Luke vii 37; xiiL 

21.— 2. sing. A^<ym l Cor. iv. 7.— 1. sing. A*Ami S. Matt. 
xxviL 9; S. Luke xiv. 20. — 3. pi. niasc. OClCOJ, S. Matt. xvi. 7, 

<fec. Fern. . Vnffil, ch. xxv. 1, 3.-2. pi. ^oAntTM, ch. x. 8 

Fut «^fiQJ, S. John vi. 7. — 2. sing. •rWZ, S. Mark vL 18. — 
1. sing. •aaft, Phil. iii. 14.— PL ^onflOJ, S. Matt. xvi. 5.-2. pi. 

^onrnZ, S. John xvi. 24.— 1. pi. .nmi, S. Mark vii 27 Im- 

perat *aflD, S. Matt, xvii 27, &c— PL onfT), ch. xxv. 28, <fcc. 

Inf. >^rftVnV s. John iii. 27, <fcc. Part. «£}£aj, S. John iv. 

36, <fcc. Fern. |£nnj, S. Mark ii. 21.— PL masc. »^mi 

^ X 

f r p 

S. Matt. xvii. 24, <fcc. — Coalescing with . 1 »», . 1 i nmi, 1 S. 

•• f • 

John iii, 22. — Constr. - » «^nrn in the above-mentioned phrase. 

— wgi-i »» , />r, answerable to — avrt — Preposition, in. the room of, S. Matt. 

r ^ r -p 

ii 22. — Takes affixes of nouns masc. pL as - » <*^ — , y i a \ » » , 

y ^p 

/or Me.., for t/ise, S. Matt xvii. 27. — w^Q1Q^\»i, for him, 

S. Luke ii. 27. — ^OHi ^\»i, /or you, S. Mark ix. 40 — > valia, 

because, S. Luke xix. 44._R vAm, Pa. *^-Lk», changed, 
exchanged. 

Heb. tpfl, noun, used as a prep. Numb, xviii. 21, 31. 

17. ]flDQi£U, the Law— 6 vo/xos — Def. of tCDOlQJ (1 Cor. ix. 21) noun 
masc. Law. — PL def. jflDOlQJ, Acts xxxi. 3. 



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S. JOHN 1. 17, la 21 

r • 

Ver. 17. fJL^, by, through, lit at the hand of- — 8ia — See note, ver. 3. 

— <£>TLftZ.|, was given — iSofoj — Ethpeel pret. 3. sing, of %OCTLi, gave. — 

z m 

Pret. 3. fem. 'LcxnllX, ch. vii 39; S. Mark vi. 2.— -In Hebr. 
viil 6 the Vien. and some other Editions read *A£XTL*2] . — 3. pi. 
masc. Q£XJu2$, Hebr. il 4: — Fem. JUrXTuZl, 1 Cor. ii. 12 

Put %OOuAj, S. Matt. viL 7, <fec. Fem. *±n<TL>Ll, S. Matt. 

x X » 

xii. 39; without final w-i, S. Matt. xxi 43; &. Mark viiL 12; 
S. Luke xi 29; Eph. iv. 19 Tnf. OTXTuAklX S. Mark xiv. 5. 

—Part. *QOuAk>, S. Matt. x. 19.— Fem. ]£XJllAl2>, ch. xvi. 4. 

X 

—PL masc. ^-i^XTLiZto, 1 S. John v. 16. 

— l»-i_alD, tfie Anointed, Christ — Xpwrrds — noun masc. def. Tfie Mes~ 

X 

t *« • T % • 

siah. Of form part. Peil of +**-mlD, anointed. — [Lo [-*> » ^^\ 
a false Christ, Antichrist, 1 S. John ii. 18, <fca — PI. def. f * - » ^ V> 

X 

U^|, S. Matt xxiv. 24. 

Heb. |T#D, Dan. ix.:— with aff. Ps. ii. 2, &c. 

— • T 

18. ^OoAlO V> «^j)...|], no man ever, at any time — ovficls ir<iiror€ — 

iOoAlO, iOoASD ^lb, ^OoAVlV), ever, sometimes. Preceded or 
followed by ]], never, in various forms; as : 

1. JooASO ]T, S. Luke xv. 29; 2 S. Pet. L 10. 

2. iOoASO ^ ]]', S. Matt xxi. 42; S. John v. 37; Gal. v. 16. 

3. ]]' JooAiO ,«s£>, S. Luke xv. 29; xix. 30; S. John viii. 33. 

4. JooASoLD ]]', S. Matt. xxi. 16; S. Mark ii 12, 25; S. Luke xxi. 
34; S. John vii 46; Eph. v. 29; 2 S. Pet. L 21. 

5. ]TiOoASoLo, S. Matt. vii. 23; ix. 33; xxvi 33; Acts x. 14; 
xiv. 7. 

— |01_£\ ]■>,!»»! , the Only-begotten God — Gr. d /xovoyevijs vlos. 

# x 

— |n0Sn, in the bosom — us rov koXwov — Del (with pref. prep. *q) of 

OQ1, noun masc. Bosom. PL del MDOl, with afE .OILi^XlX 
S. Luke vi. 38. 



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22 S. JOHN I. 18, 19. 

Ver. 18. * iS/li|, He hath declared — i(rrfi<raro — Ethpael pret. 3. sing, of 
VL», smeared over, smootfied — Ethpe. - » v ^ ^) r delighted him- 

z 

self, was delighted. In£ r> , vA>Vn\ u> play, Gr. mu£civ, 1 Cor. 
x. 7. Ethpa. delighted (others) by discourse, narrated, brought 

back news. — Pret 3. pi. QjJLA^f, S. Mark v. 16, <fcc. Fut 

}sAa 1, Acts viii. 33. — 1. sing. 1^/lb], ch. xxviii. 20 Imperat. 

)LL*T, S. Mark v. 19. — PI. Q-LZVf, S. Matt. xi. 4 Part. 

l\A y «V), Acts xiiL 41.— PL v > ZAa&, ch. xv. 3, 12. 

Heb. nj$y wa9 smeared over; of the eyes^ was closed, dim, 
Isai. xxxiL 3. 

m. » * 

19. w-iOl | ?010, and this is — ical avn; iariv — fjOl (always thus pointed 

when alone, as below, ch. ii. 12), Demonstr. pron. fern. 

t-tOl, person, pron. fern, here supplying the place of the subst. 

X 

verb, and therefore losing its own vowel and taking the linea 
occultans. Pronounced with the preceding word as one, Hodoi. 

— Ol2.0>OUX>, the record, lit. his record — ij paprvpia — See note, ver. 7. — 

The affixed pronoun is pleonastic, referring to the following noun. 

— ji), when — ore — Conjunction. 

— oSp* , they sent — dircoTciAav — Pael pret. 3. pi. of i^ (Peal not used) 

Pa. >p» (iii.17.) Sent, sent forth, sent away — Fut. If-AJ, S. Matt. 
xiiL 41. — 1. sing, ij-*], S. Luke xx. 13; with aff. S. John xvL 7. 
—-3. pL ^OJpAj, S. Matt, xxi. 34 — Imperat y^, S. Mark v. 12. 
Infin. A[ Iln\ S. Luke iv. 18. Part 5^lD, ch. xiiL 20, 

i f t TXT 

below. — PL —AJpA^O, coalescing with ^ 1 »», ^-Lj*, iV), Acts 
xxv. 27. 

— (JOU, priests — Upcts — PL det of ^OlD, def pjlO (S. Luke L 5) noun 

masc. A priest. 

Heb. Jrt3, Ps. ex. 4, and very frequently. — Chald. JH3, def. 

NJH3, Ezr. viL 12, 21. PL def. fcMTO, ch. vL 18, <fec. 

T -; - T — ; T 

— - »ti > ir>\| 1 iy that they might ask him — to ask him — Tva Ipjrnjcriixriv 

avrov — Pael fut 3. pL with aff 3. sing, (used as a subjunctive 
withpre£ j) of^Vi, asked, sought for, intransitive. — Pa. ^|I» 
(ch. iv. 52) questioned, demanded. — Pret. 3. pL CL^£», ch. ix. 19. 



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S. JOHN I. 19, 20. 23 

Ver. 19. Fut ^£iiJ, with aff. ch. xiiL 24; xvL 30.— 1. sing. ^£»f, 

with aff. S. Matt, xxL 24, <fec Imperat ^£», S. John xviiL 21. 

—PL (A£i, ch. ix. 21, 23 Inf. oNfaSn^, with aff S. Matt. 

xxii. 46. Part. ^fiLiD, S. John xvi. 5, <fec— PL k i\]aSo, 

S. Matt. xii. 10. 

Heb. PL ^H&, begged, Ps. cix. 10. 

— Aj) ^O Aj], who art thou? — <rv ti's ct; — 

tS\ y pers. pronoun; standing, in the second instance, for the subst. 

verb. 
_lD, pron. interrog. of the person. Of the thing, S. Luke viiL 30. 

7 

Followed by } it becomes a relative, S. John iiL 2. 
Chald. p, -p, Dan. iiL 15; Ezr. v. 3, 4, 9. 

20. 4-»>0|0, and he confessed — k<u dfwXoyrja-t — Aphel pret. 3. sing, of |p» 
(not used in Peal). Pref. O, to which the first vowel is remitted. 
Aph. «*-»)o] , confessed, professed, with «S of the object, S. Matt. 
iiL 6; x. 32. Gave thanks to, with ^, S. John xL 41. — Pret 3. 

fern. 'Aljol', S. Luke ii. 38 Fut. )]qj, S. Matt. x. 32; S. Luke 

xii. 8. — 2. sing. ])o2, Rom. x. 9. — 1. sing. )}o\, S. Matt. vii. 23; 

x. 32 — Inf. a_iJa&\ Eph. L 16. Part )]q&, S. John xi. 41; 

S. Matt xL 25, &c. — PL masc. _>}Qlo. S. John xiL 42, Ac. — 

T T » f * 

Coalescing with —J *-, _JL_i*Ql^, 1 S. John L 9. 

Heb. Hiph. riTV7> confessed, Ps. xxxiL 5. Chald. Aph. 

NTV7, praised. Part. KTHQi contr - N^lfi, D* 11 - "• 23 J **• 1] - 
N.B. For verbs doubly imperfect, see Cowper's Gr. § 129. 

— *^2, denied — yprnqaaTo — Verb Peal pret Denied; refused, Hebr. xi. 

24.— Pret 2. sing. Zj-2X£), Rev. ii. 13; iii. 8.-3. pL O^Ao, Acts 

viL 35.-2. pL ^1+£1D, ch. iiL 13, 14 Fut 5a£L3J, S. Matt 

x. 33, <fcc. — 2. sing. 5q_21dZ, S. John xiiL 38, <fcc. — 1. sing. 

JoaDl* s - Matt - *• 33 > &c— 1. pL iasxrJ, Acts iv. 16.— Part. 

5-2tD, S. Luke xiL 9. — PL masc. »frg!3, ch. viii. 45. — Constr. 

w-i^j2IO, refusers of (thanks), unthankful, Gr. dxdpiaroi, 2 Tim. 
iiL 2. 



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24 S. JOHN I. 20, 21. 

Ver. 20. ]j] p| CL^J, tftat I am not — on ovk ci/xi cyw — pj, personal pron. ; 
in the second instance supplying the place of the subst. verb, and 
forming the pres. tense of ]ool. See Phillips' Gr. § 33. 

21. t-ftOlQ-^ftO, and they asked him — #ca! ypwrrjaav auTov — Peal (or Pael, 

see below) pret. 3. pi. (pref. O and affi 3. sing, masc.) of ^V* 
(S. Matt, xxviL 58) asked, requested.— Pret. 3. fern. AllV*, S. 
Luke i. 40.— 2. sing. A^V», Hebr. x. 6.-3. pi. Q^Xm, S. Mark 
ix. 15.— 2. pL ^A^U, S. John xvi. 24.— 1. pi. ,-24-i, 1 S. John 

v. 15 Fut ^]JiJ, S. James i. 6:— fern. . i \\m£, S. Matt. xiv. 

7.-2. sing. ^>\*£, S. John xl 22.-3. pi. ^] ^ V S. Matt 
xviii. 19.— 2. pi. ^V*Z* S. John xiv. 13, *kc— 1. pi. ^\L2, 
S. Mark x. 35._Imperat. ^]J» (in phrase) Tit iiL 15; 3 S. John 
ver. 15. Fern. , »Nj-», S. Mark vL 22.— PI. al4-i, S. John ix. 
21, 23 (Vienna, — others read CL^jp, Pa.) xvi. 24; S. Matt vii. 

7, &c. Inf. ^"(10>V S. John xv. 7 Part, ^jli, ch. iv. 9, 

<fcc. — Coalescing with \S\, pJ^£», I ask, desire, Eph. iii. 13. — 

Fem. \\\m, S. Matt xx. 20.— PL masc. ^-^U, S. Matt viL 11, 

<fec. Coalescing with ^JLki, ,Jl*AV», Eph. iii. 20: — with xAj) 

^oZu-lU, S. ]£att v. 47.— PL fem. ^U, Rom. xvi. 16; 1 Cor. 

xvi. 19. 

The phrase frequently occurs |Vn x » ^}ji (or |LQ-La.o) enquired 
after the peace of, L e. saluted, in various forms and persons ; see 
S. Matt v. 47; x. 12; S. Luke i. 40. 

N.B. The affixed pret. forms OtX}j* (ch. xviii 19), wiOlCL^* (as 

» ™* 

above), - » inVf ^ (Acts xxviii. 18) are commonly regarded as 

Peal. But ^V* is intransitive, or transitive only as regards the 

thing asked, e. g. un ^ »* <TI{_hl-^ ^t-»? he asked — La asked for 

— the body of Jesus. So in the Future forms with affixes, the 
meaning is, asked a person for a thing, i. e. asked a thing of a 

person, the object being the thing asked for: — e.g. - iQIQ » V | ^ \ 

petet ab eo, S. Matt. vii. 9, 10; S. Luke xi. 11, 12: — so also 



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S. JOHN I. 21, 22. 25 

Ver.21. . > 1 , \\ll, S. Mark vi. 23 : — «-»010 i \\m)] ver. 24; 

^OTi loSfcZ, S. Matt vi. 8;—. i 1 ioSl»Z, S. John xiv. 4.— 

Such pret. forms therefore, as, with affixes, have the same vowels 
in Pael as in Peal, and signify questioned, or demanded of— the 
direct object being the person asked or questioned, should be re- 
garded as Pael. Compare S. John iv. 52; ix. 19, where this is 
the meaning, and the verb clearly Pael. 

Heb. ^KB*, Ps. ii. 8.— Chald. SkE>, Dan. ii. 10, 11, <fcc. 

- t •• ; 

— «OoZ, again — (this is not in the Gr.) Adverb: again, besides; yet, 

ch. xvi. 12. 

— jilo, what? — ti; — Interrog. pron. usually of things. Its simplest 

form is ~&, which occurs once, S. Luke i. 29, in the form of 

lV> = oai _1d. Such is the reading of the Vienna and many 

r 9 * » • p 

Editions: others read QJLLD = 001 f-llo. — It is joined both with 

masculines and feminines, as may be seen, S. Mark i. 27. — When 

joined with prepositions it becomes an adverb; as, | 1 ^**\ with 

what, how? S. Matt. v. 13. — 1 1 V)\ for wliat, why? S. John 
xii 5. 

— ^-i~D01, therefore, tJien — ovv — Conjunction. 

X 

— ) ■ m, the Propliet, Hunt Prophet — 6 717)0^1771^ — For HjJQJ, def. of 

x x 

1 * *~H or ub£l], noun masc. A prophet. — PI. def. m-OJ, ch. viii. 

* x x 

52, 53. 

Heb. tf^l Deut xiii. 2.— Chald. tf^3, def. fRPM, pL 

def. N»N»3J, Ear. V. 1; vi 14. 

t -• ; 

22. Aj| CLlSbo, and who art thou? — Gr. tis et; — ^ interrog. pron. of 
the person, coalescing with 001, which represents the subst. verb, 
in pres. 3. sing. — Lit. Who is it {that) thou (art) ? 

— ^AjJ, that we may give — Iva SuJftcv — Fut. 1. pL (as subjunct with j) 

of ^Aj, gave. A verb used only in the Future and Infinitive, 

the rest being supplied by %OOL*, see note, ver. 12. — Fut. ^Aj, 

ch. iii. 16, &c. — Fern. - - >-// Eph. iv. 29; and without final w-i, 

*•* 

S. John xv. 4.-2. sing. ^22, S. Matt. v. 26, &c.— 1. sing. ^Zf, 
w. c. 4 



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26 S. JOHX I. 22, 23. 

Ver. 22. S. John iv. 14, <fec.— 3. pi. ^QulAj, S. Matt. xii. 36, <fec. Fem. 

^SAJ, S. Luke i. 48; 1 Tim. v. 14.— 2. pi. ^oV,2* S. Matt vii. 

6 Inf. ^A\n\ S. Matt, vii 11, <fcc. 

Heb. |H3, Pa. L 3; and very frequently. Cbald. JH3. like 

the Syr. only in fut. my, Dan. ii. 16; iv. 14; Ezr. iv. 13; viL 
20:— and inf. mjaS> Ezr - vii - 20 - 



— tS£Lt|A£>, an answer — diroKpiaiv — Def. of !>Q-,«A^, noun masc. A 

wore/, matter, cause, reply. — Constr. |oi-£v) ^Qu«A^, S. Luke iv. 

4.— PI. def. fciJ.As), with aff. - .rnn'v^' A^ ; S. Luke ii 47. 

In later Heb. D3H3, Esth. L 20.— Chald. the same, def. 
NfiinS, Dan. in. 16. Edict, ch. iv. 14. Letter, Ezr. v. 7. 

y t : • 

— yjL&l ^±, of, concerning, thyself, lit. thy soul — 7rcp! trcavrou — 

- ^ ** 1 (Acts L 14) noun fem. 77*6 sow/, life. — Def. (^_2U, 

S. Matt. vi. 25, &c— PL f ^». Acts ii. 41.— Def. )£m*\\, 
S. Luke ix. 56; xxi. 26. — With affixes, as above, often used as a 
reflexive pronoun, ipse, ipsa. 

Heb. JJ^fl3, Gen. i. 20, 30; and very frequently. 

v y 

23. (To, Hie voice— <l>Q}vq — Def. of ^D, noun masc. Voice, sound. Constr. 

\£h\ ^D, the voice of music, S. Luke xv. 25. — PL def. \LO, in 

phrase |lb AjLD, lit. daughters of voices, Acts xii. 22; 1 Tim. 
vi. 20. . . 

Heb. 7V3, Ps. xxix. 3.— Chald. 7p, Dan. iii. 5.— Root Arab. 

Jl5, said. 

— IfrjO? , of one crying — /Jowvros — Part, (with aff. > of the genitive) of fi-O 

(ch. ii. 9) called, exclaimed; read (ch. xix. 20). — Pret. 3. fem. "Zf-O, 
S. Matt. i. 25; S. John xi. 28.— 1. sing. A^O, S. Matt, il 15; 
with aff. S. John xv. 15.— 3. pi. O^O, S. John ix. 18, &c— 2. pi. 
^oA^jjO, S. Matt. xiL 3, 5 — Fut. )lo2, S. John xiii. 38; with 
aff. ver. 48, below: — fem. (^jOZ., 1 Cor. xiv. 8; xv. 52. — 2. sing. 
}lo£ S. Matt i. 21 ; S. Luke L 13; S. Matt. vi. 2 (Gr. aaXmajjs) : 
- ! fem. ^£o£ S. Luke i. 31.— 1. sing, l^of, S. Matt. ix. 13, <fcc. 
—$. pi. yO'rOJ, S. Matt. i. 23, <fcc.— 2. pi. ^*a£, S. Matt, xxiii. 



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S. JOHN I. 23. 27 

Ver. 23. 9 Imperat. w^O, S. Matt. xx. 83 S. Luke xiv. 13.— PI. O^O, 

S. Matt xxii. 9 — Inf. l|r>VA, S. Luke iv. 16._Part fem. 

pj-D, S. Luke xv. 9. — PL masc. _ j*jO, S. John xiii. 13, &c. 

coalescing with ^.1>j, ^1 i;Q, Rom. viii. 15._Part. Peil |^0, 

Eev. xix. 13.— Def. \*\L, Rom. i. 1; 1 Cor. i 1.— PI. masc. 

^lo, S. Luke xiv. 17, 24. Def. ]I~Q, S. Matt. xx. 16; 
xxii. 14. 

Heb. fctlp, Ps. xiv. 4; and very frequently. Chald. fct*lp, 

proclaimed, Dan. iii. 4, dec. 7?eoJ, ch. v. 8, <fcc. Part. Peil W), 

Ezr. iv. 18. 

— I^OjlOO, tn <A« wilderness — cvttJ cp^/xo) — Noun masc. def. (pref. prep. 

%0) a desert jpfoce, ie. uninhabited, but adapted for pasturing 

flocks, driven thither for that purpose. R. 5-OJ, drove; the noun 
being formed from Aph. jJDjl , part. j-OJLo. 

— OQ-»|), mo£e straight — cv^warc — Quotation introduced by pref. j, to 

which the first vowel is remitted. 

Aphel imperat pi. of |Q_» , was equal to, worthy of. — Aph. %-iQ-» | , 

X 

made equal or straight, agreed together, fudged rightly. With aff. 
_»Q-»|, hath made us able, Gr. lk6.vuxtiv ij/ias, 2 Cor. iii 6. — 
Pret. 2. sing. A-iQ-»l, S. Matt. xx. 12. — 2. pi. ^oA^(L»|, Acts v. 
9 — Put |Q ■ 1, 1 Cor. vi. 5._Imperat w-iQ-»|, pi. OQ-»|, as 

above Part IcLaIo, S. John v. 18. 

Heb. Hiph. rf\t&!l> likened, compared, Isa. xlvi. 5; Lam. ii. 13. 

t; • 

— OT>a5o I , the way — lit. His way, affix pleonastic, referring to the fol- 

lowing word — Gr. rrjv 6B6v. «*j>o], noun fem. a way, path, 

journey. Def. U->5o], ch. iv. 6, <fcc. — PI. def. ]Zu*5o], S. Matt 
xxii. 9, <fcc. 

Heb. mfc, Ps. xix. 6.— Chald. mfc, pL {ITTN, with aff. 

Dan. iv. 34; v. 23. 

— U»i£), of the Lord— Kvpiov— Def. (pref. > of the gen.) of )]& (S. Matt. 

ix. 38). The def. form sing, is used exclusively for Tlie LORD, — 

mn* — and is by the Syrians styled the Tetragrammaton; in 
t : 

which (they say) the lo represents ]ZojlD, Dominion; — the 5, 

|ZaO$, Majesty; — and the u^ |, |ZoA-i|, Essence or Substance. 



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1 



28 S. JOHN I. 23—26. 

Ver. 23. PL def. Ur^> B ph. vi. 9.— There is also a pi. of fem. form, 

iO$D, S. Matt. vi. 24; S. Luke xvi. 13.— Def. ]lo$D, 1 Cor. 
viiL 5 (with adject, masc.); 1 Tim. vi. 15. 

Chald. 6H&, lord, Dan. ii. 47; iv. 16, 21; v. 23. 

— J |T *S i|, as — KaOuj* — Adverb, in its simplest form ^2-»| (S. Matt. 

xvi 11). How? — Gr. iraJs. — I 1 3 i|, either interrogative, /Tow/ 
irws; S. John iiL 9; Acts ii. 8; Rom. vi. 2; IS. John iii. 17; — 
or, As, Gr. *a0o>9, Hebr. iv. 3; — i/ota, Gr. wcas, Rev. iii. 3; — <Js, 
Phil. L 8 (the pref . y is here pleonastic). 

j ]irLil, as, Ka6<is, S. John xx. 21; — aw, S. Matt. i. 24; vi. 12; — 
cucnrcp, S. Matt. xiii. 40; — TVioJ, wore, S. John iiL 16; — That, how, 
o7ro>9, S. Mark iiL 6. 

24. ^QJOl, they, tliese. PL of 001, demonstr. pron. masc. 

— I m %j2* ^>0» o/J yrowi among, the PJuxrisees — Ik t&v $api<rcuW — PL 

def. of [ *> t^g) (Acts xxiii. 6) ; noun masc. def. a Pharisee; of 

form Part. Peil of w*j^, separated. — Another form is | > ^ *!**, 
Phil. iii. 15. 

— 0001, were — lyo-ay — Pret. 3. pi. of |0C1, with the linea occultans, as 

representing the logical copula. 

25. Aj| jlollo, baptizest thou — /faim£cts — Aphel part, (representing, 

with Aj|, the present tense 2. sing.) of t ^\ wasted himself; 
was immersed, baptized. — Aph. t V)S| (Acts L 5), immersed, bap- 
tized.— Pret. 1. sing. QiDlJ{, 1 Cor. L 14, 15, 16 Fut. ,s2llJ, 

with aff., S. Mark L 8 ; S. Luke iiL 16; — 1. sing, ^n], ver. 31, 

33, below Imperat ,V>\1, pi. 0,V)\1, S. Matt. xxviiL 19 

Inf. o t V^V)\, 1 Cor. i. 17. 

— .|, if — ct — Conjunction. 

— y-* A-i] J] , thou be not — <rv ovk tt — LJ\ with afiix, for verb subst. pres. 

' X X 

2. sing. See note, ver. 1. 

26. |JA, answered — air€Kp[0r) — Verb Peal pret. 3. sing. Replied, began 

to speak. Followed by %0, was anxious, careful about, S. Luke x. 

40 Pret 1. sing. LULL, Acts xxii. 8.-3. pi. oii, S. Matt 

X 

xxL 27 Fut 1? SI, S. Matt. xxv. 45, <fec. — 3. pL ^OJ-LJ, 



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S. JOHN I. 26. 29 

Ver. 26. S. Matt xxv. 44._Part. )1L, fern. \Ll±, S. Luke x. 40.— Part. 
Peil ]1l, pi. ^i IS, 1 Thess. iv. 11 ; 2 Tim. ii. 16. 

Heb. n^, Gen. xxiii 14; Ps. iii 5.— Chald. flty or fcOp, 
Dan. ii 7, <fcc. <fec. 

— ^07l\, to them — avrots — Prepos. with aff. 3. pi. masc. 

— |>Snn, with water — cv vSan — Noun masc. used in the pi. only. So 

also 

Heb. ET£3, Ps. xviii 17; — and frequently. 

— ^n^Ai > ^ among you — Gr. fic'cros vfL&v — Preposition nhO (S. 

Matt. xix. 10) and Aj-i^) (S. John iv. 31) Between. Both take 
plural affixes; as ^OOl^O w-iOIQJLi-O, between Him and them, 

r r 

Le. in secret, S. Matt. xx. 17. — - - > 1 > «~> between thee, ch. xviii. 

* A * J 

15. — ^OOiAjLa-S, among them, ver. 2, 20. 

— ^0(-D, standing i.e. *Aer« standeth — cot^kcv — Part, of ^OQjO V)Q (ch. 

ii 22) aroae, £foo<2 wp. With ^1D(A, was opposed to, resisted, 
S. Matt v. 39; Acts xxvii. 15; S. James iv. 7; v. 6.— Pret 3. 

fern. 'AklO, S. John xi. 29, &c. — 1. sing. ALOO, Acts xxiv. 20. 

— 3. pi. Qiao, S. Matt, xxvii 52, <fcc. Fern. « VSnn, Acts ix.. 

39.-2. pi. ^oALoO, 1 Cor. xv. 1 Fut JOOOJ, S. Matt. xvi. 

21, <fcc. Fem. (without final ^) JoooZ, S. Matt, xviii 16; 

*jJLoao2, Acts xxvii 15. — 2. pi. ^Qloooi., S. Matt v. 39. — 

3. pi. ^OSOOOJ, S. Matt. x. 21 Imperat. lOOO, S. Matt, ii 13, 

20, <fcc. Fem. ^jJLodo, S. Mark v. 41.— PI. oSPOO, S. Matt 

xvii. 7 — Tnf. 2*1Q10l1, S. Matt vi. 5, <kc Part. JopD (pron. 

Kho-yem) as above; Fem. ]i£Li-0, S. Matt xxiv. 15. — PI. masc. 

• 1 J 9 

■ iVli D, S. Matt xi. 5; coalescing with 3 — , ■ 1 i V) i O, 

x P.. * ^ ^ x 

Acts xix. 40.— PL fem. ^LQ-Lo, S. Luke v. 2. 

Heb. D^lp, Ps. iii 8; and very frequently. Chald. tftp, 
Dan. ii 39, <fcc. &c. 

— <7l£ ?, whom— Comp. Heb. ^N -^N 

y -; * 

— <pAj| ^ i S, i , ye know — otSarc — Part. pi. of Vipi, forming with %0&S[ 

the present tense, 2. pi., and pronounced with it as one word, 



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30 S. JOHN I. 26, 27. 

* X P 

Ver.,26. yoditun. The words are often joined, as .oA ■ \ - See Phillips' 
Gr. §38: Cowper § 91. x 

27. p| |Q-» (pron. Shoveno), I am worthy — cf/xl aftos — Part, (with pron. 
expressing the Prea 1. sing.) of |Q-», wow e^waZ to, worthy, fitted 

X 

ybr, sufficient for, — Pret. 1. sing. A-iQ-*, S. Luke vii. 7. — 3. pi. 

r 
OQ-», ch. xx. 35. — The object (if any) when a noun, is preceded 
by ^ (except, in the Gospels, S. Matt. x. 10; S. Luke x. 7); — 

when a verb, by >, as in this place Fut. |Q-«J, 2 Cor. ii. 16. — 

3. pi. vO°-^J» l Tim - v - 17.— 2. pi. igO-*£ S. Luke xxi. 36 

* 9 9 » 

Part fern. UO-», S. Luke xxiii. 22. — PL masc. ^ » # S. Matt, 
iii. 8, <fcc._Part. Peil )cLm, 1 Cor. xv. 39:— Fem. V*Q^, S. Mark 
xiv. 59. — Constr. l^Q_ijo A-iO-», equal in honour, 2 S. Pet. i L 

X 
» — « 9 f •• 9 .» f 

— PI. masc. ^ iO », def. |uQ-», Rev. xxi 16. — Pi. fem. ^-»a_», 
S. Mark xiv. 56. — From this verb are derived : 

12.0 iO • , noun fem. def. Parity, equality, justice, Rom. xv. 5 ; 2 Cor. 
viii 13, 14; Col. iv. 1. 

A->]_*Q_», adv. Equally, Acts xi. 17; 1 Cor. xii. 25. 

X . 

Heb. niE^, followed by 3, Pro v. iii. 15; viil 11. Also Esth. 
v. 13; viL 4. By 7, Esth. iii. 8. — Chald. see note, S. John xi 2. 

— |r-*|}> that I should unloose, to unloose — iva \wrto — Fut. 1. sing. (pref. 

*, to which the vowel is remitted) of |j-» (S. Matt. xiv. 23), 
loosened, dissolved, broke a law, dispersed, destroyed; sent away, 
absolved ; freed from bonds or burdens; whence, took up abode, 
and, generally, dwelt. From the original idea of loosing, are de- 
rived other secondary meanings ; as, Pa. opened an undertaking, 
ie. began. Ethpa. was loosed from hunger, i.e. dined; whence 

*)2,Oj-», a meal, feast 

Pret. 3. fem. '£}-•, dwelt, 2 Tim. i 5. — 1. sing. A->i-», I sent 

r 
(them) away, 2 Cor. ii 13. — 3. pi. Oj-#, Acts iv. 21, &c. — 1. pi. 

f »» * 

^—tr-ft) tee aftoofe, Acts xxi 7._Fut. |i-*-l, S. Matt. v. 19; with 

aff, S. Johnxix. 12; — Fem. Y^mL (without final w-i), S. Mark x. 

12.— 2. sing. ]^#2T, S. Matt, xvi 19. --3. pi. <Om*-J, (*^»0 they 

may lodge, S. Luke ix. 12. — 2. pi. ^O^mL, S. Matt xviii 18; xix. 

»■» * X 

8. — 1. pi. ];-*-), S. Mark x. 4._Imperat. «-i^», S. Matt xiv. 15, 



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S. JOHN I. 27, 28. 31 

Ver. 27. Ac— PL 0^», ch. xxi. 2, <fec Infin. ^-OA S. Mark xv. 6 

Part }l*, S. John v. 18; xix. 12, <fcc.— PL masc. ^l*, S. Mark 

xi. 4, 5, &c. Part. Peil )^m, S. Matt xvi. 19; xviii 18:— Fern. 

a^b, remaining, abiding, 1 S. John ii. 14: coalescing with 
«^Aj), mL^j, S. Luke xiii. 12. — PL masc. ^-»s-», S. Matt ix. 
36; lodging, S. Luke ii 7; abiding, ver. 8: — coalescing with 
* r», * i; ^, we abide, are at home, 2 Cor. v. 6. From this verb 
are derived : 
o^j , noun masc. -4 loosening. Def. p;_» , Divorce, 1 Cor. vii 27. 
—Interpretation, 2 S. Pet. i. 20. 

|£l»s^, noun fern. def. A joint. PI. ,-i^t, Eph. iv. 16. — Def. |A-i^#, 
Heb. iv. 12. Form of Peal part act 

Heb. mi?, kt hose, set at liberty, once, Job xxxvii 3. — 

T T 

Chald. tfD& or J<*lE? (Dan. iL 22) loosed knots, hard questions; 
set free; remained, dwelt, Dan. iii 25; v. 16. 

— \o",±, if is latchets—Qv. rov ifiavra — PL def. (of masc. form) of ioj-L, 

noun fem. A cincture, girdle, fastening. Def. (AlD^L, S. Mark L 
6; Acts xxi. 11. — Also, in pi. Thongs, Acts xxii 25. 

— w»01Q-L£QS£>, of His shoes — avrov...Tov uiroS^/xaTOS — PL (with afE 

pron. and pref. * of tlie gen. with f before a vowelless letter) of 
ra^n or ^JinSo, noun masc. A sandal. — Def. (1 fT>V) or p|rnV). 

PL def. jlcolb (or |S|mLo), S. Matt. x. 10, <kc— R. v ]£, put on 
shoes, 

•• T « P 

28. ^OOI, were done, took place — Gr. cycVcTo — Pret 3. pi. fem. of |001, 
agreeing with > N ^ rn # demonstr. pron. pi. com. gender. See 
Cowper's Gr. § 179 (4). 

— 5 fcnSn, on the other side of beyond — irtpav — s^l, def. |$-£11, noun 

masc. The act of passing over; the region beyond. — ii*^ v **\ 

on t/te other side, S. Luke viii. 26. — |;n\\, to the other side, 

8. Matt. xiv. 22; xvi 5, Jbc. Also, as a preposition, »^S, over, 

»p * *p * * 

S. Mark vi. 53. — J |}n\n, beyond, as in this place; — ) |f^^> ^0, 

/rom beyond, S. Matt iv. 25, <fec. — > Tl*^V *° ^ o*for side of 



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32 S. JOHN I. 28, 29. 

Ver. 28. S. John vi. 1; x. 40; xviii. 1, &c. PL def. V;^\ with aft 

^OlOJf^L, au>;^L, hoth pleonastic, S. Matt. iv. 15; xii. 42. — 
Heb. *)y$, Gen. 1. 10.— Chald. *Qg f Ezr. iv. 10, &c. 

— > (£u|, w?Aere — oirov — Adverb of place, compounded of p + *_>]. 

The particle of interrogation w| (=Heb. *J{> *J{\ enters into the 

composition of several words; as ^|, p^i »| |i o >| <fcc. So 
also p (Heb. f]3> thus, also fore, Gen. xxxi. 37) with preposi- 
tions becomes pX, hither, S. Matt. viii. 29; — pSo, Aencc, 
S. John ii 16; xviii. 36. 

p«i] (without j) where, S. John xx. 2. — Interrogatively, 
where? ch. xi. 34. — With pref. X, P-»|J, whither, ch. iii. 8. — 
Followed by OOl, it becomes QHj|, where is? ch. vii. 11. — 

« » »7 * 

P-» I ^SD, where, from whence, S. Matt. xxv. 26. 

Heb. J"D*K, Song of SoL i 7.— fib^t 2 Kings vi. 13. 

T - 

— }ooi yLCLllO, wa« baptizing — ^v.../feim£a>i' — See note, ver. 25, above. 

Part, and subst. verb, forming the imperf. tense. See Phillips's 
Gr. §38; Cowper § 82. 

29. (Tl 5 AlD 5 |Vnr> I \r> and on the day which {was) after it, i.e. t/ie next 
day — Gr. rfi iiravpiov — Pref. O with T before a vowelless con- 
sonant; and prep. \, marking the time at which an action is 
performed; as Lat. ad diem insequentem. 

pDQ-», def. of ^OCU, noun masc. A day, occurring in the 
* * *. 
expressions ^0O-» ^So ^0O-», day by day, 2 Cor. iv. 16; 2 S. Pet. 

it 8. — ^OGLi ^O or VOQ-k^D, every day, daily, S. Matt* xxvi 

.. 7 

55, (fee. — The pL has a masc. form ^ > V>0 i, S. John ii. 19, 20, 

4fcc_Def. ]Loal, Gal. iv. 10.— Constr. •JlSooI, S. Matt ii 1, 

& c . ; — and a fern. def. ]AlOCL* (S. John ii. 12), which is joined 
with masc. verbs, <fec. see S. John vii. 14; S. Matt. iii. 1. 
Heb. and Chald. QV, frequently. 

— ](J\, behold/ — Hfe — Interjection. 

— cnjlo], the Lamb (affix pleon.) — o 'A/xvos — £o] (Rev. xvii. 14) noun 

masc. A lamb, sheep. Def. ]fiol* Acts viii. 32.— PL def. l£of, 
S. Matt. vii. 15, Ac. 



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S. JOHN I. 29—31. 33 

Ver. 29. Chald. *|J3X, pi- pSK. E»- vi. 9, 17; viL 17. 

— ^£L»? OCT, tcAo, taAicA (lit. TiTe wAo) taketh away — o atptav — Part of 

^ibj» (ch. v. 9). Carried^ bore up, took, removed; took to wtfe, 
married (S. Matt v. 32), corresponding with the Heb. ttfeft; also 

T T 

departed, S. Matt. xix. 1. Pret. 3. fern. A\n >? S. Matt xiii. 

r 

33.-3. pi. n\n§, ch. xiv. 12, <fcc.— 2. pL ^A^£L>, ch. xvl 8 

Fut ^OQj^J, S. Matt. v. 40.— 1. sing. ^QQ,^ with a£ S. John 

xx. 15. — 3. pi. ^o\nil, S. Mark vi. 8 Imperat ^0£L», 

S. Matt. ix. 6; with aff S. John xix. 15.— PL n\Ao- S. Matt, 
xi. 29._Part. pi. masc. iAQji; — Constr. (^n» kjAnj, 
those bearing the fasces, ie. the lictors — Gr. tovs papSovxovs, Acts 
xvi 35, 38. Part. Peil Wt, S. Mark ii. 3, and actively, 
S. John xix. 17, <fcc. — Fem. constr. A\ . o • Rev. xiL 15. — 
PL masc. » ^ » Q ~, S. Mark vi 55, <fec. : — coalescing with 

X X 

-Lm, . tAiHi, 2 Cor. iv. 10.— Constr. ll^SnSo .AiHi, 

x x . . * r x 

bearing burdens, i. e. Aeavy facfeft, S. Matt. xi. 28. 

Heb. /p&, suspended, weighed out money, Gen. xxiiL 16. 

— OIAj-4-ki, the sin (affix pleonastic) — nyv apaprlav — « i 5 »>> def. 

]A-»-4-ki (ch. viii 34, 46), noun fem. A sin, crime, — R. (^k», 

X 

sinned. 

Chald. *&)-[, with aft Dan. iv. 24. 
▼~; 

31. Ol\ AuOCT ^yji |J, / knew him not — ovk flSciv avrov — Part and 
subst. verb forming the imperf. tense, 1. sing. 

— ^--iAJ5, <Aa* ZTis should be known, made manifest — Iva <f>avcf>o)fr{j — 

* * r 

Ethpeel fnt 3. sing. (pref. >, giving force of subj. mood) of ^ T u. 
Knew. — Ethpe. ^pil.| (S. Mark vi 14) Was known, made known. — 

Pret 3. fem. "Al^Zf, Acts L 19, &c— 1. sing. Al^I]* 1 Cor. 
xiii. 12.— 2. pi. ^oAi^piZl* Gal. iv. 9 Fut 3. sing. fem. (without 

final w») V»22, Acts ii. 14, <fcc.— 3. pi. ^QA^Aj, S. John iii. 21 : 

X « 

w. c. 5 



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34 S. JOHN I. 31, 32. 

Ver. 31. Fern. ^^Aj, PhiL iv. 6 Part ^t£o 9 & Matt xii. 33; 

S. Luke vL 44: forming pres. tense, S. John x. 14. — Fern, 
llpl&b, 2 Tim. iii 9; 1 S. John iv. 2. 

— ]j01 ^Q26, because of this, there/ore — &a rovro — See note, ver. 15, 

above. 

— |So^) 1"^*^?, that I might baptize with water — Gr. Iv t<£ v&m 

jSairnfroK — See note, ver. 25, abova 
32. £o\o yjLCD I , bare record and said — Gr. ifiaprvpTfirtv, \iywv — A past 
tense followed by a part in Gr. is usually rendered in Syr. by 
two preterites connected by O. 

— l**»0|^, the Spirit — to Tlvevfw. — Pref. X marking the object or ac- 

cusative. 

**>Oj, (S. Matt v. 3) noun com. but generally used as a feminine, 
Spirit, wind, breath. Def. |>jo5. — PI. (masc. form) ^ % »iO>, 
S. Luke xL 26; 1 S. John iv. 1.— Def. ]1i05, S. Matt vii 25, 
<fec.— PL fern. def. }'LLoj, Hebr. xii 9, 23.— 

Heb. nr\ 9 Geu. i. 2. — Chald. TVHi spirit, wind, Divine Spirit, 
Dan. ii. 35; v. 12, 20, Ac. PL oonstr. Vftf], ch. vii 2. 

— ]A»Jj, descending — Karafialvov — Pre£ J marking the participle used 

as such; see Oowper's Gram. § 211. (5). — 

Part fern, of ZiI*J (ch. iL 12) Went down. Pret. 3. fern. "2Zu*J, 
S. Mark I 10; S. Luke iii 22.— 1. sing. 22u*J, S. John vi. 38, 
&c— 3. pi. oL2u, ver. 16; S. Mark iii. 22.-2. pL ^oZAjLj, 

1 Cor. xL 17.— 1. pL ^AjIj, Acts xx. 13; xxviL 2 Fut 2.0-kU, 

S. Matt. xxiv. 17, <fcc._Imperat. 2.0-ki, S. John iv. 49, &c._Inf. 
A»»V)\ Rev. xiiL 13. 

Heb. nW, Ps, xxxviii 3.— Ohald. flTO, part. HTO (=11113) 
Dan. iv. 10, 20.— 

— [ »^^ ^^» from Heaven— 4( ovpavov — A pL noun def. with or with- 

out Itibui: in the former case always constructed as It plural: in 
the latter sometimes with a pi. (as ver. 51, below), — sometimes 
witji a sing, verb, as in S. Matt iii. 16. 

Heb. Q^, Gen. L 1.— Chald. PL def. «»&#, Dan. ii 

• - t t- ; 

18, <fcc — 



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S. JOHN I. 32—35. 35 

Ver. 32. pQ-i, a dove — xcpioTcpov — Noun fern. PL def. (of maac. form) 
\jdl, ch. il 14, 16, Ac. 

Heb. ftfr, Gen. viiL 8. PL tftft*, Song of SoL L 15. 

— 'A-iQ-OO, and it abode, remained — koI fyutvcv — Pael pret. 3. sing. fern, 
of |0-D (Peal not used) Pa. uOO (S. Luke i. 22) Remained, per- 
severed, expected, waited. — Pret. 1. sing. A^Q-D, GaL i. 18. — 3. pL 

Q-iOD, S. Matt. xv. 32.— 1. pL ^OD, Acts xx. 15; xxviii. 12 

Fut, IqjQJ, S. John in. 36, Ac.; Fem. looZ., Rom. ix. 11. — 
2. sing. looZ, Rom. xl 22.— 1. sing, loof, 1 Cor. xvi 6; PhiL 
L 24. — 3. pL ^OCLQJ, S. John xv. 16; Fern. -loQJ, ver. 7. 
2. pL iQQJZL, same verse. — 1. pL |QjCU, Rom. vi l._Imperat. 
loo, 2 Tim. iii 14.— PL OQJD, S. John xv. 4, 9, <fec._ .Part 
lonio, a John vi 56, Ac.— Fem. }tnAvr> V er. 33, below.— PL 

* f 7 f * f 

maac. »n rsKn Acts xxiii 21; coalescing with Jl *», 1 .nr^Vo 
Rom. viiL 25; GaL v. 5. 

Heb. flp, waited for, hoped in, only in part, ftfp, Ps. xxv. 3; 

xxxviL 9; lxix. 7. — Piel fi^p, frwfed w», Ps. xxv. 5, Ac. 

33. wkJ>p»; -So, 2ft £Aat «enl me — 6 wi/upas /ic — Interrog. pron. with j, 

used as a relative; see Phillips's Gr. § 26, Cowper § 74. 

Verb Pael pret. with aft 1. sing. — See note, ver. 19, above. 

— waOTqXl . . . . ; )jL*}>, that he, on whom — Gr. l<f> ov — ]JL»|, fem. 

Ifjil, interrog. pronoun, used like the preceding, with y as a 
relative. Pret J, introducing the speech, and taking the first 
voweL 

— ^»>CLO; )JL»0^, with the Spirit of holiness Le. with the Holy Ghost — 

br Ilvcv/tari dyup— |*jO) with pref. prep. — see last verse. J of the 
gen. prefixed to (j»jQ«D, def. of «^OpO (Rom. L 4) noun fem. 

Holiness. PL def. l»?ao, the Holy of Holies, Hebr. ix. 3.— 

« 

* 7 

R. «^|-0, Pa. «-»,0, sanctified. 

Heb. BHp, Ps. il 6 and frequently. 

35. ppa) [Vnri »\ jfo 7^5^ cfay — rg ciravptov — Equivalent to p^*"> » V 

C1>A£>), ver. 29. 



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36 S. JOHN I. 35, 36. 

Ver. 35. De£ of ^W) (ch. v. 7, 42, 43, <fcc.). Another— .... ^-i|U»] 

_*t>*»lo, one... and another, ch. iv. 37. — Also yet; as " . \n 

-i ta|, ye* a Z&2& while, ch. xii. 35; xiii 33; xiv. 18. — Fern. de£ 

|Z^Ki|, ch. vi. 22, <fec. — PI. masc » ^'l, c ^- ^dx. 18, <fec. — Def. 

Ps-k»|, ch. iv. 38, <fcc. — PL fern. _kJ^fcj|, S. Matt, xii 45, &c. — 

* " *" 

Def. fAljjjJi, S. John vi. 23, &a 

Heb. *)pftt, Gen. iv. 25.— Chald. ppltf, Dan. ii. 11, <fcc.; and 

the fem. form ^|-|tf /for ]Virttt\, ver. 39, <fcc. 
* r -t:t V -t:t / 

— — -iiZ.0, and two — *al Svo — Cardinal numb. masc. Pref. O with f before 

a vowelle8s consonant. See note, ch. vi. 7. 

— - t mr * M > Vox/ — Lb, of his disciples — Ik twv fia$rp-<Zv clvtov — PI. (with 

affixed pron.) of 1 1 VlN/, noun masc A disciple, one who learns 

« 7 

from another. Def. ]■ iViV, ch. xviii. 15. — PL » >Vn\7 J 

def. }■ i'V)\/ , in the same verse. Root ,V)\, Heb. lib?, 
x r , -t 

taught. 

Heb. TpSfli 1 Chron. xxv. 8. 
36. ;-*jO, and he looked — Gr. #ccu fyt/?A.ctyas — Verb pret. 3. sing. (pref. o) 
5d>a j-k>. Gazed earnestly upon, expected, waited for, with %0 of 

• 7 # 

the object. — Pret. 3. fem. *Lj-w, S. Mark xiv. 67; S. Luke xxii. 
56. — 1. sing. £+**>, Acts xi. 6; xxii. 13. — 3. pi. O^, S. John 

xiii. 22; S. Mark ix. 8:— Fem. wi>j, S. Mark xvl 4 Fut. 

5o»J, Acts vii. 32. — 3. pL <o5o»J, S. John xix. 37. — 2. pL 
iOjQmL, S. James iL 3. — 1. pL5a»J, Hebr. x. 24; xii 2._ 
Imperat. Jqlm, Acts iii. 4; iv. 29. — PL o5qlm, S. Matt, vl 1, 

•7 p 

26 Part. 5^ki (pron. Khoyar), S. Mark v. 32, <fcc. — PL masc. 

X P ^ m 

»I > k>, with _1 of the object, Gr. irpovSoKwvrts, S. Luke viiL 40: 

^ 7 7 X » m p 

— coalescing with ^1 k>, ^1 %; i km, 2 Cor. iv. 18. — Fem. ,J-*-*j, 
S. Luke iv. 20. 

— y \ ffl ^> fO, walking, as He walked — Gr. w€piiraTovm — Participles, 



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a JOHN I. 36, 37. 37 

Ver. 36. used as such (i.a not forming a tense) have commonly before 

r 

them p or }. See above, ver. 32, note. 

Pael Part, of *A<TI (not used in Peal). Pa. y£jJ\ (ch. v. 9). 
Walked, journeyed. Pret 3. pL nnXrn Acts xvi 6 ; Hebr. xiii. 9. 
—2. pL <oAnSai, Col. iil 7; ^oZuOCn <oAoS>C71 (pluperf.), Eph. 

ii 2.— 1. pi. ^nSrn, 2 Cor. xii. 18; 2 Thess. iii. 7 Fut ySlJU, 

S. John xi. 10. — 1. sing. y&otft 2 Cor. vi 16. — 3. pi. v anXcnj, 
S. Mark xiL 38.-2. pi. ^on^CJlZ, Eph. iv. 1, <fcc.— 1. pL yScru, 
Rom. vi 4, <kc._Imperat ytSoi, S. John v. 8, 11, 12, <fcc. — PI. 
QaSoi, ch. xi. 15, &c. Inf. nnNoiLoX, ch. vii. 1; S. Luke 

xx. 46 Part. fern. ]a\cnlD, S. Mark v. 42.— PL masc. 

v in\nrdO, S. John vi. 66, &c.;— with ^-Lw, ^JLj^CTllO 
Bom. viii. 4, &c. 

Heb. TJH, Ps. L 1, and very frequently. — PL *H yJli 1 Kings 
xxL 27; elsewhere always in poetry, as Ps. xxxviiL 7, <fec._Chald. 
Pa. *!jVn, Dan. ^. 26.— Aph. ^HX, part. ch. iii. 25; iv. 34. 

37. O SVl •O, otm£ tfAcy heard — k<u rJKovaav — Pret 3. pi. (pref. O with f 
before a vowelless consonant) of ^&L» (ch. iii. 32). Heard. — Pret. 
2. sing. Av(r>> Rev. iii. 3: — with aff. S. John xi. 41. — 1. sing. 
Aikli, ch. viiL 26, 40; xv. 15.— 2. pL ^Av^i- c h. v. 37, <fcc. 

—1. pi. ^^Sn*, ch. iv. 42; xiL 34: ^JLLkl*, 2 S. Pet i. 18 

Fut ^D - V S. Matt xviiL 17, &c.— Fem. *j^kL»£ Acts iiL 23. 
— 1. sing. Uo*1, 3 S. John ver. 4.-3. pi. ^OlkLaJ, S. John v. 

25, 28 Imperat. *&CLb, pi. OI&Lb, S. Matt. xiiL 18:— with aff. 

■ i 10SSOQ>, S. Mark viL 14 Inf. m^0i\ S. Matt. xiiL 17, 

<fcc.:— with aff S. John vi. 60._Part Mloi, S. John iii. 8, <fcc.— 
Fern. ]sV)», ch. x. 3.— PL masc. ^-lAkLt, ch. v. 25, &c.: — 
coalescing with <oAj|, ^A > KKnL Phil. i. 30.— PL fern. ^-ilh-i, 

S. Matt xiii. 16 Part. Peil *.&-, Acts xv. 24; xix. 2. 

Heb. J#J{?, Ps. vL 9 (and very frequently). — Chald. JflbB?, 
Dan. v. 14, 16. 



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38 S. JOHN I. 37, 38. 

Ver. 37. ^OOlliiZ., the two, those two — ol 8vo — The numeral (see note, 
ver. 35) with pL affix. See Phillips' Gr. § 31. 

— oAl |0, and they went, (with 5A^) followed — ical rjKokovOrjvav — Pret. 

3. pi. (with pref. O, to which the first vowel is remitted) of ^] 
(ch. iv. 47). Went, went away. — For the peculiarity of this verb, 
see Phillips' Gr. § 40 (9); Cowper's Gr. § 108 (6); 111 (1). 

Pret. 3. sing. fem. *h\\{, ch. iv. 28, <fec.— 1. sing. A\ff, ch. 

ix. 11. — 3. pi. fem. *Jl!^ll, S. Matt xxv. 10; ^ 1\\\, ch. xxviiL 

8, 11.— 1. pi. ^f|* Acts xxviii. 14; ^IXfi* S. Luke ix. 13 

Fut %]1, S. John vii 35, <fcc.— 2. sing. ^lUl S. Mark ix. 43, 
<fec.— 1. sing, ^ll, S. John xvi. 7, <fcc. — 3. pL ^Q^]j, S. Matt. 

viii 18, &c— 2. pL ^allUi S. John xv. 16, &c.— 1. pi. ^ftj, 

^ - X 

S. John xiv. 31, <fec._Imperat. ^J, S. John iv. 50, &c. — Fem. 

*-jJ^1 , ver. 1 6, <fec. — PI. masc O^l , S. Matt. ii. 8, <fcc. — Fem. " ^1 , 

ch. xxv. 9, <fcc Inf. ^l]&X S. John vi. 67, <fca Most of these 

forms are of very frequent occurrence. 

Heb. STK, Prov. xx. 14.— Chald. ^TK, Ban. vi. 19; Ezr. iv. 
-t — : 

23; v. 8, 15. 

— spoilt, pers. pron. dat. pleonastic, after verb of motion. See Cowper's 

Gr. § 198 (6). 

— ^Oaj) ClJA^, after Him that (is) Jesus, La after Jesus. For the 

pleonastic use of pronouns, see Phillips, Gr. § 55: Cowper, § 198. 
38. «-iJU2>Z.|0, and He turned Himself— Gr. <TTpa^€ls 8c — Ethpeel pret. 3. 
sing. (pre£ O, to which the first vowel is remitted) of \±JZ). Turned, 
returned. Ethpe. Was turned, turned himself. — Pret. 3. sing. fem. 
.A ! i gffi ch. xx. 14, 16.— 1. sing. Lxl&lT, Rev. L 12.— 3. pi. 
Oxi^ZT, Acts ix. 35; xL 21.— 2. pL <oAjJ^2f, 1 Thess. L 9 ; 

1 S. Pet. ii. 25 Fut. ]l^Aj, S. Luke xvii. 4.-3. pi. <GuLsAj, 

S. John xii. 40, Ac.— 2. pL ^OiaZT, Acts iii. 26 ; xiv. 14 ;— 

1 pi. ]±2>Aj, ch. xv. 36 Imperat « i 1 P)2/) (the vowel of the 

second rad. thrown back on the first), S. Luke ix. 38 ; xxii. 32. — 



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S. JOHN I. 38. 39 

Ver. 38. PL OiaZfj Gr. lirurrptyaT*, Acts iii 19 Part. ]iaAk>, pi. 

masc > i g\AVn Acts xv. 1 9 ; — combined with ^1 »», ^ 1 i 1 ^l/W) 
ch. xiii. 46. 

— ^Qj), *fom — aimws — Pers. pron. 3. pi. masc. This pronoun, with its 

fern. x-^-A, is used as an accusative after a transitive verb. The 
other pers. pronouns are nominatives. 

— 01)A^ _-»2.1>, following Him — Gr. okoXovOovvtos — See note, ver. 7. 

For the prefixed j , see notes, ver. 32, 36. 

— ^oAJJ ^ i IP, (pron. bo-e-turi) seek ye? — Are ye seeking? — 4tt€it€; — 

Part. pi. (with pronoun, forming pres. 2. pL) of ]L& (xix. 38). 
Sought, begged, demanded, desired. Pret. 2. sing. Aj-LO, S. Matt, 
xviii. 32. — 1. sing. Ai Sn, S. Luke ix. 40. — 3. pi. OLO, S. John 
viL 30; xix. 31, &c. — with aff. wCnollLo, S. Luke ii. 44. — 1. pL 

^i sn, Acts xxiv. 6 ; 1 Thess. iL 6 Fut ]^J, S. Luke xix. 

10;— Fern, (without final w») \Lz>£, S. Luke xL 24.-2. sing. 
]loZ* 1 Cor. vii. 27.— 1. sing. ]£oT, S. John xiv. 16 ; xvL 26.— 
3. pL \Q2^QJ, S. Luke xiii. 24. — 2. pL ^OLoZ* ch. xiL 29; with 

aff. S. John vii 34, 36, <fec.— 1. pi. ^QJ, 2 Cor. viii 6 

Imperat. ^lo, Acts viii. 22.— PL olo, S. Matt vi. 33._Inf. 
]%nV), Philem. ver. 9.— pref. X, ]snVA, S. Mark viii. 11 ;— 
with aff pleon. S. Matt. ii. 13 Part ]L£^, S. John iv. 27, Ac- 
Coalescing with pi, ]\ SO, / beseech, Rom. xii 1 ; xvl 17 : — 
Fern. 1 1 Sn, S. John xx. 15._P1. masc. coalescing with * *» # 
v 1 iSO, 1 Cor. iv. 13;— with <pAj}, £AjiLi, 2 Cor. xiii 3.— 
PL fern. ^ISsz, S. Matt, xxviii 5. 

Heb. nj^3» Isa. xxi. 12. — Chald. NJJSi sought, with ace. 
Dan. ii. 13; vi 5, requested of a person, |ft, ch. iL 16; — DHp> 
ch. vi. 12 ;— QTp JO, ch. iL 18. Whence 1)^2 n. £ Petition, ch. 

vL 8, 14. Syr. JZqlL^, noun fern. def. a prayer, petition, 2 Cor. 

viiL 4.— PL <olo, Eph. vi. 18;— Def. )2.oio, 1 Tim. v. 5. 

— >jlP|, they say or said — Gr. throv •— Part, for present tense or pre- 
terite.— See Cowper's Gr. § 211 (3). 



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40 S. JOHN I. 3&-40. 

Ver. 38. ^pl, Master, lit. our Master— Qv. ^a£££..&&urjcaAf *s5 (S. 

Matt. xi. 11) adj. Much, great, principal; often as a subst. a great 
one; ford, prince, Master. Here with affixed pronoun. — Def \^i, 
S. Matt xx. 26, <fcc.— Fern. )£>!, 1 S. John v. 9; 3 S. John ver. 4. 
—Def. ]'Ldl, ch. iii. 29, below.— Constr. VZoAju£> Ail, S. Luke 

xvi. 2, 3, 4; 1 Cor. ix. 17 PL ^J^'i, def. )£>>. — Constr. ^*3$, 

ch. vii. 32, below. 

Heb. ^T, Ps. xviii 15; and frequently. — Chald. ^), Dan. 

iL 10, &c. 

— Aj| locJI, ar£ 2%ow ?— i.a dwellest TJiou ?— Gr. /wci? ; — Part, of "jooi 

with pronoun, forming present tense 2. sing. 

39. OL, come — €p\€<r0€ — Imperat. pi. of \L\, Came. See note, ver. 7, 

above. 

— ^OV>*»Zo, cwwf see, lit. and ^e *Aa# see — Gr. #cai !£«■€ — Fut. 2. pL (pref. 

O) of lv*a, /Saw. See note, ver. 14, above. 

— \QJ01, they. Personal pron. pi. — Fern. —kJOl. 

— ^-»T> about — oSs — Conjunction, As, about, as it were. Lat. circiter, ferd. 

— jfinS pj» , the tenth hour, lit. ten hours — wpa ScKcmy — |U» , pL def. of 

\L*m (S. Matt. xx. 12) noun fern. An hour ; also a moment of 
time. Def. l^Lli, S. Johniv. 21, <fcc — |Min CTLO, in the self 

+ 07 

same hour, immediately, S. Matt. viii. 3, 13, <fec— OlA^» ^O, the 
same, S. John v. 9, &c. — See note, ver. 12, above. — PL (of masc. 

form) — i-L-», ch. iv. 6, 52, &c 

Chald. nj^E?, Dan. i y » 16. — D e £ Wljft?* *& tn © phrase 

KfWE^PlS* immediately, ch. iii. 6, 15, <fcc. 

40. pK», one — els — Numeral masc. One, one only, a certain one. — Fern. 

jpKi, ver. 3, above. Used in a variety of phrases; as, 
pK» pK», every one, ch. vi. 7, <fcc. — 1^ (j-m, ch. xxi. 25. 
P^ pK» ^oD, eocA one oftlvem, 1 Cor. xii. 18, &c. 
pK» ^D or t »»\o, every man, S. John vii 53. 
5-t^O pK», one on another, Gr. €& dWykovs, S. John xiii. 22. 

7 7 

pwj f^a, one of another, one another's, ver. 14. 



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S. JOHN I. 40, 41. 41 

7 T 

Ver. 40. ^O . . . ,>*», the one... and Hue otfter, S. Matt. xx. 21 ; xxiv. 40. 

Fern. ver. 41. 
f-fc*-^. f-^y the one to the other, S. John xi. 56 ; xii. 19 ; or the one the 

other, one another, S. Matt xxiv. 10, <fec. 

pKi Z.Q_^ pKi, one to, towards, another, S. John xiii. 35. 

pK* ^So pM, ofw o/, or from, anotfter, S. John v. 44, &c. 

pKi ^^L. p^, o?2€ toward anotfier, Horn, i 27. 

pKi 2XH* pK», one wn77* tffo other, among yourselves, tfamselves, S. John 
vi. 43 ; S. Mark i. 27, <fcc. 

|pno pK», one in an hundred, an hundredfold, S. Matt xix. 29; 

S. Mark x. 30 ; S. Luke viil 8. 
}Sa2 pK», how much more, S. Matt x. 25. 

r * 

j-»a _So, w>&& on« consent, Gr. diro /xias, S. Luke xiv. 18. 
^^1 1^, at one time, once, S. Jude ver. 3, 5. 
IfAj — Ld, | t »»V>, immediately, S. John xiii. 32. 

Heb. *iriK> Gen. L 5. — Chald. *])f, Dan. ii. 31, &c. used in 

TV 

a similar way with the Syr. word. 
TransL But one of those who heard John, and followed Jesus, was 
Andrew, tlie brother of Simon. 

— •^CTQlmI, Jfo brother (affi pleon.) — Gr. o dScA^o's — «**], def. f^| 
(S. Matt. x. 21) noun masc. A brotJter. Takes affixes after the 
manner of \^\ (see ver. 14, above), e.g. - ■ k>\, my brother, 
S. John xl 21; yO**)] thy brother, S. Matt. v. 23, 24; « ino»»f 
(fern.) S. John xi. 23; _i01Q>j|, J/wir (fern.) brother, ver. 19. — 
PL ^-LLf, def. ]iiT, ch. xxi. 23. 

Heb. ftji{, Gen. iv. 2 (very frequent). — Chald. ftX, w ^h aff. 
Ezr. vii. 18. 

41. ^Oj-DoX, first — Gr. irpwros — Adverb, formed by prefixing 2l to the 
constr. state of ptfjQ^, the front part (opp. to fcAgl£3, t/ie back 
part) and transposing O. — S^n^rsnK Co ? formerly, sometime, 
Eph. v. 8.— ^p 20^0a\ _&, He foreknew, Rom. viii. 29.— 
^iVfrpnN ^.Lo, first, Gr. lrpurov, Acts xxvi. 20. 
w. c. 6 



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42 S. JOHN I. 41, 42. 

Ver. 41. **UL±±j**2lb | , we have found (aff. pleon. and followed by A of 
the object) — cv/^ko/x€v — Pret 1. pi. of g»,^t | (ver. 43, 45) eqtii- 
Talent to vkx3,» with | prosthetic, Found. Fret. 2. sing. Am^i | , 
Rev. ii. 2 :— Fern. t-iA»»n»V, S. Luke i. 30. — 1. sing. A»\n»], 
S. Matt viii. 10.— 3. pi. ^>-^^ S. Matt. xvii. 16; xxvi. 60, 
<kc— 2. pi. ^oA » » n mT, ch, xxvi. 40— with aff. ch. ii. 8.— 1. pi. 

» * ° • Xt cn - xvii - 19 Fut - wkkHaJ, S. Matt viil 28; S. Mark 

xl 13:— Fern, (without final ^) ooA»2., S. Mark iv. 32.-3. pi. 

^CLkk^j^J, S. Luke ix. 12._Part. wkkDaLo, ver. 46, below: — 
Fern. V^n^-k), S. Matt. xii. 43, 44; xix. 26. — PL masc. 
> ^o^O> S. Matt. ix. 15; xi. 29; S: John viil 22; 
coalescing with —J *» # —J » **^^Vn S. John xiv. 5; with 
vpAj), yOAi »»n«V>, Eph. iii. 4.— PL fern. ^LJL^D, S. 
John iii. 9. 
N.B. These forms are by some regarded as an irregular Aphel 
conjugation. 

x P .. x 

The part Peil is regularly -** i nr, pi. fern. — kk^uIL*, ar« 
found, present, 2 S. Pet. i. 8. a»n» | , in the above tenses, with 

7 * 

its part. «»»Q a V>, also signifies c<mfo?, was aWe; and is then 
followed, either 

1. By the Inf. with pref. X (S. John iii 2); or 

2. By the Fut with pref. j (S. John iii. 3) ; or 

3. By the Fut. alone (S. John I 46) ; or 

4. By the Participle (S. John v. 19). 

The first two constructions are by far the most common. 
The part. fern, f »^iV) is sometimes used as an adjective, 
Possible, and with (J , impossible, S. Matt. xix. 26 ; xxiv. 24, <kc. 

9 

Chald. Aph. p|3^n, found, Dan. ii. 25; vl 6, 12; Ezr. viL 16. 

42. 01-iA-»|0, and he brought him — koX jtjyay€v axnov — Aphel pret 3. sing, 
(with affixed pronoun, and pref. O, to which the first vowel is 
remitted) of \l[, Came. — Aph. v-*A-i*j (ch. xix. 39), Caused to 

9 * 

come, led, brought. — Pret 3. fern. A-iA-i], with aflf. CJlA-iZu], 



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S. JOHN I. 42, 43. 43 

Ver. 42. S. Matt xiv. 11.— 1. sing. L*L>]\ S. Mark ix. 17.— 3. pi. Q-*A^l', 

X X 

S. John ii 8.— Fern. JiZuf, S. Luke xxiv. 1.— 2. pi. ^A-iA-i], 

Acts xix. 37; with aff. S. John vii 45 Fut. |AjJ, Acts ix. 2, 

* 
<fcc.— 3. pi. ^oZl*J, ch. v. 21, &c— 2. pi. iOL>L, ver. 28 — 

Imperat. Jiuf, S. John xx. 27.— PI. oA^f, ch. il 8 Inf. 

o .A>V^\ S. John x. 16; S. Mark vi.' 55 Part. ]b*±D, 

S. John xv. 5.— Fem. ]L/\ iSo, ch. xii. 24; S. Mark iv. *28.— 
PI. masc. »A »Vn ; Acts iii. 2. — 

Chald. Aph. Wfl, Dan. v. 3, 23; vi. 17, 25. 

— ll-oZZ Aj|, tJwu shalt be called — av KXrjOycrg — Ethpeel fut. 2. sing, of 

)lo, Called. 

Ethpe. t-ij-oi] (ch. ii 2), Was called, read. Pret. 3. fem. 
•AJj-oZf, Acts i 19; Col iv. 16.— 2. sing. AJloL]*, 1 Cor. vii. 
21.— 3. pL oJlol)] Acts xi. 26.-2. pi. ^pA^oIf, 1 Cor. i. 9 — 
Fut £oAj, S. Matt ii 23, &c.— Fem. )loLL, Coi iv. 16.— 

1. sing. )lo2X 9 1 Cor. xv. 9.-3. pi. <Oj-OAj, S. Matt. v. 9.— 

2. pi vpj-oZZ, S. Matt, xxiii 8, 10 Part. 1j£>A&, S. John xi. 

54, <fcc. — Fem. V-sJDASI), ch. v. 2, <fcc. — PI. masc. ^jJDAi, 
S. Matt xxiii. 7, <fec. 

— 12>P, Cephas — a stone — Krj^ds — Noun, here used as a proper name. 

X 

See note, ch. ii. 6, below. 
43. \^t 9 willed, would — iJflcAijo-cv — Verb Peal pret. 3. sing. Willed, de- 
sired, was well pleased. — Pret. 2. sing. A^JD* , Hebr. x. 5, 8. — 

x ^ 7 

I. sing. A^JDt , S. Matt, xxiii. 37, &c. — 3. pi. O^t , S. John vi. 

II, 21, <fcc. — 2. pi. ^oA-»JD» , ch. v. 35, <fec. — 1. pi. ^ » *v Acts 

xvi 10 ; ^1 iO», 1 Thess. ii 18 Fut £$J, S. Luke x. 22.— 

1. sing, lit], Rom. vii 18.— 3. pi. <CL^*J> Rev. xi. 6. — 2. pi. 
XLOtZ, S. John xv. 7; Acts xxiii. 15, Gr. StayivoxrKcti/, such is 
the reading of the Vienna and some other editions ; while others 
read <O^Z, from 1*^, enquired, investigated.— Inf. l^/iVs, 



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44 S. JOHN I. 43, 44. 

Ver. 43. 2 Cor. viii. 10, 11 ; Phil, ii 13._Part ]cil , S. John v. 6, 21, 

. ^ * 

Ac. — Fern. (->-Df , ch. iii. 8, <fcc. — PI. masc. > ^t, ch. v. 40, &c. — 
Coalescing with *-L*j, -JLuO*, ch. xii 21, <fcc. — with ^pAjj, 
<oAo^. , S. Matt. vii. 12.— PL fern, ^-^t » 1 Cor. xiv. 35.— 
Chald. Hy£, Dan. iv. 14, 22, 29 ; v. 19, 21. 
— %Cl£££±±> to go forth — t£ckO€lv — Infin. (with pref. X)*of %n^\\ (ch. iv. 
43), Went out, proceeded forUv. With V"0$, defended himself 
pleaded his cause, Acts xix. 33; S. Luke xii 11 (where some 
editions, including the Vienna, read ^002)2, — others Aph. 
<aa^2..) Pret 3. fern. *Aoj21J, S. John xxL 23, <fca — 2. sing. 

Aa^J, ch. xvi 30. — 1. sing. An^J, ch. viii. 42, <fcc. — 3. pi. 
OQ*U, ch. iv. 30, (kc; Fern. .'In *n, S. Matt. xxv. 1; S. Mark 
xvi. 8. — 2. pL ^oAn^J, S. Matt xi 7, <fcc. — 1. pi. ^n^l, Acts 

xvi. 13, &a Fut. *oaaj, S. John x. 9; S. Matt ii 6:— Fern. 

. > nAg*7 s. Matt. xii. 43.-2. sing. *oaa2, ch. v. 26; S. Luke 
xii. 59; Fern. » A<*7 Acts xvi 18. — 1. sing. *oaa|, S. Luke 

xiv. 18.— 3. pi. AoaJ, S. Matt, viii 12 (Gr. fc/JAifftyWrcu) ; 
xiii 49; S. John v. 29.-2. pi ^OQ2>Z, S. Matt. xxiv. 26.— 

1. pi *OaaJ, Heb. xiii. 13 Imperat. *oaa, S. Mark i 25, <fec. 

Fern. - > rsna\ c h. ix. 25. — Pi OOOa, S. Matt. xxv. 6, <fcc 

Part *Q-aJ, S. John xv. 26, <kc. — with [**>OJ, Acts xxiv. 10 
(here V"0$); xxv. 8; xxvi 1, 2, 24 :— Fein. ]h*\\, S. Matt iii. 

« X « * # 

5 ? <fc c . — Pi masc. «-iXL2U, S. Matt. viii. 28, &c. — with Uj05, 
2 Cor. xii. 19.— Pi fern, ^naj, S. Matt. xv. 19, &c; with ]liOJ, 
Rom. ii 15._Part Peil ^>^\ <70>ie oi^, S. Mark vii. 30. 
Chald. pfij, Dan. ii. 14, &c. 

44. rnAi . Vn Vn /ro?H {o/) £/w city — (aff. pleon.) — ck t^s ttoAccds — 

iL^lO (S. Matt xii. 25), noun fern. A city, state. Def. )'&J i*V), 

S. John ii. 1.— Constr. AL^Lo, S. Matt iv. 5.— Pi ^-JL^O, 
S. Luke viii. 4.— Def. l^Jk), S. Matt. iv. 25, &c.— 



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S. JOHN I. 44—46. 45 

Ver. 44. In phrase, P-ifLo PL* ,100, in every city, Tit. L 5. — Root 

Heb. rUHO» a province, Esth. L 1. — Chald. fOHfi* t^e same, 
Dan. ii. 48, 49^ <fec. 

45. waOICiXi, %oAd> OOl, He of whom... did write — Gr. ov cypa^rc — Verb 

" f T 

Peal pret. (the pref. j taking T before a vowelless consonant), 
Wrote.— Pret. 1. sing. A£>Ad, ch. xix. 22. — 3. pi. QoAd, Acts 
xv. 23.-2. pi. ^oAoAd, 1 Cor. vii 1.— 1. pi. ^sAo, Acts xxL 
25 Fut. *O0AoJ, 2. sing. %OoAd2., S. John xix. 21. — 1. sing. 

%O0Ad1* S. Luke i. 3.-2. pi. AoLdL, 2 Cor. iii. 1.— 1. pL 

S. Mark x. 4 Imperat. %OoAo, S. Luke xvi 6, 7 Inf. 

^AnVl\, 1 Thess. iv. 9, <fec Part. %oAo, S. John viiL 8.— 

PL masc. > «^>An coalescing with - 1 »», < » ^Ao 2 Cor. i. 13; 

1 S. John i 4 Part. Peil %^Ad, S. John ii. 17, <fec.— Fern. 

]ol*Ad, S. John xv. 25, &c.— PI. masc. ^jJQ^Ao, Phil. iv. 3. — 
PL fern. A"!An g S. John xii. 16; xx. 30; S. Luke xviii. 31. 

Heb. 1A3, Exod. xxiv. 4.— Chald. 3T\2, Dan. v. 5; vi. 26; 

viL 1. 
Transl. ZTe q/* w/tofti J/oses cftc? wrifc in tfie Law, and in tJce Prophets, 

— we have found Him t/uU He is (001, used for the Copula) Jesus, 

the son of Joseph, who is from Nazareth. 

46. |OOU .... o.»^aV), can JAere . . . . be ? — Gr. owarcu .... c?vat ; See 

note, ver. 41, above. 
— *Z±l}, of good, tliat (is) good — ayaOov — *Ol&, adj. Good. Used ad- 
verbially, very, exceedingly, often with pref. ), as S. Matt. ii. 10, 
16, <fcc. — As a comparative, with *^\ — —So «£l£, more tfuin, 
Horn. L 25 — Def. ]^, S. John ii 10.— Fern. def. l2i£l£, S. 
Matt. xiiL 8, 23, &c— PL masc. JLz^j, Col. i. 10:— Def. ]^1, 

S. Matt. iiL 10, <kc— PL fem. ^£l£, Tit. iii. 8; Philem. ver. 6.— 
Def. )h£i£, S. John v. 29, <fcc.— R %oo4 *^4, uxw ^oorf. 
Heb. 31J3, Gen. ii. 12, and frequently. 



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46 S. JOHN I. 47, 48. 

Ver. 47. A_>]^;_», truly, indeed — 0X17610? — Adverb, Rightly, steadfastly, 

x x r 

S. Matt xiv. 33; 1 Cor. vii. 37. — Formed from {-»■-»> ^ rue y ft™ 1 - 

— R. i^M t-B, was firm. 

— |lnj, guile — $6kos — Def. of ^bj, noun masc. Deceit, fraud, subtilty. — 

PI. 1 ^2J, Acts xiii 10. — R. ^IU, was perfidious. 
Heb. 733, only in pi. with aff. Numb. xxv. 18. 

— Ajl^, tltere is not — ovk coti — Compounded of A-»| + (J ; see note, 

ch. i 1. — 
48. ]^i-»l ^l2>, whence? — iroOtv — Adverb, compounded of ^J] and pSo, 
hence. Interrogative or otherwise, and with or without _Sb. See 
S. Matt, xiil 54 ; xxi. 25 ; S. Luke xi. 24. 

— llpL, before tlvat — 7rpo — Conjunction compounded of (J + ji. The words 

are sometimes written separately. 

— y »:^*, called thee — Gr. rod o-c.^cov^o-at — Fut. 3. sing, (with aff. 2. 

sing.) of (^O, Called, (see note, ver. 23). — The Future used as a 
subjunctive with the preceding conjunction. 

— A-i_k»Z, under — vtto — Preposition — This word takes three forms, viz. 

A-i_k»Z, 'A-k»Z, and ZcLkjZ, of which the first two only occur in 

theN.T.— 
Aj-k»Z is a preposition, followed by nouns, and taking no affixes. 
*Zlk»Z is used with pref. X, and has then the force of an adverb, 

r 

Down, S. John viii 6; S. Matt. iv. 6, Under, Gr. Karwipm, S. Matt, 
ii 16. — So also when preceded by _&, *A-k»A\ *i, infra, Exod. 
xx. 4. — *A-k»A-12 ^D, from those who are beneath, c* rwv kcitcd — 

answering to VtS\? ^D, from those who are above, c* twv av<a, 
8. John viii 23. — But when followed by _Sb it becomes a pre- 
position, Under, as ]Ly) _ib A_k>AX, ^7i^/<?r ^ ear^A, Phil, ii 10. 
ZqlmZ is a preposition, Under, and takes affixes of the plural ; as, 

Heb. nPiri, wn^, Ps. x. 7, <fcc.— Chald. HPIFI, f^lTlR, 
Dan. iv. 9, 11. * 






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S. JOHN I. 48-51. 47 

Ver. 48. ]2JL, the Jig-tree — rrjv aviajv — Noun fem. the fuller form of which 

X 

is Y&S\L, A Jig-tree. PL def. (masc. form) \S\L, S. Mark xi. 13; 
S. Luke vL 44; or ]j|Z, S. Matt viL 16. Figs, i.e. the fruit. 
Heb. fOfcttl, Gen. iii 7. 

49. rn^\Kn the King (aff. pleon.)— 6 /WiAcvs— v S^f) (Hebr. vii. 1, 2) 

noun masc. A King. Def. foVf) (S. Johniv. 46).— PL ^ i n\V), 
def. ]l£Lo, S. Matt. ii. 6, <fcc. — It. ^SlO, counselled. 

Heb. T?D, Ps. x. 16, — and very frequently. — Chald. def. 
JtaSfi. Dan- i>- ±, eke. 

t ; - 

50. > ^A, because — otu 

— Zj] —LQ-iCTILd, believest thou? — 7tujt€v«s ; — Part with pronoun, form- 

ing present tense 2. sing. — See note, ver. 7, above. 

T 

— _^Jo5*, greater things — /iet£o) — Adj. pi. fem. (pref. J, introducing an 

assertion). The comparative degree expressed by the following 
-So. See Phillips, Gr. § 22; Cowper § 188. 
«o5o5, Great, def. \ZZioy, 1 Cor. i. 1. — Chiefly used in the pi. - ^?°y 
2 S. Pet. ii. 11. Def. ]£>5ol, S. John xxL 11, Ac.— EL fern! def. 
1A^)J05, S. Matt. xxiv. 24, <fec. 

Hence the adv. A-i|o505 , greatly, Acts viii. 2, <fec. The root 

X 

%£^5 (Heb. MT, became great or many, increased) occurs only 
in the reduplicated Pael (Palpel) form *o5o5, in which the first 
*0 is changed into O ; and its pass. Ethpalpal tOio^Z.] , was mag- 
nified.— Put. 3. sing, and 1. pi. %^5o*Aj, Phil. L 20; 2 Cor. x. 15. 

51. klo| , wnYy — a/iiyv — A particle of asseveration ; properly part. Peil 

of —Id J , was constant. See note, ver. 7, above. 
•Gl ^^£>h from henceforth, hereafter — cot apri — Pref. j introducing 
an assertion. — (^Ol (ch. xL 8) adv. of time, Now. Compounded 
of ]L* + ]oi (}ai, Chald. jtn is a demonstr. particle, entering 

into the composition of the pronouns OCT, w_»01, %pJO\, » 1rn , 
and ^ipiOl, Z.0201, Ac. — f^CTL^ £0^, un^i^ tiou?, S. John ii 
10, &c. 



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48 S. JOHN I. 51. 

Ver. 51. _j-KK-iAa>, opened, sc. | » V>^ — Gr. (tov ovpavov) ovcyyoTa — 
Pref. > (which takes r before a vowelless consonant) marking a 
participle used as such. 

Part. Peil pi. masc. of oJla (S. Matt. v. 2), Opened.— Fret. 
3. fern. -AliAa, Acts xii. 14.— 3. pi. CLiAss, S. Matt. ii. 11.— 

1. pi. — k>A2>, Actsv. 23 Fut. o^A^U, Actsxviii. 14.— 1. sing. 

oJtol, S. Matt, xiii 35.-3. pi. ^mA^J, S. Luke xil 36 — 
Imperat. **Aa } S. Matt. xvii. 27, &c! Inf. o^A^&X Rev. v. 

2, <fcc Part. oJ^2>, S. John x. 3; S. Luke ii. 23 Part Peil 

^^-iAa, 2 Cor. vi. 11. Def. \L^>£&, Rev. iii. 8.— Pi. masc. def. 

X X 

|J1k!1A2>, Rom. iii. 13. — PL fern. ^Ix^As, Acts ix. 8. 

Heb. nn3, Ps. xxxix. 10.— ChahL nH3, part. Peil ITH3, 
Dan. vi. 11; vii. 10. 

— ^lOldDllio, and the angeh (affix pleon.) — koX tovs dyy&ovs — ^i|Ko, 

def. pjlib (cL v. 4) noun masc. An Angel — PL def. ]i]lib, ch. 
xx. 12, <fcc. — The root (mU) exists only in Ethiopia 

Heb. W?fi> R& xxxiv. 8, <fca— Chald. ^tfSfi, with aff 
Dan. iii. 28; vi. 23. 

— , ■ n\ff) yO, ascending — ava/foi'vovras — Part, (marked as such by jD) 

pi. masc. of -r^\ffp> ( cn . ii. 13^ Went up. This verb in all its forms, 
except Peal pret. and part active, and Ethpaal, drops ^, as fut 
«nm 1, as if from the verb «QOU. Or, as some Grammarians 
regard it, a verb defective of all forms but the above mentioned, 
and borrowing the rest (including Aph. conj.) from *Cl£QJ. 

Pret. 3. fem. -ArsKtrs Acts L 26. — 1. sing. Ar>\rr> S. John 
xx. 17.— 3. pi. onSfiD, ch. vi. 22, <fec. Fem. . V nSfT), S. Mark 

xv. 41.— 1. pi. ^n^ffi, Acts xxi. 2,6, 15 Part *oSflD, S. John 

vi 62, &c— Fem ]nXa>, S. Mark iv. 32.— PL fem. ^n^£D, 
S. Luke xxiv. 38._Ethpaal %Q VAraj y ff e yxis raised, taken up, 

f r 

Acts i. 2, ckc 

Chald. p^D, Dan. il 29; vii 3, 8, 20; Ezr. iv. 12. 



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S. JOHN II, 1—3. 49 



CHAPTER II. 

Ver. 1. ^AXZj, tJie third, — lit which (is) three — rg TpiTfl-— Cardinal number 
masc. (see ver. 6, below) used for the ordinal. — Fern. Ax/ c h. 
xiii. 38, <fec. 

Heb. Tvhtf, fern. p£>P, B^.-Chald. JinSfi, masc. 
Ezr. vi. 15. 

— jroAaV), a banquet — lit. a drinking; specially, -4 wedding-feast — 

ya/ios — Noun fem. def. R. |Aj», drank. 

Compare ilJnfcPO, Esth. i. 3, <fec. 
v : • 

— <Jllo|o, and the mother (affix pleon.) — ical 17 fiijrrjp — |io| (S. Matt x. 

37) noun fem. def. A mother. PL (irreg.) fiatiS)!*, S. Mark 
x. 30. 

Heb. QK, Ps. xxvii. 10. 

— ^X>L> there — UtL — Adverb. — In composition, ^SoAX, thither, cb. xL 

15; S. Matt ii. 22.— ^SoZ'^l2),/rom thence, ch. iv. 21; v. 26.— 
^oSiCT, lo, there/ S. Mark xiii. 21; S. Luke xvii. 21, 23. 
Heb. D#.— Chald. Hfin, Ezr. v. 17; vL 1, 6, 12. 

T T - 

2. *2>(0, and a&o — 8* kox — *2>|, conj. Also— The vowel remitted to the 

prefixed O. — It forms compounds; as ^J *2>| (or ^^|), although, 
ch. viii 14, <fcc &w£, even, a* £ea#£, ch. xiv. 11; S. Mark vL 56; 

S. Luke xix. 42. At least, yet, 2 Cor. xi. 16. — 1iz>1, not wen, ch. 
L 3, above. — _JL*>*£>|, toe also, 2 S. Pet. L 18. — >*»], to us also; 
us also, Rom. iv. 24; 2 Cor. iv. 14. 

N.B. The next word, OCT, may be regarded either as pleonastic, or 
reciprocal ( = ipse), or as representing the Gr. art o. 

— &U±, to it, sc. the feast \ with aff. 3. sing. fem. and here pleonastic, 

referring to the following noun. 

3. | OCT gjQQ mO, and there was wanting — Gr. *ai uorcpi^ravros (olvov) — O 

with v before a vowelless consonant. — Verb Peal pret 3. sing. 
w. C. 7 



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50 S. JOHN II. 3—5. 

Ver. 3. (with |001 forming the imperf, or pluper£ tense), Was deficient, 

lost, suffered loss. — Fret. 1. sing. /,*m »», Phil iii. 8._Fut jfn»» 1, 

S. Matt. xvi. 26, <fcc. Fem. (without final wi) jIB-wiT, S. Luke 

xxii. 32.-2. pi. ^O^CD-wZ* 2 Cor. viL 9 Part. jJSLil, S. Luke 

xv. 14. 

r ? 

Pael ;°^ k», wronged, occasioned loss, with aff. Philem. ver. 18. 
Heb. ^Dn> wo* lacking, suffered want, Ps. xxiii 1 ; xxxiv. 11. 
—Pi. *©n, Ps. viii. 6.— 

— lilCLta, wine — Or. otvov — Noun masc. def. 

Heb. ^fin, I>eut xxxiL 14; Isa. xxvii. 2. — R. TJbH. f*r~ 
mented— Chald. T&fl, def. tn&n, Ezr. vi. 9; vii 22; Dan. v. 
1,2,4,23. 

— .... ];1d]o, Transl. and His motlier saith to Jesus, lit. to Him, to Jesus. 

]^], part. fem. for present tense; see note, ch. L 38. — CTlA, 
pleonastic. 

4. - > ^Vo - » V ]Lo, what have I to do with thee? — lit. wliat to Me and to 

thee ? — rt ifiol koX aoC; — |Lo, interrog. pronoun, used of the thing. 

— ]ZAj], woman — ywat — Noun fem. def. A woman, wife. — Constr. 

ZAjf, S. Matt xiv. 3; S. Mark vi. 17, 18. PI. (anomalous) \ml, 
S.'Matt xi. 11, <fcc. 

Heb. ngte for flB>3Kt Gen. ii. 22, 23.— (N.B. In Syr. L takes 
t • t : • 

the place of $; and Nun, which in Heb. is compensated for by 
Dagesh, is retained with the linea occultans.) — PL D*BO • — Chald. 

(not occurring in the Bible) Kfitf, def. fctfinX or tttVOtf. PL 

t • t : • t : : • 

— ^-1-2,-L ]], not yet — otnroi — ^-i-Sj-L, yet, cti, Acts ix. 1. — Compound 

X 9 x 

of r ,L, until, and ^j-D, inseparable particle. 

— w»Alk-*, my hour — rj wpa pov — \±-m, see note, ch. i. 39: — with aff. 

1. sing. 

5. |l i^tVlN, to the servants — tois Suucovois — PI. def. (with pref. 

prepos.) of |l a^iV) (S. Matt. xx. 26), noun masc. def. A 
servant, minister; Deacon. Fem. def form [A » i mKn^Kn a 



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S. JOHN II. 5, 6. 51 

Ver. 5. deaconess, Rom. xvi. 1. — Root Pa. «-*la», ministered, from the 
part of which (+^±£L*lD) it is formed. 

— Oylll, do — iroiiyo-aTc — Imperat pi masc. of j^iJL (ver. 11, 15), Did, 
performed, worked, committed, made war, brought forth fruit, cefe- 
brated a feast : — a word of very frequent occurrence in these and 
kindred meanings. Pret 3. fern. Z-j^L, S. Matt, xxvi 10, <fcc. — 
2. sing. \^ K . S. Luke ii. 48; iv. 23.— 1. sing. /Jn\, S. John 
iv. 29, 39, &c— 3. pi. OjiLl, ch. v. 29, <fca— 2. pL v?^r^» 
S. Matt. xxv. 40, 45, <fcc.— 1. pL vjil^, & Matt, vii 22, &c 

Fut. t ^ K \ S. John vii 17, <fec. Fern, w^ns/, S. James iii 12. 

<* * 

— 2. sing, j^ll, S. Mark x. 35, <fec. — 1. sing, r^li), S. John iv. 

34, &c — 3. pL vOfT^lJ, ch. xv. 21, <fec; with aff. ch. vi 15. — 
2. pL tOfZlld., ch. xiii 15, <fec.; with aff. pleon. ver. 16, below. — 

1. pl. r^U, ch. vi 28, <fec Imperat p2^, ch. xiii. 27, <fec: — 

with affl*S. Luke xv. 19 Infin. ^vOA a John iii 2, <fcc 

Part. f £iL, ver. 18, below. Fem. 1,^\ S. Matt. vi. 3, *kc.— PI. 
masc. 'j*^ v , 3. John viii 38, 39, 41, <fcc. Coalescing with 
^JLm, ^i i^S, ch. xiv. 23;— with <oAj], ^oZu^l, 1 Thess. 
v. 11.— Constr. ^ns, S. Matt v. 9, <fcc.— Pl. fem. /^\ 

1 Cor. xiv. 7 Part Peil , »^\ made, S. Mark xiv. 58; 

Afflicted with disease, S. Matt. xvii. 15. Fem. 1 » ^\ S. Mark 
v. 23.— PI. masc. ^ .nS, S. John iii 21; afflicted, S. Matt iv. 
24, <fcc. — Used actively, Acts xv. 36. 
N.B. This verb, with a few others, follows the rule of intransitives, 
which take * or 7 in the fut. and imperat instead of the regular 
vowel \ 

Heb. *7iy, laboured, served, Gen. xiv. 4; tilled the ground, 
Gen. ii 5. — Chald. liJJ, ^ad^, D&n- iii. 1, 15: — did, ch. iv. 32; 
Ezr. vi. 8: — waged war, Dan. vii. 21. 
6. «_i001 Aj|, there were — rjo-av — Imperf. 3. pl. fem. of ]ool. See note, 
ch. i*l. 



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52 S. JOHN II. 6. 

Ver. 6. U-ul> fjoaterpots — vSpuu — PL de£ (of masc. form) of ]-^J> ^oun 
fern. A bowl, basin, pot. Occurs in the N. T. here and in the 
next verse, only. 

Heb. {|«, pL rtm Isa - "* 24 - 

— l&lo;, of stone— Gr. A/0ivcu— Def. of %2>]d (S. Matt. xxiv. 2), noun 

fern. A stone, rock. — PL (of masc. form) -_L&p, de£ l£>p, 

V x x « * 

S. John viii. 59, Ac. 

Heb. B3, used only in pL Jer. iv. 29; Job xxx. 6. 

— Lb, six — c£ — Card. numb. fern. — Masc. ]Lm, S. Matt, xvii 1. 

9 x 

— ^V) i f0», «0/ac& (were) «e£, placed — Gr. kci/kcvcu — Part. Peil pi. fem. of 

^OQ£0 yifiO (ch. xix. 19), Put, placed, imposed; ordained, con- 
stituted; destined; gave a name; laid a foundation. — Pre! 2. sing. 
ZiQflD, S. Luke xix. 21 ; with aff. S. John xx. 15.— 1. sing. A&flD, 
S. Luke xix. 22; with aff. S. John xv. 16.— 3. pi. QiOflD, S. John 
xix. 2, 29, <fec._Fut ^ > <*" (as from a verb *jl^), S. John xv. 
13, Ac. — 2. sing. U> i fioZ, Rom. xiv. 13. — 1. sing. ^O >Cp], 
S. Matt. xii. 18, Ac.— 3. pL .QkLLlDJ, S. Mark xvi 18, Ac.— 

2. pi. ^oV) i mZ., S. Matt vi 19 Imperat. VlifD, S. John 

xviii. 11, Ac.— PL oV) i m, S. Matt. vL 20, Ac. Inf. SomVA, 

1 Cor. iiL 11; 2 Cor. xii 14._Part. Sofa, S. Luke iv. 40, Ac- 
PL . iVlifT), S. John xviiL 18, Ac._Part. Peil J>Qjl£D, S. John 
xix. 29, Ac. Fem. (IOjJD, S. Luke vi. 48; xvl 26.— PL masc. 

X 

■ i V)i fO, S. John xx. 5; S. Luke xxiv. 12: — Coalescing with 

^* X X 

^Lj, ^ i , V) i CT>, 1 Thess. iiL 3. 

Heb. Q0 and Q^fcf, Gen. iL 8.— Chald. D^, Dan. iiL 10, 29; 
vL 15, Ac. 

— |Ao-D>AX, for [according to, after the manner of) the purification — 

x f 

Kara tov KaOapurfjuov — Noun fem. def. (with pref prepos.) A cleans- 
ing, purification. — R. pj or «-j-2), was pure. Whence also 
IZq-i^j, noun fem. def. Purity, sincerity, 1 Cor. v. 8; vii. 7, Ac. 
|Zq-i^> (J, fiUhiness, Rev. xviL 4. — ]-Loo>, noun masc. def 



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S. JOHN IL 6. 53 

Ver. 6. Purgation, purification, Hebr. i 3, Jkc. — A »| » Dj, adv. Purely, 

sincerely, Phii i 17; 2 Thess. ii 10. 
» .. * » 
— • P^l?, containing — x<opov<rai — Part pL fern. (pref. J, which marks 

the participle as such, and takes the first vowel) of pK» | (S. Matt 
xiv. 3), Laid hold of, seized, caught, possessed, held, comprehended; 
shut, S. Matt vi 6;— with a£ S. John viii 20.— Pret 3. fern. 
Lf**], ch. xxi 6; S. Luke vii 16; viii 37. — 1. sing. L^], Hebr. 
viii. 9. — 3. pL OpKiJ, S. Matt xxi 35, 39, Ac; with aff. pleon, 
S. John xviii 12: Fern. J,ja|* S. Matt xxviii 9. — 2, pi. ^oZ^jf, 

with aff S. Matt xxvi 55.— 1. pi. yJLf, 9. Luke v. 5 Fut. 

>Ow]j, S. Luke xiii 25: Fem. ^>O^U, 1 Cor. vii 2; 2 Tim. 
ii 17. — 1. sing. >Q-m|, with aff Philem. ver. 13. — 3. pi. ^OpKifj, 
1 Tim. iii 9; with aff S. John vii 32, <fcc.— 2. pL ^Of-wU, 
S. John xx. 23; with aff -^^ mZ, dropping the first rad. ], 
S. Luke xxii 52._Imperat. >Q-k»|, S. Matt. vi. 6. — Pi 0>Q-k»|, 
ch. xxvi 48._Inf. |-L]2L^, Gr. £aora£civ, S. John xvi. 12; with 

aff ch. vii 30 Part, ^f, S. Matt xii 11, <fcc._Part Peil 

,-a-^I, S. Luke xi. 7; often used actively, S. Mark xvi 8, <fec. 
^O pft-Ki], Gr. <f>iptav iravra, Hebr. i 3; |-»-k»] ^O, Almighty, 
vavroKpanop, 2 Cor. vi. 18:— Fem. Ijj^j^I, (act.) S. Matt viii 14. 

—Pi masc. _ili-wV, S. John xx. 19, 23, 26 :— actively, S. Matt 

x f * x * 

xiv. 5, kc : coalescing with * ** r * >, » *»] # Bom. iii 9, d&c. — 

9 .. «F ^ X 

Pi fem. .pk_Kft|, S. Luke xxiv. 16. 
Heb. TfTMi jP8« xlviii. 7. 

- T 

— ^~»iZ ^-»iZ, tfiw apiece — Gr. am 8vo— Distributive, expressed by re- 

petition of the numeral. 

— o], or — t — Conjunction, distinguished from the interjection o], Oh I 

by the point above it 
N.B. When 61 follows an adjective, it marks the comparative 

y 

degree; as S. Matt x. 15; xix. 24; S. Mark vi 11; x. 25; 
S. Luke x. 12, 14; xv. 7; 2 S. Pet. ii 21.— As the Gr. r}, it is 



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54 S. JOHN II. 6—8. 

Ver. 6. used also as an adverb of interrogation, Numt; see S. Matt vii. 9; 
xiL 29; xx. 15. 

Heb. fet, 2 Kings il 16. 

— ^ ■ SO), firkins — /lerfnjrds — PI. of p^$, noun masc. def. A liquid 

measure probably the same as the Jewish fi3, which is usually 
reckoned « about 7 \ gallons. See 2 Chron. iv. 5 and LXX. there. 

7. O^iO, /Z?— yc/xwraTC— Imperat pi. of ]lSO (S. Mark xv. 36), Filled, 

T p 

teas full; was completed, of time, S. Luke ii. 21. — Pret. 3. fern. 
A^0, S. Matt xiii. 48. — 3. pi. Q^i£, in this verse, next clause: 

—tern. JL^lO, Acts vii. 30 Fut. lliQJ, S. Luke xvi. 21:— 

Fern, (without final ^) jlSoZ (to) draw i.e. to fill her vessel with, 
water, S. John iv. 7.— 2 *sing. JlSoZ, with aff. Acts ii 28. — 3. pi. 
^oNVn, S. John xL 19 (where *see note) Infin. 11V)V)\ 

S. Luke xv. 16 Part Ilk), Acts xiv. 16.— PL masc. ^ i \V>, 

1 Thess. ii. 11 (but probably to be referred to ^LlO, or the 
reading is faulty._Part Peil USD, see note, ch. L 14, above. 
Heb. nSfi or xS&> Gen. L*22.— Chald. K^B, Dan. ii 35. 

— r-t-M' accusat. pleonastic. TransL lit Fill them, the waterpots {with) 

water. 

— \ llDpl, up to — ccds — 1^0^ compounded of \jd + ^ \ — followed by j, 

until, S. Matt. L 25. 

— ^aX, to the top, to the brim — co>s aw — ^L, prop, a noun masc. 

Only thus used as an adverb with pref. J^. 

8. O \Q \l , draw out — avrX^rare — Imperat pL of M^l, Brew water. 

Occurs here only in the N. T. — Cogn. ]]>, ch. iv. 15. 

— Vt i qV>, now — vvv — Adverb, compounded of ^ » 3 + -ii. See note, 

X X ^ 

ver. 4, above. 

— pVlffl « m *;\, to the Jiead, — governor, — of Hie feast — t$ a/tyiTpiicXwp— 

**m**i (pref. prepos.) noun masc. Head, beginning, chief; highest 

X 

point, extremity (S. Matt xxiv. 31). — ^m^h _k>, From the be- 
ginning, first, again, or newly, S. John iii. 3, 7. — Def (-*-•}, 

X 

S. Matt ix. 34, <fcc. — Constr. *^-»3, as here, used in a variety of 

X 

expressions: — as, 



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S. JOHN II. 8. 55 



Ver. 8. ]lm£( ****>, head of the fathers, Patriarch, Acts ii 29; Hebr. 



vii. 4. 



lA^^O uiui), the beginning of the creation, S. Mark xiii. 19. 

X 

iZuoj ^l_>5, the head of the corner, 1 S. Pet ii. 6. 

X X 

l^Q-^ *^-*5, the top of the staff, Hebr. xi. 21. 

X 

1Zl»QJL2 ^au), ruler of the synagogue, S, Luke viii. 41. 

X 

]i>Zdi ****>, the chief seats, S. Matt, xxiii. 6; S. Mark xii. 39; 
S. Luke xL 43; xx. 46. 

|5|llD - ^ :y *fo Archangel, 1 Thess. iv. 6; S. Jude ver. 9. 

* i •*■ 

1<TL_£\> «-»OTo\V) «-«^»5 , £fa beginning— first principles — of the ujords 

(oracles) of God, Hebr. v. 12. 
p^« «^u»5, the tip of the finger, S. Luke xvL 24. 
|ji-D «-*^»$, Jfo Aeo^ o/**/^ corner, Acts iv. 11 ; Eph. ii 20. 

X 

1AjO]> ]j^O «*au»5, (the same), S. Luke xx. 17. 

x X 

l 1 fc^ n • «^u»5, *Ae Prince oftlie power of the air, Eph. ii 2. 

X 

PL ■ i m i5. Def. f^-*), S. John vii. 48, <fcc. — Constr. 

^ X X X 

p*»r-» mi? , $fo beginnings of Hie months, i. e. tffo new moons, 
CoL ii 16. 

Heb. E^K"), Gen. iii. 15, and very frequently. Chald. B>&J"), 
the head, Dan. ii 38. The sum, amount, ch. vii. 1. — PI. f^JJ"|, 
ver. 6; Ezr. v. 10. 

— pSACD, the feast Noun raasc. def. A reclining; company ofrecliners, 
Gr. kXmtul, S. Luke ix. 14: — Room or place for reclining, ch. 
xiv. 8. — Stability, stedfastness, Gr. arrjpiyfio^, 2 S. Pet. iii. 17. — 

•• 

PL —kJSLOfiD, repeated with a distributive force, by companies, 
in ranks, S. Mark vi. 39, 40.— Def. ]aSQ£D, S. Matt xxiii. 6; 
S. Luke ix. 14; xiv. 7; xx. 46. — R. «,iV)ro, reclined, propped 
up. 



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56 S. JOHN II. 9, 10. 

Ver. 9. VlS^, he tasted — Gr. fycucraro — Verb Peal pret 3. sing. Tasted. — 
Pret 3. pi. QioL£, Hebr. vL 4, 5.-2. pi. ^oALol^, 1 S. Pet 

ii. 3 Fut UlLfiJ, S. John viil 52.-2. sing. %os£Z, Col. ii. 21. 

* 

—3. pi. ^QiQl^J, S. Matt xvi. 28, <fcc.— 1. pi. J*ol^J» Acte 
xxiii. 14._Part. Peil %Q i \j, Acts xxvii. 33. 

Ethpeel %Q S ll!\ , was grafted q. d. was made to taste the sap 

of the stock— -Pret 2. sing. Ain^Zf, Rom. xi 17, 24 Fut 

\C\\jbl, 1. sing. i<12^ZT, ver. 19.— 3. pi. ^Qio^Aj, ver. 23, 
24.L-Aphel %OS^ y , grafted.— Fut. VlS^l, ver. 23.— 

Heb. DJ^r^s. xxxiv. 9.— ChaldT Qjftp, Pa. Dan. iv. 22; 
v. 21.— 

— OOl, Demonstrative — here representing the Gr. article. 

— ^QJOl), who themselves — PI. (pret relat >) of OOl, he, himself. 

— ^QJ|, Pronoun accus. pi. masc. — Pleonastic, referring to the following 

— ^jA»-X to the bridegroom — Gr. tov w^lov — pAjk»i noun masc. def. 

(pref. prepos.) A bridegroom. 

Heb. JJlH> one who takes any one's daughter in marriage, 
Ps. xix. 6. — R. jnn> gave a daughter in marriage — Part. |Hh> 
father-in-law, Exod. xviii. 1. 

10. J ]Lo, when, after that — orav — J taking the vowel of the following 
word, to which it is prefixed. 

— Q_»o5]>, they have well, sufficiently, drunk — /xc0v<r0ukri — Aphel pret 3. 

pL of jo5, Drank his fill, was intoxicated — Aph. wi05|, with the 
same signification. A MS. reads Q-»05>, Peal pret. 3. pL 

X 

Heb. Hiph. flWl, watered copiously, Isa. Iv. 10. 

— —i-jOl, then — totc — Adverb of time. See note, ch. i. 51. 

x f * T 

— t^^O), which is worse — tov cAao~o-u>— m*^ (pref. j) adj. Small; less 

in size or value. — vn\n fr-»»2, Gr. dvo ftcpov?, (he hath grieved) 
in part (all of you), 2 Cor. ii. 5. — Def. |m*^> the least, S. Matt, 
v. 19; Fem. |i~iv£>, ch. ii. 6. Form of part Peil from **I3, 



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S. JOHN II. 10, 11. 57 

Ver. 10. Decreased. Whence also ^2.0j-*^, noun fern, def. A small thing, 
1 Cor. iv. 3; xi 17. 

— wOLt/gQl, thou hast kept (pron. pleon.)— frcrqprjicas — Pret 2. sing, of 

~ 

7 

5-QJ (2 S. Pet ii. 5), Kept, guarded, watched, reserved. — Pret. 3. 
sing. fem. 2*4j, with affi S. John xii 7. — 2. sing. Zj-fij, Rev. iii. 
8, 10.— 1. sing. 2+£l, S. John xv. 10; xvii. 12, <fcc.— 3. pL O^J, 

ch. xv. 20; xvii 6.-2. pi. ^o/jfil, with aff. Acts vii 53 Fut. 

•J&l, S. Luke xi 21: with affl S. John xii. 25:— Fem. (without 
final wi) i%L, Rom. ii. 26.-2. siDg. j^Z, 1 Tim. v. 21.— 3. pi. 
£i4*, S. John xv. 20, <fea— 2. pi. ^Og^Z,\er. 10; S. Matt, xxiii 

3. — 1. pi. j^J, 1 S. John v. 3; S. Jude ver. 21 Imperat. ^, 

S. John xvii 11, <fcc. — PI. O^, ch. xiv. 15; S. Matt xxiii. 3 

Inf. ;5V)\, Eph. iv. 3 Part. j^J, S. John vil 19, <fcc— Fem. 

)1&J, S. Luke ii 19, 51:— Constr. ]Lil 2+&J, the keeper of the 

X P 

door, S. John xviiL 16, 17. — PL masc. »t Q 1 , S. Matt xxvii 36, 
54, Ac.— Coalescing with ^A^», ' f -ifcy 1 S. John ii. 3; iii. 22; 
—with ig&S\, ^oAj^J, GaL iv. 10._Part Peil ijl^J, Rom. iii 
8.— PI. masc. ^^U-^J, 1 S. Pet i 5; S. Jude ver. 1. 

Heb. TfcDJ, Ps. ciii 9.— Chald. *(M kept in the heart, Dan. 
vii 28. Compare S. Luke ii. 19. 

— |-»(7lA (LDj-1, until now — ccds apri — Compound adverb. See notes, 

ch. i 51; ii 7. 
11. |Z(, sign, miracle — Gr. twv ot7/iciW — Noun fem. def. A sign, portent. 
' —PL def. ]2oZT, ver. 23, below. 

Heb. rfoi, Gen. i. H.— Chald. flK, P*. piK, def. tffltf, 
Dan. iii 32, 33; vi 28. 

— \f\ iV>, O, the first — Gr. ryv dpxfiv — Ordinal fem. def. — See note, ch. 

i 15. 
Trans. This is (•^•Ol |JCl) tlie first miracle that Jesus did in Cana 
of Galilee. 

— ^JOfO, and made known, manifested forth — #cal tyavcpaxrc — Aphel pret 

y x 

3. sing. (pref. O, which takes the vowel) of ^pi, Knew. — Aph. 
W. C. 8 



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58 S. JOHN II. 11—14. 

Ver. 11. Indicated, declared, signified. Pret. 1. sing. Al?o], ch. xvii. 6, 
26; with aff. ch. xv. 15.— 3. pi. a^jo]* S.*Matt xviii. 31; 

S. Luke ii. 17 Fut. ^?QJ, Rom. ix. 22; with aff. S. John xvi. 

13.— 1. sing. ^>of, with aff. Acts xx. 27.-3. pi. ^QA5QJ, with 

aff. Col. iv. 9 Part, ^ja&, S. John xvii. 26; xviii. 32, <fcc. 

Heb. Hiph. JJHV1, Ps - cxlv - 12.— Chald. Aph. JHVl, Dan. 
ii. 15, &c. 

12. jjoi, this — tovto — Demonstr. pron. fem. sing. — Followed by wjOI it 

assumes the form w»01 |*ai, as in the preceding verse, and 
ch. i. 19. 

— ^jJ^D, a few, not many — Gr. ov 7roAAas — Adj. used adverbially, as 

X 

Lat paultlm. Lit. light, little. See note, ch. vii. 33, below. 

13. |OCl *Cl*jjDO, and... was at liand — koX eyyvs rjv — *Cl*}jO, adj. Near, 

— i» 

nigh at hand, nearest. Of form part. Peil of *0;-0, was near. — 

• 9 XT 

Def. pp tgjp, used as a substantive, One who is near, a neighbour, 
S. liuke x. 36; and with affixes, as ver. 27, 29, <fec. — Fem. 

» o x y xr 

|n i;Q, S. John xix. 20, &c. — PI. masc. >^>t n , Acts & 

r r x r V * 

10, ifcc. : coalescing with —3 *», i > ^ > t o^ Gr. wapo'ircs, 2 Cor. 
x. 11.— Def )rL^D, Eph. ii. 13, 17.— PL fem. J^ ^ . S. Mark 
i. 38, <fec. 

Heb. iVlp, ^ 8 - xxxiv* 19; xxxviii. 12. 

— pa ^£), <Ac Passover — to iraxr\a — Noun masc. def. 

Heb. HD3> Exod. xiL 11. — R. HD3» passed over, ver. 13, <fcc. 

- T 

14. _-kJLC>1?, those that bought — Gr. tovs TroiAoviras — Part. pi. masc. (pref. 

rel. >) of ^p) (S. Mark xv. 46), Bought.— Pret. 2. sing. ZlUDI, 
Rev. v. 9. — 1. sing. A in], S. Luke xiv. 18, 19. — 3. pi. a±Z2\, 
S. Matt, xxvii 7: — Fein. «-*-l*3l, S. Mark xvi. 1. — 1. pL < «^, 

S. Luke ix. 13 Fut. ^P, S. John xiii. 29; S. Luke xxii. 36. 

—3. pL ^OL£4J, S. John iv. 8, &c— 1. pi. ~£>V, ch. vi. 5 

Imperat pi. fem. - i mi , S. Matt xxv. 9_Inf. ^>]Vr>\ V er. 

10 Part. ^O], Rev. xviiL ll._Part Peil pi. constr. - » I »*^], 

redeemed from the earth, Rev. xiv. 3. 



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S. JOHN II. 14. 59 

Ver. 14. Chald. pT, bought, gained for oneself. Part pi. niasc. p3T, 
Dan. iL 8. 
N.B. The Editions vary in their reading of this passage; thus, 

1. » 1 *~\* ^QJCTl\ «>«*^»]o, and found those that bought, is the 
reading of the Vienna Edition, Tremellius, and Hutter: — 

2. » 3 «^]* .QJCTlX ]lllaTLO ..^n^n and found in the temple 
tiiose tJuU bought, — De la Boderie, Paris 4to : — 

3. __iJLOlk}> k^JJL^ UlLiOXO .»^«">*fo # and found in the 

temple those that sold, — Ed. Regia, Plantin, Trostius, and Gutbir. 
This latter reading is adopted by Schaaf and Leusden. 

— 1 Jo2, oxen — poas — PI. def. of }5o2 (S. Luke xv. 23. — Gr. tov /ioo-xov), 

noun masc. def. A bull, ox. 

Heb. Tft?, Exod. xxi. 28; collectively, Gen. xxxii. 6.— Chald. 
T\PI, Pi. prtFl, Dan. iv. 22, 29, 30; v. 21; Ezr. vi. 9, 17; 
vii. 17. — So in other languages, as Gr. ravpos: Lat. taurus: 
Germ. Xfyiex: — Welsh tarw. 

— l^jlo, and sheep— koI 7rpo/?ara— PI. def. of fa^ (S. Matt, xii 11, 12), 

noun masc. def. A s/teep. PI. » Q^, S. Matt. xviiL 12; S. Luke 
xv. 4. 

— 1 1 ^lySVlNo, and the changers of money — kcu tovs Kcp/ianoras — PL 

def. of |l ^SSo, noun masc. def. A money-changer. With pref. O, 
and X of the accusative, which takes r before the vowelless con- 

sonant. — It. «^);A, in Arab, turned, clumged money. 

— -x^L), sitting — (Part, as such, marked by pref. j) — KaOrjjxivov^ — 

Part pi. masc. of *^A-i (ch. iv. 6), Sat, inJiabited, dwelt — Pret. 
3. sing. fem. A^L, S. Luke x. 39. — 1. sing. L^LL*, Acts xxv. 
17. — 3. pi. Q^>Zu, S. John vi. 17, <fec.— 2. pi. ^oA^Zu, Sat in 

« x •» X 

mourning — Gr. iir€vOrj(rar€, 1 Cor. v. 2. — 1. pi. -Jl^A-i, Acts xvi 

* X 

13 Fut. *^Aj, S. Matt xiil 2, <fcc.— 3. pi. ^O^Aj, S. Matt. 

xx. 21.— 2. plT % aaLT, ch. xix. 28, <fca Imperat. %oZ, S. Matt. 

xxii. 44, <fcc.— PI. QSzF, ch. xxvi. 36; S. Mark xiv.* 32 Inf. 

♦sASqX Rev. iii. 21... Part %oA^, S. John vi. 3, &c.:— Fem. 

]^AJ, ch. xi. 20. — PI. fem. ^Ai, S. Matt xxvii. 61. 



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60 S. JOHN II. 14, 15. 

Ver. 14. Aphel *^Zo|, caused to sit, placed; with aff Eph. i. 20; ii. 6; 

Acts xxvii.*6 Fut. *o2oj, 1. sing. ^Lo(, Acta il 30 

Imperat. pi. O^Zo], 1 Cor. vi 4. 

Heb. y&\ Ps. i 1.— Chald. S]V, Dan. vii. 9, 10, 26. 
15. |Lu^£), a scourge — ^payc'AAiov — Some editions read |L|^£). Noun 

masc. def.— PL def. tt^a, S. Matt xxviL 26. 

— (In k» —So, of cord, of small cords — Gr. c*c oyptvCwv — Noun masc. def. 

A rope, cord. The singular used collectively. — PL » >^ »» y 
with aff. pleon. Acts xxvii. 32. 

Heb. 73n> Ps. xvL 6; xviii. 5. — R. 73H> bound, twisted. 

— «Q2)|, He drove out — c^c/foAcv — Aphel pret. 3. sing, of «Q£D, went 

out. — Aph. Caused to go out, led out, drove forth : spent. — Pret. 
3. sing. fern. Aaaf, S. Mark v. 26; S. Luke viii. 43: with aff. 
S. Mark i 12.— 2. sing. Anaf, Acts xxi. 38.— 1. sing. Anaf, 
Hebr. viu. 9.-3. pi. a02>] ? , Acts xiii. 50: with aff. S. John ix. 

34, 35, <fec— 1. pi. ^-Oaf, S. Matt. vii. 22 Fut. «Q£lJ, S. Matt 

ix. 38, <fcc.: — Fem. « i C\*)L, Hebr. vi 8. — 2. sing. %02>2, S. Luke 
x. 35.— 1. sing. *Gl2>], S. Matt vii 4; S. Luke vi. 42:— with aff 
S. John vi 47.-3. pi. ^OH^I, S. Matt. x. 1, <kc— with aff 
S. John ix. 22; xvl # 2.— 2. pi. AaaZ with U*o5, ye shall 
answer, defend yourselves, S. Luke xii. 11, — see note, ch. L 43, 

above. — 1. pi. *O^J, 1 Tim. vi. 7 Imperat. *GLa"|, S. Matt 

vii 5; S. Luke vL 42.— PL OOS)]' S. Matt. x. 8* S. Luke xv. 
22;— with aff S. Matt, xxii 13.JL.Inf. nrse%Cr\ g S. Matt. vii. 
5, <fcc._Part. ^n^V), S. John x. 3, &c. — PL masc. > rsosKn 
S. Matt xii. 27.— .Part pass. «ojsiLo, plur. masc. » r>c*V> 
S. Luke xiii. 28. 

Chald. Aph. p33H> pSl*!* brought out, Dan. v. 2, 3; 
Ezr. v. 14; vi. 5. — 

— JlHaCXI ^O,,from, out of, the temple — e* tou icpov— Def. of ^UOl, 

noun masc. A temple, king's palace. 

Heb. hyn, Ps. v. 8.— Chald. ^H, def. tfSlDVl, the king's 



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S. JOHN II. 15. 61 

"Ver. 15. palace, Dan. iv. 1, 26: the temple of Jerusalem, or at Babylon, 
Dan. v. 2, 3, 5; Ezr. iv. 14.— 

— l-*|0, and poured out — kcu ^c^cc — Verb Peal pret 3. sing. Shed, 

poured forth. Pret. 3. pi. 0^]*, Rev. xvi. 6 Fut. JQ-*]j, 

1. sing. ?Q-»|, Acts iL 17, 18._Imperat. pL 0JQ-*|, Rev. xvl 

1 In£ ,-fo\ Rom. iii. 15. 

The verb does not occur in Heb., but its deriv. *T$JW, &** stream, 
outpouring of the brooks, Numb. xxL 15: — and the fern, form 
fTTBto PL nrT^'«, Josh. x. 40; xiL 8.— Constr. rifaPK, the 
springs, or ravines of Pisgali, Deut. iii 17; iv. 49; Josh, xii 3. 

— ^OOUL£>5oL, their money — Gr. to xcp/xa — _£»QL, noun masc. (here 

with aff. 3. pi.), Money, a piece of money. Defl (Jj3>QA, Gr. 
XaXxov, S. Mark xii. 41. — R ^;A, see note, preceding verse. 

— ^OCTUi'oAaO, anJ <A«V fci&Ze* — Gr. kcu tcJs T/>a7rc£as — Plur. (pref. O) 

with affix, of ]5oAib (S. Matt xxv. 27), noun masc. def. A table, 
table of shew-bread (S. Matt, xii 4, &c); money-changers' table. — 
PL def. ]5oA£), S. Matt. xv. 27, <fcc. 

— ugQI, Z7e overUirew — dvcorpci/rc — Verb Peal pret. 3. sing. Turned, 

converted, changed, subverted, returned. — Pret. 3. sing. fern. 
^2201, S. Luke L 56; viiL 55. — 1. sing. An&Ol, Acts xxii. 17; 
Gal. L 17.— 3. pi. QiiSOl, S. Luke iL 20, <fcc. :— Fem. . i n^iOl, 

ch. xxiii. 56; xxiv. 9.-2. pi. ^pAnaai, GaL iv. 9 Fut. 

yO£*TU, S. Luke x. 6; xix. 12. — 1. sing. ^iO£)Cn|, S. Matt. xiL 

44; S. Luke xi. 24.-3. pi. <O2£>01J, S. Matt. iL 12, <fcc 

Imperat. ^iO£)01, S. Luke viii. 39._Part. }«&G1, S. Luke x. 35: 
— Fem. ]£iaoi, 2 Cor. viL 10. From this verb are derived 

] . r\nc*ny noun fem. An overthrow, 2 S. Pet. ii. 6. 

jn^OGI, noun masc. def. Conversation, manners, 2 S. Pet. ii. 7. — 
PI. def. X^kioat, S. James iiL 13.— Constr. wlieoai, Rom. 
viii. 13. 

litaaci, noun fem. def. Opposition. — PL def. "|Aaaol, 1 Tim. vi. 20. 
Heb. •afin, Gen. xix. 21, 25; Ps. lxxviii. 9.— Deriv. n3Sn, 
overthrow j Gen. xix. 29. 



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62 S. JOHN II. 16. 

Ver. 16. -, iJOlSO), that gold — Gr. rots ira>\ov<riv — Pael part pi. masc. 
(pref. relat J before vowelless consonant) of _^1 , Bought. — Pa* 
^p\ (S. Matt. xiii. 44, 46), Sold.— Pret. 2. pi. <oAj_D1, Acts v. 8. 

— Fut. ^pV, S. Luke xxii. 36 Imperat. ^p), S. Matt. xix. 

21, &c— PL OJL^i; S. Luke xii. 33 Part? -I^LO;— Fem. 

constr. Aa.Olto, Acts xvi. l4._Part. pass. _^li0, Rom. viL 14. 

— ]&D, hence — ivrevOtv — Adverb compounded of p + ^!i>. See note, 

ch. i. 28. 

— qUO y nv (J, make not (pron. affi pleon.) — arj ttoicitc — Fut 2. pi. of 

^LL, i/acfe, oftc?, with IJ used as an imperative, as always in pro- 

f 9 j 

hibitions. Cowper's Gr. § 213 (3). 

— OlA i *S\, Jfo house (pref. -^ of the object, and aff. pron. pleon.) — 

rov oIkov — |Aj^O (ch. viii 35), noun masc. def. A house, habita- 
tion. By apocope, «-i-0, S. Matt. xii. 25. — Constr. AjjD, which 
occurs in this verse, and in the proper name | » 3 L ZlaJD, Betliany, 
ch. i. 28. — Also in the following expressions, 
|7» CD] A » Q, 7wra«e o/^Ae bound, prison, ch. iii. 24; S. Matt. v. 25, &c. 

fVlfflH Aj^O, tf/te jp&icc of spices, censer — Ovfuan/jpiov — Hebr. ix. 4. 

}AiD AaJ3, /ram Aotwe to house, 1 Tim. v. 13; 2 Tim. iii. 6. 

IV-i Aj^O, Aoiwe o/^/w treasure, treasury, S. John viii 20, <kc. 

P-»* AuJ3, jpfoce of judgment, Acts xvii 19, <fcc. 

(JL»J A^JD, Aow£<? of the judges, council, S. Matt x. 17. 

IZCil b»J2, place of olives, S. Luke xix. 29, 37; xxi. 37. 

|Li^»0 IjOOT-* Aj^O), the companions of Judas and Silas, Acts xv. 32. 

x * 

]A-*CL1D J^lS^j the synagogue, S. Luke vii. 5; xxii. 66. 

p£)A5 A^JD, a case ybr containing books, Gr. <£aiAon/v or ^cXoi^v 

2 Tim. iv. 13. 
]AllO AoJ3, fou*e o/'Jta dead, sepulchre, S. Matt. xiv. 2. 



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S. JOHN II. 16, 17. 63 

Ver. 1 6. ]ra^Vr» A> ^ f house of publicans, receipt of custom, S. Matt ix. 9, <fec. 

| »; ^^"> Aj^O, pfoc« q/'enferfcnnwientf, guest-chamber, S. Mark xiv. 14; 

S. Luke xxii 11. 
lZiQ-ftj AjjD, ^>fac« of custody, prison, Rev. ii 10; xx. 7. 

UJLl, A-i-O, j>foce o/*tfo eyes, forehead, Rev. vii 3, <fca 

|5anD L±J^, place of burial, grave, S. John xi. 17, 38, <fcc. and pi. 

form, 
]>OCLO L»JD, the same, S. Matt viii 28, (fee. 

jm^O AjjD, Aom*« o/* stores, barn, S. Luke xii 24; and with aff. 

ver. 18. * 
P^OJQ-D AjjD, pZactf of oblation, treasury, S. Matt xxvii 6; S. Luke 
xxi 4. — 

PL def. }A£>, S. Matt xix. 29, <fcc.— R. ZdO Aib, passed «te 
night.— ■ 

Heb. JV3> constr. JV3, P*- D % M> P& v. 8; xxiii. 6, and of 
frequent occurrence. — Chald. JT3, constr. ft*3, def. tfJV2l> 
Dan. ii. 5; iv. 27; Ezr. v. 2, 3, 9, 11.— 
— |ZJ(i-||Z, merchandize — Gr. ifiiropiov — Noun fem. def. Business, traffic; 

Gain, profit, Acts xvL 16; Diligence, S. Luke xii. 58; Wages, 
Rom. vi. 23. 

R. j-t I , conducted business. 

17. Oi2)L\0, and they remembered — ifivrfcr^rjcrav 8c — Ethpeel pret 3. pi. 

(pref. O, taking the first vowel) of ji* (Peal not found in N. T.), 

Remembered. — Ethpe. ^D}L] (S. Matt xxvi. 75, <fcc.) the same. — 

,«F 9 . w* •* F . «-» 

Pret 3. sing. fem. Z+DjZ.], Rev. xvi 19. — 1. sing. Z*DjZ.|, Acts 
xl 16. — 3. pi. fem. ^bjlf, S. Luke xxiv. 8. — 1. pi. ^OjZf, 

S. Matt xxvii 63 Fut s^?Aj, 2. sing. tDiLL, S. Matt v. 23. 

— 1. sing. ^D*£|, Hebr. viii. 12; x. 17 — Imperat frD?H> S. Luke 
xvi 25; with a£ xxiii 42.— Plur. 0*0)2,]* S. Luke xvii 32. 

F . -a "■ x F . * 

Part. j^jAlO, Rom. i 9, <fec. — PI. masc. __ifO)AS£, coalescing 
with <JLw, ^-LpjAk), 1 Thess. i. 2. 



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64 S. JOHN II. 17. 

Ver. 17. Heb. *13|, Gen. viii. 1; Ps. xxv. 7, <fec &c. 

— T 

— «0-»Ad?, <Aa< & 10a* written — ort ycypa/i/iepov ^artV — Part. Peil of 

x r 

«oAd, JProte — see note, ch. L 45. — Pref. 3 before vowelless letter. 

— OLU-g) , <Ac 26aZ (pref. * of assertion, and aff. pron. pleon.) — o {17X05 — 

pJL£ (Rom. x. 2), noun masc. def. Zeal, emulation; with aff. 3. 
pi. Rom. xL 11. — Root ^JL£ ^-b, Envied, emulated, was zealous. — 

Pret 3. pL QJ-£, Acts vii 9 Fut ^4* Imperat. ^, Rev. 

iiL 19.— PL Ol£, 1 Cor. xiv. 1, 39.— Part. j£, 2 Cor. xi. 2; 

Gal. i. 14.— PL masc. » * %, 1 Cor. xiL 31; S. James iv. 2 

Apt. ^41, aroused, to zeal.-JFut. ^fiJ, Rom. xi. 14; with afE 
ch. x. 19?_In£ QJ^io, 1 Cor. x. 22.-lPart _^Lo y pi. ■ 1 1 ftV), 

r r r * x 

coalescing with _ J *j, 1 > 1 ftVr^ l Cor. x. 22. — 

— - i 3 Jjp) , hath eaten Me up — #caT€^ayc /ic — Peal pret. 3. sing, (with aff. 

pron. 1. sing.) of ^\b] (S. Matt. xii. 4), Ate, devoured, consumed; 
and followed by |t j-O, accused, calumniated, see note, ch. viii. 44, 
below. — Pret. 3. sing. fern. A\s), Rev. xx. 9: — with aff. S. Matt 
xiiL 4; S. Mark iv. 4; S. Luke viii 5. — 1. sing. A\s), Acts x. 
14.— 3. pL olof, S. John vi 13, 23, 31, 49, &c— 2? pi. ^A\of, 

ver. 26.— 1. pi. ^if, S. Luke xiii. 26 Fut. ^>Od]j, S. John 

vi 50, 51, &c. — 2. sing. ^Od]Z, S. Mark xiv. 12. — 1. sing. 
^oof, ver. 14; S. John iv. 32, <fcc.— 3. pi. ^CL^ojj, S. John vi. 
5, <fcc. : with w-i(JIO» ^O, that they miglU accuse Him, S. Matt, xii 
10; S. Luke vi 7; xii 54.-2. pL % q!^d\L, S. John vi 53, &c— 
1. pi. ^ao]j, S. Matt, vi 31, &c — Imperat ^oof, Acts x. 13; 
xi 7:— Fern. ^\gp(, S. Luke xiL 19.— PL a^oof, S. Matt 

xxvl 26, <fcc._Inf. ^d|Lq\ S. John iv. 33, &c Part ^d]\ 

S. John vi. 58, &c Fern. Ur>f, Rev. xi 5 : Def. fAXo]' Hebr. 

xii. 29.— PL masc. ^ » ±p]\ S. John xiL 28, <fcc. :— with W-.010* jJD, 

S. Matt xxvii. 12; S. Mark xv. 3; S. Luke xxiii. 2, 10:— 

coalescing with ^JLk», ■ 1 1 Noj, 1 Cor. viii. 8; — with ^oAj), 

\* ^?>A > \^>| Gal. v. 15. — Constr. masc. |t^O « 1 \o | , accusers, 



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S. JOHN II. 17—19. 65 

Ver. 17. 2 Tim. iil 3.— PL fem. )^zo ^Xo}', slanderers, 1 Tim. iii. 

Heb. SDK, Pa- xxv^ 2. <fcc. Ac.— Chald. ^3tf in phrase, 
like the Syr. as above, Dan. iiL 8 ; vi. 25. 
IS. Aj| \<^^D,shexDestThou — Scucvucts — Pael part (with pronoun forming 
the pres. 2. sing.) of |CL*j, not used in PeaL — Pa. w-iCLki (ch. xx. 

X f 

20; xxL 1.) Shewed, manifested, proved. — Pret. 1. sing. AaO*j, 
Gal ii 18; with aff. S. John x. 32.-3. pi. Q^oL, S. Matt. viii. 
33; xiv. 12.— 2. pi. ^oZuoL, 2 Cor. viL 11*; Hebr. vi. 10 — 
Fut. ](L1j, S. John xii. 33; xxL 19; with aff. ch. xvi. 15.— 
1. sing. |Q~»*»|, Rom. ix. 17; with aff S. Luke vL 47; xii. 5. — 

3. pL .OCL»J, Acts xxiv. 13. — 1. pL ]a»J, 2 Cor. vi 4 Im- 

perat |Q-w, S. John vu. 4, <fcc: with aff. ch. xiv. 8, 9. — PL OQ-w, 

S. Luke xvii. 14; with aff S. Matt, ii 8, <fec Inf. A .A J.Vr>\ 

r 

S. John xiv. 22 ; S. Matt xvi. 21 Part fem. \lal>l£) y Hebr. 

• r 
ix. 16, &c. — PL masc. — -iQ-kkLd, S. Matt xxiv. 1; — coalescing 

with ^JLw, v 1 iO» y »V>, 2 Cor. iv. 2.— -PL fem. ^JcLilSo, Acts 

ix. 39. 

Heb. PL rflpl, Ps. xix. 3.— Chald. Pa. Njin, Dan. iL 11, 24; 

v. 7.— Aph. tflpn, ch. ii. 6, 9, 10, 16, 27. 

19. o5oAjDD, destroy — XvcraTc — Imperat pi. of 5AfiD, Destroyed — Pret 1. 

sing. 23 AID, Gal. iL 18 Fut. 5oAfllJ, 1 sing. 5oAid]* S. Luke 

xiL 18 Part. 5AflD, S. Matt. xxviL 40.— PL _»5AlD, coalescing 

with ^JLw, ^-LijAfiD, 2 Cor. x. 5. 

Heb. *inD> hid, concealed, once in Kal, Prov. xxiL 3 (**lp 

Niph). — Chald. Pa. TFlD> covered, concealed. Part pass. pi. fem. 

def. Dan. iL 22. Destroyed, i. e. removed out of sight, Ezr. 

v. 12* 
— 1 ^ft. ]AXA!l, tn three days — iv rpurlv ij/icpcus — The prep, i^ re- 

* T e 

ferring to point or measure of time : — 8ta rpi&v Tjficp&v, S. Matt 
xxvL 61. Compare |AW> > \ after (some) days — Gr. 8t* 7//icpw, 
S. Mark ii. 1. 
W. C. 9 



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66 S. JOHN II. 19—21. 

Ver. 19. )i) SOi nSo ¥tf, I will raise up — fyc/x3— Aphel part, (forming 
pres. tense, but pointing to future time) of iOQ-O i<LO, arose. 

Aph. V)» o] (ch. xii. 1, 9), Erected, confirmed, established, 
sustained. — Pret. 1. sing. AkL*_o), with aff. Rom. ix. 17. — 3. pL 

QiOj-of, S. Matt xxvi 15; S. Luke xxiL 5 Fut %Q i HI, 

S. Matt. xxii. 24; xxv. 33.-2. sing. ^Qj ol, Acts viL 60.— 
1. sing. ^> > of, ch. xv. 16: with aff. S. John vi 39, 40, 44, 54.— 
3. pi. ^QiQa-QJ, Rom. x. 3.-2. pi. ^qLOj^oZ, S. Mark viL 9.— 

^ X ^ X 

1. pi. ^Oj^J, Acts vi. 3 Inf. qIqqIqX S. Matt. iii. 9; 

x f 

S. Luke iii 8 Fart pi. masc. _a-1Q-i-QLd, coalescing with 

^ X X 

_L*j, i , Vu n V>, Rom. iii. 31.— PI. fern. ■ V)VnV>, 2 S. Pet. 

^ ^ X X ^* X 

i. 8. 

Heb. Hiph. QW, Ps. xll 11.— Chald. Aph. D*ptf, and 

QWl, Dan. ii. 21 ; iiL 1, <fcc. : Ezr. vi. 18. 

20. . i Sn3]j , In or during forty — Gr. Tcao-apcucovra — ■ i \*~)j] , numeral : 

V X 

— remitting its first vowel to ^, which marks duration of time. 

— . i I •, years — Gr. crco-iv — PL of p_» (S. Luke ii. 41), noun fern. A 

^ X 

year. — Def. ]AJL*, S. John xL 49, 51, <fcc. — Constr. Aj-*, S. Luke 
iii. 1. — PL def. (masc. form) ] » * «y S. Luke xii. 19. — R \Lm, 
moved, changed. 

Heb. HJJjf , pL &)&, Gen. i. 14; xvil 21, <fec. &c— Chald. 

T T • T 

n&, pL VX?, Dan. yL 1. 
t : I • : 

— * j 1^211, was built, was in building — yKo&ofnjOr) — Ethpeel pret 3. 

sing, of ]io, Built— Ethpe. Was built. Pret 2. pi. ^oZbuJLoZ]* 

Eph. ii. 20 — Part }ioA&, Hebr. iii. 4.— PL masc ^^LdA&, 
Eph. ii. 22; Col. ii 7. 

Chald. Ithpeel W3TK*, Ezr. iv. 13, 21; v. 8, 16; vi 3. 

21. (OOl ^D\, He spake — was speaking — cXcyc — Part, forming imperf. 

tense. 

* r • 

— Olfr^&J, of His Body — rov crw/Aaros avrov — Noun with pron. aff. and 



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S. JOHN II. 21—23. 67 

Ver. 21. pref, j of the genitive. i-ur& (S« Matt. xix. 6), noun masc. A 
body, not necessarily a dead body, as in Hebrew — Dei !i-iV-^> 
S. John vi 63.— PL del l^%-2>> S. John xix. 31. 
Heb. TJ3, a carcase, Gen. xv. 1L 

22. fo"Vr> A > *-\ V» from the dead — Ik v€tcpwv — (See note, ver. 16, 
above). — PI. def. of A^io (Acts xx. 9), Dead; a participial adj. 
of form part Peil of Ltlo, died.— Def. liluiQ, S. John xL 39. 

X X 

Fern. 1'AjlLq, Acts v. 10 ;— Def. I'/AiV), 1 Tim. v. 6.— PI. —• A-^iO, 

X x ^- X X 

Eph. ii 1, 5; coalescing with ^1 »», ^1 1A1V), 2 Cor. vi 9 : 

1 S. Pet. a 24. 

Compare Heb. ftb, cfeaJ, <fo dea<£, Gen. xx. 3; xxiii 4; 

Ps. lxxxviii 11; cvi. 28. — 

— Jooi ;So|, He had said — Gr. cXcycv — Pret. followed by (OOl, forming 

the pluperf. tense. 

— |oAii\, the Scriptures — Gr. tj? ypa<f>rj — PL def. (preL i^ of the object) 

of *oAd (2 Tim. iii. 16), noun masc. A book, writing. — Def. 
]cito, 8. John vii 42, &c— PL vr ^ls^— There is also a fern, 
form, )£>2b, 2 S. Pet. i. 20.— Constr. tLlhjD, 1 Cor. xvi. 21 ; 

2 Thess. iiL 18.— R %Oi!lD, wrote. 

Heb. 2fl3, Dan. x. 21.— Chald. 3fi3, A writing, Dan. v. 8, 

&c. A mandate, Ezr, vu 18; — prescribing how much, ch. vii. 22. 
23. l|\ Vr \ iW the/east — h rfi ioprjj — Noun masc. def. with prefixed pre- 
position. The form 1?P^ occurs, S. Matt, xxvi. 5; 1 Cor. v. 8. 

— IV' \A - man V — iroWoi — PL masc. def. of | « it "\ adj. Much, great, 

abundant. — Def, 11 ' it * & M***- ^ 7, &c. — Fem. 11 * a rr \, 
Hebr. iii 3; v. 11.— Def. Ill i ^fT>, S. Luke x. 40:— Constr. 
ZU-yLflQ, S. Luke i. 18.— PL masc. ^VLLlB, S. Matt. xx. 16; 

xxii. 14. — Constr. - m » ii ^ — PL fem. J i yt fT), Acts xxiv. 17. 



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68 S. JOHN II. 23—25. III. 1, 2. 

Ver. 23. —Def. Pi" (T™, S. John xiv. 30:— in ch. xi. 47, it is written 

»». .. x r « x 

]L i ii CD. — K. kt-£0> « > yt fT) » increased, was great. 

Heo. tfilfe', 0™a*, Job xxxvi 26; xxxvii. 23. Chald. N*jlt?, 
great, Dan. ii. 31; Many, much, ii. 48; iv. 9. As an adv. Very, 
greatly, ch. ii 12; v. 9. 

— OV>j?> who saw, wfien they saw — Gr. Btuypovvrts — Pret. 3. pL with 

r 

pref. j, relative. 

• 

25. |0O1 %Q i 1 m j 2/e needed — xpciav ^X ' — Part- Peil (forming imperf. 

— X 

7 

tense) of «£LLCD, TPa* in need. Occurs in Peal only in this par- 
ticiple, which though of pass, form has an active signification, 
Wanting, having need of. PL masc. _juQliJL£D, S. Matt. ix. 12, 

^ X X 

r r 

<fcc. : coalescing with _JLk», —J - Q > %ers , 2 Cor. iii 1; — with 
^oAj], .O^inilO), 1 Thess. iv. 9; v. 1. 

^ ^ X X 

«*• ♦» x • 

Deriv. |/r>o . i ra noun fern. de£ Poverty, necessity, Bom. xii. 13. 

— Ol^ 50XCDJ wdBJ|), that any (lit. man) should testify to Him — Gr. Iv* 

Tts fjjaprvpqoy — Fut. 3. sing, preceded by j and having the force 
of a subjunctive. See note, ch. L 15. 

— iilj^S ^2 u!>, o/* man— lit. concerning all (any) man. Gr. ircpl rov 

dvOpdvov. 



CHAPTER III. 

1. |JQD)|, a ruler — apx (J)y — Noun masc. def. derived from the Gr. word. 

PI. ]jo55f, S. Luke xxiii. 13, 35: Officers of the Temple, Gr. 
6 aTparrjyos rov Upov, Acts iv. 1. 

2. | « ^^*"\ by night — Gr. wjctos — Def. of - » ^ \ noun masc. NigJU. — 

X X 

PL (fern, form) ^"\ S. Matt. iv. 2; xii 40. 

Heb. ^'h, Isa. xvi. 3; rhh, Gen. L 5.— Chald. tfV?, 
Dan. iL 19, <fec. 



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S. JOHN III. 2—4. 69 

Ver. 2. ^ 1 ■ \, i , we know — otSaficv — Part. pi. . v t> coalescing with 
^1 n, and forming the present tense. See Cowper's Gr. § 91. 

— ]l P)V/), a teacher — Si&mtkoAos— Def. of **V/» (1 Tim. iii. 2), noun 

masc. A doctor, teacher, one apt to teach. — PL def. )i <*K\n 

S. Luke ii. 46.— R *a!& taught— Pa. part %2L±&. 

Transl. We know that from God Thou wert sent (Gr. JAtyAvfas) a 
teacher, 

— t nsV)\ «»ktV) (J , see note, ch. i. 41. 

7 

— > ^k>, fo tMo. Interrog. pronoun forming with y a relative. 

Transl. Unless (or, except) he with whom God is. 

— U\ K H\, with him — fL€T avrov — Preposition with affixed pronoun. 

3. «^*-fc» ^SjD, ogratn— lit. ./rom that which (is) the head, or beginning — 

See note, ch. ii. 8, above. 

9 * my 

— > <»KnaVo (J, Ae cannot — ov SuvaTcu — See note, ch. L 41, above. 

— OT /OnVf) , *A« kingdom (aff. pleon.) — n)v f}am\€iav — A^\vr> (g. Matt. 

xii. 25, <fec.) noun fern. -4 kingdom. — Def. ]2.aal^o, ver. 5 
below.— Constr. 7on\V», S. Matt xi. 11, Ac— PI. def. ]'Zo£llD, 
S. Matt iv. 8; S. Luke iv. 5. — It. ^Alo, counselled. 

Heb. n^D (in later Heb. for the earlier form fO^Bfi); 
Kingdom, reign, Dan. L 1: Pa cxlv. 11, 13.— Chald. ^fi/def. 
ttfVD^D, Dan. ii. 37, 39, <kc. : " 

4. U^CD, <>/<£— y^xnK— Def of *^IX), adj. Old, aged. Fern, del l2tmx>, 

pL def. VAiui 1 Tim. iv. 7.— R. %o]r», ^rcw o&f. 

Heb. 3J}> (part, of 3^), Job xv. 10.— Chald. 3fef, Ezr. v. 5 
(pL constr.)— PI. def N*3B>, ver. 9. 

T- T 

— |V)N> , Gr. fLrj\ A particle which varies in its meaning according to 

the context Here it is equivalent to fieri potest ut? — num? 

In ch. v. 14. lest — Gr. Iva fuj. 

— Im^iX, into the womb—ck nqv KoiXiav— Def. (with pref. prep.) of 

•CD^D (ch. ix. 1), noun fern. The womb, belli/.— PI. -flop, def. 
]'AflD;p, S. Luke xxiii. 29. 

Heb. BH3, once, Jer. Ii. 34. 



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70 S. JOHN III. 4. 

Ver. 4. " * OI\ _»Z$Z}, tlie second time — fcvrtpov — —>L}L 9 fern, of -_»$2>, 
two. See note, ch. vi 7, below. 

r j 

» 1 Ol , pi. of — O] (ch. v. 14), noun masc. when it signifies Tims 
(so. tempus); but fem. when it is equivalent to Lat. vice, — as 
—Ol IpKj, wnd t?ic0, orae, Bom. vi. 10, <fcc. The same applies to 
the plural.-i-Def. \±o\ , S. John v. 6, <fec. — PL as a fem. vices, 
J i ii ft) ■ i ml , vicibus muUis, oft-times, S. Mark ix. 22. 
» LP] , when joined to a cardinal, forms a numeral adverb; as 
, V 1 nj —»Z$2, totcc, Gr. 8iV-S. Mark xiv. 30.— LloJ A\Z, 

<Aric«, Gr. rpis, S. John xiii. 38, <fcc. — * 1 *^\ <**!&**, five times, 
Gr. ircvTcucts — 2 Cor. xL 24. — —LLr^l m^ ^ seven limes, Gr. 
hrraKis— S. Matt xviii. 21; S. Luke xviii 4.— ^V IsJ) ^i Sn», 
seventy times, Gr. c/Ko/^KovTaKis, S. Matt, xviii 22. — But when j 
is prefixed to these cardinals, it expresses secundd, tertid vice, &c, 
as in the text: see also ch. ix. 24; xxi 16. — ■ » * ^) AaZ->, the 
third time, Gr. Ik rpCrov, S. Matt. xxvi 44 : to rplrov, S. John xxi 
17: S. Mark xiv. 41; rpCrov, S. Luke xxiii. 22. 

PI. def. P_C>1 (according to some editions — the Vienna reads 
]i^1), S. Luke xxi 24.— PL fem. ^-Loj, de£ ]2il£>1, Hebr. ix. 
25, 26. 

_0] is also used in adverbial expressions; as ^1^ formerly, 
in time past, Philem. ver. 1L — — h\ -S2\^>, from time to time, at 
a certain season, S. John v. 4. 

^^]\^«*\ evermore, at all times, always, S. John vi 34, <fcc. 

P-O] (J JO JJL^VP, lit in time and of no time, ie. in season 
and out of season, 2 Tim. iv. 2. 

■ >n| ]Lqo, oft-times, Gr. xo\A«#cis, S. Matt, xvii 15.— In- 
terrog. How often f Gr. uwajci?; — ch. xviii. 21 . xxiii. 37 ; S. Luke 
I xiii 34. As often as (}), Gr. oVa*i9, Bev. xi 6. 

Heb. jfiT, Eccles. iii 1.— Chald. j&T or pT, def. fcO&T, pL 
PJN&T* Dan. ii 16; iii 7, 8; vii 25. J-fhSfi M25T, <A»w times, 

I TX^ • r T . I , . . 

ch.>n. 11. 



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S. JOHN III. 4—7. 71 

Ver. 4. VNsVlN, to enter— cfrcMcTv— Infin. (with preC X) of ^ ^1 
(ch. xviii. 1.) Entered.— Pret'3. sing. fern. 'AXi, S. Mark vi. 22, 

r 

25, <fce— 2. sing. A\l S. Matt. xxiL 12.— 1. sing. A££, S. Luke 
vii 44.-3. pi. a\L, S. John iv. 8, &c: Fem. ,*i\s, S. Matt. 
xxv. 10: v "^V S. Mark xvL 5.-2. pi. ^oAll, S. John iv. 38; 
S. Luke xL 52.— 1. pi. ^\ Acts xi. 12, <fcc — Fut. ^OLJ, ver. 5, 
below. — 2. sing. ^^, S. Matt, viii 8, <fcc. : Fem. . i 1 i Ss7, 
Vienna edition — others read —-JiLlJL, S. Mark ix. 25. — 1. sing. 
^Oif, Kev. iil 20.— 3. pi. ^oXlJ, S. Mark x. 23, 24, <fcc— 
. 2. pL ^JjT, S. Matt. v. 20, <fec— 1. pL ^OLJ, S. Mark v. 12. 

Imperat. ^Oi, S. Matt vi. 6, «fcc.— PI. O^Oi, ch. vil 13 — 

Part. ^>1S^, S. John x. 1, 2.— Fem. ]]]i, ch. xix. 42.— PL masc. 
v »^1\ S. Matt. x. 11, «fcc.— PL fem. ^lS]l, S. Matt xiL 45: 
S. Mark iv. 19: S. Luke xL 26._Part Peil W i.^SS, pi. masc. 
—i-X-kX^, in act. sense, S. Luke viii 30. 
Chald. tyty, ^JJ, Dan. il 16, 24, &c. 

6. OOl |;fflO, is flesh — crapf torn — OOl represents the subst verb, and the 

two words are pronounced as one; in which case the last vowel of 
the noun { |; ^ Q) becomes f . So also OOl |^iO$, immediately fol- 
lowing. Pron. besrau, ruchau. 

7. jlbjZZ (J , marvel not — /ju$ Oavfidcrrjs — Ethpaal fut 2. sing, (with J] , for 

r t r - «-* 

imperat) of £&), used only in Ethpa. frS£?Z.| (S. Matt. viiL 10, 
&c), Wondered, was astonished. — Pret 3. sing. fem. 'Zj^jZ], Rev. 
xiii 3. — 2. sing. ZjlojZ], ch. xvii 7. — 1. sing. 2$S0j£}, ver. 6. — 
3. pi. Of&jZf, S. Matt, viii 27, &c.— Fut. *£>jAj, S. Mark 
xv. 5.-3. pi. ^0>iojAj, S. Matt. xv. 31 : S. Mark ii 12.— 2. pi. 

^OjlO?Z£ S. John v. 20, 28 Inf. OjIo/ALqX S. John ix. 30 

Part. *&>?As2>, S. Mark vi. 6, <fec.— PL masc. ^^LOjAib, S. John 
iv. 27. 
— <Q£U* (JO J, that it is needfrd for you — that ye must — Gr. Set v/ias — 
(} introducing the assertion), Verb (J]o) used only in the part 



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72 a. JOHN III. 7—11. 

Ver. 7. pres. and impersonally. It is necessary, fitting, just, Lat. Opor- 
tet. — ]oO! MO, it was necessary, ver. 30, below. Followed by 
dat. of the person and -^ with inf. — as here and in ver. 30 : — or 
by J with the future, as ch. iv. 24. Fern. «»*01 ]a^O, Acts i. 21 ; 

1 Cor. vii 36. — Def. ]Aj-Xo, used as a noun with pref. %0, with 
propriety, reasonably, Gr. Kara Xoyov, Acts xviii. 14. — PL masc. 

«* 9 9 • 9 y» 9 m 9 

_-»-^0. Fern. vXn. — PI. fem. def. |Ax_^0, as a noun, 
Decency, propriety, Rom. ii. 18. 

8. > 5£) , where — owov — Noun masc. used with j as an adverb of place. 

Lit. the place that. For iL], a place, see note, ch. xi 54. 

- 9 9 f 

— t^-»J, blowing — bloweth — irvti — Part. fem. (used for present tense) of 

kCla-J, Blew. — Pret. 3. sing. fem. *A<\^ i c h. vi 18: Acts xxviii 
13.— 3. pi. fem. ,i'ni 1, S. Matt. vii. 25, 27.-iJFut. *£lm2, 
Rev. vii 1. 

. 9 r 

Deriv. P2la1£, noun masc. def. A wind, blowing, Acts 
xxvii 14. 

Heb. 3BO, Isa. xl. 7. 

- T 

— |£l»)JO, and whither — icat irov — ]tu\, wliere, with pref. ^ of the dat. 

t m T 

which takes its first vowel, — and O* — See note, ch. i 28. 

— P-DOI, so — ovrws. Adverb, So, thus, likewise. Its simpler form is 

-DC71, 1 Thess. ii 14: IS. John iv. 11. 

9. ]i-CLi], how? — ir<5s; — Adverb of interrogation. See note, ch. i. 23, 

above. 
1 1. i > X \VnVn we speak — XaXov/icv — Pael part. plur. (coalescing with 
^JLu, and forming the pres. tense) of \LSo, not used in Peal, 
unless ^oAlOJ, ch. ix. 19, be the only instance. (See note, ii 7, 
above)*— Pa, ^^So (ch. xii 29), Spoke.— Pret. 3. sing. fem. 'AVWi 

» r 

2 S. Pet. ii. 16.— 2. sing. A\£iO, Acts iv. 25.— 1. sing. AIULo, 
S. John xil 48, 49, &c— 3. pi. Q^S&, S. Luke ii. 15;xxiv. 25. 

—1. pi. ^iSiD, 2 Cor. vii. 14; 1 Thess. ii. 2 Fut. ^^iQJ, 

S. Matt. xii. 22, &c— 1. sing. ^&o£ S. John xii 49, <fec— 3. pi. 
^nVAvn S. Matt, xii 47, <fcc. Fem. ^VsVil, 1 Cor. xiv. 34, 35, 



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S. JOHN III. 11— 14. 73 

Ver. 11. <fea— 2. pi. <o\\V)Z, S. Matt. x. 19; S. Mark xiiL 11.— 1. pL 
^DJ, 1 Thess. ii. 16, &o._Jmperat ^S&D, Acts xviii 9.— PL 
o\Sv>, S. Mark xiii 11 Inf. A\VO*n\ a Matt xii. 34, 

&c._Part ^SloiD, S. John iv. 26, Ac. Fern. ft^&O, S. Matt, 
x. 20, &c— PL masc. n » ^V<^\ S. Matt. x. 20, Ac.— Constr. 
1 ^VO^o Acts xx. 30.— PL fern. ^S^oLo, S. Luke vi 45.— 
Derived from this verb is the adj. of form part. Peil masc. def. 
)\ i Vn, rational, reasonable. Fern. de£ ]/\\ i V/), Or. koyucqv, 

» X » 

Rom. xii 1. 

Heb. SSO, Prov. vi 13; Pi. Ps. cvi. 2.— Ghald. Pa. ^0. 

Dan. vi 22; vii 8, 11, 20, 25. 
— ^pAj] > V^>r>Vn y e receive — Xaft/Joverc — Pael part pL masc. form- 

ing, with the pronoun, the present tense. The pronoun though 

written separately, coalesces with the participle in pronunciation, 

forming one word, m'kablltun. 
12. pL5pb), that which (is) on the earth, earthly things — Gr. Ta fcrtycia — 

Def (with pref. prep, which takes the first vowel, and rel. pron.) 

of ^y] . — Noun fem. Land, earth, region, — PL def. ] LLj \ , 

ch. iv. 35. 

Heb. p«, Gen. i. l.—Chald. JHK, de£ KJJTR- (the X in 

Aramaic softened into y, JL,) Dan. ii 35, <fec. — The same form is 

traceable in the Germ. <5rbe, and the Eng. Earth, 
14. i»Q->5|, lifted up — fyuorc — Aphel pret 3. sing, of ^005 ^o} (not used 

hi Peal). 

Ethpeel ^aJiZf, Exalted himself, boasted himself. — Fut. 

^GlJZAj, 1 Tim. in. 6.-2. sing. ^O^llf, Rom. xi. 20.— 3. pi. 

^oiculZAj, 1 Tim. vi. 17 Part Ul>MJ&), 2 Cor. x. 5, <fec.— 

PL masc. , iSn.3ZASo, 1 S. Pet v. 5. 

^» X X 

Aph. Lifted up, raised up, exalted; took off a roof (S. Mark 
ii 4). Pret. 3. sing. fem. 2&GU?f 9 S. Luke xi. 27.— -3. pi. Qicuff, 

S. Matt^ xx. 31; S. Mark ii. 4. Fut 2>Q-»»J, S. Matt, xxiii 12, 

kc.: Fem. - tlaAL, with aff. £<*n*V w (that) it, Le. the hand 
W. C. 10 



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74 S. JOHN III. 14. 

Ver. 14. of God, may exalt you, 1 S. Pet. v. 6.-2. pL ^CuiL, with aff. 

S. John viiL 28 Imperat. i*U>T> pi. QlCufT, S. John iv. 35 

Part. So^V), pi. masc. ^jl!£L»}So, 1 Cor. iv. 19; 1 Tim. ii. 8. 

Heb. QV"), r08e u Pi ***** exalted, triumphed, Pa. xiiL 3. Hi ph. 
DHTfj lifted up, exalted, Ps. iii 4, &c <fec. Chald. QIH, only in 
part. Peil Q-|, Dan. v. 20.— Aph. D^, part, D^ft, Dan. v. 19. 

— hQ-kii *A* serpent — tov o<£tv — Noun masc — PI. def. of fern, form 

]26qJ^, S. Matt. x. 16, &c. 

— fuZiL, mwatf — Set — Adj. of form part. Peil of jAL, was ready, not 

occurring otherwise in Peal. Prepared, ordained, future, S. Matt, 
xxv. 34. — Also expressing necessity, readiness, or intention, as Gr. 
/me\Aci>, fiiXXtav, — either, as here, followed by the infin. with ^, or 
by the rut. with >, as in ch. xviii. 32; see also S. Matt, ii 13. 
Fem. "LiA^, S. Matt xxv. 34, <fcc. — PL masc. _fcL»A^, S. John 
vi. 15, <fec. : coalescing with —J *j, ^^L-ipiA^, Rom. xiv. 10, <fcc, — 
PL fem. V ^"A^, S. Luke xxi. 9, 36.— Def. }2^'Al, S. John xvl 
13. — From this is formed A-ijpiA^, adv. Promptly, witJiout delay, 
Actsii. 41; x. 29. 

Pael }AL, Prepared, purposed, disposed, Eph. iii. ll._Fut. 
;Au, 3. pi. ,OjAlJ, 2 Cor. ix. 5.-^Imperat. jAL, pi. C}A^, 

Acts xxiiL 23 — Part. >AiiO, 2 Cor. v. 5.— Part. pass. jAIlo, 
pi. masc. ^-JZliIo, Eph.*vL 13. 

Heb. PL nny> raocfe ready, Prov. xxiv. 27. and Hithpa. 
"1PJ7JY1 i wa8 ready, destined, to be, followed by 7, Job xv. 28. 

— qS0*2ALq\ to be lifted up — ityo^vai— Ethtaphal inf (with pref. ^) 

of ^005 ^o5 (see note above, in this verse). Ethtaph. ^O^hLL] , 
Was exalted, pass, of Aphel, Acts ii. 33. — Pret. 3. sing. fem. 

^AlOu522.f, S. Matt. xi. 23; S. Luke x. 15 1. sing. AkLoii.]* 

S. John xii. 32._Fut. UuilAj, S. John xiL 34, <fec.— 2. pL 
^pV> ALL, 2 Cor. xL 7. 
N.B. In verbs Q-L, the Ethpeel and Ethtaphal conjugations arc 



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S. JOHN III. 14-16. 75 

Ver. 14. similar in form, and differ only in signification; — Ethpe. having 
a reciprocal, and Ethtaph. a passive force. 

15. f£U, should perish — avokrjrai — Fut 3. sing, (for subjunctive, pre- 

ceded by j) of ^1 (ch. xviL 12), Perished, was lost. — Pret 3. sing, 
fern. Zjlo]* Hebr. xL 31.— 3. pL Q^fi, S. Matt. x. 6: Fem. 
^-»r£>1> Rev. xviiL 14._Fut 3. sing. fern. %^^\L, S. Luke xxL 
18. — 3. pL vPr^^' S - Jonn *• 28.-2. pi. ^O^Z, S. Luke xiii. 

^ X ^ X 

3, 5 — Part ,£>!', S. Luke xv. 17:— Fem. ]^>]' S. John vi. 27.— 
PL masc. ^ i t **Vf, 2 Cor. ii 15: — coalescing with ^ \ »», ■ 1 i,^l, 

8. Matt, viii 25, <fec.— PL fem. v ^i>f, S. Matt. ix. 17, Ac. Part. 

Peil, jjbof, S. Matt xviii. 11, Ac. Dei 1^*bf, S. Luke xv. 24, 
32.— PL masc. def. X f lr^ 9 2 Thess. ii 10. 

Heb. -QK, Pa xxxvii 20.— Chald. -QK, fut -QK\ Jerem. 

— OlX ^OOOTJ, (that) there should be to him, Le. (that) he sliould have — 
Gr. fa — Supply > from the preceding clause. The verb in the 
plural, agreeing with ]JLki. 

16. %n»t|, fotW — Tyamprcv — Aphel pret 3. sing, of »n^»» %n»i, 

Cherished, kindled, burned — (see note, S. Luke xii 49). — Pael 
«nn»i, Loved, cherished. — Part. iQQ^lO, fem. |nn»»V>, 
1 Thess. ii. 7. — PL masc. _iAA*xl0, coalescing with , 1 »», 
^1 i no^V), ver. 8. 

Aph. £ov*2 — Pret. 3. sing. fem. An»»l, S. Luke vii 47. — 
2. sing. A^xLf, S. John xviL 23; with affi ver. 24, 26.— 1. sing. 
Anu], with aff. c^ xiii. 34; xv. 9, 12.— 3, pL on»V|, ver. 19, 
below.— 1. pL n Q m 1 , 1 S. John iv. 10.— Jut »Q k» \ 1 S. John 
iv. 20, 21.— 2. sing. ^ L£ S. Matt xix. 19.— 3. pL jn»»1, 
Eph. v. 28.-2. pi. ^on»iX S. John xiii 34; xv. 12, 17.— 1. pi. 
«n»/l, 1 S. John iiL 18, 23, Ac. In 2 a John ver. 5, the 
characteristic Olaph is retained, as «£l*j|j._Imperat »Hm|, pi. 
QSll>]\ S. Matt v. 44.— In£ Q£LtL&X 1 S. John iv. 11: and 

* » • r m * r 

on»i|V)N, Rom. xiii 8. _ Part. %O**i0, ver. 35, below, &c. 



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76 S. JOHN III. 16, 17. 

Ver. 16. «£il*]££i, 2 S. John ver. 1:3 8. John ver. 1. — PL maac. 

x r r 

_ju^>*2£, S. John viiL 42, <ko. — Coalescing with ^1 »»,» 
v < iJDj^Sd, 1 S. John iii 14. 

— J -20 ^O, every one who, whosoever — was o — The words are sometimes 

joined, as } ^2*L^3. 
17. wiOiaxJO-S), that He might condemn — to condemn (aff. pieon.) — cVa 
jcpiVp— Fut. 3. sing, (for subjunctive, with j) of <0> ^j (Acts xiL 
19), Judged, condemned, contended with (^Ql). — Pret. 2. sing. 
Aj>, S. Luke viL 43. — 1. sing. Ajj, 1 Cor. ii. 2, <fcc. — 3. pi. QJj, 
S. Mark xiv. 64.— Jut. ^OpJ, S. Matt. v. 40:— Fern. ,0j2, for 
*jJO?Z, Rom. a. 27. — 1. sing, ^pjl, S. John xiL 47. — 3. pi. 

^OJOjJ, Acts xix. 38.-2. pL vOJOjZ, S. Matt, vil 1, Ac 

Imperat. ^O*, pi. OJOJ, S. John vii 24., ,Tnf ^V)N, S. John 

viiL 26.— Part. Jf, S. John v. 22, <fcc.— Fern. ]L>>, ch. xiL 48. 

x p 

— PL masc. * 1 »;. ch. vii 24; viii 15, &c.; — coalescing with 

r r x 

<-JLk», ^1 i 1 i?, 1 Cor. vL 3. — Part. Peil ^-*j, ver. 18, below; 
xvi. 11. 

Heb. t^H or t^J, Gen. vi 3. — Chald. ft*J, |**J, part pL 
Ezr. vii. 25. 

— l**J, mi^/U Jtw, Aot* /#«, 6* sat*<£ — <ra)0g — Fut. 3. sing, (for sub- 

junct.) of (-A-KI (ch. iv. 51), Lived, was preserved, saved. — For the 
anomalies in this verb, see Phillips § 42; and Cowper § 121. 
Pret. 3. sing. fern. A i k», S. Luke ii 36. — 1. sing. A » » »r, 

r .. r * 

Acts xxvL 5. — 3. pi. Q > »», Rev.,xx. 4: Fern, ujuj, 1 S. Pet. 

* . r r 

iii 20. — 2. pL ^oA i i »», Rom. vi 13. — 1. pL ^i ■ m, Rom. 
viii 24._Fut 3. sing. fern. \Z*L, S. Matt ix. 18. — 2. sing. pl»Z, 
a Luke x. 28; ]1>)L, Rom. x. 9.— 1. sing. \Z), Acts xvi 30; 
GaL iL 19.— 3. pL vO»J, S. John v. 25; S. Luke viiL 12, Ac. 
.ClJU, 1 Thess. iL 16: «Q»» ■ 1, 1 Tim. iL 4.-2. pL .Q-mZ, 
S. John v. 34; xiv. 19. — 1. pi. |>*J, Acts xv. ll_Imperat. 
pi; Q^-ki, Acts iL 40 — Inf. ]»»Vi\, S. Mark x. 26; S. Luke 



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S. JOHN III. 17—19. 77 

Ver. 17. xviiL 26_Part. \LL, S. Matt iv. 4, Ao. :— Fern. ]LL, S. Mark 
v. 28; S. Luke viiL 50.— PL masc. — jU*> 8. Luke xiii. 23: also 
-_i|jk»> S. Matt xt. 27; Acts iL 47, Ac. and r uja, S. Luke 
xx. 38. Coalescing with —J k», —Lap**, Bom. xiv. 8: also 
-J-»U», 2 Cor. vi 9; xiii 4: — and with tOAj|, ypL - ^>, 

x ^* — X 

CoL iL 20. 

Heb. ftftt Gen. v. 3, Ac. Ac.— Chald. fpfi and KTT, Dan. 
iL 4, Ac. 

18. _»}ZAk>, condemned, is condemned — Kptvtrai — Ethpeel part (for pros. 

tense) of ,0; ,), Judged— Ethpe. ^ijZZ.], pret 3. pL QJ-»;22') ) 

Rev. xx. 12, 13. Fut ^?2AJ, 2. sing. ^jjZT, Acts xxv. 20.— 

1. sing. ^-?I2T, 1 Cor. iv. 3.-3. pL v QJ-*>ZAj, Rom. iL 12, Ac. 
—2. pL v QJ-i?ZT, S. Matt viL 2 — In£ OJ?/AVA, Acts xxv. 
10._Part fern. )L»)£A&, 1 Cor. x. 29.— PL masc. « * V^, 
S. Luke vL 37: — coalescing with ^1 »>, ^1 il %jLljD, 1 Cor. 
xL32. 

— 0|2 J^), already — $817 — Adverb, sometimes written as one word 

OgHiia, already, now. Ofi occurs without _ib, in the sense of 
now, 2 S. Pet in. 1. 

19. P-O, the judgment, condemnation — 17 jrpun? — De£ of ^}, noun masc. 

Judgment, cause, contention, dispute. — }•!-*> m\Q, forrf of tJiy 
cause, Le. <Atn* adversary, S. Matt. v. 25: nh) \t\0, my 

%•• x 

adversary, S. Luke xviiL 3. — PL del P-iJ, S. Mark xiii. 9. — 

Heb. p|, Ps. lxxvi. 9.— Chald pi, justice, Dan. iv. 34; 
vii. 22. Judgment, tribunal, ch. viL 10. 

— <2> i-»A-»> ratter *&m — /taXXov 17 — j-*A^, adj. Abounding, excellent — 

^ X X 

see note, ch. v. 20 : — here used adverbially. 

— v OOuLcl1>, their deeds— ri %r/a avrwv_Pl. with aff of f ^ (2 Cor. 

ix. 8), noun masc. A work, act, deed. — De£ 1^^, S. John vL 29. 



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78 S. JOHN III. 19, 20: 

Ver. 19. — Constr. f £i^, Acts vii. 41; xvii. 24.— PL ^J^, Col. L 10.— 
Def. £o£, S. John v. 20, &c. R. A ^\ performed. 
Heb, *12V, work, deed, once, Eccles. ix. 1. 

— V*-Lo, evil — wovrjpd — PL def. of - - » Q (ch. ▼. 14), adj. often used 

as a subst. Evil, an evil, harm. Def. | ^ - *"\ ch. xvii. 15, <fec. — 
Fern. ]ain, S. Matt. v. 11, &c.— Def )'Lm » q, S. John xviii. 
23; with aft a Matt vL 34.— PL masc. ^JLa-uD, S. John vil 7. 
—PL fem. ^a Yn, S. Matt, xiL 45; S. *Luke xL 26.— Def. 
foa Vo, S. John v. 29, &c.:— with aff. S. Luke xvL 25. 
R. ^-»kP, tew ertf. 

Comp. Heb. &&1& bad grapes, Isa, v. 2, 4: and m^Q, a 
poisonous weed, Job xxxL 40. — Chald. 2^3, 6o<f, wicked; — fem. 
def. «fiB«|Na, Ezr. iv. 12. 

t ; 

20. ]?\i Iff), hateful tilings, ettf— <£avAa— PL fem. def. of ]llD, part Peil 
of (JLfiO, hated, for which see the note following. 

— ]±£D, hating, hatetii — juo-ci— Part, act of ]lSD (ch. xv. 18; xvii. 14), 

Hated.— Pret. 2. sing. A » l.ff), Hebr. i 9.— 1. sing. AjULCD, Rom. 

ix. 13.— 3. pi. dlcD, & John xv. 24; with aff. ver. 25 Fut. 

XLau, S. Matt vi. 24: S. Luke xvi 13.— 3. pi. yOUnJ, S. Matt 

xxiv. 10 Imperat ^J-flD, S. Matt v. 43. — Inf. JjJDQSb, with 

pron. affl and pref X, ^' 1 mOA S. John viL 7. (See 
Cowper's Gr. § 127 (1, 2), and Paradigm.)_Part. pi. ^itfl), 
S. Luke vL 22, 27; with affix, ^IljlflD, S. Luke L 71.— Constr. 
|A^-£ nilffi, Jiaters of good tilings, 2 Tim. iii. 3._The part 
Peil has two forms; one of the form of verbs jj, P-CD, odious, 
hateful, used of things, S. Luke xxiii 41. Fem. } ■ 1 ff), £ph. 
iv. 29. — PL def. ]3!iLilD, as above. The other follows the form 
of the regular verb, } » < "\ fem. ]L 1 "\ def. l2]^JL£D, hateful, 

XX X 

used of persons, or that which represents persons, Rev. xviii 2. — 
PL masc. --lU^TD, S. Matt. x. 22, <fcc. Def H2jL£D, Tit i. 16. 



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S. JOHN III. 20—24. 79 

Ver. 20. Heb. tfJB>, Ps. v. 6, <fcc. Chald. JOB>, I»rt. *Ofe> «» «wemy, 

with aflfl Dan. iv. 16. 
— ^jDOmoAj , tfoy afouta fe reproved— Gr. ^Xcyx^fi — Ethpeel f ut 3. pL 

(with y for subjunctive) of >mmn *in2 (not used in Peal). 
Ethpe. ^nmoZ], Few accused, reproved. Part. «mmoAV), 

S. Luke iii 19. 

21. ^ijinS, are wrought — iartv ctpyatr/xcva — Part Peil pi. (for pres. 

tense). See note ch. ii. 5. - g -^< , •■ i n, fcufry afflicted, 
S. Matt. iv. 24. 

22. ]oO! ^*2X7lAlO, Zfc tarried — &crpt/)c — Ethpaal part, (forming imperf. 

tense) of ^aoi, Turned, Ethpa. ^ȣXJl2.], Abode, Continued, had his 
conversation; followed by _So, ti*w removed from. — Pret 1. pL 
^JQaoiAi, 2 Cor. i. 12; Eph. ii. 3._Inf. OIi2>CTlAs2j\ 1 Tim. 
iii. 15._Part pi. masc. > AgvnAVn S. Matt xvii. 22. 

23. -*^* VI - rwar — fyyk — Compound preposition. ^Ki is properly 

the constr. state of pi-i, by contraction |^-ii> A side: see note, 
ch. xx. 27. — With aft; G\£lL-. ^2*, by him, near him, Acts 
xxiii 2. 

S P 

— tlULO, and were baptized — #c<u if}avT%ovro — Part. pi. masc. (for 
imperf. ; supply OOOl from the preceding verb) of |V)\ (S. Matt, 
iii. 16) Waslued, immersed himself, was baptized. — Pret 3. sing, 
fern. 7 f \nV Acts xvi. 15.— 3. pi. 0,101, S. Luke vii. 29.-2. pL 

^oZjlQl, 1 Cor. i. 13.— 1. pL K r*£*> Rom. vi. 3 Fut ,klLJ, 

S. Matt, iii 13.— 1. sing. ,&£ S. Luke xii. 50.— 3. pi. ^O^QiJ, 

Acts x. 47, 48.-2. pi. ^O^QlZ, S. Matt. xx. 22, 23, <fcc Tm- 

perat. r \c^, ActsxxiL 16.— PL 0,101, ch. ii. 38 Inf. ^NVlN, 

S. Matt iii 7; S. Luke iii. 7, 12 Part. <**L, S. Matt. xx. 22, <fec. 

Heb. *7ftJ^, stood, stood firm, endured, Gen. xxiv. 30, 31: 
Ps. xxxiii. 11. 

24. ^OOl ^£U, had fallen, had been cast — rjv /fySAiy/tcyos — Pret. 3. sing. 

with JOOI forming the pluperf. tense. — Verbs neuter or intransi- 
tive are often used in a passive sense. 



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80 S. JOHN III. 24—26. 

Ver. 24. ^£U, Fell, fell down, also pressed upon, S. Mark iii. 10: foot 
against, of waves, ch. iv. 37. — Pret. 3. sing. fern. *A\gii f S. John 
xi. 32, <fea: S. Matt xiii 47, Or. pX^toy.— 2. 'sing. A\£l1, 
Rev. ii 5. — 1. sing. A\g>i Acts xxii 7. — 3. pL a^jgU, S. John 
xviii 6, <fec. Fern. .7 Sen, Acts xii. 7.— 2l pL ^oA\^11, Gal. 

v. 4.— 1. pL x ^<*y Actsxxvi 14 Fut ^£lJ, S. Matt. xxi 44, 

&c. : oh. v. 29, 30, Or. pkiflij:— Fern. ^2>2T(for . i SeiZl), S. Matt, 
xxi 44.-2. sing. ^i>2T, S. Matt iv. 9:— ch. v. 25, Gr. pXrftfai, 
— ch. xviii. 8, 9; S. Mark ix. 45, 47, Gr. pkyfirjvau—S. pi. ^oNf/i, 
S. Matt xxiv. 29, Ac.— 2. pi. £±&£ t 2 S. Pet iii. 17.— 1. pL 
^^V Hebr. ii l_Imperat ^a, Gr. Pk^Otfri, S. Matt xxL 21 : 

S. Mark xi 23 PI. ol&, S. Luke xxiii 30 Inf. \\£v>, 

Rom. ix. 6; W^^V Hebr. x. 31._Part ^£LJ, S. Matt, xii 11, 
<fec. : and often in a passive sense, as S. John xii 6, Gr. ra /faAAo- 
tuva, — S. Matt iii 10, Gr. jSaAAmu. — Fern. ll£L), S. John xii. 
24; S. Matt x. 29.— PL masc. ^iS^i, S. Matt xv. 14, &c 
Heb. SS3» Ps. v. 11, etc.— Chald. ^SJ, Dan. ii 46, &c. 

— |7- CD I AjuO, into prison; lit Arn^w o/"*/^ bound — Gr. cfe ttjk ^uAamp' 

— The prep. «£3 is understood, or coalesces with Ao-O. See note, 
ch. ii 16. — For ]^JDD|, see note, ch. xi 44, below. 
25. 26oi 2o01, tJiere had been — Gr. hftvero, KV. tfiere arose — Pluperf. of 
looi, formed by the pret added to its own pret — Fern, gender, 
agreeing with the following noun. 

— lAitO, a question — fryn^ris — Def. of ZiLo, noun fern. Debate, dispute. 

See Phillips, Gr. § 20. Ex. 9: Cowper, § 162, 163 (8). R. ]Ld, 
sought, asked. 

Other nouns of this form, derived from verbs ]], and occurring 
in the Gospels, are ]2V"> lAjLD, ]2\llO, ]AlJD*; and are occa- 
sionally found pointed ]A\n, )2\+*, Ac. The pointing in the 
% x *ext is however to be preferred. 
26. |h-^£q } many — Gr. tf cures. 



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S. JOHN III. 27-29. 81 

Ver. 27. CTLa-2U Z.OS» _S0, of himself— (not expressed in the Gr.) — 
Lo^*, constr. of Q2», Gr. vpayfia, see note, S. Matt, xviii. 19. 
— The same phrase occurs, S. John v. 19; vii. 17; xi. 51: — Gr. 
d<f> cavrov, aw* l/xavrov. 

— . ] \l\ , except, lit. fo£ t/^ — idv p.y. 

28. p| (^- > ^^ Jam sent — aircoTaA/ici'o? ci/u — Part. Peil def. of «»»\», 

~ x r 

Sent; forming with the pronoun, passive pres. 1. sing. For the 
verb, see note, ch. v. 36, below. 

— - *mnKr>^r\% before Him — efiwpoaOw ckcivov — See note, ch. i. 15. — The 

reL ) is pleonastic — lit. One that is before Him, 

29. |A^D, the bride — rrjv vvfuf>rpr — Noun fern. A bride, also a daughter- 

in-law, S. Matt. x. 35 ; S. Luke xii. 53. 

Heb. H?3» bride, Song of Sol. iv. 8, <fcc. DaugJUer-in-law, 
Ruth i. 6. R. 773 , completed, crowned with a chaplet. 

- T 

— OllQ-K»5, Hie friend (affi pleon.) — o $4X09 — Part, of 2>CLk»$, Loved dearly 

(see note, ch. v. 20, below). Def. }La>J (S. Matt. xi. 19, <fcc.), 
used in this form as a noun, A friend. — PL def. |lQ*j$, S. Luke 
xvi 9; xxiii 12.— PL fern. def. }2\LcLk»>, with aff S. Luke xv. 9. 

— Z.]»0, and hearing — and heareth — *<u okovuv — Part, of Zo» Z», 

Listened, attended to. Imperat pi. oLo* , Acts ii. 14.^J > art. pi. 
-iLt, Acts viii 6. 

— I^OpM, joy— Gr. xw— Def. of (o^ (PhiL ii. 29; S. James L 2), 

noun fern. Gladness, delight. With aff. w^O^, S. John xv. 11 ; 
^OOlZOpia, S. Luke xxiv. 41 : ^QloZOj-w, S. John xv. 11; xvi. 22, 
24. OlZOpia, S. Matt xiii. 44. — R. j^, rejoiced. 

— Ij-ki, rejoicing, rejoiceth — Gr. x at P cl — Part, of Jjja or wipKi (ch. viii. 

56), Was joyful, glad. — Pret. 3. sing. fem. L*f**, S. Luke i. 47. — 
1. sing. L*]*> 9 PhiL i. IS, &c— 3. pi. 0-.^k», S. John xx. 20, &c. 

— 1. pi. ^-yK», 2 Cor. vil 13 Fut £nJ, S. John xvi. 20.— 

3. pL $r»J, ch. iv. 36.-2. pi. &?»£, S. Luke x. 20.— 1. pi. 
IpKO, Rev. xix. 7.— Imperat. «-»r>j, as wi^O ^A ^,-k*, a form 
W. C. 1 1 



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82 S. JOHN III. 29, 30. 

X 

Ver. 29. 6f salutation, 2 S. John ver. 10, and ^,-k* alone, ver. 11. Gr. 
Xotpctv, God »peed you. PI. O^, S. Matt. v. 12, <fcc. : Fern. « ^ *» ; 

S. Luke xv. 9 Inf. ] t »»V)\, S. Luke xv. 32._Part pi. masc. 

^jpM, S. Luke i. 58; S. John xiv. 28, ed. Regia, — the Vienna 
and others have ^oA-iOOl (pKj. — Coalescing with ^ 1 »», _J » f »«, 
2 Cor. vl 10. 

Deriv. t-*^, adj. Cheerful f 2 Cor. ix. 7. A^Uj-***, adv. C/ieer- 
fully, willingly, Acts xvii. 11, <fcc. 

Heb. mn> Exod. xviii. 9. 

— m{^Q, because of- — Swx — Prep. For the sake of Ikckcv, S. ,Matt. v. 10: 

&a, S. Mark iv. 17.; Rom. iv. 25. See note, ch. i. 15. 

— 1 1 \V)V> |01 , behold, (it is) fulfilled — Gr. ireirXypunai — Pael part pass. 

fern, of Jlk>, Wasfidl— Pa. . » ^ (Acts iii. 18), Filled up,ful- 
filed, supplied. — Pret. 3. pi. QjJ^lO, 1 Cor. xvi. 17; 2 Cor. xL 9. 

Fut. |lSlU, Gal. v. 3, <Jsc— 1. sing. JlLoT, S. Matt. v. 17.— 

1. pi. UkU, S. Matt. iii. 15 Imperat. pi. oi^O, S. Matt, xxiii. 

32 Part. ]lS£k), 1 Cor. xiv. 16, <fec — PI. masc. x > ^0^ 

coalescing with ^oAj], ^oA > VvnVn Gal. vi. 2. — Part. pass. 

Heb. PL tkp, Ps. xx. 5, 6. 
30. OOl OTlA, for him — Gr. Utivov — OCT, pleonastic. 

— |*S;V)\ fOOl (JO, it was necessary to increase — Gr. Set av£dvuv — See 

— ■* 
note, ver. 7, above. 

Inf. (with pref. ^) of Jib J (S. Mark iv. 8), Grew, multiplied, 

became great. — Pret 3. sing. fern. Alb5, S. Matt. xiiL 32; S. Luke 

xiii. 19 Fut ]L -J, S. Mark iv. 27.-2. pi. ^iZ* Col. i. 10 

Part. ]£>5, S. Luke i. 80; ii 40, 52:— Fem. ]l^l 9 Acts vi. 7, 

<fec. — PI. masc. » O*, S. Matt xiii. 30: — PL fem. > «^\ ch. 
vi. 28. 

Heb. nai, <^en. L 22; Ps. exxxix. 18.— Chald. fty\, 
Dan. iv. 8, 19* 



i 



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S. JOHN III. 30—33. 83 

Ver. 30. i»«^V>\ to decrease — *AaTTov<r0eu — Inf. (pref. i>) of J^, Dimi- 
nished^ became less. Pa. 5^, Made inferior, was inferior, was 
deficient in. Pret. 1. siDg. 13^2, 2 Cor. xi 5; xiL 11. — 2. pi. 
^oZiIc>, 1 Cor. xvi. 17; Phil. ii. 30 Fut. *$^J, Rev. xxii 19. 

Ethpa. $*jbZ], Lacked, was behind, inferior, 2 Cor. viii. 15. — 
Pret. 2. pi. ^oZjliZf, 1 Cor. i. 7; 2 Cor. xii. 13. 

Heb. *1X3» cut off, away, Ps. lxxvi. 13. 

- T 

31. vi<v V _So,/roTO above — avu)$€v — See note, ch. ii. 7. 

^»l\, preceded by —So is an adverb, and admits no following noun. 

\lL\ followed by _So is a preposition, and requires to be followed 

by a noun or its equivalent, as in this verse, ^D — 10 \\s\, 

above all — hravm 7rdvrci>v — See S. Matt. ii. 9; xxiii. 18, 20; S. Luke 

xxiii. 38; xxiv. 4. 

33. ^oA>j, he hath sealed, set to his seal — i<T<f>payio'€v — Verb pret. 3. sing. 

Sealed, confirmed. Pret 3. pi. Qk)A>*>, S. Matt, xxvii. 66 Fut. 

iOoA*>J, 2. sing. $OoLk>£, Rev. xxii. 10.— 1. pi. iOoZu^J, Rev. 

vii. 3 — Imperat. iOoAja, Rev. x. 4 Part Peil iOjA^, pi. 

masc. def ]liuAja, Rev. vii. 4, 5. 

Ethpeel t&L+jL^, Was signed. Pret. 3. pi. Q±dLk>1$, Rev. 
vii 4.-2. pi. ^AlDZLwlj 1 , Eph. iv. 30. Pael $oL>L, Signed, 
sealed — Pret. 1. sing. ASOlUj, Rom. xv. 28. — Whence is derived 
pbAJ^ or P^dA^j, noun masc. def. A sign, seal, Rom. iv. 11:1 Cor. 
ix. 2, <fcc.— PI. def. ]lbA^ or l&AL, Rev. v. 5, 9. 

Heb. Dnn> sealed, 1 Kings xxL 8. — DHin* a signet, Jerem. 

- T T 

xxii 24 and Jl&nh* Gen. xxxviii. 25. — Chald. Dfifi> Dan. vi. 18. 

— OCT (;->?-», is true — d\rj$^ ioriv — See note, ver. 6, above. — (;-»;-*, def. 
of i^i^M (ch. viii. 26), adj. True, firm, sound. Of form part. Peil 
of 5;-* ;_», Became strong. — Fern, );-»;-*, 2 S. Pet. i. 19; 3 S. John, 
ver. 12. Def. )l^l^, S. John iv. 18; viii. 40.— PL masc. 
^»V-»r-* OOOl, be ye firm in our Lord, Gr. Ippwjdt, Acts xv. 29: 
firm in our love, Gr. dA^flciWrcs, Eph. iv. 15. — Def. |*^j 



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84 S. JOHN III. 33—36. 

Ver. 33. S. John iv. 23.— PL fem. AJIm, Phil. iv. 8.— Def. )1^1JL 9 Rev. 
xv. 3. — Whence is derived |Z.O^-i^», noun fem. def. Stedfastness, 
Col. ii. 5. 

Heb. yitf, strong, firm, only in pi. def. nHB', Job xl. 16.— 
•t •* • ; 

rVnHtP> hardness of heart, Ps. lxxxi. 13. 

34. OCT U^O, Hie words — t<£ p^/xara — See note, ch. i. 1. — Pronoun pleo- 

nastic. See Cowper, Gr. § 198 (1). 

— (lx^lO, by measure — Gr. c#c /tcrpov — Noun masc. def. (pref. prepos.) A 

measure. Fem. def. form jilNin, S. Matt. vii. 2; S. Mark iv. 24; 
S. Luke vi. 38. — The masc. is especially spoken of a greater, and 
the fem. of a lesser; but not always, as in the last place cited. 

Root, Heb. 7*13, measured. Syr. Ethpe. and Aph. S. Matt, 
vii. 2. 
Transl. For it is not by measure that God hath given, <kc. # 

35. ^OjSD ^D, every thing, all things — irdvra — Written as one word, 

So^V^ ch. iv. 25. 

36. «CQ^£l£ALd |j, believing not, believeth not — Gr. dwiOiZv — Part, of 

.m > a\ ^/] (Acts xviii. 20; xxi. 14), a verb used only in Ethpeel 
(and probably identical with *(T) > Q^Z], see note, S. Matt, 
xxvii. 20), Obeyed, believed, assented to. — Pret. 3. pi. r>m » <?\ £/\ t 
Acts v. 39, &c— Fem. . iffi'i a £Zf, 1 S. Pet. iii. 20.— 2. pi. 

^A rr>> gj^ZT, Acts xxvii. 21 Fut. «m i *\ ^AJ, 3. pi. 

^O£0Li_a^Aj, Rom. xv. 21.— 2. pL ^om i <^ jL£, Gal. v. 7 

Imperat. pi. nm » <^^'), Hebr. xiii. 17 Inf. nmg\ j^CsK 

Acts v. 29 Part. pi. masc. ^ t fO i ^l^AlD, S. Luke i. 17; Acts 

viii. 6, <fec. 
Deriv. *)Zq 1 *** i Q £AlD, noun fem. def. Obedience; with ]], Z)iso- 
bedience, unbelief, Rom. xi 32, &c. 

— OlLt05, tlue wrath (aff. pleon.) — rj opyrj — lUip) (S. Matt. iii. 7), def. of 

JQ_-l$, noun masc. Anger, indignation, fury. R. Vit*> Was angry. 
Heb. Tjh, Habak. iii. 2.— Chald. Ml, Dan. iii. 13. 



Digiti 



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S. JOHN IV. 1—4. 85 



CHAPTER IV. 

Ver. 1 _ij ^p», Transl. But Jesus knew that the Pharisees heard 

(or, had heard) tJuU He made many disciples, and baptized more 
t/tan John. 

9 

2. jO, Yet, although — Kcuroiyc. 

Transl. Tlwugh it was not Jesus Himself (that) baptised, &c. 

m 9 T * «X 

3. omnj, He left it (Le. 50<7Li-X Judcea; the affixed pron, pleonastic) 

— d<f>rJK€ — Pret. 3. sing, of «D^», Left, reserved; left behind, 
deserted-, repudiated or put away a wife; dismissed, sent forth; left 
out, omitted; permitted; pardoned, remitted. Pret. 3. sing. fern. 
Lmxm, ver. 28; with aff. ver. 52, below. — 2. sing. Ann*, Eev. 
ii. 4, 20; with aff. S. Matt, xxvii 46; S. Mark. xv. 34.— 1. sing. 
• Aq£L#, S. Matt, xviii. 32.-3. pL onn», S. Matt iv. 20, 22, 

•fee. — 2. pL ^oAmx»,ch xxiii. 23; S. Mark vii 8. — 1. pi. ^nni, 

8. Matt. xix. 27, <fcc Fut. ^DOOiJ, S. Matt. vL 14, <fcc. Fern. 

. . rsrsr^^f \ Cor. vii. 13. — 1. sing. iOOOj], S. Matt, xviii. 21. 
—3. pi. ^OQ^^J, S. Luke xix. 44.-2. pi. ^gnn»2T, S. John 
xx. 23, <fcc.; with aff. ch. xvL 32.— 1. pi. ^DOOiJ, Acts vi. 2; 

Hebr. vi. 1 Imperat «OQ£X», 3. Matt. iii. 15, <fec: Fern. 

« i nont, S. Mark vii. 27.— PL nnont, S. John xi 44, &c. 
Inf. -o^-0->\ S. Matt. ix. 6, <fec Part. ,nn», S. John 

x r 

x. 12, «fec. — PI. niasc. _-»-Q^j», S. Matt, xxiii 14; coalescing 
with v * kj, i > o^l^ S. John xL 48 — Part Peil «Q » ^ - , 

»» X 

fern. def. |Aq * Q », a divorced wife, S. Matt v. 32; S. Luke 

X X 

xvi. 18. — PL masc. » Q » Q ^ # forgiven sins, S. Matt. ix. 2, 5, <fcc. 
Chald. p3{y, Left, Dan. iv. 12, 20, 23. 

4. Ol^, 2.001 1,'nSV), He must needs— fiebat ei (Schaaf.) — c&i airov— 

Aphel part. pass. fern, of f^L, 2>w£ — A ph. y^lL], Worked, wrought. 

Pret. 3. sing. fern, lld^f, 2 Cor. vii. 11 Part. .AlSo, 1 Cor. 

ii. 6. — Part. pdlLo. Lit. it was done to Him. — Tremellius (who 
reads IpQ-lSD) and others translate Opus erat ei. 



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1 



8G S. JOHN IV. 4, 5. 

Ver. 4. Deriv. PpClLLo, noun masc. def. A worker, of wrath, Rom. iv. 15. 

The same as |)Q^L, S. James i. 25. 

jZ.QJpO.lSD or |Z.0 1,n\V), noun fern. def. -4 working, operation, 
Eph. L 19; iii. 7, <fec. 

Heb. Hiph. *VUttn> Caused to work, Exod i. 13; vi. 5. 

— j^lU |£p*, $Aa£ 2fe should go through; lit should go, pass through — 

Gr. $Upxc<r0ai. — |Zp, see note, ch. i. 7. 

S^U, fut. 3. sing, of ;^1L (ch. viii. 59), Crossed, passed over, passed 
by, transgressed. — Pret 3. sing. fern. Z^ClL, Acts xii. 10; 1 Tim. 
ii. 14. — 1. sing. Z;n\, S. Luke xv. 29.— 3. pi. 0,-n\, S. Mark 
vi. 53; — Fern. ^ i; n S (with ^paragogic), Rev. xxL 4. — 1. pi. 
tj^lL, Acts xxvii. 5. _Fut. 3. sing. fern. wig^sZ, S. Matt 
xxiv. 34; S. Luke xxi. 32; without final *_», S. Markxiii. 30; 
xiv. 35; S. Luke ii. 35; xvL 17. — 2. sing. s^llZ., Rom. ii 25. — 
1. sing. ;«^f, 2 Cor. i. 16.— 3. pi. ^0 8 nS1, S. Matt. v. 18, <fcc. : 
—Fern. ^jnM, ch. xxiv. 35, &c.— 1. pi. ;AiJ, S. Mark iv. 35; 

S. Luke viii. 22 Imperat. ;^\ S. Luke xvii 7 Inf. ; ^vVr>\ 

1 Thess. iv. 6 Part. ;nS, S. John ix. 1, &c.; — Fem. 1;^V 

X P 

Hebr. vil 24. — Pi. masc. -jpl, S. Matt xv. 2, <fec. — Coustr. 

w»^lL, 1 Tim. i. 10; S. James, ii. 9. 

p • 

Deriv. r*^\ noun masc. Transgression, Gr. wapapaais, Rom. iv. 15; 

v. 14. 

Heb. *ay, Pa viii. 9, <fcc. &c. 

— t-.^S£L» A-k-O ^L, on the dwelling-place, territory (lit. house) of the 

Samaritans — Gr. 8td ttJs 3a/xapcta$ — Compare note, ch. ii. 1 6. 

5. ]A-i^D, £fo ^cW, parcel of ground — Gr. rov x^ptov — Fem. def. form of 
li-O, noun masc. A city, town, village, also a field, district. — PI. 
def. (A^J^D, 3. Luke xiv. 21. (So some Editions: the Vienna and 
most Editions read ]A-»^). — Strictly, part. Peil of ]*rO, Heb. 
Hip, i.q. iT^p, met, occurred Whence, 

Heb. fV*lp> -4 torn, c%, Ps. xlviii. 3.— Chald. HHp or KHD, 
def. RTinp," Ezr. iv. 10, Ac. 



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S. JOHN IV. 6. 87 

Ver. 6. ( 1 i %V), the well — irrrffj — Noun fern, (or com.) def. A well, 

X m * .. X 

fountain. Derived from * \ an eye. PL def. p_fcAl0, 2 S. Pet. 
ii. 17. 

Heb. PVS, A fountain, Gen. vii. 11; viii. 2. Metaph. t/by, 
delight, Ps. lxxxvii. 7. 
Transl. And titer e was there the fount oftlie waters of Jacob. 

— fOOl |)J, was wearied — Gr. #ccK07riaicu>$ — Part. Peil (forming imperf. 

tense) of |]j or *-»)], Laboured, toiled, was fatigued. — Pret. 3. sing. 

fern. 2L]1, Rom. xvi 6, 12.— 2. sing. A^]l, Rev. ii. 3.— 1. sing. 

X 

A^J], 1 Cor. xv. 10; Gal. iv. 11.— 3. pL qJ$, ver. 38, below;— 

X X 

Fem. wi|J, PhiL iv. 3: -^-i]] (with . paragogic), Rom. xvi 12. — 
2. pi. ^p^u]], ver. 38, below.— 1. pi. _,]], S. Luke v. 5 Fut 

^ X ^ X 

IUj, Eph. iv. 28 Inf. ]|lia\ Acts xx. 35 Part ]]], 1 Cor. 

xvi 16; 2 Tim. ii. 6. — PL masc. ^-»M, coalescing with * ** r 
^Ltf, 1 Cor. iv. 12.— PL fem. ^J]f, S. Matt. vi. 28; S. Luke 

xii. 27 Part Peil pi. masc. ^]f, 1 Thess. ii. 9; v. 12; 1 Tim. 

v. 17.— Def. ]i]T, S. Matt. xi. 28.— From this verb is derived 

|Zo(J, noun fem. def. Labour, hardship, 2 Cor. vL 5; xi. 23, 
27; 2 Thess. iii. 8. 

Heb. HN/j Laboured, was wearied, Gen. xix. 11. 

T T 

— pL>$0|5 (ISO!. ^il>, from, by reason of, tlie fatigue of the way — Gr. Ik 

•njs oSowroptas — |IV)\, def. of ^S&L, noun masc. Toil, labour. — 
PL def. ]KoL, Rev. xiv. 13.— R. ^loi, Laboured. 
Heb. 7&V, Labour, Weariness, Ps. lxxiii. 16; xc. 10. 

— OlJ^ |0Ol kOAjO, and He sat, was sitting — Gr. iKaOit^ro — Pret with 

» -" * 

|0Ol, forming usually the pluperfect — here the imperfect. — <JL^, 
pleonastic; see Cowper's Gr. § 198 (6). 

Lm, six hours, i.e. the sixth hour — Gr. ioa inrq — See note, 
ch. i. 39. 



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88 S. JOHN IV. 7-9. 

Ver. 7. JlLoZ.5, tliat site might draw — to draw — avrXfjaan — See note, ch. 
i. 14. — Fut 3. sing. fern, with pref. y having the force of the in- 
finitive, or Lat. ut with the subjunctive. 

f . f 

— * i *^ai, give — &>s — Imperat. sing. fern, of *O0"Li, Gave. — See note, 

ch. i 12. 
Transl. Give Me water (t/iat) I may drink. 

— I A* I, (tJiat) I may drink — to drink — u-ictv — Fut 1. sing, (for inf. or 

subj. but without j) of ]A-», Drank. — This verb in Peal pret. and 
imperat always has ] prosthetic, as will appear from the following 
forms, occurring in the N.T. : 

Pret 3. sing. masc. w-»A^], ver. 12, below; Acts ix. 9: — Fem. 
AjZl»], Hebr. vi. 7 (this is the reading of the Par. and Lond. 
Polyglotts; the Vienna and many other Editions read A-»A-#], 
Aph.). — 1. sing. A-iA^], with aff. S. Matt xxvi. 42.-3. pi. Q-»AVf, 
S. Mark xiv. 23; Acts ii. 13; 1 Cor. x. 4, <fea— 1. pi. ^Zt*], 
S. Luke xiii. 26; ^-i^»f, as if from ]ZL»f, Acts x. 41; 1 Cor. 
xii. 13 (where the Par. and Lond. Polyglotts read _iZl»]) — Fut. 

\Lrnl, ver. 13, 14, below; vil 37, &c.— 2. sing. )£*£, S. Luke 
xvii. 8; 1 Tim. v. 23. — 1. sing. |A*|, here, and ver. 10, <fec. — 
3. pi. ^oZl^J, S. Mark xvi. 18.— 2. pL iOLm£, S. John vi. 53, 

&c. — 1. pi. |A*J), S. Matt vi. 31, «fec Imperat fem. *_»A^| 

(some read *-»ZL»1), S. Luke xii 19. — PL oAj**f, S. Matt xxvi 27. 

Inf. fo-QiV ver. 9, below._Part )£1, S. John vi. 54, 56, 

<fcc.— PI. ^-»£», S. Matt. xxiv. 38, <fec. 

Heb. nn#> Gen. ix. 21 ; xxvii. 25.— Chald. flTlBf and Hfttf, 

T T T t T : 

Dan. v. 1, 2, 23. — Pret with J( prosthetic, ver. 3, 4. 

8. |/;^> . rr\ fnnJ meat — Gr. rpo<f>dq — Noun fem. def. derived from j^XD 

r r 

in its quadrilateral Pael (Paiel) form ;*^ > CO, bore, sustained, 
preserved. 

9. \LLj\ wftOI, that woman, the woman — rj ywrj. — «_»01, demonstr. pron. 

fem.— PI. 1' vti. 



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S. JOHN IV. 9—11. 89 

Ver. 9 P^L»1» TransL How (is it that) TJtou art a Jew, and askest 

of me to drink, who am, <fcc. 

— » k» m »»AVn traffic, have dealings — Gr. avyxp&vrai — Ethpaal part. 

t 
pi. niasc. of o^A>i, Was useful, Jit for, profitable. 

Ethpa. — -r kmL\ (Acts xxvii. 3), Conversed, was familiar with, 
courteous to, made use of Pret. 1. sing. A»» •■»>/. | , 1 Cor. ix. 15. 
—3. pi. fern. JLj^LLlt Rom. L 26.— 1. pi. ■ >> m l»2f, * Cor. 
ix. 12; 1 Thess. ii. 5 — Fut. «»» ■ »»Aj; — 1. sing. oa-A^Z.), 

1 Cor. ix. 18 Part ,,»>,i ^Ak), 1 Cor. x. 30. 

10. 0-£\, if — ct — Conjunction. )J 0_£\, except, unless, S. Matt. xxiv. 
22, &c 

Compare Heb. V?X> Eccles. vi. 6: Esth. vii. 4. 

— }Ar>T»QLo, the gift — rrjv Supidv — Def. of l^boiQLD, noun fern. A gift, 

supply. — Constr. AOOTQJLD, by enallage for the abs. or def. form, 
Acts xxv. 11.— PI. def. I^CJIQLD, S. Matt. vii. 1 1, *fec. R. *OCTU, 
Gave. 

— I >' *», /mn^ — Gr. £<3i> — PI. masc. def. (agreeing with | a Sd) of - > ** 

(ver. 50) adj. .4ftye, living. Def. | - k», ch. vi 51, 57, 69, <fcc. — 
Fern. ]LL 7 Acts ix. 39, <fec. Def. ]'A-i^, Rom. xii. 1 ; 1 S. Pet. 
L 23. — PL masc. - i-kj, Rev. xix. 20: — coalescing with * *\ 

1 XT ^ .» » f 

^* » - k>, Acts xviL 28, <fcc. — PL fern. def. (/u^m, Acts vii. 38; 

1 S. Pet iL 5. 

Heb. Tl, Gen. xliii 7; Ps. lviiL 10, ike— Ohald. Tl, def. tf»pl, 
pi. ppl, def. fc{»n, Dan. ii. 30, <fec. 

11. wi£o, my lord— KY. Sir— Kvpic— Noun with affix.— ^i, def. ]&> 
(S. Matt xi. 25), noun masc. Lord, master — Employed as a title 
of respect to a master or stranger, and to Christ Himself, by His 

X »* P 

Disciples, in His character as Man. — PL .^, def. ]'£&, constr. 

J P ^ m If P P » P Q Pm » 

wftpD, 2 Cor. i. 24. — From this is derived | » \^ or (^j5(1o, 
the Lord's Day, Rev. i. 10. ]2.0jlO, noun fem. def. Government, 

2 S. Pet ii. 10; S. Judc ver. 8.— PL def. )lo : +£>, Eph. L 21; 
Col. i. 16. 

W. C. 12 



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90 S. JOHN IV. 11-14. 

Ver. 11. ]jOj, something to draw with — airXiy/jia — Noun masc. de£ A 
vessel for drawing water. Occurs here only in the N. T. — R. (J ), 
Brew up, or out 

— )&, the well — to <f>p€ap — Noun fern. def. (]ilo, Rev. ix. 1, 2), A well. 

Heb. TX3, A well, Gen. xxi. 19, &c. A pit, Ps. lv. 24; lxix. 16. 

— }n»V)S, deep—PaOi—Fem. of «n iV)\, def. }n»V)S, adj. Deep.— 

PI. fem. def. foAl'OU R e v. ii 24.— R. «nV)\, Pa. «nVl\, 
J/ocfe deep. 

Heb. pfajf, Ps. lxiv. 7.— Chald. jyOg, pi. fem. def. Kfijy&JN 
Dan. ii. 22. 

12. fo\ Gr. /xij; — Interrogative particle, answering to the Lat Num, 

ne forte? — Also, An, as in ver. 29, Gr. fufri ovros cotiv o Xpioros; 
which Prof. Scholefield would translate Is tliis the Christ?; and 
ver. 33, Gr. fw/ris, hatli any man? See also S. Mark it 19. — Also 
Lat. Ne, as in S. Matt. viii. 4. Used also in the direct question, 
Why, for what purpose? S. Luke xiii. 9. 

— CTLLL, his cattle — rd Opififiara avrov — Noun pi. with affix. — \±L, a 

collective noun of com. gender, Slieep, cattle, a flock, S. John x. 1, 
and frequently throughout the chapter. It is always marked with 
Ribui, but is singular (as in ch. x. 16), as well as pi. in signi- 
fication. 

Heb. |J&, Gen. iv. 2, &c 

13. |01^J, sltall thirst — Su/njcrci — Fut. 3. sing, of ]oi» , Was thirsty. — Pret. 

1. siDg. A-iOlt , S. Matt. xxv. 35, 42 Fut. 1. sing. |01t |, ver. 

15, below.— 3. pi. ^OOlJi, Rev. vii. 16 Part. Peil ]<n. , S. John 

xix. 28; S. Matt. xxv. 37.— Def. ]L(J\l , S. Matt. xxv. 44.— PL 

masc. ^-»OT« , S- Matt. v. 6; coalescing with 1 ** ; — 1_*01* , 1 Cor. 
iv. 11. 

01 • , noun masc. def. Thirst, 2 Cor. xi. 27. 

14. ^ i Sm> |'i>'V>?, of water, springing up — Gr. JSaros dWoficvov — Part. 

pi. masc. of m^J, Bubbled forth. Occurs in Peal here only in 
the N. T. 

Heb. JftJ, Prov. xviii. 4. 



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S. JOHN IV. 15—20. 91 

Yer.15. JjL^?, drawing \ to draw — Gr. avrXuv — Part fern, of (Jj, Drew 
up, drew out. — Part. |Jj, S. Luke xiv. 5. — Occurs not elsewhere 
in the N. T. 

Heb. rb^, Exod. ii. 16, 19. 

T T 

— p5(JI ^Sd, from hence — Compound adverb. — So p5ai\ (ver. 16), 

hither. 

p>01 (S. Matt. xii. 6, 42, <fcc.), adv. Here, in this very place — ' 
Comp. of p + 5oi. ioi is a particle of emphasis (by some re- 
garded as the same with \s\, behold); added to p, Aere, and ^oL, 

r 
there, S. Mark xiiL 21. 

Transl. ^iw me of these waters, tluU I thirst not again, neitlier come 
to draw from hence. 

16. n\|, go — wayc — Imperat. fem. of ^j), Went. See note, ch. i. 37. 

— , i a >S^N, thy husband — rov avSpa aov — Noun with aff. 2. sing. fem. 

and pre£ L of the object ^L^D, def. \hJ* (ver. 17, below), 
noun masc. Lord, master, husband. The abs. form occurs only in 

» P m 1» 

conjunction (often united) with other words, as p^ \v^ t 

« p at- * 

enemy, S. Matt v. 43; [1 t| \Sn, adversary, S. Matt. v. 25; 
IZ-Q-CiOp^JD, S. Luke xxiii. 12. See notes in these places 
respectively. — PL _i_Al>0, ver. 18, below. 

Heb. 7^21, Lord, Isa. xvi. 8; Husband, Exod. xxi. 3. 

x f 

17. ; > Q •, rightly, well — jcaXufc — Adj. Bight, liandsome, goodly, here used 

adverbially. Dei |$_ijZL», S. Matt xxvi. 10; S. Mark xiv. 6. — 
Fem. )\% °\m } S. Mark vii. 27; ix. 50: Def. ^Li^JL*, S. Luke 
viii. 8.— PI. masc ^y* Wm, def. fit *\\, S. John x. 32, 33, <fcc. 
—PL fem. Ji W%, Hebr. vL 9.— Def \V\x W%, S. Luke xxi. 5. 

r 

— R. jj2l», JFcw elegant. 

Ohald. TSE>\ ^W, beautiful, Dan. iv. 9, 18. 

18. |a10m,/^ — 7reKTc — Cardinal numb. masc. — Fem. - ^V>*» ch. vi. 9. 

Heb. nB^fiH> masc. Exod. xxi. 37. 

t • -; 

20. l^O^, mountain — Gr. t<2 opei— -Def. of 5cl£ (S. Matt. xxvi. 30; 



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92 S. JOHN IV. 20—23. 

Ver. 20. S. Mark xiv. 26), noun masc. A mountain, rock. — PL def. li'Q-£, 
S. Mark v. 5, <fec. 

Heb. *)!|X, Rock, Ps. xviii. 3.— -Chald. ^ft, Mountain, Dan. 
ii. 35.— Def. tftlfc, ver. 45. 

T 

— 0,-hl-ID, worshipped — irpoa-€Kvv7ja'av — Sret 3. pL of f-^-H) (ch. ix. 38), 

Adored, worshipped. Pret. 3. sing. fern. 7\ it "\ S. Matt. xv. 25, 
<fec, — 3. pi. fem. ^^ r ^SD, S. Matt xxviiL 9._Fut. ?Q y« mj, 
1 Cor. xiv. 25.-2. sing. >Q^jJDd2, S. Matt. iv. 9, 10, <fcc. — 1. sing. 
jQ-y-Cof, S. Matt. ii. 8.-3. pL ^O, j» CQJ, ver. 23, 24, below.— 
2. pi. ^0,-hl-IdZ, ver. 21, below._Imperat. ? n u m > ^ ev - xx **- 9- 

— PI. OJO^CD, ch. xiv. 7; xix. 10 Inf. ^ ffiV)\, in this 

verse; ch. xii. 20; S. Matt, ii 2._Part pit-CD > pi. masc. —up^CD, 
ver. 22, 24, below; — coalescing with - 1>», —J-ipUL-flD, ver. 22, 
below. 

Heb. HJD> Worshipped idols, Isa. xliv. 15, 17, 19; xlvL 6. — 
Chald. IJp, with S of the object, Dan. ii. 46.— Fut. *1JD\ 
ch. iii. 5, 6, <fec. 

22 \OAj], Transl. Ye worship wluU (something) ye know not; btU 

we worship that which we know. 

— J ]Lo2i, t/tat which, wJwU — o — ) |Lo, relative, with pref. ^ of the 

object 
23. * w_>ASd|, wlien — ore — Adverb of time. When not followed by J, it 
is interrogative When? Gr. mSrc; — ch. vi. 25. — Other combina- 
tions are wiA&]f 1^0^, Iww long?, S. Matt xvii. 17, &c.— ^> 
J «->ASd| , a* o/fen <w, S. Mark v. 4. 

— |)Q .< CD, the worshippers — ot irpoo-Kwrfrat — PI. def. of ?Q »■ CD, def. 

I? II rn ^ noun masc. -4 worshipper. — Occurs in this verse only in 
the N. T.— B. ryj-CD, Worshipped. 

— .... to| *£>|, Transl. -For indeed the FatJwr seeketh worshippers such 

as these. 
OOI, pleonastic; Cowper's Gr. § 198 (1). 



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S. JOHN IV. 25—31. 93 

Ver. 25. «£L^S0, teaching: He will teach, tell — dvayycAci — For -c*\|Q> 
Pael part, of %21_&, for which «£l2Li is in common use (see note, 
ch. vi. 45, below), Learned. 

Pa. *£L&, Taught, S. Luke xl 1 :— with affix, S. John viii. 28. 

— Pret 2. sing. L*\%, S. Luke xiii. 26. — 1. sing AA&, 

S. John xviii. 20 Fut. *nS]j, ch. vii. 35; or %S&J, S. Matt. 

v. 19; with aff. S. John xiv. 26.— -1. sing. *£L&, Acts xx. 20.— 

3. pi. ^g»Vi g Acts iv. 18.— 2. pi. £<*\? , ch. v. 28 Imperat 

*£L&, 1 Tim. iv. 11, «kc.:— with aff. S. Luke xi. 1.— Pi. Q£il, 

S. Matt, xx viii. 20 Inf. n*Xvn\ S. Matt. xi. 1, &c Part. 

fern. ]^V0\ Rev. ii 20.— PI. masc. V^V<J\ S. Matt. xv. 9, 
&c: — coalescing with ^-JLk», ■ 1 i ^iW), CoL i. 28. — Constr. 

." <^\v^ S. Luke v. 17.— PL fern. x <*V^\ Tit. ii 3 Part. 

pass. t£l^Lo, fern. ^aJ^LD, S. Matt. xiv. 8. — PI. masc. def. 

r 

]<7»VAr> ch. vi. 45, below. 

Heb. tptf, Learned, once, Prov. xxii. 25. — Pi. Sytf , TaugfU, 
Job xv. 5,\fcc. 

28. OiAXq-D, her waterpot — rrjv vhpiav avrfjs — jAXno noun fern, de£ 

with aff. 3. sing. fem. Occurs here only. 

29. > i>OjlD ^D, all things that, everything that — Gr. irivra. oca — See 

note, ch. L 3 (^O^d). 

— CUOOTI, lie is — this is, — is this ? — owos coriv — For 001 0O1, the second 

01 changed for ui moveable. 

31. — *— ^Jl Ai * Q, in $Ae raicfoJ oftliese things, — in <Ae meanwhile — Gr. 
iv t<3 ficraiv — See note, ch. L 26. 

— .aiL\ eat — <£dyc— Imperat of «msN or ,CT)sN (S. Luke iv. 2), Ate. 

Fut. XQlAi, S. Matt. xv. 20; S. Luke vii. 36.-2. sing. 

.mv\7* S. Matt xxvi. 17.— 1. sing. »QlL^, S. Luke xvii. 8.— 
1. pi. «£&L^J, ch. xxii. 8._Impcrat. pi. QXXLl^, S. Luke x. 8._ 
Inf -cthA0>\ S. John xxi. 5, «kc. 



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94 S. JOHN IV. 31-34. 

Ver. 31. A ph. »m\ \\, Gnawed, part pi. masc. > mvVvn Rev. xvi. 

10. Another reading is - m^Vvn Pa. part. 
32. I^ODjli, food, meatr—Ppuxriv—NovLii fem.— With aff. 1. sing., ver. 

34. — Another fem. form is ]Ib]&, Rom. xiv. 17; Col. ii. 16; 

Hebr. ix. 10. — PI. def. ]2l1d1&>, Meats, 1 Tim. iv. 3. — JR. 

^>f, Ate. 

Compare Heb. 7^8<lb, masc. Food, Gen. ii 9: — JY!?btf&> fem. 

food for fire, Isa. ix. 4, 18: and by contraction jT?2fi, 1 Kings 

v. 25. 

— ? If-»l> 8tush <**> t^ — V v — Relat. pron. fem. 

34. % i \ i>. The possessive pron. ^** (see note, ch. i. 11), with its affixes, 
gives peculiar energy to the noun to which it refers : more espe- 
cially when, as here, the affix is likewise added to the noun. So 
« i \ i? t i \V)\, to My words, ch. v. 47. — See also S. Mark 
ii 18. 

— w>010 i V)\ » JO, and that I sJiould finish, and to finish (affix pi eon.) 

— koX TcXctbKro) — Supply j from ,n\fo in the preceding clause, as 
Iva in the Greek. — The first vowel remitted to O. 

Pael fut. 1. sing, of iO_L» or 2>Q-l-», Completed. — Pa. *>Q-L» 
(S. Matt. vii. 28), Finislied, completed, perfected, bid farewell — 
Pret. 1. sing. Alo2L#, with affi S. John xvii 4. — 3. pi. oSdSup, 
S. Luke ii. 39 — Fut. 2>o2Lij, S: Matt. xvii. 11.— 2. sing. U±L*L, 
S. Matt. v. 33.— 1. sing. Jo^Lif, S. Lukeix. 61.— 3. pi. ^VoV I \ 

Rev. xl 7. — 2. pi. ff V)\ ml, S. Matt. x. 23 Imperat lo2L», 

2 Tim. iv. 5.— PL oSdSup, 2 Cor. viii. 11 Inf. aLa^LiloX 

S. Luke xiv. 29, 30 Part. IXLLmiD, Acts xiii. 25.— PL masc. 

■ iVlNiV), GaL iii. 3; Hebr. ix. 6 Part. pass. SxAaV), 

S. John xix. 30; IS. John ii. 5. 

From this conjugation is derived -Lq!^jlS£, adj. Perfect, 
2 Tim. iii. 17. 

Heb. Pi. D?GJ% Finished, 1 Kings ix. 25 : Made secure, Job 

viii. 6: — Restored, paid back, Ps. xxxvii. 21. Requited, recom- 
pensed, Ps. lxii. 13. 



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S. JOHN IV. 35, 36. 95 

Ver. 35. ]Lz}>], four— C&rd. numb. masc.— Fem. VSli], S. Luke ii. 37. 

XT T x \ P T 

— « k>; r, months — PL of «-kjs-»> noun masc. A month. Def. |>j}-i, 
a Luke L 26, 36.— PL def. ]2*£, S. Luke L 24. 

Heb. m\ Exod. il 2.— Chald. m*, pi. PITl*, Dan. iv. 26; 

-» -; 1 • :- 

Ezr. vi 15. 

— |>^k», <A« harvest — o 0tpi<r/ios — Noun masc. def. — With aff. S. Matt 

ix. 38; S. Luke x. 2. — R. *^*i, Heaped. 
Transl. Say ye not, that after four montJis cometfi the harvest? 

— o5q-ki>, that they Jiave become white, are white — Sri Xcvkcu ctcri — Pret 

3. pL (pret conjunct, j with r before a vowelless consonant) of 

r 

So**, Was or became white. 

Pael JO>*», Made white. — Pret. 3. pi. OJOja, Rev. vii 14._ 
Part pass. ?Q k^Sd, fern. def. *)/Ar> Avr> whited wall, Acts 
xxiii. 3. 

Heb. ^Hi once, Isa. xxix. 22. 

— T 

— Qi 5V)Q, anc ^ ^* w arrived, reached — Pael pret. 3. pi. (pref. O) of 

\J^D, Came, found. 

r 

Pa. « i ftV> (S. Luke xix. 29, &c.) the same as Peal in mean- 
ing. — Pret 2. pi. ^Lm^D, Hebr. xil 4. — 1. pi. ^-i-filo, Acts 

xxi. 3, &c Fut. IfiVn, 1. sing. l&aol* Phil, iil 11 Part 

1&V)V>, Acts ix. 3; xxii. 6.— PL masc. » feloSD, ch. xxvii. 13. 
EthpaaJ - i feloZl, Beached. Part. pi. v i frV>AV\ coalescing 

with ^J-w, v 1 > ftV>Al2>, 2 Cor. x. 14. 
Transl. T/tat they are white, and have arrived at harvest already. 
36. ?*>«»), *Aa* reapeth — Gr. OipifcaY — Part (pref. rel. j) of ?**■», Heaped. 

— Pret 3. pL 0)^kj, S. James v. 4 Fut >0^»J, 2 Cor. ix. 6; 

Gal. vi. 8._Inf. ?t ^^\ V er. 38, below. _Part. pi. masc. 
^4^", S. Matt vi. 26; S. Luke xil 24. 

Ethpeel ?^>*»m (orEthpa. *^k»Z.|), Was reaped. — Pret. 3. sing, 
fem. Z.> **■»£), Rev. xiv. 16. 
— Ir-yt I » wa^a — fiiaOov — Noun masc. Wages, reward. R. ;-. | , Trafficked. 



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96 S. JOHN IV. 36, 37. 

Ver. 36. *_*JJDO, and gathering, gat/ieret/i — kcu awayct — Part, (with pref. 
O) of «-a-JJD (S. Luke v. 1), Congregated, collected togetlier, resorted, 

, r * 

heaped togetlier. Pret. 3. sing. fern. AaJLD, Acts xiii. 44. — 3. pi. 

Oa-LO, S. Mark viL 1: — Fern. " - 3 3, Acts ix. 39 Fut. 

- »Ai^i Part. fern. ]jiul£, S. Matt xxiii. 37; S. Luke xiii. 34. 

Part. Peil - - » La (actively), S. Luke xiv. 2 :— Fern. ]jLaJLd, 

S. Mark i. 33.— PI. masc. ^j^m^ID, S. Matt, xviii. 20, &c. — 

^* X X 

r r 

coalescing with ^-JLk», i > ^ > i*\ Acts xv. 25. — PL fern. 

p .. x x . » *, 

—j^jJLD, Acts xvi 13. — From thi§ is derived | * »QJLD, noun 

masc. def. An assembly, gatliering together, Acts xix. 39, &c. — PI. 
(of fern, form) _-»-#QJL3, Acts xxii 19. — There is also a pi. masc. 
def. |jL»QJL2, not occurring in the N. T. 

Heb. D33> I* 8 ' xxxiii. 7. — Chald. EJ03> inf. E03237 , to assemble, 
Dan. iii 2. 

— l$|a, fruits, fruit— Ov. Kapirov— PI. def. of 1>)i> (S. Mark iv. 28, 29; 

S. Luke i. 42), noun masc. def. Produce, fruit, of the earth or 

X* X - X - F 

trees. PL <--*5^, 1 Cor. xiv. 14. — R. |^2>, Aph. w»^2)|, J/acfe 
fertile, produced fruit. • 

Heb. ^3, Gen. Ill, 12.— R JTtS, Gen. i. 22; Ps. cxxviii. 3. 

— Cogn. Jflfi, Hiph. flos. xiii. 15. 

T T 

— P*0$1, 6/te aower, /*« *Aa* soweth — Gr. o oTOifKdv — Noun masc. def. A 

r 

sower. — It. ^5l, Sowed. 

— |?0^k», <Ae reaper, lie that reapeth — Gr. o Ocpl&v — Noun masc. def. A 

reaper.— PL def. 1>oLm, S. Matt. xiii. 30, 39; S. James v. 4.— 
R. 9oj, Heaped. 

— Ij-kkD), togetlier — o/aov — Adverb compounded of (pK* + ^-»l, li fc - a * tww. 

Transl. -ind lie tliat soweth and lie tliat reapeth shall rejoice together. 

x * r x » 

37. *; ^>|q >f^M, one... and anotlier — dAAos...Kai aAAos — See note, 
ch. i. 35. 
Transl. One is tlie sower, and another (is) the reaper. 



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S. JOHN IV, 37—40. 97 

Ver. 37. ^5], Bowing, soweth—Gr. 6 (nrccfxuv — Part, of VA) (S. Matt xiiL 4), 
Sowed, scattered seed, dispersed.-^ Pret 2. sing. AL5l, S. Matt 
xiiL 27; xxv. 24; S. Luke xix. 21.— 1. sing. tLi], S. Matt xxv. 

26; a Luke xix. 22.— 1. pi. ^lif, 1 Cor. ix. 11 Fut *o5lJ — 

Inl Ki^V S. Matt xiiL 3, &c._Part. pi. ^j^M, S. Matt. vi. 
26; S. Luke xiL 24._Part Peil ^Jj], fern. ]LA], S. Matt. 
xiiL 19.— PL maac. v - <-M, 1 S. Pet i. 1.— PI. fem. ^-LiJl, 
S. James L 1. 

Heb. JHT, Gen. xlvii. 23. 

■w • 7 p t 

42. OIL »»V), the Saviour — (aff. pi eon.), — 6 lurrqp — .a »»to, def. 
|i > ^^Vn (Acts v. 31), noun masc. A Saviour, Giver, Preserver of 

»» X 7 

J#e. Fem. def. |A ^ i » ^^n ^ life-giving, quickening, Spirit, 
1 Cor. xv. 45.— -Formed from the A ph. part of | *-— ; Lived, Aph. 

x ~7 # - » 7 

> i »»|, Caused to live, part |— ^ 

44. ;Q iAV>, honoured, is honoured, hathlionour — Gr. xi/ai/v fyci — Ethpaal 

part, of jJXi, TFcw heavy. Ethpa. ;<"* >Z |, JFcw AeW in lionour. 

45. ^O |Zo2|, a# Jfo £?£W*, wondtrs — Gr. irdvra, all tfie things. 

46. f^^, a servant — Noun masc. — Def. | t *^\ ch. viiL 34, &c. — PL 

X 7 * ^» •• 7 7 

^ i,n\, def. I^L, ch. xv. 15, <fcc. R. jZ12>, Did, performed 

Heb. lay, Gen. ix. 25.— Chald. *Dy, Dan. iii. 26; vi. 21; 
Ezr. v. 11. * • 

— 12-^Sb r^L, A King } 8 minister, courtier, nobleman — Gr. fiaqikucos — 

Compare T?0*"ttJ7, Ebedmelech the Ethiopian in the court of 
Zedekiah, Jer. xxxviii. 7. 
TransL And theft was in Capernaum a certain (*k», o?ie) noble- 
man, <tc. 

— |OCn CJL*j^5, was sick — t]<rdtvei — CTL*^D, adj. Sick, diseased, weak, 

infirm. — Def. IcTUp, ch. v. 7. — Fem. ]cTL»^0, 1 Cor. viii. 7. — 
PL ^OUp, S. Luke iv. 40; x. 9.— Def. 1(7UV2, S. John v. 3. 
Of form part Peil of 01*2, Was sick (Peal not used). Ethpeel 
ai^Z]*(Rom. iv. 19; Phil. ii. 26, 27), Was sick, infirm. Pret. 3. 
sing. fem. Zoi^Zf, Acts ix. 37—^Part. Ol^oAsi), 2 Cor. xi. 29. 
W. c. 13 



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98 S. JOHN IV. 46, 47. 

Ver. 46. Whence also is derived 

|ZooLa^O, noun fern. def. Sickness, weakness, infirmity, Rom. vi 19, 

Ac — Constr. Zoou^O, GaL iv. 13. 
« p • 
47 JJOI. Transl. This (man) heard that Jesus was come... and went 

to Him, and besouglti Him, &c. 

— jfibpo, and that He would heal, and heal — kcu Ucrrp-ai — Pael fut 

3. sing, of (a>| , Cured, used only in the form of a participial noun, 
]1sd]\ see note, S. Matt. ix. 12. 

Pa. « i m I (S. Matt. iv. 24, Ac), Healed, cured. Fut. 1. sing. 

]od], S. Matt. xiii. 15.— 3. pi. ^on>]j, S. Mark iii. 15 Imperat. 

]o>f, S. Luke iv. 23.— PI. Qiof, S. Matt. x. 8; S. Luke x. 9 

Inf. O iO)|vn\, S. Matt. x. 1, Ac Part. ]a>\Zo, S. Matt. iv. 23, 

Ac— PL masc. » mfco, S. Mark vi 13; S. Luke ix. 6. 

— ASoV)\, to cfte — airoflnyo-icciv — Inf. (with pref. ^) of Aj-Sd (ch. viii 

r 

52, 53), Z>iec?, was dead. This verb preserves «^ in the preterite, 
and in its other forms follows the paradigm of verbs O^. See 
Phillips § 42; Cowper § 120 (4). Pret. 3. sing. fern. '2}ll£d, 
S. Matt. ix. 18, 24, Ac.— 1. sing. 2jLl£>, Rom. vii. 10; GaL ii 19. 
—3. pi. oAjji, S. John vi. 49, 58, Ac— 2. pi. ioLLl^D, Rom. 

vii. 4, Ac.— 1. pi. ^uSo, Rom. vl 2, 8; vii. 6 Fut. ZoVm, 

S. John vi. 50, Ac. — 1. sing. 2oLo|, Acts xxi. 13; 1 Cor. ix. 15. — 
• 3. pi. ^pZaloj, S. Matt. xxvi. 52.-2. pi. t oZoloZ, S. John viii. 

21, 24.— 1. pi. ZoSnj, ch. xi. 16 Inf. ALoSo, S. Matt. xv. 4; 

1 Cor. ix. 15 — Part 2]lO", ver. 49, below, Ac. : — another form is 

A f f 

A i i,V>, with the signification of part Peil, or a verbal adjective, 
Bead, Hebr. xl 4. — Fern. l2ulO, S. John xii. 24; S. Mark ix. 
44, 46, 48. — PL masc. _-»A^So, 1 Cor. xv. 22: — coalescing with 
^JLki, ^JuA^lo, Rom. viii. 36, Ac._Part Peil (used as a par- 
ticipial noun) AjlIo, Acts xx. 9, Ac— Def. 12ulO, S. John xL 
39, 44 ; see note, ch. ii. 22, above 

Deriv. |Z.oZ.Q^!o, noun fem. def. Mortality, with (J, Immor- 



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S. JOHN IV. 47—51. 99 

Ver. 47. tality, 1 Cor. xv. 53, 54. )'LqLm1o, noun fem. def. Tlie dying, 

X 

mortality, with aff. 2 Cor. v. 4; aff. pleon. ch. iv. 10. 
Heb. rti&, Gen. ii. 17. 
±8- \L'&D)L, wonders — ripara — PI. def. of ]£o?2., noun fem. A wonder, 

prodigy.— Del ]2.5alO>2* S. Matt. xxi. 42; S. Mark xii. 11.— 

PL ^DjL— R. &> (in Ethpael only), Wondered. 
49. Zglk», comedown — *caTa/fy0i — Imperat. of Zu*J, Descended. See note, 

ch. i 32. 
— I ■ \£, the child — to irai&iov — Def. of Jlfc (ch, xxi. 18), noun masc. An 

in/ant, child, young man. With aff. 0"lL^£, S. Matt, viii 13: 

* i *\j, ver. 6, 8: S. Luke vii. 7. — Fem. form ) '^£, A girl, 

maid, damsel, Def. ]A > \£, S. Matt ix. 24, 25, &c. — PI. masc. 

v ^£, 1 Cor. xiv. 20, &c.— Def. \^4, S. John xxi 5.— PI. 

fem. K %\1, 1 Tim. v. 2, 11, 14; Tit. ii. 4.— Of form part Peil 

of|L£, Was fresh, recent. 

Heb. iT?t2, A young animal, lamb, 1 Sam. vii. 9; Isa. lxv. 25. 

Also ^, the same; PL D**6fc for D"Sfc, Isa. xL 11. 
• : • ▼ : «t : 

51. • M »G1Q^5|, JAey wie< Atra — aTrqimjo-av ovt$ — Pret 3. pi. (with aff.) of 
^r|, Met, Jwppened, be/el. Pret. 3. sing, with aff. Acts viii 27; 

x. 25.— Pret. 3. fem. hLrf, with aff Ol2^>)* S. John xi. 30 

Fut ^0$tf, 2. pL <OL5U* Eph. vi 13 Inf. *>]LqX S. Luke 

xiv. 31 Part. *l]', Acts xx v 22. * 

— w»0"IOs^CDO, and t/iey told him — Gr. kol airyyyttXav — Pael pret. 3. pi. 

~ r 

(with aff ) of j^lfiD, Thought, supposed, Jwped. 

r r 

Pa. j^uQD (Acts x. 36, &c), Announced, brought news; trusted, 

..t r 
hoped, S. John v. 45. — Pret. 3. sing. fem. L^£D, ch. xx. 18; 

S. Mark xvL 10.— 1. sing. 2*CHD, with aff. 1 Cor. xv. 1, 2; Gal. 

iv. 13.— 2. pi. ^oZ;nff), S. John v. 45.— 1. pi. ^nff), Eph. i. 12. 

Fut. j^iflQJ, with aff Gal. i. 8.— 1. sing. :*^™f, Rom. i. 15, 

Ac.— 3. pi. ^Qinmi, S. Matt, xil 21; Rom. xv. 12. — 2. pi. 

<Oj^H>Z, 1 S. Pet. ii. 9.— 1. pi. s-OflDJ, Acts xvi. 10 — Imperat. 



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100 S. JOHN IV. 51, 52. 



r r 



Ver. 51. j^CD, S. Luke ix. 60.— PL Oj^CD, 1 S. Pet. I 13 Iiif. 

0,-nmV/s, S. Luke iv. 18._Part. jjLmlO, S. Luke ii. 10:— 
Fern. I^mnls, Rom. viil ID. — PL masc. > i ^ l fr>V> j S. John 

f r x r 

v. 39; S. Luke ix. 6: — coalescing with , 1 k», . 1 unffiV), Acts 
xiii. 32, <fcc. — constr. - ^mVn J Rom. x„ 15. — PL fem. ^jnfflV), 
Acts xxvi. 7; 1 S. Pet. iii. 5. 

Heb. PL l^f, Waited for, hoped, Ruth L 13; Ps. civ. 27; 
cxix. 166. 
52. ]iu|o>, in w/tat (hour, or time) ? — Interrog. pron. masc. with prefixed 
preposition, and ) introducing the question. 

• • 

— Pp^, *»#»«, Aaur — Or. nyv wpav — De£ of ., pL, noun masc. Time, point 

of time, opportunity, — Vr i ^OTD, at every time, always, S. Luke 
xviii. 1, 5. The words are joined, S. John vii 6. — Constr. 

» r » •* 

|^£Lft ^i pi, in £fo £ime o/^Aa morning, early in tlie morning, Gr. 
vVoVov opOpov, Acts v. 21.— PL def. ]l£>, 1 Thess. v. 1. 

Chald. py, def. KJ^y, Tiwi«, and specially a year. PL 
|0*W> Dan. ii. 8; iv. 13; viL 12, <fcc. 

— ^o\>»Z|, he was made whole, became weU — Gr. KOfuf/orepov co-^c, began 

to amend. — Ethpeel pret. 3. sing, of ^qXxj, Was strong, robust; 

also Dreamed.— Fut. >OoN»» J, 3. pL ^^»\ Acts ii. 17. 

Heb. thilt Was strong, sound, Job xxxix. 4. Dreamed, Gen. 
* xxxvii. 5, <fec. 

Ethpe. Was made whole, convalescent — Pret. 3. sing. fem. 

A V)\ mZ^ Rev. xiii. 12. Fut. UiKmAj, fem. . iSnS^LT, 

S. Mark v. 23.-2. sing. UlS^ZT, S. John v. 6.-3. pl % 

^0Sn\»»Aj, S. Mark xvL 18 Part V>^*.aO> S. John v. 4.— 

PL masa ^^V!>aO> s. Matt. xv. 31; Acts v. 16. 

— « » \ V)2/| , yesterday — \^ — Adverb of time. — ^^ii-l, Hebr. xiii. 8. 

Compare Heb. ^1&nN, Ps. xo. 4; SlDftt*, 1 Sam. x. 11; 
S^DHX, Isa. xxx. 33.— Also SlDfi, Exod. v. 8, 14; Job viii. 9. 

; v ; 

- x r j 

\\^ m O, a/ 5Ctcn Aours, a£ £Ae seventh hour—wpav kphop.rjv — 



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S. JOHN IV. 52—54. V. 2. 101 

Yer. 52. V£lb, card. numb. fem. (for Ordinal). Masc p*CL», S. Matt. xv. 
34. See note, ch. L 39. 

Heb. JOJP, Gen, v. 7, &c., TT$13!&> masc. Numb, xxiii. 1, 
Ac. — Chald. nyit?, masc. Dan. iii 19, &c. 

— I A-» I , the fever — c5 jtu/jctos — Noun fem. def. — so always pointed, though 
the more regular form would seem to be } A-# | . 
Compare Heb. ^H,fre. 

r x 

53. . . .^piO, TransL And his father knew that this took place in that Iwur 

in which Ac. 

54. -^fcZjZj |Z], the mirade that (is) two, — the second miracle — Scvrcpov 

(nj/ictov — See note, ch. iii. 4; and vi. 7, below. 



CHAPTER V. 

r 

[The common prefixes, as *0, J, O, O, &c. will not hereafter be noticed, 

unless necessary.] 

2. \LsO), a place — Def. of po* (ch. x. 1, xx. 7, Ac), noun fem. A place. 
— po> pOj^, in divers places, S. Matt. xxiv. 7; S. Mark xiii. 8; 
S. Luke xxi. 11.— Constr. Aooj, Phil. ii. 16. (Transl. Tliat ye 
may be to t/tem in the place of salvation, to my glory in the day of 
Christ.)— PL def. ]A1do>, S. John xx. 25; S. Luke xiv. 7. 
Masc. abs. form yQ}, S. Luke ix. 6. 

— ]A_»5QlaL!£5, of wishing. — Gr. KoXvpftyOpa — Noun fem. def. A 

* p p *. .. r 

washing, baptism, place for washing. PL del |A .yiVrnAn 
S. Mark vii 8. R. p^, Immersed, Aph. part |Vl\V). 

— OlO ]o01 A-i]o, and tlure were (was) in it — Gr. fyowra, having — 

]coi £J\ used impersonally, referring to a noun in the plural. 
Compare the French il y a, and Germ. e$ gtcbt. 
For ) l rrs *t Ao-O, see note, S. Luke i. 25. 



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102 • S. JOHN V. 2, 3. 

Ver. 2. ^a&flof, porcJtes— <rrods— PL of la&cof (ch. x. 23; Acts iii. 1 1), 
noun masc. A porch. Derived from the Greek word in the text. 

3. OOOl ■ fc V)3, were lying, lay — Gr. kotIkuto — Part. pL masc (forming 
imperf. tense) — agreeing with pilL, a noun of multitude — of |Sd5, 
Cast, laid, threw down. The part. act. (if the word be correctly 
pointed) is used in the sense of the passive (part. Peil) OOOl ■ > V)?, 
compare Acts v. 15. Or the passage may be translated, And in 
these (porches) tliey laid down, or used to lay down, Lat. dejicie- 
bant. The use of this verb in Peal is confined to its participles. 

Part. act. |Lo> , S. John xx. 25, &c. — PL masc. coalescing with 
_JLk», -LlIoI, S. James iii. 3.— Part Peil ]&>>, S. John v. 6: 
xiii. 2. — Fern. (-i-k)5, S. Matt. viii. 14, <fcc. — PL masc. »Vny 
Acts v. 15. 

Ethpeel - »V>*/] (Rev. viii 8; xiL 9), Was cast, cast out; 
yielded himself to.— Pret. 3. pL a^rtZ"}* Gal. iL 13.— 1. pi. 

t-l&jLT, ver. 5 Fut. ]l£>5Aj, fern. \&ill, Rev. xviii. 21.— 

3. pL <olo5Aj, 1 Tim. L 4; Tit. i. 14. 

XT » 9 P f 

Pael - »V>* Imposed upon, deceived; whence |i »Vn«Vn noun 
masc. def. The deceiver, the Devil, Gr. 6 Aid/3oAos, Rev. xiL 9, 12; 
xx. 2. 

Heb. nO^l, Cewtf, JArae, Exod. xv. 1, 21. — PL HQ^, Deceived, 
beguiled, Gen. xxix. 25.— Chald. HOI, or Kfi^, CW, Dan. iii. 20, 

t ; t : 

21, 24; vL 17; — Set, placed thrones, ch. viL 9 (Compare Opovos 

€K€lto, Rev. iv. 2) : — Imposed tribute, Ezr. vii. 24 Ithpe. 

KO*inK, Was cast, Dan. iii. 6, 15. 

— (iOL, a multitude — irkfjOos — Def. of ^Q± (Rom. x. 19), noun masc. 
A people, multitude. — PL - iSnVlS, def. (lokll, the nations, 
Gentiles, S. John xiL 20, «fcc. 

Heb. D£, i'eopfe, Pa xviiL 44.— Chald. QJJ, pL |*&fiy, def. 
«*&&£> I>an. iii. 4, 7, 31; v. 19; vL 26; vii. 14.— R. Heb. Q&y, 
Gatliered, collected together. In Syr. the second radical has in the 
plural the llnea occultans. 



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S. JOHN V. 3, 4. 103 

Ver. 3. llladbo, and th* blind— Qr. ™£A<3v— PL def. of ]s2*flD (cli. ix. 2, 
19, 20), adj. Blind. Form of part. Peil of ]&0), Was blind— 
Def. IIlqxb, ch. ix. 1, 6, <fcc. 

— | ffn ■» it m, Jfo Aa& — Gr. ^coXc^ — PL def. of - ra » it » » (3. Matt. xviiL 

8), adj. Zam*. Form of part. Peil. — Def. |m i .i »», S. Mark 
ix. 45. 

X 

The same as ; > ■■ *» # S. Matt. xi. 5. 

» * .. x r # ^ * r # 

— I m j^Cu , f/t« wit/tered — Gr. ^T/puV — PI. def. of « ■ i Q i, adj. i?ry. 

Form of part. Peil of - ^ Q » , JPcw dry. — Def. | ~ * *^ i , S. Luke 
xxiii. 31.— Fem. ]- » «^ - # S. Matt. xii. 10, Ac— Def. ]'hm %n\, 
Hebr. xL 29. 

Heb. &y, Dry, Job xiii. 25.—&2>, only in fem. HE^p, ^ 

" T T - T T - 

dry land, as opposed to sea, Gen. i. 9; Exod. xiv. 16. 

Turf 

— OOCTI —k-OinLDO, and they were waiting for — Gr. ckScxo/xcVcdv — Pael 

part. pi. (forming imperf. tense) of JQCD (Peal not used), Pa. 
« i ^(T), Waited , awaited, expected, Jtopedfor. — Pret. 3. pi. Q-i^fiD, 

Acts xxviii. 6 : Hebr. xi. 35 Fut. |n£DJ Part. ]omiD, S. Mark 

xv. 43, <fcc.: — Fem. | » nmVn Rom. viii. 19. — PL masc. coalescing 
with ^J-ki, ^1 inmV), S. Matt. xi. 3; S. Luke vii. 19, 20, Ac: 
with <oAj|, 1 Thess. i. 10. 

— (JLOlA, the moving — rrjv Ktvrja-iv — Noun masc. def. Motion, commotion, 

a troubling, quaking, of the earth. — PI. def. (JLOl, S. Matt. xxiv. 
7, <fec. R. V>0) , ^1 , Was agitated, trembled. 
Heb. nyiT, Terror, vexation, Isa. xxviii. 19. 

r r t 

•4. ^O) ^Q]n, from time to time, at a certain season — Gr. Kara naipov — 
See note, ch. iii. 4. 

— |OOT M^tlOy troubled — cra/xio-cc — Aphel part, (forming imperf. tense) 

of \i01, \i{, Trembled. Aph. ^Jjf (ch. xi. 33), Moved, troubled, 
slwok, stirred up; — beckoned with the hand, Acts xxi. 40. — Pret. 

2. sing. hijft, Acts xxi. 38 Fut. ^p, with pref. > and aff. 

pron. S. Luke vi. 48. — Inf. rn^Vn\ Acts xvii. 13. 



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104 S. JOHN V. 4—7. 

Ver. 4. 5Ai ^So, after — fieri — Compound preposition. See note, ch. i. 15. 

— ]ip, disease— Gr. voo^fmn—Bef. of *o]o (S. Matt iv. 23; x. 1), noun 

masc. Sickness, disease, pain; affections, motions to sin. } » ^^> *o|o, 
disorder of t/ie bowels, bloody flux, Gr. Svo-tvrcpia, Acta xxviii. 8. — 
PI- ^l^S, S. Matt. ix. 35.— Def. ]£>£, Rom. L 26; vii. 5; 
CoL iii. 5. — R. op, Was in pain. Whence also I 1 q ]d, adj. 
Painful, Rev. xvi. 2. 

Heb. iN3, Pain, grief, Job ii. 13; xvi. 6; Isa. lxv. 14. 
Transl. Every disease he had was healed. 
5. ^ if\\( , thirty — Numeral, of com. gender. 

Heb. XNtfotf, Gen. v. 16.— Chald. pn^Pl, Dan. vi. 8, 13. 

— Pibl., eight (Thirty and eight, Gr. rpiaKovraoKTw) — Card, numeral 

fern. — Masc. ^aJlSoZ, ch. xx. 26. 
Heb. fObB% fem - Jud S- iii- 8. 

v : 

101)020, in the infirmity— iv t-q aaflcvciV— Def. of ^OlioD (S. Matt, 
iv. 23; x. 1), noun masc. A disease, affecting the whole body, as 
*op a part or member only.— PI. ^aJcnSOD, S. Matt. ix. 35.— 
Def. IxniOD, S. Matt. iv. 24, &c— R. a£o, Was sick. See note, 
ch. iv. 46. 

C P JIA. Transl. This (man) Jesus saw lying (or, that lie was laid), 

and knew that he Iwd long time been thus— Qit. tliat he lmd long 
time, Gr. ore iroXvv rj&rj xpovov ^«) — and said to him, <fec. 

7. |C7U^D COl, Me impotent man—o acrOww — The demonstr. pron. here 
represents the Gr. Article. 

— ^-i|, truly, yea, indeed, Particle of asseveration. , 

Transl. Yea, my Lord, but I liave no man, <fcc. 

— a^-ilZZ]?, wJien ttiey (sc. )!&)) liave been troubled— Gr. tray rapa X $y 

(to vb+>p)— Ethpeel pret 3. pi. of *Q) K>), Was agitated. 
Peal pret. 2. sing. fem. ^All (^Alf, Par. and Lond. Polygl.), 

Acts xii. 15 — Fut. 1&op, 1. sing, *©lf, Acts ii. 25 Inf. V£o, 

Acts ii. 25 — Part. Peil ^J, pi. masc. ^-JL], 2 S. Pet. ii. 10. 



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S. JOHN V. 7. . 105 

Ver. 7. Ethpe. VJ\LL( (S. Matt ii. 3; Acta iv. 31), Was moved, 

shaken, troubled. Pret. 3. sing. fem. 2lL»i22], S. Matt xxi. 10; 

xxvii. 51 Fut M^ZAj, fem. *±±*]l£, Hebr. vi. 19.— 3. pi. 

^QJL^ZAj, S. Matt. xxiv. 29, <fec.— 2. pi. ^02^lZT, Acts xx. 10; 
2 Thess. ii. 2._Part M^ZA&, S. Matt xi. 7; S. Luke vii. 24:— 
Fem. JjL»iZaS£ \\ , which cannot be moved, Gr. dadkcvrov, Heb. xii. 
28. — PL masc. * ^.]7AV> ; g. Luke xxiv. 38: — coalescing with 
^■L», v 1 i S ifZALo, Acts xviL 28;— with ^pAj], ^L>J>a]Lt&0, 
Col. i. 23.— PI. fem. ^L^lAi, 1 S. Pet iii. 6. 

r f r r w» 

Pa. redupl. ^y^l > Disturbed, terrified, whence Ethpa. Vip>?1 1 , 
TFaa disturbed, tossed to and fro. Part. pi. masc. ^ i syi?llo, 
Eph. iv. 14. 

Heb. JflT, pret yi, Esth. v. 9.— Fut gp, pL Eccles. xii. 3.— 
PL redupl. ytyT, part pTJ^TJb, Habak ii. 7.— ^Chald. JflT, part. pi. 
J^NT (Keri J^|) Dan. v.* 19; vi. 27. 

— * i 1 - SP; * ^ , JfoJ A« may /ra£ m« — to /raJ me — Iva. . .fidWrj fit — 

Aphel fut. 3. sing, (with aff.) of ]io5, Cast. 

Aph. - »V>i| (ch. viL 30, 44, <fcc.), CW, JArew, placed. — Pret 
3. sing. fem. 'A.Vn;*) S. Matt. xxvi. 12, <fcc— 1. sing. A > Cni] 
Acts xxvL 10. — 3. pi. O^lo5], S. John xix. 24; xxi. 6, &c — 
Fut ]&*J, S. Mark iv. 26.-2. sing. \&)L, S. Matt xxv. 27.— 
1. sing. ]&5] T , S. Matt x. 34; S. Luke xii. 49, 51.— 3. pi. ^alO*J, 
S. Matt. xiiL 42, «fcc— 2. pi. ^Dill, S. Matt vii. 6.— 1. pi. J&^J, 

S. Mark vii. 27 Imperat tbj]', S. Matt. xvii. 27; S. Luke iv. 

9.— PL aijV, S. John xxi. 6 Inf. n .Q>.0->\ S. Matt xv. 26. 

Ethtaphal * %\hiLlX, Was cast forth, Rev. xii. 9, <fec— Pret. 
3. pi. Q » Vr>i/ / ] same verse. 

— pL, While — Gr. iv <J — Conjunction, Whilst, so long as, S. Matt. xxvi. 

36. — Until, 1 Tim. iv. 13 : — followed by a pres. tense or participle- 
Preposition, During, as S. John xx. 1; S. Luke xxiv. 1, During 
darkness, while yet dark, — followed by a noun. 
W. c. 14 



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106 S. JOHN V. 7—10. 

Ver. 7. Heb. TJJ, conjunct. While, 1 Sam. xiv. 19. Prepos. Unto, Ps. 

xlvi. 10.— Chald. Tp, conjunct followed by ^, Dan. iv. 30; 
vi. 25; vii. 22.— Prepos. Dan* iv. 5, 14; vi. 8, 13; Ezr. v. 16. 

8. y£Djl>) thy bed — rov KpafifiaTov crov — Noun with affix. •CD^L, noun 

fern. .4 fcrf, coucA.— De£ liji, S. Matt. ix. 2, &c.— PL def. 
12l£D^L, S. Mark vi 55; vii. 4: Acts v. 15. 
Heb. feny, 4 &**, Ps. vi 7. 

9. Q"l/\\» ^O, lit. «m q/* Aw hour; — tn that very hour, immediately — 

tvBiiaq — See note, ch. L 12. 

— tV)Q i OOT OCT, the same day, or on the same day — Gr. Ik€lvtj tq rjptpq. 

— Similarly, in the plur. ^QJOI ]AV»Q % n ^OOITD, t» (Ao#e cftzy*, 
Gr. fr reus rjftipais cxc/vat?, S. Matt iii. 1. 
Note, that 2oCT refers to lAiX#, as in the Gr. 

— ]'&£!*, the Sabbathr- <ra#GaTov— Def. of ]L^ (S. John xx. 1, 19, &c.) 

noun fern. Tlve week. The de£ state is used to express the Sabbath 
day, everywhere except S. Luke xviiL 12, where it means a week: 
— whereas the abs. form means a week everywhere in the Gospels, 
Acts xx. 7; 1 Cor. xvL 2. — In Acts xiiL 27; xviii. 4 it is the 
Sabbath.— 21 *^r Sabbaths, Acts xv. 21.— Def. ]£li, S. Mark 
i. 21; S. Luke iv.*31 ; Acts xviL 2; CoL ii. 16. 

Heb. ft$& , The Sabbath, Exod. xx. 8. R T^P, Rested, see 
Gen. ii. 2, 3. 

10. % \ fT)|Z|? OJU, to him that was cured — r<5 Tc0cpaircvfici'a> — Ethpaal 

pret. 3. sing, of (£D(, Pa. •^-QD|, Healed. Ethpa. Was cured — 
Pret 3. sing. fem. AlcoUf, S. Matt ix. 22, &c— 3. pi. O i nr>UT> 
S. Matt. xiv. 36;— Fern. « " ffiUt, S. Luke viii. 2.-2. pi. 

^oA^Ut, 1 S. Pet ii. 24 Put lil^J, S. Matt. viii. 8; 

S. Luke vii 7:— Fem. lliliX, S. Luke viii. 43.-3. pL ^OSDJAj, 

S. Luke vi. 18. — 2. pi. V QIX) , )ZT, S. James v. 16 Inf. 

O-fc^PJ^VlN, S. Luke v. 15 Part. |flD]ZLb, fem. ]1xd"|^, 

S. Matt ix. 21.— PI. masc. x » ™foC«> S. Mark vi. 56; S. Luke 
xiii. 14. 



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S. JOHN V. 10-14. 107 

Ver. 10. %4-*-^-*> lawful — Gr. !£c<m — Noun masc. One who has power, a 

lord, prince. So ]j] - ft i ^^, / am powerful, I have power, Gr. 

ifrwrtav e^co, ch. x. 18. Also, Permitted, lawful. — Def. |ft > \», 

a potentate, Gr.,8wa<m^, Acts viii 27. — Fern. |ft > \», 1 Cor. 

vii 4.— PL masc. . i fti\», S. Matt. xx. 25.— R. 4^, Was 

powerful. 

Heb. tD^W, ^ ruler, governor, Gen. xlii. 6. Chald. &*?#, 

Powerful, Dan. ii 10, <fcc, ji prince, ch. ii. 15, <fcc. — Empowered, 

followed by 7 with an infin. Ezr. vii 24. 
11. |^r> > \ » . sound, whole — vytij — Def. of ^Oi\m (ver. 14), adj. Safe, 

weU, sound. — ^Q^^»s» ^OOl, farewell, Gr. cppoxro, ActexxiiL 30. 

—Fern. fo»V*» ,S Mark v. 34.— Def. VALOaXki, Tit. ii 7.— 

X X 

PL masc. ^iViAm, Tit. i 13; ii. 2.— Def. }Vl'i*\»», S. Matt. 
ix. 12; S. Mark ii 17; S. Luke v. 31.— PL fem. def. }W» V^ 
1 Tim. vL 3; 2 Tim. i. 13.— Form of part. Peil of VA»», Va* 
strong; whence also |/r>Vn . x ^ noun fem. def. Soundness, Acts 
iii 16. 

13. fool * % 1 uMi hod concealed Himself, conveyed Himself away, or 

simply departed — e£ci>€wcv — Ethpeel pret 3. sing, (forming plu- 
perf. tense) of P-*t, Reclined, sat at table; also, Retired, hid oneself. 
— Ethpe. Was concealed or concealed himself — The word occurs 
here only in the N. T. — From it is derived 

(-a-JQ... , noun masc. def. Slander, evil report, as arising from a 

concealed source, 2 Cor. vi. 8. 

— I m 1**)*~), in the crowd — jjuLD, noun masc. def. A concourse, congre- 

gation, multitude. — PI. def. [^ ID, ch. vi. 2, <fcc. — R. «-*JLD, 

Assembled. 

TransL In tlie great multitude tliat was in that place. — Gr. oxXov 

OVTOS €V T<j> T07T(g>. 

14. ^O] >Ao, after a time, afterwards — Gr. /actcx tcu/to. See notes, ch. 

i. 15; iii. 4. 



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108 S. JOHN V. 14—16. 

Ver. 14. V^jJZ M %OOL, sin not again, sin no more — fnpccri dfidpravc — 
%OoZ, see note, ch. i. 2L Fut 2. sing, (for imperat in prohibi- 
tion) of k4*j (ch. ix. 2, 3), Sinned, erred, went astray. — Pret. 1. 
sing. A i 5»», S. Matt xxviL 4; S. Luke xv. 18, 21; Acts xxv. 
10.— 3. pi. <!&», Rom. ii. 12, <fcc.— 1. pL ^- V\ Rom. in. 25; 

1 S. John i. 10 Fut. \k**2, S. Luke xvii. 3.-3. pL ^g4»J> 

Hebr. vi. 6.-2. pi. <o4->SL, 1 Cor. xv. 34, &c.— 1. pL Uu**J, 

Rom. vi. 15._Ini ]'fc^&\ 1 S. John iii. 9 Part. \&1* 9 

1 Cor. vi. 18, &c. — Fern. )% fr»», ch. vii. 28. — PL masc rr »^L, 
1 Tim. v. 20; 1 S. John v. 16. 

Heb. KtDTl* Missed tlie mark, sinned, Gen. xx. 6, 9, <fcc. 

— .... ^Op£, Transl. Something worse tlian before — Gr. \up6v ti — Com- 

parative degree expressed by the adjective followed by _S0. 

15. GlSoXjaj}, which had made him wliole — o woi-ycas avrov vytrj — Aphel 

. pret. 3. sing, (with pre£ relat. pronoun, and aff. 3. sing.) of 
V>\^\ Was sound, — Aph. ^qSjo) , Made sound, restored to health. 

Pret 1. sing. Z\V>\»»1, ch. vii. 23 Part. !>o\»»V), fern. 

]OA^^n S. James v. 15. 

Heb. Hiph. fivflH* Made to recover, Isa. xxxviii. 16. 

16. OOOI i Q>>, they persecuted — ihlwKov — Part pi. masc. (forming im- 

" ' r . 

perf. tense) of «J2p, Followed after, persecuted, impelled. — Pret. 1. 

sing. A2)>5, Acts xxiL 4; 1 Cor. xv. 9. — 3. pL Ql£>>5, S. John 

xv. 20 Fut *£>0?;J, 3. pi. ^aajjJ, ch. xv. 20; S. Luke xi. 49. 

— 2. pi. iQ&yiL, S. Matt xxiil 34._Inf. *&*}&\ Acts xxvi. 

ll._Part <J2?), Acts viii. 3, &c. — From this verb are derived 

<j20?5, noun masc A persecutor, 1 Tim. i. 13. Def. jibo>5, 
Phil. iii. 6.— PI. _^0>>, with affl Rom. xii. 14. 

\/na\ >^ noun fern. def. Persecution. With affixes, 2 Thess. 
i. 4; 2 Tim. iii. 11. 

Heb. CHT, Pursued, Ps. xxiii. 6; xxxv. 3. 

— ^|V fcr>Vr>\ ; to slay Him — avrov airoKTiivai — (In£ with aff. pron.) of 

* ^4D (S. Luke xv. 27), Killed, destroyed.— Pret 3. sing. AiJ^D, 



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S. JOHN V. 16—18. 109 

Ver. 16. Acts vii 28.-3. pi. dli^O, ver. 52; 1 Thess. ii. 15:— -with aff. 

S. Matt. xxi. 35, &c— 2. pL ^oAll^lO, S. Matt, xxiii. 35 Fut 

^d&Qj, S. John x. 10: S. Matt. v. 21; Acts xvi 27;— with 
aff. S. John xvi. 2.-2. sing. ^a^r>Z, S. Matt. v. 21, <fcc.— 1. 
sing.^O^oT, Rev. ii. 23. — 3. pi. ^oNftni, ch. ix. 5, 15; — with 
affix, S. John xl 53; xii. 10, &c— 1. pi. Wn^i, with aff. 

S. Matt, xxi 38, &c Imperat ^O^O, pi. oNoftO, S. Luke 

xv. 23 In£ WftriOA S. John vii 25; xviii. 31; S. Matt. x. 

28:— with affixes, S. John vii. 20; viii. 37, 40, &c._Part.^|uO, 
S. John viii. 22, 44; S. Luke xii. 5. — Fern. |l ^O, constr. 
]lsn h\&n, thou tliat killest the Prophets, S. Matt, xxiii. 37; 

S. Luke xiii. 34.— PL masc. -A^D, S. Matt x. 28, &c Part. 

Peil \\i ftn, pi. masc. -, t \i ftuQ, S. Matt xxii. 4. 

X. >■ X X 

Heb. ^fcp, Killed, Ps. cxxxix. 19.— Chald. 7&p, part, act 

tjfcjp, Dan. v. T 19.— Part. Peil S*fcp, ch. v. 30; vii 11. 

-It • I: 

18. Zl»]^-iA-», Hie more — /laAAov — Adverb, More, more especially, the ratlier, 

x x r 

chiefly. Formed from ^A-», Abundant. R. 5A-», Abounded, was over. 

* f X 

— >Q »»\o, only — fwvov — Adverb, Only, alone, separately, by itself (S. 

Luke xxiv. 12). — Compounded of >Q>j, unity, and the two pre- 
positions *0 and ^. It occurs, though less frequently, without 
the first prefix, as in ch. viii. 9, below. In either case it takes 

r * .7 

affixes of the plural, as « *rnr>%n> „„ x^ alone, by Himself, S. John 
vi. 15, <fcc. : 0T-»5O-kkA, 0"L»»Q k> \*~), by Jierself, ch. viii. 9; xii. 
24: — yui>Q »»No, Thou only, ch. xvii. 3; S. Luke xxiv. 18. — 
^yi.»»\o, / alone, S. John viii. 16; xvi 32, ^rn »*n „.A^ 
by themselves, apart, S. Matt. xvii. 1: S. Mark iv. 10; ix. 28. — 
^■»?Q »»\n, alone by ourselves, 1 Thess. iil 1. 

— JOOI |j-#, He was breaking, had broken — !\vc — Part, (forming imperf. 

tense) of |j-», see note, ch. i. 27. 

— .... %&] \\ } , Transl. But also because concerning (or, in respect of) 

God, He had said that He was His Father, 



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110 S. JOHN V. 18-20. 

001 IOjlSoo, and made (Himself) equal — Gr. Itrov (cavrov) 
voi&v — Aphel part (forming imperf. tense) of ]gl» , Was wortlvy. — 
See note, ch. L 23. 

19. pS . >^iV) (J, cannot do — ov Svvarcu ^routv — See note, ch. i. 46. 

— OlZoDJ, likewise — oyLoua* — £Q^1, a particle always used with affixes. 

It is of the form pi. constr. of a noun fern, in O — , signifying 
quality or likeness. — Used as a subst. jlbolOJ* CT|Zqd|, form of 
the law, lawfully, 1 Tim. i. 8. — ^OOiZqd], like them, S. Luke 
xiii. 5: — ^OoZod}, like unto you, S. John viii. 55; — ^Zoo), like 
us, Hebr. iv. 15. 

20. i>Q*j5, loving, loveth — <£iAct — Part of $0**), Loved dearly. — Pret 2. 

sing. ASHk»j, Hebr. L 9. — 1. sing. ASOk.5, Rom. ix. 13. — 3. pL 
oVu»3, a John xiL 43.-2. pi. ,oASaJl»5, with affi ch. xvi 
27.— Jut. 2>a*LjJ, S. Matt, vl 24, <fec. :— with aff. S. John xiv. 
23.-2. sing. UlLiL, S. Matt. xxii. 37, 39, &c— 1. sing. JxiLsf, 
Rev. iii. 19;— with aff. S. John xiv. 21.— 3. pi. ^qLOkijJ, 1 Tim. 
iii. 8: — Fern. -1olk»; 1, Tit. ii. 4._Part def. used as a noun, see 
note, ch. iii 29. — Part. pL masc. >V>^% S. John xiv. 15, 28, 
<fcc. — Constr. « >V1m?, 2 Tim. iii 2, 4. 
Heb. Dn*l> Loved, Ps. xviii. 2. 

- T 

— * -^01 -l£ -_»|-iA^?0, and (wor&f) wAtc/t are greater tJian these — Gr. 

kclI /xct£ova tovtwv (spy a) — PL masc. of ;-iA-» (ch. x. 10), adj. 
Excellent — Used as an adv. Much, abundantly, see note, ch. iii. 
19. — Comparative expressed by ^Lo. — Def. |>-*A-», S. Matt ix. 
16, &c— Fem. )l*tL, S. Matt vi. 25, &c.—Dei)'L^Ll, 2 Cor. 

X X 

ii. 7, &c— PL fem. ^iZu, S. John viL 31.— Def. ]2£jAJ, 2 Cor. 
xL 28. — R. 5Aj, Abounded. 

f z 

Chald. *1W, Excellent, Dan. ii. 31, <fcc. Fem. JTlWi used 
adverbially, ch. iii. 22; vii. 7, 19. 
N.B. This clause, Oli^ .... _*^A-i50, is wanting in the Vienna 
Ed. but is restored to the text by Tremellius from another MS. 



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S. JOHN V. 21—24. Ill 

Ver. 21. H^lO, quickening, quickeneth — fuxwroict — Aphel part, of )-Lk», 
Lived. Aph. uujj, (S. Matt, xxvii. 42, <fcc.) Gave life to, saved. 
Pret. 3. sing. fern. KLk^, with aff. S. Matt. ix. 22; S. Mark x. 52, 
&c^Fut. V»U, S. Matt, xvi 25, <fcc. : Fern. •JiZlI, with aff. S. 
James ii. 14. — 2. sing. \k>L, 1 Tim. iv. 16; and V**l^> 1 Cor. vii. 
16; fem. .a1 > »>|Z., same verse. — 1. sing, \^\, S. John xii. 

47 Imperat. V^l, S. Luke xxiii. 47 — Inf. O i m]V)N, Hebr* 

viL 25; and r> . .^Vox g. Matt, xxvii 42, &c._Part. fem. 

]i.»»V), S. John vi. 63. — Constr. ^\o A % »»V), that quickeneth 
all, Gr. rj o-om/pw?, Tit. ii 11. 

Heb. Hiph. fTTVlt Gen. vi. 19, 20.— Chald. Aph. part. KPlO, 
Dan. v. 19. 

7 7 f 

23. gO i 1, may how/or — Gr. ti/iuJo-i (xrarrcs) — Pael fut. 3. sing, of jjQ-i, 

t t 7 7 x 

IT<w heavy. — Pa. ^Qj, (-rave honour to. Pret. 3. pi. O^Ou, with 

aff Acts xxviii. 10 Fut. 3. sing, with aff. S. John xii 26 

Imperat. jJSu, S. Matt. xv. 4, <fcc.— PI. OjAI, 1 S. Pet ii 17 

f * x 7 

Part. ;D i,V), in this verse. — PI. masc. »»n »Vr» Rom. xii. 

7 7 

10._Part. pass. \C\ \ V), honoured, honourable, used as a noun, 

S. Luke xiv. 8; — coalescing with OCT, Oj-Q-^Ld, w honourable, 

Hebr. xiii. 4.— Def. Italic, S. Mark xv. 43. — Fem. Italic, 

Rev. xxi 19; — Def. |Z.sn >So, ver. 11. — PI. masc. »« r> , Vn 

1 Cor. xii. 24.— PI. fem. def fZ^Q Ilo, Rev. xviL 4, &c. 

Aph. jJDo], i/izcfo Iveavy, dull — Pret. 3. pi. OjJDo], Acts 
xxviii 27. 

24. Ol^ nil, has passed, is passed — jjLCTapifirjKcv — Pael pret. 3. sing, of 

|JL» , Was changed, changed in mind, deranged. Pa. Changed his 
place, departed. — Pret. 3. pi. Q_t_3_», Acts xiv. 6. — 1. pi. __L^_Lj», 
1 S. John iii. 14 — Fut. (JLjlJ, S. John xiii 1, <fcc. — 1. sing. 
]Lb\* 1 Cor. xiii. 2.-3. pi. .01i1, Acts xvi. 39.-2. pi. ^QJ-iZ, 

S. Lukex. 7 — Imperat. p_#, S. John vii. 3; S. Matt. xvii. 20 

Part. ]l aV), S. Luke v. 16 Ethpaal *-*JA*j*, Was carried 

over, carried about, translated, Acts vii. 16; Hebr. xi. 5. — Part, 
pi. i-JiLmlD, Eph. iv. 14. 



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112 S. JOHN V. 24—29. 

Ver. 24. Heb. PL H^, Clanged, Pa. lxxxix. 35.— Chald. Pa. <>2&, 
Dan. iii. 28; iv. 13. — Part pass. fern. fct^Bfo, Diverse, ch. vii 7. 
— Ithpa. Dan. ii. 9, <fec. 

— jZoib, death — Gr. (c#c) rov Oavdrov — Noun masc, def. — PI. def. 
UoiD, 2 Cor. i. 10; xi. 23.— R L^D, Died. 

ft X 

Heb. nifi, Ps. vii. 14; ix. 14, &c.— Chald. fii]B, Ezr. vii. 26. 

ft. 7 * T 

•26. OlLOQJLQO, in Himself — Gr. iv kavrQ — Lit. in His Person, — 
* *, * » ft 

^OQJLO, def. (Ioq \ r\ (Hebr. x. 1), noun masc. Substance, being, 

person. — Equivalent to the Gr. vuwrao-is, although in the only 

passage (Hebr. i. 3), where this word is used of the Divine Person, 

the Syr. Translator has rendered it by ClZoAj], His Essence, 

T» • ft X 

Being. — It represents, in the N. T., with affixes, the reflexive 
pronoun (ipse, ipsa, <&c), as here, and ch. vi. 53, <fcc., and refers 
to things as well as persons, see S. Luke xi. 17. 

27. OT Q\ *\Q> and hath given Him authority — koX i$ovo-tav ISomccv avno — 

Aphel pret. 3. sing, (with aff.) of %^.\» (not occurring in Peal in 
the N. T.), Ruled, liad power. — Aph. -^ \p} # Gave power, caused 
to rule. — Pret. 2. sing. Zi^.#), with aff. Hebr. ii 7. 

Heb. Hiph. tih&n, Ps. cxix. 133.— Chald. Aph. oW/l, 
Dan. ii 38, 48. 

28. (yno^, that are in the graves — ot cv tois /xtoy/xa'ots — Noun with pref. 

prep, and rel. pronoun. PL def. of j-CLQ, def. ]j£lO (ch. xi. 31), 
A grave. R. j^LD, Buried. 
Heb. *np, Gen. xxiii. 9, 20. 

vlv 

29. ]AV)i n\, to the resurrection — cts dvd<rra<nv — Def. (with pref. prep.) 

F 

of |Vr> I o (g. Luke ii. 34; xiv. 14), noun fern. A rising up. — 

R. SOOO 2*LO, Rose. 

Heb. nfi^p, An arising, Lam. iii. 63. 

— \L m i O .... |A£l£, good... evil — Gr. to ay a6 a... rd <j>av\a — In such 

X 

abstract expressions, the Syr. having no neuter, the fem. is used. 
So 1 501, Gr. tovto, ver. 28, abova 



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S. JOHN V. 30—36. 118 

Ver. 30. ^]o, just— BucaCa— Adj. Just, right— Def. )*\d (ch. vii 24), 
the ^ being dropped.— PI. —i-sls, Rom. ii 13.— -Def. ]j|o, S. 

Matt. v. 45, <fcc. PI. fem. _j|5, PhiL iv. 8.— De£ VAj]5, Rev. 
xv. 3. 

Heb. J3, Gen. xlii 11, <fec. 

35. ktt-*> <fo %^ — o Xvxvos — Noun masc. def. A lamp, light — PL def. 

LiV-»; Rev. xxi. 23; with aff. S. Luke xii 35. 

— «^\)>, that barns — burning — Gr. o iceuo/icvos — Part, of «0^), Burned, 

flamed. Fut. «Q^fJ. Occurs here only in the N. T. 

Heb. rfrl, Ps'. vii. 14.— Chald. rb*\, Dan. viL 9. 
I - t I - : 

— ipio\^L»L}, that ye should rejoice — to rejoice — dyaXXuurOrjvou. — Eth- 

paal fut. 2. pi. of 5<TL£L», Pa. quadriliteral, Lightened up, com- 
mended, extolled. The triliteral root (to which ^» is added) exists 
in Arabic only. — Part. pi. masc. ^omiV), 2 Cor. x. 12. 

Ethpa. ho^Lm], Rejoiced, boasted. — Pret. 1. sing. 2.5oioZi»|, 

2 Cor. vii 14; ix. 2. — 1. pi. ^(flO^f, ch. ix. 3, 4 Put. 

$CJIo2l*J, 1 Cor. L 29, 31, <fcc.— 2. sing. i<n£>L*£, Rom. xi 18. 
— 1. sing. 5(TLoA^"|, 2 Cor. x. 8, &c. — 1. pi. 5oioZl*J, Rom. v. 

11; 2 Cor. x. 16 Tnf. o3gl^aV)\, 2 Cor. xi 30; xii 1 

Part. 5aioA*&, Rom. ii 17, 23, <fec. — PL masc. Xn^A^C^ 
2 Cor. v. 12, &c: — coalescing with ^1 »», ^JL*)01GAa1o, Rom. 
v. 2, 3, <fec. 
Deriv. ]5<j\£XLb, noun masc. de£ Glory, pride, boasting, Rom. iii 27; 
iv. 2, &c. 

JjlotCL*, adj. Proud.— PI def. )j>oicl*, Rom. L 30;— or 
]j5aini, 2 Tim. iii. 2. 

— ]Al**>, ybr a season — Gr. irpos <5pav — Or, ybr $Ae hour, at that time. 

36. >ih»\i, Aa*A sen* Jfe — fi* aTrccrraXice — Pret. 3. sing, (with aff.) of 

-** ^-^ (Acts xxiii 10), Sent, sent away, took off ; stripped of his 

raiment, S. Luke x. 30._Pret. 3. fem. A»A-», S. Matt, xxvii 

19.— 3. pL Q»A», Acts xiii. 15:— with aff S. Luke x. -30 
r 
w. c. 15 



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114 S. JOHN V. 3ft-44. 

Yer. 36. (some regard this as Pael). Fut. ^\" * TimpA^o*. «*jqX», 
pi. O>jQ-J^0, with aff. Col. iii. 9.— Inf. oAj 1j3^ , with afE 

2 Cor. v. 4._Part. Peil «»» At, def. )»» i \», S. John iii. 28. 

x x x v 

— (Used as a noun, see note, ch. xiii. 16, below.) — PI. . % »» i Nt, 

S. Matt, xxiii. 37 ; S. Luke xiii 34. — From this verb are derived 

oAj, noun masc. A putting off—Constr. Col. ii 11, &c. 

|2.0*^jl\*, noun fern. def. A mission, Apostleship, Acts i 

X 

25, <fec. 
87. OIOI-m, His appearance, shape — eTSo? avrov — Noun with aff — |OVu» 
noun masc. def. (S. Matt. xiv. 26, <fcc.), Something seen, a vision. 
Another form is JJO^L, pi. def. )36ll», Acts iL 17.— R. }i», 
Saw) 

Chald. Wt, <ief. tfWT, Ban. il 19, <fec.:— and Heb. riffl, 

v - t; t It 

Ps. lxxxix. 20. 
39. O^O, seorcA — cpcwaT€ — Imperat. pi. of 1^, Investigated, explored. 

Pret. 3. sing, with aff. y^ 9 hath distinguished thee, Gr. Suuepivct, 

1 Cor. iv. 7.-3. pi. O^O, 1 S. Pet. i. 11 Fut. ]^QJ, 2. pL 

ip^L, Acts xxiii. 15._Imperat. t-»*0, S. John vii. 52... 

Part. |Io, Rev. ii. 23.— Fern. U*£>, 1 Cor. ii. 10. 

Ethpeel \^ ^o2.1 , Was searched out. Part ] *oALo, Gr. &ey- 

X€toi, 1 Cor. xiv. 24. 
— v oAj] ..^rnVn (pron. m'sabrittm), ye think — oWn-c — See note, ch. 

iv. 51. — s^£D in Pa. more usually means Announced, or Trusted, 

x y 

as ver. 45, below. — The Par. and Lond. Polyglotts read —j^nmiD, 
Aphel part. 

4Q, ^oXlX> m-*j, life which is for ever, eternal life — Gr. tjunjv. 

r 

42, OIOQ-KJ, JAe &w« (aff. pleon.) — nyv iydmtjv — j^Q r-r (ch. xiii 35, <fcc.) 

y • 

noun masc. Love, affection, charity. R. ^«^*» Loved. 

y » f 

44* pja —ID j^a, Lit. (me from one, — one of another — -Gr. irapa dW-qktav. 
—• |CTL_£\ fjs* _lD, /rom owe GW — Gr. irapa rov fwvov 0cov. 



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S. JOHN V. 45. VL 1—6. 115 

Ver. 45. ^oAj] ****** j^nV do ye think? — Gr. fir) Sok€lt€ — See note, 
ch. iv. 12. — Part pi. (forming pres. tense) of jjQCD (Acta vii 25), 
Thought, supposed, was of opinion ; also Hoped, trusted, expected. 
Pret 3. sing. fern. 2+OflD, S. John xx. 15. — 2. sing. 2*£1C0, 

Acts viii. 20.— 3. pi. O^XP, S. John xi. 13, 31, &c. Fut 

IJQIIIJ, 2. pL ^OfjQfiOZ., S. Matt. x. 34.— Inf. t nrnVl\, Acts 
xvii 29._Part jjQff>,*S. John xxl 25, Ac. — PL masc. coalescing 
with T -L-^, ^JU^m, 1 Cor. xii. 23. 

Heb. nifcf, Viewed, observed, Neh. ii. 13, 15.— Chald. nSD, 

- t - : 

Hoped, Dan. vii 25. 
— P| *^>i finV), I accuse, will accuse — Kan/yopifo-o)— Part, (forming pres. 
or fut. tense) of -iti^^, Pael quadrilit. verb derived from the 
Greek by metathesis of y and p. Fut -rtr u * — !• B i n g- *-ul-& jD I » 
Acts xxviii 19. — 3. pi. ^ nr b . ^th ***• & John viiL 6; 
S. Mark iil 2._Part pL masc. ^» rib **** coalescing with 
^Lm, ^1 i ^QnV), Acts xxiv. 8. 



CHAPTER VL 
1. ) ||*~)\\, to the other side of, over — vipav rrp — See note, ch. i. 28. 

H • f f 

— P*L», the sea — OaXdaoirjs — Def. of iOn, noun masc. The sea. PI. de£ 
foflVli, Acts iv. 24; xiv. 14. — There is also a fern. def. form 

}AlCL» (S. John vi 19; S. Luke v. 2, <fcc.) used more especially of 
a lake, or inland sea. 

Heb. U\ Fs. lxxxix. 10.— Chald. D*, def. **©♦, Dan. vii 2, 3. 

T - T - 

•• f f 

5. wiCTIO 1 i S, His eyes — Gr. row o<£0a\fiovs — PL with aff. of _»A, de£ 
(l > S (S. Matt v. 38, <fec.), noun fern. An eye; fountain. — PL 
when it signifies eyes, of masc. form, though fern, in construction, 

^i 1*i S, S. Matt xviii 9. Def. ]lll, S. John ix. 32, <fcc 

But of fern, form when signifying fountains, _L*A, def } Ai >\ 
(Ephr. Syr. on Gen. I 9). 



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116 S. JOHN VI. 6—7. 

Vcr. 5. Compounds *™*™<*l Ky » v are » v \ Before,n,nd 1' 11 ^\ 

Openly. See notes, S. John xv. 24; xvi 25. 

Heb. M, Exod. xxi 24, <fee.— ChalcL W, Dan. iv. 31; vii 8, 
20; Ezr. v. 5. 

— {Vu»\ bread — Gr. aprovs — Def. of ULkL^, noun masc. Bread, food. — 

Constr. llif iolA, the shew-bread, Hebr. ix. 2.— PL »<^^\ 
ver. 13, below. 

Heb. QnS, Ps. xli 10, <fec.— Chald. D)lS, 4 /aw*, Dan. v. 1. 

* * v : 

6. (mi V) ,i), proving, to prove — ireipdfav — Pael part of f£QJ (not used). 

Pa. wiJQJ, Tempted, made trial of. — Pret. 2. sing. Aj-CQJ, Rev. 

ii 2.-3. pL Oimi, 1 Cor. x. 9 Fut ]mij, with aff. S. Luke 

x. 25.-2. sing. ]mll, S. Matt iv. 7; S. Luke iv. 12.— 1. pL 
joiij, 1 Cor. x. 9 — Inf. OimiVA, Acts v. 9_Part pL 

» f fry 

^itmiV), S. Matt xvi 1, <fec — Part. pass. « imiV), Hebr. iv. 
15; S. James i. 13. For fi, as here used, see note, ch. i 36. 
Heb. Pi HDi, Tempted, tried, Gen. xxii 1. 

— ,«^*Ar>V ^ZlL, J7e too* afoul to cfo, would do — 3/tc\Xc irotciK — See 

note, ch. iii. 14. 

7. _-»Z(Sb, two hundred — Suucocruav. 

* 

Hoc nomen est unum ex quatuor quae apud Hebrceos in dualem 

terminationem Q' , et apud Syros in _* finiuntur. Reliqua tria 
sunt ^i**), Egypt** (S. Matt ii 13* <fec.) a DHXD;— f^it, 
duo (S. "John i. 35), a && ; ^liL, dues (S. John iii 4)* a 
D^Bf. (Schaaf.) 

Heb. DTM&, Cten. xi 23. 



»}, denarii — Gr. Brfvapttav — PL of jj«*j (S. Matt xx. 9, 10) noun 
masc. A Roman silver coin, value 10 asses — whence its name. — 
Def. ]^L?, S. Matt. xx. 2.— PL def. ]£L>, S. Matt xviii 28. 
-r\0\trs ]j f not sufficing, is not sufficient — Gr. ovk apKowriv — Part, of 
-nosers Sufficed; was content with, capable of receiving, Pret 3. 
pi. fern. J2L2LCD (for ^.oiiCD) 3 S. John ver. 10 — Fut «aiimj 9 



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S. JOHN VI. 7—10. 117 

Ver. 7. S. Matt xix. 12; xxv. 9:— Fern. . i^gjCDJ.* 1 Tim. v. 16.— 
1. sing. *O-2lC0|, Acts xi. 17. — 3. pL fern. ng>m \ S. Luke iii. 

* 

H._Part fern. \r>a\trs l 2 Cor. xii. 9; 1 Tim. vL 8. — PL masc. 
^i O^fT), S. John viii. 37; S. Luke xxii 38; — coalescing with 
^jLki, <J in^ff), 2 Cor. iii. 5. 

— WAq WiNn, a little— /Spatf n— See note, ch. viL 33. 

— f-Ki p^, eacA. — ckcuttos — See note, ch. i. 40. The repetition of the 

words denoting distribution. 

9. ^JA here — cS8c — Adverb of place. 

* 7 % » 7 

— * •Vln, five — 7T€vt€ — Card. numb. fern. — Masc. (aLOj^, ch. iv. 18, 

abova 

Heb. Bfop|, ^ em « Gen. v. 6. 

•• T 

9 x ~ o x * 

— t <^-»{-i, foow* — 5f)Tou9 — PI. of I *-»i-u> vmtdl fern. A cake, loaf, baked 

bread. — Def. ]Z^»^t, S. Mark viii 14. 

— fcl£D>, of barley — Gr. KpidCvovs — PL def. (of masc. form) of Is^fiD, 

noun fern. Barley, def ]2frlIP 

Heb. rrtj^, fern. Barley, Joel i. 11.— PL D^^B^, Ruth i. 
22.— Root lyfef, Bristled. 

" *" 

— ^ i 10 1, fishes — Gr. oipdpia, a word which, originally meaning Any- 

thing eaten with bread, is applied in the N. T. exclusively to fish 
— Compare S. John xxi. 10, with 11. — PL of v OJ, def. ]jQJ 
(S. John xxi 9), noun masc. A fish, and fish, collectively. — PL 
def. ]jaj, ver. 11, below. Root Heb. tf|J (Ps. lxxii 17), Increased, 
grew. 

Compare Heb. ;ft, Jon. ii. 1 ; JUI £ Exod. vii. 18, 21. — from 

T T T 

H3r\t Increased, Gen. xlviii. 16. 

T T 

10. ^onV)Af01?, that they may sit down, recline — Gr. avairecretv — Ethpeel 

7 7 » wit 

fut. 3. pL of -Anm Leaned, reclined. — Ethpe. ^loA£D| (ch. 
xiii 12, &c), Seated himself. — Pret. 3. pi. aaSoAflo], in this 
verse. Fut ^AflQJ, 2. sing. ^ioAfloZ, S. Luke xiv. 8 



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118 S. JOHN VI. 10, 11. 

Ver. 10. Imperat. ^Amf, S. Luke xiv. 10, <fcc._Inf. ^^ArM^V 
S. Matt. xiv. 19.— 
Transl. Cause that all the men may recline. 

— pDIXl^, grass — x^f* 70 * — Def. °f • r>ffftk , noun masc. Green herb. 

Heb. SBfy, Gen. I 11, 12.— Chald. afeflg, def KiB^, Dan, 
iv. 22, 29, 30. 
_ )i ! iO>^ { n number— Gr. iw dprffiov— Def. of ^_Li& (Hebr. xL 12), 
noun masc. Number. R ]ik>, Numbered. 

Chald. pift, Ezr. vi 17. 

— —iJaJ^, *Aot«an<*.— PI. of *gx^, Rev. v. 11. or -<*^ 2 S. Pet. iiL 

^ x y » 

8. ii thousand.— Def. )<*^ . Rev. xL 3, <fca— PI. def. )£l&, 
S. Matt. xiv. 21. and ]v^^! | Rev. vL 15, <feo. 

Heb. ftSK, Ps. 1. 10.— Chald. ft 1 ?**, ftSK, pL (after the Heb. 
form) Wshti, Keri pfiStf, Dan. v. 1; vil 10. 

11. ^ipO, awe? J7e blessed — Gr. koX cvxapcar^o-a? — Pael pret. of %^£>, 
Bowed the knee, in worship. Pa. Blessed, pronounced blessed— Jfut 

m f ♦ y *<* « y 

y,-m, 1. sing. y^O|, with afE Hebr. vi 14._Imperat pL OO^O, 
S. Matt v. 44; S. Luke vL 28._Inf. OD^io, Hebr. vi. 14 

» y y 

Part yj-dLo, S. Luke xxiv. 51. — PI. masc. >n r ^Vn V er. 53: — 

y y x y ^ x 

coalescing with ^1 »i, i . «*>j^^r» 1 Cor. iv. 12; S. James iiL 

y y 

9._Part. pass. ^2&£, S. Luke L 42, 68; — coalescing with 
OCT, ongnSo, tawed 6e, 1 S. Pet. i. 3.— Def. |A.Avo g. Mark 
xiv. 61.— Fern, del fAo^LiD, S. Luke L 42. 

Heb. PL •spa, Gen. xxiv. 1.— Chald. Pa. Tfi (for ^TSx 
Dan. iL 19, 20; iv. 31. 

— ^jJa£>, 2Ze distributed — Sic'Somcc — Pael pret of ^iS?) or ^ w), 

Divided. — Pa. the same. — Pret. 3. pi. Q^S£), ch. xix. 24, <fec._ 

•* y ^ •« y 

Imperat pL Q .t ^<* # S. Luke xxii. 17._Part. w*J ^2llO, S. 
Luke xi. 22.— PL m. ^ . * \^Vo Acts iL 45. 
Heb. Pi. J^fi, Divided, Pa lv. 10. 



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S. JOHN VI. 11, 12. 119 

Ver. 11. N.B. The words that follow in the Gr. toTs ftalip-at?, ot Sk /*a- 
OrpuC, are omitted in the Syr. as in many other versions; also 
in the Alex. Vat Sin. and other MSS. 

— > ^ >Vr>ffti ^QJOl^, to them that were set down — tois avaKci/xcvois — 

Part. Peil pi. of ^lQ£0 Reclined, leaned Fut. ^QiomJ, S. 

Matt. viii. 20; S. Luke ix. 58 — Part Peil «,nV)fr>, S. John 
xiii 23, <fcc. PL masc. def. In'iVKT), S. Matt xiv. 6, 9, <fec.— 
PI. fern. ^>Vorn g ? not firm, unstable, 2 S. Pet ii 14. 
Heb. *?|lbD, Retted upon, Pa lxxxviii 8. 

— v2)| 1-LOOTO, and so also — and likewise — o/xoiuy; kolL 

— J ]S02, as much as — oaov — Also, As long as, ch. ix. 5. — Inasmuch as, 

as often as, S. Matt xxv. 40, 45. — The same as, Rev. xxL 16. — 
According as, Hebr. x. 25. — How, in what respect or way, 2 Tim. 
L 18. 
12. rivAm {hey W ere full, were filled — hreir\iqv(h}<rav — J*ret 3. pi of 
^ifLfX), Was satiated.— Fret 3. pi. fem. ^llofiD, Rev. xix. 21.— 

2. pi. ^AvAm ver. 26, below. Fut. Mr^QJ, 3. pi. v aLnCQJ, 

S. Matt v. 6; S. Mark vii. 27.-2. pi. v OSnffi/, S. Luke vi 

21 Imperat pi. a±Ji£D y S. James ii. 16 Inf. qnmVlS, 

Acts vii 11. 
Deriv. ]idi, Satiety, Phil. iv. 12. 
Heb. yi^, Ps. xvii 15, <kc. 

5, gather up — <rwayiyar€ — Pael imperat pi. of «**JLD, Congre- 
* r 
gated. — Pa. .in (S. Matt ii. 4, <fec.), Gathered toget/ier; received 

hospitably, S. Matt. xxv. 35. — Pret. 3. sing. fem. Lm^lD, S. Matt 

xiii 47.-2. pi. ^oA^Jii), S. James v. 3; with aff. S. Matt xxv. 

35, 43.— 1. pi. ^■1Q > with aff. ver. 38 Fut - aJiu, S. John 

xi 52.— 1. sing. « ■ \ afc S. Matt, xxiil 37.-3. pi. AajAj, 

ch. xxiv. 31 Inf. Om inVlN, Rev. xvi 14; xx. 8 Part 

^mli^D, S. Matt. xxv. 24, 26 — Part, pass. - - Lalo, pL masc. 

^iil nV), Acts x. 24. 

Heb. Pi D33, Ps. cxlvii. 2. 



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120 S. JOHN VI. 12—15. 

Ver. 12. tfjO, the fragments— r£ KXdafmra— PL def. of ]L^D (Acts ii 42), 
noun masc. A breaking, piece broken. — K. l^O, Broke off. 

— o5A^?, that have remained over, that remain — Gr. irepuracwravra — 

T x 

Pret. 3. pi. of 5A-i (S. Matt. xxv. 16), Excelled, was over and 

7 

above; also, Profited, gained, made gain. — Pret. 2. sing. ZjA-i, 

S. Matt, xviii. 15 Fut. JZ.(J, S. Mark viii. 36; S. Luke ix. 25. 

Fem. >L]L (for ^iL)L), S.'Matt. v.' 20.— 2. sing. >L]L, S. Mark 

7 x 7 x f x 

vii. 11.— 1. sing, il), 1 Cor. ix. 19, 20, <fcc Part. 5Al, 1 Cor. 

r x y 

xiii. 3. — PL ^-j5A-», coalescing with ^1 »», ,-JLi5Zu, S. James 
iv. 13. 

Heb. l m* f only in part. Kal *lrt\ 2%e remainder, 1 Sam. xv. 15. 

13. jJXl±iL, twelve — SwSc/ca — Card. numb. masc. — It has a def. form 
)'? : £skI) ch. xx. 24; S. Matt. xxvi. 47;— with aff. ver. 67, 
below.— Fem. V^miZiZ, ch. xi. 9, &c. 

f 7 

Heb. *}fe?y D*JB^ masc. JTTE^y D*ft&?> f em » Exod. xxiv. 4. 

•k » » * • 

— * < > g\r>n baskets — /ccx^tvov? — PL of P-uSQ-O, noun masc. -4 totc&er 

^ X X X 

basket. Derived from the Gr. — The following > marks the geni- 
tive. 
Transl. And filled twelve baskets of the fragments which remained to 
those who ate {had eaten) of the five barley loaves. 

15. <o2.)j> —jpiA^}, that they were ready to come, would come — Sri fiik- 
Xoucriv lp\€trBai — Infin. expressed by the fut. with 3. 

— - i^ 1 1 3Q-gL^»J, (one?) fo&e iZtm 6y ,/orce — ical apira&tv avrov — Fut. 

3. pL (with aff.) of *2L&*j, Snatched away. Pret. 3. sing. fem. 
2t2L&L, Acts viii. 39.-3. pi. 02L&*>, ch. vi. 12.— Fut. ^2)0 ft»».l, 
S. John x. 28, 29; S. Mark iii 27._Imperat. pi. 0^)0 ft»», 
S. Jude ver. 22 Part. *£&L, S. John x. 12; S. Matt, xiil 19. 

Ethpeel *2l4>^2.}, Was seized, caught away, 2 Cor. xii. 2, 4._ 
Fut. %2I^mAj, 1. pi. 1 Thess. iv. 17. 

Heb. ftbn, Ps. x. 9. 



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S. JOHN VI. 15-19. 121 

Ver. 15. oiX - » 1 % 2/e departed — wcxwpqat — See note, ch. v. 24. 

16. 1^10$, evening — Gr. otyia — Def. of *-*-Ld5, noun masc. Even-tide. 

17. OsZuO, and <A«y sat — Gr. #cai lfif3drr€s, and entered into, embarked. 

— |Ai > c*crn^ {n ^« *Atp — Gr. cis to irXotov — Def. of fl i ^CTO, noun 

fem. Lit. .4 efec&ed vessel. PL de£ ]LLaTD, S. Mark iv. 36, <fec. 

X 

Heb. nJ*SD> Jon. i. 5. — R. JfiD, Covered with beams or boards. 

— Ol^ ZoCTI Ao^-kj, it iecw dorfc — Gr. cncorta fycyovci — Pret. 3. sing. 

fem. of y^ *» (S. Luke xxiii. 45), Was dark, obscured. Used here 
impersonally (see also S. Matt. xiv. 23), in which construction the 
fem. is most commonly used. For an instance of the masc. see 

S. Matt. xxvi. 8.— Pret 3. pi. oni-w, Rev. viii. 12 Fut. 

y m »>1, S. Matt. xxiv. 29; S. Mark xiii. 24.-3. pi. fem. 
^n'm mJ, Rom. xi. 10 Inf. y- ^OA S. Luke xxiv. 29. 

Ethpaal y ~ **']. Was darkened, Rom. i. 21. 

Heb. •SBTI, Exod. x. 15; Ps. lxix. 24. 

— ]ool ^2], teas come, liad come — ZkrjkvOti — Part Peil, forming the 

plup. tense. * 

18. fOOl *£LO}1 1, Aatf* 6e«Ji raised, had arisen, arose — hUrjyeipeTo — Ethpeel 

pret. 3. sing, (forming pluperf. tense) of *£LQ] , Li/ted up. 

Ethpe. Was lifted up, was crucified, ch. xix. 20, &c. — 3. pi. 

oa-Ojlf, S. Matt, xxvil 38 Fut. *£LO>lJ, ch. xxvi. 2, <fec. 

TransL But the sea fiad been raised against them, because a great 
wind had blown. 

19. OjJDJO, and they rowed — Gr. iXrjXaKores ovv — Pret. 3. pi. of jJDj (ch. 

xviii 3), Arranged, set in order, whence the usual meanings, Took, 
received, led, drove, impelled a ship. Pret 3. fem. ZjJDj, with aff. 

S. Luke iv. 1.— 1. sing. 2£o>, GaL ii. 1 Fut. frOyJ, S. Matt. 

xv. 14.— 1. sing, jijf, with aff S. John xiv. 3.-3. pi. ^0^,3, 
with aff. S. Luke v. 3._Imperat. *r», S. Matt. ii. 13, 20, <fcc.— 
PL OjT», S. John xix. 6; S. Luke v. 4;— with aff. S. John xviii. 
31 — Part. j£», S. Luke xvii. 7 :— Fem. 1jT», S. Matt. xii. 45.— 
w. c. 16 



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.122 S. JOHN VI. 19. 

Ver. 19. PL masc. --i^D?, S. Matt. v. 44; S. Luke vi. 28, Gr. r&v cmy- 
p€a£oVra>v._.Part. Peil pi. masc. (used actively) ■ >; > n?, Acts 
xxL 16. — PI. fern. ^jj2}, S. James in. 4. 

Heb. "EH, /Spo&e (from the primary idea of arrangement) only 
in part, ^Qh 9 Ps. v. 7. More frequent in Peil. 

— IZOj-feibT, stadia, furlongs— oraSiovs— PL de£ of ^ol^icf (1 Cor. ix. 

24), A distance, nearly equal to a furlong; also, the Stadium, race- 
course. PL ^Oj-filD I > Acts L 12. 

X * 

— ■ ijff>\, twenty — Card. Number. 

Heb. D^t2>y, Gen. xxxi. 38.— Chald. pjPJf, Dan. vi. 2. 

— (AkL», the lake, sea; see note, ver. 1, above. 

— *^j-0 , He drew near — Gr. eyyvs. . .yivo/xcvov — Verb Peal pret. Was near, 

•a t * 

approached, touched. 3. sing. fern. ArDj-O, S. Matt. iii. 2, <fcc. — 3. 

■» .. » 

pi. ongf), S. John xii. 21, <fcc.: — Fern. > i n; D, S. Matt xxviii 

9 — Fut. %QO^OJ, S. Mark viii. 22, <fea— 2. sing. %QO^o2T, Col. 

ii. 21.— 3. pi. ^QS^OJ, S. Matt. xiv. 36, <kc— 1. pi. %QO^QJ, 

Hebr. x. 22._Imperat. pi. CLOOj-O, S. James iv. 8._Part. 

^h, S. Luke xii. 33:— Fern. fc^O, S. Matt. ix. 21; S. Mark 

v. 28.— PL . ing,Q, S. Mark vi 56; S. Luke xxiii. 36. 

^ X 

Heb. *T0, 21D, P^. xci. 10.— Chald. y© f Dan. iii 56; 
-It -Jt ••): 

vi 13. 

— o\m>, they were afraid — c^o/fc/ftyaav — Pret. 3. pi. of ^jsjj (ch. xix. 

8), Feared, showed reverence. Pret. 1. sing. A2Lk»), S. Matt. xxv. 

25; S. Luke xix. 21 Fut. ^1>,J, S. John xiv. 27.-2. sing. 

\L}L, S. Matt. i. 20, &c. :— Fern. ^JL^Z* S. Luke I 30.— 

1. siug. ^l»>*f, Hebr. xiii. 6.-3. pi. ^oXwyJ, 1 Tim. v. 20.— 

2. pi. ^CL^ijZ., next ver. below, <fcc: — Fern. ^2Lk»?2., S. Matt, 
xxviii. 5, 10; S. Mark xvi. 6 — Tmperat. ^-m>, Rom. xi 20. — 

PL alii?, S. Matt, x 28: S. Luke xii. 5 Part. ^Lj, S. John 

ix. 31, <kc: — Fem. U>j?, Acts xvi. 14. — PL masc. — -»JLw>, S. 



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S. JOHN VI. 19—27. 123 

Ver. 19. John ix. 22, <fec.: — coalescing with . 1 »>, -J iAjq?, S. Matt 
xxl 26. Part. Peil, used as a noun — see note, S. Mark v. 33. 

Cogn. Heb. 7HT» Crept, was afraid, Deut xxxii. 34; Mic. vii 17; 
Job xxxii 6 Chald. *?fT}, Dan- v. 19. 

22. ]oa\ ^k U» Iwd not gone, went not — Gr. ov crwcuriJXflc — Pluperf. 

tense. — ^OTllQVis pleonastic, followed by the same preposition 
with its case. 
N.B. The clause, d\\a...d7nj\0ov, is omitted by the Syr. translator. 

23. wtOOl wi£], they (sc. other boats) had come — Gr. rj\$€ — Pluperf pL 

3. fern. 

— ]il2&, boats— wXoiapia— PL def. of *aiS, def ]Ai£s (S. Matt. iv. 
* f 

21, 22, dec.) noun fern. A small vessel, boat. 

— .... yiJD jD, Transl. When Jesus blessed or had blessed, given t/ianlcs — 
Gr. €v\apurrqa , avTO^ tov Kv/hov. 

25. w»ALo), when? — ttotc; — Adv. interrogative. See note, ch. iv. 23. 

27. ^o ^\c*7 ]]^ labour not for — £/3ya£c<r0c py — Fut 2. pi. for imperat. 
(with p) of %K»Jl2>, Served, laboured, acquired by labour; served 
in voar; served, or worshipped. — Pret 3. pi. QjoJ^2>, 1 Cor. x. 7. 

—2. pi. <oA»jLa, GaL iv. 8 Fut. oJA^I, Eph. iv. 28.— 

2. sing. %*jQ^&L, S. Matt. iv. 10, <fec. — 1. sing. o^jQ^g)], Horn. 
xv. 16. — 3. pi. ^^V<*i Acts vii. 7.— 1. pi. ^joN^I, ver. 28, 

below; S. Luke i. 74 Imperat -^V S. Matt. xxi. 28.— PL 

QjooXa, Phil. ii. 12 Inf. ,»»^PlV)\ S. John ix. 4, «fcc 

Part. o^Si), S. Luke xv. 29.— Def. ]»»\^, Rom. xvL 21: — 
and used as a noun, see note, S. Luke xxiii 11. — Fern. |>*»^2>, 
S. Luke ii 37. — PL masc. > f. \g\ Acts vii 42, <fcc. : — co- 
alescing with _J«k», * » »^J^g), 1 Cor. iii 9, &c. : — with ^oAj|, 
^A. *.\c* Col. iii. 24.— -Constr. « V »»\£), S. Matt vii. 23, <fcc. 
_Part Peil. fern. [** « ^^y S. John viii. 33, where see note. 

Ethpeel «»»Sp>£), Was cultivated, dressed. Part fern. 
]»»\ <7 >AV) (referred by some to Ethyi.), Hebr. vi. 7. 



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124 S. JOHN VI. 27—35. 

Ver. 27. Aphel o^La), Waged www. —Part ,»»\g\Y>, 1 Cor. ix, 7. — 
From this verb are derived, 

]Lo *k\*) 9 noun fern. def. Warfare, army, 1 Cor. ix. 7; 1 Tim. 
L 18.— PL def. lloilSi), Rev. xix. 14, 19. VLHo2>, noun 
masc. def. Occupation, work, worship, Acts xix. 25; Col. ii. 18, <fec. 

Heb. H7£)> Cleft, furrowed the ground, 'Ps. cxli. 7. — Chald. 
Ty?&, Laboured, worshipped, Dan. iii. ^2, <fcc.; vii* 14, 27. 

— • . . . (JOlA, Transl. For Him liath the Father sealed (even) God. 

30. tS\ fitfiO, dost T/touwork? — ipydtyj-, — Part, (forming pres. tense) of 

^1X0 (S. Luke L 68; vii. 16), Visited, inspected, examined; did, 
effected, 1 Cor. v. 2; Hebr. ix. 11. The leading idea seems to be 
the turning the attention to anything, either by ocular or mental 
inspection. — Pret 2. sing. ?j\TO, with afE Hebr. ii. 6. — 2. pi. 

^?;\m, with aff. S. Matt. xxv. 36, 43 Fut 5oimj, Acts viL 

23.-2. sing. io±£C>£, 1 Tim. v. 21.— 1. sing. ScKrof, S. Luke 
xiii. 33.-3. pi. ^OjJLCOJ, Rom. ix. 11.— 1. pL Soimj, Acts xv. 

36 Imperat. pi. o3o\m, Phil. iv. 9: 1 S. Pet v. 2 Inf. 

jJLmS2i\ S. Luke xxii. 23; Phil. ii. 13; S. James L 27 Part. 

fem. l^HD, 1 Cor. xii. 11; Hebr. iv. 12.— PI. masc. ^™\ 
Rom. i. 32, <fcc. :— coalescing with -1m, * *i Vfr \ 1 S. John iii. 
22.— Constr. ^JilX), 1 Cor. xii. 29._Part Peil ^lIsd, S. Luke 
xxiii. 15; Acts xxv. 25; actively, Rom. xv. 18. — PL fem. ^ » ^f*\ 
Acts xxvi. 26. 

Deriv. (jo\ro, noun masc. def. A visitor, Bisliop, 1 S. Pet. 
ii. 25. 

3 1 . J 1 lV ^ , manna — to /idvva. 

Heb. p, Exod. xvi. 15, 31. 

34. ■ ^>l\nn, in all time — always, evermore — Gr. ttoitotc. See notes, 

ch. i. 3; iiL 4. 

35. ^^ 1 P, shall not (never) hunger — ov fir) irctvcurg — Fut 3. sing, of 

^_ao (S. Matt.«v. 2, Jbc), Was hungry.— Pret 1. sing. AjjSLD, 



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S. JOHN VI. 35—43. 125 

Ver. 35. S. Matt xxv. 35, 42.-3. pL olio, S. Matt xii. 1 Fut 3. 

pi. ^QJja^J, Rev. vii. 16.-— 2. pi. ^01 <?\*)L, S. Luke vi. 25 — 

For the part. _212 is used the participial noun ^212, hungry, 

see note, S. Matt v. 6. 
37. ;*^V out — €&d — ;i, The outside, used as an adverb with pre£ ^. 

See note, d. Matt iii. 4. 
39. tu-2|) - » a3 f »; -IQJ 0U-»-O» — -ij QJOI. This clause is absent in 

the Vienna Edition, but restored by Tremellius. Some Editions 

omit «ul2|). 

— f^0|> I slwuld lose — diroXeaw — Aphel fut 1. sing, of ^j, Perished. 

Aph. fOQ] (S. Matt xxii. 7, <fcc.), Caused to perish, destroyed, 
lost. — Pret. 1. sing, ?]no\ f S. John xviii. 9. — 3. pL O^O*), 

1 Cor. x. 9 Fut fjOOJ, S. John x. 10, &c.:— Fern. f CioL (for 

^rOoZ.), S. Luke xv. 8. — 2. sing. ^oZ, Rom. xiv. 15. — 3. pi 

^OjDQJ, S. Matt xx vii. 20. — 2. pL ^OpOoi., Hebr. x. 35 Inf. 

AjAnOA S: Mark iii. 4, <fec Part. fCiQ^D, S. Luke ix. 24. 

Heb. Hiph. T^K/l, Deut vii - 10.— Chald. Aph. '"Dlfi, 
Dan. iL 12, 18, 24. 

— V»t-**»1> the fa** — rjj ioyaTQ — Def of «^^i], adj. TJm last — Fern. def. 

|Aa;-*j], S. Matt, xxvii. 64; S. Luke xiv. 9. — Constr. A^^i], 
used as an adv. Afterwards, at lengt/i, S. Matt iv. 2, &c — PL 
masc. def. Mh^I, & Matt xix. 30, ike. — PL fern. def. ]A^L*j), 
Rev. xv. 1; xxi. 9. 

19 
1, of My Father — Gr. rov irc/A^avTos ftc — The Sin. Vat and some 

other MSS. read rov irarpos fxov. 
41. OOOI v i 1 (ji , murmured — iyoyyvfav — Part. pi. (imperf. tense) of ^«b*, 

Murmured Pret. 3. pi. OJ-£5, Acts vi 1; 1 Cor. x. 10. Fut 

2. pi. <OJ-£52T, ver. 43, below; 1 Cor. x. 10.— .Part. ^5. 

Aphel ^&$], same as Peal. — Part. pi. - i 1 £;V>, S. Jude ver. 

16. Some Editions read » 1 £:^°, Pael part. 
43. ,-k» ^QL. ,-k», Lit one urith one — among yourselves — Gr. /act dWyXwv — 

in ver. 52. irpos aAAi/Xovs. 



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126 S. JOHN VI. 44—52. 

Ver. 44. Olpyt-S, luas drawn him — Gr. IXkvot; avrov — Pret. 3. sing, (with 
aff.) of pyjJ (Gal. ii. 12), Drew, attracted, withdrew. — Pret. 3. pi. 
OpHL-J, Acts xvi. 19._Fut. f-u-1, 1. sing. j-J, cb. xii. 32, below. 
_Inf. with aff fern, pleon. dl i tt ^S ch. xxi 6 — Part. pi. masc. 
^ipyj^J, ch. xxi 8. • 

Ethpeel pML-jZ.], W^ drawn. — Part. piv-J^SD, S. James L 14. 
— PL maso. 2 S. Pet. i. 21. From this verb is derived 

IpH^J, noun masc. def. A blow, stripe, with aff. Acts xvi. 33. 
— PL def. Ipit-l) ch. xxiL 24. Compare, for this meaning, note 
ch. xix. 1. 

45. |iniO, in the PropJiet, sc. Isa. liv. 13. — Gr. iv tois irpo<f>rfrav;. 

— |g^\Vn i the taught — taught — StSaicrot — Pael part. pass. pi. def — see 

note, ch. iv. 25. 

— «*)\ i, learning — hath learned — fiaOtiv — Part, of *2iXj (ch. vii. 15, 

&c.), same as %<*\ >S>, Learned. Pret. 1. sing. L2l±*> Acts xxiii. 

r 

27.-2. sing. AsilLI, 2 Tim. iii 14.— 2. pi. <oL*L±l, Rom. xvL 

17, to.— I. pL **^* # Acts xxviii. 1 Fut. «J2l1)j, 1 Cor. xiv. 

31.— 2. sing. -^^V. Acts xxiv. 8.— 1. sing. %al!L, PhiL il 19. 

—3. pi. ^<*^K Acts xxiii. 20:— Fern. ^Al^J, 1 Cor. xiv. 35. 

—2. pi. ff?lV)2, 1 Cor. iv. 6 Imperat pi. oa^I, S. Matt. 

ix. 13, &c. Tnf. -<*V)&\ with aff Rev. xiv. 3 Part fem. 

l^lXl, 1 Tim. ii. 11.— PL fem. ^^\ ch. v. 13 — Part. Peil 
-<*« V t, Rom. ii. 18. 

46. |V*j, seeing, seeth — Gr. ccopcuccv. 

51. +^2i] ^^, for the sake of, for — Gr. vrrcp — I4t. for the face of — See 

note, ch. xi 44, below. 

52. OOOI ^-»*J> strove — tyaxovro — Part. pi. (forming imperf. tense) of 

| ^J , Contended, disputed. Part. | ^J . — From this verb are derived 
•^ fj, noun masc One who is contentious, a brawler, 1 Tim. iii. 3. 



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S. JOHN VI. 52-63. 127 

Ver. 52. }2o^O, noun fern, dei A quarrel — PL def. ] 2.0*^0, S. James 
iv. 1. 

Heb. Niph. n?f3,^ror«,ExocL ii 13.— JYfifib, Strife, Isa. xli. 12. 

T • - 

55. ( .A ~^n drink — iroo-is — Def. of %-*L^lD f noun masc. Something to 
drink, beverage. Derived from Aph. part. pass, of |A^ (*-*A^|), 
Drank, Apb. «^AV). 

59. |A>oi^o { n ife synagogue — Iv avvayutyfi — Noun fem. def. A con- 

&». » * .. 
gregation, place of assembling. — PL def. |A^Q-L2, S. Matt. vi. 2, 

y 

&c. — R. *^_L2, Assembled. 

60. 1 1 m O, hard — crieAiypds — Fem. of ]m D (Acts ix. 4), adj. Severe, 

difficult, vehement (of winds), Dei V»_a-0, S. Matt. xxv. 24, 
Ac.— PL def. \LLa, Acts xxv. 7.— PL fern. def. °{t\ m O, S. 
James iii. 4. Of form part. Peil of | m Q (not used in Peal). 

Heb. Was liard. — Pa. - . 1 *\ Hardened Fut 2. pL ^Oi nZ, 

Hebr. iiL 8, 15; iv. 7 Part, l^nlo, Rom. ix. 18. Ethpa. 

- * ~ Q^T> JRw AanfenecZ— Fut. ]• qAj, Hebr. iii. 13 Part. 

pi. ^ i a oASP, Acts xix. 9. 

Heb. n&p, fem. flBfp, Exod. i. 14. 

* It t It 

61. |1 m nV), of ending — qffendeth — oTcavSaAtfci — Apbel part fem. of 

^i-O, Struck against. 

Apb. ^m-oI , Caused to stumble.— J?\\t. ^-i-HJ, S. Matt, xviii. 
6, &c.— 1. sing. ^ - of, 1 Cor. viii. 13.— 1. pi. ^inj, S. Matt. 
xviL 27._Part. VM ^ 

Heb. Hiph. V*Bbf1* Ps - lxiv - $'> Prov - iv - I 6 - 

62. ^Vi^OI . . . ^J, if then — what and if? — lav ovv, rather, what t/ien iff 

— 5 5Z|J, to the place where — where — Gr. oirov. See note, ch. xi. 54, below. 

— %Q i f O —So, formerly, befgre — Gr. to irp6r€pov, — in ver. 64, i( dpxfjs. — 

Compound adverb. 

63. (JTlLo, profiting, prqfiteth — atycAci — Aphel part, of pOl, Was pro- 

fitable, took pleasure in. Apb. «.i_3Gl|, Prqfited.—P&rt. fem. 
VLjcnio, Rom. il 25. 



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128 S. JOHN VI. 04—70. 

Ver. 64. U£LmlD), wlw betrayed, s/wuld betray — o irapa&iawv — Apkel 
part, of ^q2L» or ^Q_L», Finis/ted. 

* Aph. ^Q_L*1 (ch. xix. 30, &c), Gave up, delivered up, com- 
mitted to, betrayed, — Pret 1. sing. AV)\ •] , S. Matt xxvii 4. — 
3. pL QloM*]', S. Luke i. 2.-2. pL ^AViS m]\ S. Mark vii. 

13 Fut 2>a2LaJ, S. Matt x. 21:— with aff. ver. 71, below, 

<fcc.— 1. sing. 2>Cl2l*f, 1 Cor. xiii. 3.-3. pi. ^aSo^J, S. Matt 

xxiv. 10. — 2. pi. ^O V)\ ml, with aff. 1 Cor. v. 5 Part. pi. masc. 

»<n\^Vn S. John xviii. 30; S. Matt x. 17 Part. pass. 

J<llLaio, S. Luke iv. 6;— Fern. foV-0^ 1 S. Pet v. 2. 

Heb. Hiph. tfh&n> Completed, executed, Isa. xliv. 26, 28 

Chald. Aph. D^BW, Finished, restored, Dan. v. 26; Ezr. vii. 19. 

66. ... \^,y>, Transl. On account of this word, or saying — Gr. «c tovtov, 

E.V. from that time; — rather, because of this, on this account. 
— ^rirniAmoX oac ^ — c » 5 T( £ ^(xtm — 5AfllO (Rev. xiiL 3), adv. Gr. orrurto, 
Behind, after. — Def. |5ACQ-0 —So, on tive back, oinaQw, Rev. v. 1. — 
wiAj) |5AC0-O —So, behind me, omW fiov, Rev. i. 10. — After 
the form of a noun sing, with affixes, either in its simple form, as 
Ol5Amo, behind Him, S. Luke vii 3; — or preceded by —So, S. 
Matt ix. 20; S. Mark v. 27; — or by pref. ^, as in this verse, and 
S. Luke xvii. 31. 

67. ofZjIIliiAlL, to His twelve— Gr. tois SaKcica. 

70. ^aoA^n^f, have I chosen you? — i5/*as c&Xc^a/^v; — Pret. 1. ping, 
(with aff.) of trx^t (S. Mark iii. 14. <kc.) Elected, selected.— Pret. 
3. fern. AlLy., S. Luke x. 42. — 1. sing. A > A , S. John xiii. 
18.— 3. pi. CLrLyi, Acts vi. 5, <fca— 2. pi. y^ ^\l w i t ^ a £ 

S. John xv. 16. — 1. pi. ^ » ^., Anf g xv. 25 Fut. 1^-yjJ. — 

1. sing. t^tT, Phil: i 22 Imperat. »^u. 1 Cor. vii. 21.— PI. 

Or^,, Acts vi 3 Inf. jn.^V), 2 Cor. viii. 19;— pref. \ Acts 

xv. 14 — Part. l^u 9 1 Tim. v. 9. — PL masc. v » ^ u . 1 Cor. xvi. 
3 — Part. Peil I^L^,, 2 Cor. viii. 19; 1 S. Pet. ii 4; used actively, 



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S. JOHN VI. 70, 71. VII. 2-4. 129 

Ver. 70. Acts L 14. — Def, ) La ■■ Acta ix. 15, &c. with aff. pleon. S. Luke 
xxiii. 35.— Fern. def. V A ' ^ it. 1 & Pet ii. 9, &c.— PL masc. de£ 
'IV ®* ^ a ^ xx. 16, &a 

Ethpeel . i n |«ffi Fa* cAoae?*. —Pret 3. pL O i n ^Zif , 1 S. 

Pet. L 2.— 1. pL ^ - Q u ; r Acts x. 41; Eph. i. 11 From this 

verb are derived, 

I \l- noun f em - ^^ Election, Rom. xi. 5, 7, 28. 

po . *»\ noun fern. def, Election — with affi, Rom. ix. 11, dec 
^ it fern. def. pi. Gatherings — 1 Cor. xvi. 2. 
— 001 ]l foffi, w Satan— 4s a devil— SuLfioXos i<rrtv—]l^£D, (ch. xiii. 27, 
Ac.) noun masc. def An adversary, accuser, — the Enemy, Satan. 

Heb. JtJE^, An adversary, Numb, xxii 22: — with def. art. 
Satan, Job i. 6. — R. pfef , Opposed himself, Ps. xxxviiL 21, Ac. 
Whence also nj&£?> a- £ <4" accusation, Ezr. iv. 6. 
71. ]ool £o\, He had spoken, He spake— Qt. cXcyc. 



CHAPTER VII. 

2. IINfftf)?, of Tabernacles— Gr. rj vKrjvoTnryia—Tl def. of |1S&V>, noun 

masc. def. -4 shady place, arbour , fowtfA. — PI. _x^^&1o, S. Matt. 

xvii. 4, dec. Form of Pael part of ^L^, Pa. ^L|, Overshadowed. 

3. yJk P-», depart — fierd^rjOi — See note, ch. v. 24. 

4. |i »oftn, in secret — iv Kpwrry — |iiO^ n. f. A secret, secrecy. Used 

only (in the N. T.) with pret *0, adverbially. R. V*-£, Lay hid. 

1*. •»»•** 
OOU 1 1\ u ^?> that he should be in public — to be (known) openly — 

Gr. iv wafiprjviq. clvat — H-^\t» A participial noun masc. def. Mani- 
festation, revelation — Form of part. Peil of (Lt, Revealed, 
f-k-HlO, secrecy, from (£02, Ato\ 

w. a 17 



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130 S. JOHN VII. 5—8. 

Ver. 5 ]] v£>] , TransL For not even His brethren believed in Jesus. — 

■» 

Ol^ pleonastic. 

6. X&Gy is come — irapcoriv — Verb Peal pret Came, approached, came to 

pass, arrived, fell to one 9 8 lot, S. Luke i 9._Pret. 3. fern. A^lO, 
S. John xiii 1:— and h\ frV) (from « i ftSn) 1 Cor. x. 11 — Fut. 
ifelOJ — Part ]^D, used in the phrase OI^D *-^lo ]&D, lit 
it comes into the hands of his Lord, ie. his Lord hath power, Rom. 
xiv. 4. Similarly 1 Cor. xvi. 2, with which compare Gen. xxxii 
1^> 1*V2 NSTTffij of what came into his Jiand, ie. what he could. 

— Part fem. ] > fftf>, S. Luke xv. 12: — used in phrase similar to 
the above, ^OlOpifD (-i-glo, A« is able, 2 Tim. i 12. Similarly, 
Hebr. xi 19; Acts v. 39; xxv. 5._Part Peii fem. U-&SG, simi- 
larly used, Acts xxiv. 13; 2 Cor. ix. 8; 2 Tim. ii. 2. 
Chald. N&23 or plfcD, Dan. iv. 8; vi. 25, <fcc. 

t : t j 

— ^, S\n*^, at every time, always — iravrort — The words occur separately, 

S. Luke xviii. 1, 5. 

— %^i » (}V>, ready — crot/io? — Pael part. pass, of «^Q-£ «^-b> JPcw ^oorf. 

Pa. -*"> I £ r see note ch. xiv. 2, below. 

7. ^omffiVlN, to /tale yon — /uactp v/xas — Inf. (following — - 3 a ^ r> ) of 

|±XX>, see note, ch. iii 20. — The final ] elided before the affix. All 
the Eds. read as above, except Schaaf, who reads ^Q2^jlCQSo\. 

8. oncn, go ye up — ava/fyrc — Imperat. pi. of «CLCQJ, Ascended. Defective 

in the pret. which is supplied by the verb «oXfiO, see note, ch. i 
51. Fut iOmj, S. Matt. xiii. 2, <fec.— 3. pi. v OQmj, S. Matt 

xiv. 22; S. Mark vi 45 Imperat. *0£D, Kev. iv. l._Inf. 

•QXaioX, Rev. xvii. 8 Part. %QinJ, Rev. xiv. 11. 

Heb. pD3» fut 1. sing. pDKj Ps- cxxxix. 8. 

— ^o\», is fidjilled—futi come — ircirXi/pwrcu — Verb Peal pret. Com- 

pleted, came to an end, Jilted up; agreed or consented, S. Luke 
xxiii. 51. Walked sincerely, Rom. iv. 12._Fut. %oS m 1, S. John 
xiii 18, <fcc.:— Fem. V>\-7 (f or , i Sn\ ml), ch. xviii 9, 32.— 



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S. JOHN VII. 8—12. 131 

Ver. 8. 3. pi. ^V - y S. Mark xiv. 49; S. Luke xxi. 24.— 1. pL 

^oSjaJ, GaL v. 25; Phil iii. 16 Part %Q^», S. Luke xxiil 

51:— Fem. ]SiAj», S. Matt xiii. 14; S. Luke v. 36.— PL masc. 
^ »CA- Acts xxviii. 25, <fec. — PL fem. V V>V», Acts xv. 15. 
From this verb are derived, 

UlLb, adj. Perfect, whole— PL def. ]Vl\i, whole burnt- 
offerings, oXoKavrdfrnra — Hebr. x. 6, 8. 

12niO^-#, noun fem. de£ Perfection: concord, peace — 2 Cor. 
vL 15; xiii. 11. 

Heb. ch&, Finished, 1 Kings viL 51.— Chald. Q^S?, part 
Peil, Ezr. v. 16. 

9. CJUl *-**&, He abode — c/ictvcv — Verb Peal pret 3. sing. « »OP) %^£), 

Was still, remained. Pronoun pleonastic, after a neuter verb. 

Fut w*Q-2Ll Imperat +*CL&, S. Luke xxiv. 29 In£ 

. a£)V)S, 1 Thess. iii 1 Part *^U>, Phil. I 25; Hebr. iv. 1. 

—Fem. \m-l£>, S. John xiL 24. 
Transl. These things He said, and remained in Galilee. 

10. } p+\, as it were — t5s — In order that, S. Matt u. 13, 23. — That, Gr. 

oirci*, S. Luke vii. 3. 

1 1. 00-» I , u?A*re ia? — irou iariv; — Adverb compounded of OOl + (2l» | . 

12. P-b'9 a murmuring — yoyyw/xds — Noun masc. def. It, ^'> -3/wr- 

mured. 

— OlA\fty>, concerning Him — Trcpl avroi) — See note, ch. i. 15. 

— ll^Lo, deceiving — He deceiveth — Gr. irXavq. — Aphel part of |L£, 

Wandered. — Aph. >i^| (2 Cor. xi. 3), Caused to wander, led 
into error. — Pret 3. fem. A » k£\ with aff. Bom. vii. 11.— .Fut 
ll&J, 1 Cor. iii. 13:— with aff. S. Matt xxiv. 4, <fec.— 3. pi. 
^OL^J, S. Matt xxiv. 5 (see note there), 11, <fcc. — 2. pL v OS^l, 

S. James i. 22 Inf. Oj_L&&X Rev. xx. 8 Part fem. 

) i S ft So, Rev. ii 20.— PL masc. . iSfcV), Rom. xvi 18, &c.:— 
coalescing with ^Lm, ^J-i^^k), 1 S. John L 8. 



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132 S. JOHN VII. 12—15. 

Ver. 12. Ethtaphal ^J^UX, Was deceived. Pret. 3. pi. OjJ^ZTf, 
Rev. xviil 23. 

Heb. Hiph. flWQft, Led astray, Ezek. xiiL 10. 

13. bJ\ i N ^t , openly — Gr. ira^ptfcriq. — Adverb. — It. |L., Revealed, 

— IA^ki}, fear — rov fftofiov — Def. of |Lwj (S. Luke L 74), noun fern. 

p .r * 

Fear, terror, also Religion, reverence. — Constr. A\^ ; Acts ix. 
31, Ac.— PL def. liJuLnJ, S. Luke xxi. 11.— R. ^*>, Feared, 
reverenced. 

14. CLiA^, divided, were in Hie midst. 

TransL But when the days of the Feast divided, Le. were Jtalfover — 
Gr. tjStj & tt}$ koprfj* fMaowrrp — Pret. 3. pi. of -ii >■*» (Rom. xii. 
3), Divided, distributed, cut in two parts; set at variance.— .Fut. 
_q\£L), with aff. S. Matt. xxiv. 51 ; S. Luke xii. 46. — 1. sing. 

•^■0^1*, S. Matt. x. 35._Part. \\^<*. S. Luke xil 13 (where 
see note). — PI. masc. » it ^*\ I Cor. ix. 13. —.Part. Peil 
■t * ^^ y Acts xiv. 4: — S. James i. 8. — PL masc. , % i> i \p>, 
S. Luke xii. 52. — Constr. piuSJ - *» . i - ^** y Gr. &tyvx 0l > &• 
James iv. 8. 
Deri v. mAqS, noun masc. Division, disputing; hesitation, diversity, 
PhiL it 14.— De£ 1 ia ^"**. Acts **• 12.— PL def. ]^"*V 

1 Cor. xii 4, «fcc. 

Heb. (Kal not used) Niph. J^SJ, Was divided, Gen. x. 25.— 
Chald. J^fi, Part. Peil Dan. ii 41* 

15. liJZLCD, literature, letters — ypafifmra — Def. of fr£LCD, noun masc. -4 

5oo&, writing, literature, learning. PL det (j^fO, Jfo Scriptures, 

2 Tim. iii. 15; Hebr. ix. 19. 

Heb. •ifiD, Pb. xl. 8; lxix. 29, D^SDHi the Scriptures, Dan. 
ix. 2.— Chald. ^fip, pi. pSD, Ezr. iv, 15; Dan. vii. 10.— R. 
*\&D, Scratched, scraped, graved on stone — whence, Wrote — Part. 

— T 

Tfib> Ps- *!▼• 2. — Syr. Pa. Shaved, Ethpa. Was shaven, Acts xviil 
18; 1 Cor. xi. 6. 



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S. JOHN VII. 16-18. 133 

Ver. 1 6. - > 1 gi^Q - , My doctrine — rj ifir} Si&uoy— Noun with aff. jiiiXcu 
(S. Matt, xvi. 12, &c.) noun masc. def. Teaching, instruction. — 
PI. def. ]i^VA" s. Matt. xv. 9. R. *2llLI, Learned. 

17. ^2Amk), knowing — he shall know — yvaucrerai — Ethpaal part, of 

^O£0, Was foolish £Peal not used).— Pael ^3£0, Made to un- 
derstand, instructed. — Part pi. (with — JL» »), Col. i 28. — Ethpa. 
^2&£dX (S. Luke xx. 23), Understood, considered.— Tret. 3. pi. 
oXoZiol* S. Matt. xvi. 12, <fcc.— 2. pi. <pAlJ>ZlCDl* ch. xiii. 51, 

Ac— 1. pi. Vo/m]* Acts xvi. 10 Fut. ^D^flQJ, S. Matt. 

xxiv. 15; S. Mark xiiL 14. — 1. sing. ^oAcol, Acts viiL 31. — 
3. pi ^nVoAVi S. John xii 40, &c—2. pi. ^oNoAWT, S. Matt 

xiii 14 Imperat.^ZfiD'f, 2 Tim. ii. 7.— PL oNoZtofc S. Matt, 

xv. 10; S. Mark vii. H._Jnf. AVoA^OA S. Luke xxiv. 45. 
_Part. with ]], foolisli, Gr. aovvcros, Rom. i. 21. — PL masc. 
»V*>AmV> S. Matt. xiii. 13, <kc. with < »*, Hebr. xi. 3. 

From this verb is derived the noun masc. ^DQXD, Prudence, 
intelligence, Eph. L 8, <fcc. Def. |laaflD, Rom. L 20, &c. 

Heb. (Kal not used) Pi. ^3D, Made foolish, 2 Sam. xv. 31; 
Isa. xliv. 25. 

18. OLLiA) ZOO» ^G> of his own mind — of himself— Gr. a<p iavrov, 

rendered (JLm-^J > <<» _So, ch. xvi. 13. For Z.0-O* , see note, 
S. Matt. xviiL 19. 

_i^J (Acts iv. 32), noun masc. Mind, sense, opinion, under- 
standing. Constr. as above. Def. fj-*-L}, S. Mark xii. 33, <tc. 
— PL def. \l > <^ # 1 Cor. xv. 33. — R. p*j, in the signification 
Desired 

Heb. JVJp, Desire— Eccles.iL22.— Chald. the same— Thought, 

Dan. iL 29, 30; iv. 16, (fee. 
— pQA, unrig/Ueousness — oSiKta — noun masc. def. PL def. ]3d^, tra- 
quities, Rev. xviii 5. Root, Arab. Turned aside from rigid. — 
Compare Heb. Pi. 7^, Did wrong. 



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134 S. JOHN VII. 18-23. 

Ver. 18. rn*~s\^ i n his heart, Le. in him — Gr. iv avT«p — ]^X (S. Matt, 
xii. 34, <fec.) noun masc. The heart. PL of masc. form, with af£ 
^gn i QA, once, S. James iii. 14. — More usually of fern. def. form 
(L&n\ S. Luke ii. 35 ; with afE ch. xvi 6, below. 

Heb. aS, a^S, Ps. xii 3.— Chald. 3^, Dan. vii. 28_3aS, 

ch. ii. 30; iv. 13, <fcc. 
20. |Q-»>, a efwiV — Sat/xovtov — noun masc. def. — PL def. |Q-»J, S. Matt. 

ix. 34, <fcc. 
22. ]Z5o|^|, circumcision — rrjv irepvrofiyv — Noun fern. def. — R. 5}-., 

Cut off. 

— *-*01 OULSd (pron. mene-i), from him it is, sc. from Moses — GUSo is 

— X 

pleonastic. 

— ^pAj| _»5Vii* (pron. goz'ritun) ye circumcise — ^piTc/wcrc — Part. pL 

(forming present tense 2. pi.) of 5|-., Cut, cut off; always in the 
N. T. in the sense of circumcised. Pret. 3. sing, with afE Acts 

vii. 8; xvi. 3 Fut. 3oV^J, 1 Cor. vii 18; Gal. ii 3._Inl 

5Vhl-LqA, Acts xv. 5; — with aff. pleon. S. Luke i. 59._Part. 
5|-.. — PL masc. (passively) Acts xv. 1; Gal. vi. 13. Part. Peil 

X^ .0 X XX 

fr-»Viti 1 Cor. vii 18. — Def. I Mint > Phil. iiL 5. — PL masc. _»t-*Vit> 
Acts vii 51 ; xv. 24. — De£ InVit, ch. x. 45. — From this verb is 
derived 

l^Jlnt, noun fern. def. An island, as being cut off from the 
mainland, Acts xiii. 6, <fcc. — PL def. ]^»)Vii> &«▼• vi 14. 

Heb. *1T3> Cut, divided, Ps. exxxvi 13: also, Decided, decreed, 
Job xxii. 28. — Chald. ^Til» part. pi. t^TH* the deciders of fate, 
astrologers, Dan. ii. 27, <fcc. 
5V«|ALD, 6ci7i^ circumcised — fe circumcised — rcceiw circumcision — Gr. 
w€piTOfirjv Aa/x/JaVci — Ethpeel part from the foregoing. — Ethpe. 
'Ihi£)> Was circumcised. — Pret. 2. pi. ^oiiVii^L CoL iL 11.—. 
Fut. JVyiAj, S. Luke ii. 21.— 2. pL &\-Ul, Gal. v. 2, <fcc. 



23. 



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S. JOHN VII. 23—33. 135 

Ver. 23. Chald. Ithpe. *lt|UriKi Wa$ cut off, Dan. ii 45;— and in the 
Heb. form, ver. 34. 
N.B. Some editions read 5}JtZ&>, Ethpaal. 

— pA-ft-3, should be broken — \v9jj — Ethpeel fut. 3. sing, of |j^ , Loosed.— 

Ethpe. •-*} A^ J , (S. Mark vii 35), Was loosened, dismissed, broken 
to pieces, settled. — Pret. 3. sing. fern. Zl»5A-»], Acts xiii 43. — 3. 
pL Q^5AVf, ch. iv. 23, <fcc — Fut 3. sing. fern. ] JZl#2T, S. Luke 
xiii. 16. — 1. sing. ]$L*(, 2 Tim. iv. 6.-3. pL <0$AaJ, 2 S. Pet 

iii 10, 12.— 2. pL ^o5Zt#£ S. Luke vi. 37 Part. 15AaS2>, Acts 

xix. 39.— PI. masc. ^A r O» cn# v# 38.— PI. fern. ^tV), 
2 S. Pet iii 11. 
24. |£>(2 -^mVr>^ Lit With acceptation of the person, i.e. with parti- 
ality — Gr. icaT otj/iv, E. V. according to the appearance — The phrase 
answers to the Gr. viroKpwis, S. Matt xxiii 28 ; S. Luke xii 1 ; — 
wpoaunro\rjp\ria, Rom. ii. 11. 

T f 7 

^rr\Kn noun masc. of form Aph. part. pass, of «^£QJ, Took; 
— see note, ch. i 16. — Def. l^COk), A receiving, Phil. iv. 15. 

lib*}, The faces, persons. See note, ch. xi. 44, below. The 
pref. «0 is pleonastia 

For a similar phrase in Heb., see Ps. lxxxii 2 ; 2 Chron. xix. 7. 

* .. x r x? »»xr 

26. ^ i m i \ m O, the rulers — ol o/>x<>vrcs — PI. of « m i m D, def. (a » a f) 
(S. Luke xv. 25.) -4n «Wer, ru&r, Bishop, Gr. ivlaicoiros, 1 Tim. 
iii 2, *-pc<r/3vrcpo?, ch. v. 1. — Fern, form constr. A • - • *"*, see 
note, S. Luke ii 36.— PL def. } - " - O, S. Matt xv. 2, dea- 
lt « a «Q *-*JO, JFa* o&£ 

29. wt/ftx — Si), yrom 2/tm — Tap avrov — Compound preposition, with 
affixed pronoun. 

32. ^QJOl, they, ie. the Pharisees — Gr. ol tapco-ato*. 

— \m »i?, tAe officers — vTrqpira? — noun masc. pi. de£ 

33. ^iSf), a little (while)— fiucpov (xpovov)^- Adj. Short, small, light, 

whence, swift. Often used as an adverb, see note ch. ii 12. — 



Digftzec 



136 S. JOHN VII. 33—38. 

Ver. 33. " » ^^ " » ^°, distributively, a little for every one, ch. vi 7. — 

X X 

Also in the following adverbial expressions : — 
iojVo W>^A^ almost— Gr. h oXiyw, Acts xxvi. 28. 
UxXd |1vr>^ i almost, within a little, lit in the fulness of a little — 

Gr. oirctfs, really, quite, E. V. clean, 2 S. Pet. ii. 18. But the 

Alex. Vat. and some other MSS. read oXtyws. 
\L*^0 5Z| *^\ in part, lit. from a little place, Gr. dwo fUpovs, 

Rom. xi. 25. 

m i No m*^> in part, Gr. dw6 fiipovs, 2 Cor. ii. 5. . 

x * * tt t * 
uiifl) ^-iD Mi \o, somewhat, in part, Gr. airo /xcpovs, Rom. xv. 

24; 2 Cor. i. 14 ;— cV /xcpovs, 1 Cor. xiil 9, 12. Fern. jliSn, 

uAD, swift feet, 

Rom. iii. 15. R. \Lo ^-O, Was light, swift,— occurring in the 

N. T. only in Aph. ^D^ , Lightened; — pret. 3. pL qXjd] (followed 

by ^So) they lightened the ship, Acts xxvii. ' 38. _ Part. pi. 

» \r>Vn making lig/U of, insulting, Gr. wpoicaXovfiwoi, Gal. v. 26. 

Heb. 7p, IAgJU, swift, Isa. xix. 1. — As an adverb, ch. v. 26. 

— £o2, yet — Gr. en. 

35. «-»JD, a particle used in interrogations or exclamations, but always 
following another word, as Yc\, QJ^D, P-^>> CL-Ss. — Gr. py ; — 
Lat. numne? num forte? — Compare also the nam in quisnam; 
and the Germ. benn, tool)!. 

— piklL5 ^Zoi'Zp, to the places of the nations — Gr. cfe rfjv iuunropav 

twv *EWyv<Dv. — For }L\, a region, see note, ch. xi. 54. 

— I** 1 ki, the heathen, Gentiles — rovs "EWrpas — PI. def. of v2ULki, def. 

l^ 1 -» (S. Matt. xviiL 17.) One who is polluted, profane. — Fem. 
def. VAiSlJUj, S. Mark vii. 26. 

Heb. WH, Job viii. 13, <fec.— R. Mpl, Was defiled, Ps. cvi. 38. 

38. yZoJCFlJ, rivers— irorapuoi— PL def. of 5oU, def. 1*CF1J (S. Matt, iiu 
6, ho.) noun masc. A river, stream. PI. abs. of masc. form in the 



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S. JOHN VII. 38, 39. 137 

Yer. 38. expression _»5<XU AjuO, between the rivers, ie. Mesopotamia, 

• Acts ii. 9 ; vii 2. But it takes the fem. form in pi. def. as above. 

Heb. *VU, Gen. ii 10. — Chald. *|T0, A stream, Dan. vii. 10. — 

t t - : 

Def N*inj, JTVtt> the river, ie. the Euphrates, Ezr. iv. 10, 16, 
17, 20. T * 
— %0}\J y shall flow — pcvo-ovatv — Fut. 3. pL of |*5 (Acts xviiL 18, 22), 
Went forward, progressed, advanced; journeyed by land (S. Mark 
x. 17), or by sea (S. Matt xiv. 34). — From the notion of pro- 
gression, it comes to signify, intransitively, Exercised, gave one's 
attention, labour to anything ; — whence, transitively, Caused others 
to be exercised; instructed, taught (Col. iii. 16), as Gr. TrotScuciv — 
-whence, again, Admonislied, chastised (S. Luke xxiii. 16, 22). 
Pret. 3. pi. 0)5, S. Matt. xiv. 34.— 1. pi. ^ji, Acts xx. 6, 13, 
<fec._Fut. (jiJ, Acts xxvii. 9. — 1. sing. 1*5], with afE S. Luke 

xxiii. 16, 22. — 1. pL |)*J, S. Luke ii. 15 Imperat. pL 0)3, 

1 Thess. v. 14 Part. )Yi, S. Matt ix. 20, &c— Fem. ]L{i, Acts 

ix 31. — PL masc. ~-»?', S. Mark vi. 48, <fec. : — coalescing with 

1 *», ~-l-*)>, 1 S. John i. 6 Part Peil \p, S. James iii. 13. — 

PI. masc. _jp (actively), Col. iii. 16: so Vienna Ed. and others, 



»p 



while some read <--»?5. 

X _.<ft 

Ethpeel «^)5Z.|, Was informed, learned; was cliastised, Acts 
vii 22.— Pret 1. sing. L>}hL'\, ch. xxii. 3.— Part. 1?5A&, Hebr. 
xii. 8.— PI. with ^J-m, and inf. Ojj5A&, 1 Cor. xi. 32. 
Deri v. |->0)}, noun masc. def. An instructor, Rom. ii. 20. 

05*Lo, noun fem. Instruction, learning; — 05*10 (J J, Unlearned, 
2 Tim. ii 23.— Def. fZo)^, 1 Cor. x. 11; Eph. vl 4 :— Chastise- 
ment, Hebr. xii. 7, 8, 11. 

Cogn. Heb. ,*m, Laid low, Iwd dominion over, Ps. xlix. 15, — 

* T T 

and TV, Descended, flowed down, Ps. cvii. 23 ; Deut. ix. 21. 

— T 

39. *»j*oA^|, was glorified — €Oo(do6v — Ethpaal pret. 3. sing, of -»^n r 

? r 

(not used) Pa. -»^n r , Praised. Ethpa. Was praised, honoured. 
—Pret. 3. sing. fem. 'LLsz/L*T, 2 Cor. iii. 10 — Fut. ^^LLmJ, 
W. C. 18 



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138 S. JOHN VII. 39—47. 

Ver. 39. S. John xi. 4, &c.— 3. pi. ^lkksZaJ, S. Matt. vi. 2.— 1. pi. 

oj^/laJ, Rom. viii. 17._Part. o^koA^lLo, S. John xv. 6; 

S. Luke iv. 15: — Fern. V^sA^lLo, 2 Thess. iii 1. — PL masc. 

^. Z^jLmS), 1 Cor. iv. 10; xii 26. 
40. - .mnNAn His words — Gr. iov Xoyov. 

42. OliJl _So, from his seed — the seed — (aff. pleon.) — c* rov oirtpfiaro^ — 

*'l, def. ]Li\ (S. Matt. xiii. 18, &c), noun masc. Seed— PI. def. 
P*9l, seeds , sown fields, S. Matt. xii. 1. — It. *&)], Sowed. 
Heb. pT, Gen. i. 11.— Chald. pT, Dan. ii. 43. 

— .... ~^0O, Transl. ilra? (<Aa$) from Bethlehem, the town of David him- 
self, comes the Messiah. 

43. I u . a division — crxwr/ia — Def. of Q ■■ ^^ noun fern. Separa- 

Jion, />arf, portion. — PL def r n it ^^ Rom. xvL 17, <fcc. — 
R. - ■! \**, Divided. 

Compare Heb. njpfi, A division, of the priests, 2 Chron. xxxv. 
5: — and Chald. the same, Ezr. vi 18. 

44 OOOI A-»|0, Transl. And there were men (i.e. some) of them wlio 

wislied to take Him. 

46 iOoAlQlO (], Transl. Never thus spake man {son of man) as 

speaks this man. — The Sin. MS. reads ...o5s ovtos XaXct o avfyxorros. 

47. ^oA^L£ (for ^oAjl ^ i S I), are ye deceived? — TrejrXdvqaO* ;— Part 
(forming pres, 2. pi.) of p*£ (& Matt, xviii. 12), Erred, strayed, 
was deceived; lay hid, escaped notice. — Pret. 3. sing. fern. AL£, 
1 Tim. ii. 14:— with aff. S. Luke viii 47.-3. pi. aL£, S. Matt, 
xv. 24; xvi. 5, &c — Fut |L&J, S. Matt, xviii. 12;— Fern. \LiV, 

with aff 2 S. Pet. iii. 8.-2. pi. <a^£ S. Luke xxi. 8 Part. 

l!£, Phil - I"- 13;— Fern. |ll4 (for inf.), let her fall of, Gr. eV 
wco-ctv, Acts xxvii. 32. — PL masc. > 1 fe, S. Matt, xxii 29, <fcc. — 

PL fem. del l^ils^* 1 Tim. iv. 1 Part. Peil ]Li, fern. \L^ t 

S. Luke xiL 6.— PL masc. ' : ^L. def. ]!Lj, Hebr. xi. 38.— PL 

7 

fem. ^ V Sfr, Acts xxvi. 26. 



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S. JOHN VII. 47—53. VIII. 139 

Ver. 47. Ethpeel - JL^Zf, Was enticed— Part )L£A&>> S. James i. 25. 
— From this verb is derived 

j/n > k£ noun fern, defl Ignorance, error, deceit, Acts xvii 
30, Gr. ayvota; Col. ii. 8, <fcc. 

Heb. TWO (same as H^Pl), once in Hiph. Ezek. xiii 10. 

49. J (j|, unless, except — Gr. dAAa. 

# 

— ^OLsl ^« ft * \ are cursed — eirutarapaToL ctox — Part Peil pL (forming 
pres. tense) of ^Cl\ *fi^> Cursed — See note, S. Matt. v. 44. 
N.B. ^Qjj and ^-k-)| are nominatives when they represent the 

subst. verb. 
TransL Unless this people, which know not the law, are cursed; — Or, 
Except this people which know not the law; accursed are they/ — 
or accursed be they! 
51. %Q » k>1d, condemning, judging— judgeth—Qr. icptro — Pael part, (for 

9 * f 

present tense) of %OQ>j «2lk», Was guilty. — Pa. »Q » — (Tit. iii. 
11), Judged guilty, condemned. — Pret 3. pL QJZLi_k», Acts xxvi. 

10. — 2. pi. ^A^? .. g # James v. 6 Fut -«^» k» y fem. 

- »«^> L2., S. Luke xL 31 :— with aff. S. Matt. xii. 42.-3. pi. 
AtIlmJ, with aff. ver. 41, <fec. — 2. pi. ^^ - **L, S. Luke vi. 37. 

Inf. ri^> > ^^\ with aff Col. ii 18 Part pi. masc. 

K i n i »»V), S. Matt. xii. 7 — Part pass. «n » »»V), S. Matt 
v. 21, 22.— PI. fem. ^jolJLlD, S. Jude ver. 7. 
Heb. Pi. 2*n> i/otfe &o6& to penalty, Dan. i. 10. 
53. ! »»\n, ct?ery (me, every maw — Gr. ckootos — The words are separate, 
jja ^D, Acts xvii. 27. 



CHAPTER VIII. 

It will be sufficient here to remind the student that the first eleven verses of 
this chapter, and the last verse of ch. vii. are not found in the Vienna, nor in 
any Edition prior to that of Elias Hutter (Norberg, 1600); who himself 
translated this and other missing portions of the N. T. into Syriac. The passage, 
as it now stands, was supplied by Bp. Walton in the Lond. Polyglott, from a 
MS. in the library of Abp. Ussher. 



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140 S. JOHN VIII. 1—5. 

Ver. 1. l£lfj, of Olives— r&v 'EAcuoV— PL def. of )'L*\ (Rom. xi 17), 
noun masc. def. An olive, olive-tree, 
Heb. n^T, Pa. Hi. 10. 

2. |j^^O, in the morning — Gr. opOpov — Def. of ^2)« , noun masc. The 

morning. 

»* f •* P 

3. I'r^LCD, ^ Scribes — ol TpafjLfiarA — PL def. of J-2LCD, def. (j^LCD 

(S. Matt. xiii. 52, <fcc.), noun masc. One skilled in written Law. — 
Form of part act. of t&£D, Heb. *)fiD> Graved, inscribed: — 

- T 

whence 

Heb. *)£D> A writer, scribe, Ps. xlv. 2. Chald. *)£D, Ezr. iv. 
8, <fec.; vii. 12, 21. 

— L^Ll^y, who was taken — Gr. Kar€iXrjfjLfi€irqv — Ethpeel pret. 3. sing. 

fern, of pjlf, Seized, fold.— Ethpe. ^LU^ (S. Matt xxv. 10), 
Was seized, detained; was shut, closed: for p^Z], see Cowper's 

Gr. § 111 (2).— Pret. 3. pi. O^LL)] S. Luke iv. 25 Fut 

pK*ZAj, Acts ii 24. — 3. pL ^OpwZAj, Rev. xxi. 2Q. 

— 1* n u **\ w* adultery — fr fu>tx«^ — l'°-U» noun masc. def. R. 5Q-. t-., 

Committed adultery. 

— "JAvAn^ %n t/ie midst — iv fifou — Def. of P>*Si>, noun fern. The 

middle. — Constr. LLf^D, S. Mark vi. 47, <fcc. — Whence is derived, 
% * ^ 

|-i_L^1o, noun masc. def. A mediator, Gal. iii. 19, 20. 

4. p. vr>m^> OIO, iw </i€ very act — iwavTo^wpta — Def. of ^LQ£D, noun 

masc. An act, deed; visitation, S. Luke xix. 44. — PL def. (J^lQID, 
S. Luke i. 1. — R. }SfD, Performed, visited, cared for. 
Transl. This woman was taken openly in the very act of adultery. 

5. pQS, commanded — cverciAaro — Pael pret. 3. sing, of pQS, Visited, de- 

creed. Pa. Gave commandment. — Pret. 1. sing. ZpQS, Acts xxiii. 

30.— 3. pL Oyna, ch. iv. 15, 18.— 1. pL Vf nfl, ch. xv. 24 

Fut yAaJ, S. Matt iv. 6; S. Luke iv. 10. — 2. sing. ^2)2., 
1 Tim. i. 3.— 1. sing, ^ffi with aff. 1 Cor. xL 34.-2. pi. 
^Oj-QS)^, Acts xv. 5.— .Tmperat pQS, 1 Tim. iv. ,ll._Inf. 



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S. JOHN VIII. 5, 6. 141 

Ver. 5. OyAaloi, S. Matt. xi 1 Part f n^V), S. John xv. 14, 17.— 

PL masc. ^Q££o, 2 Thess. iii. 10: — with ^-2-m, ver. 4, 12. 

Ethpaal ,£!£>£), Was commanded. Pret. 3. sing. fern. J rsa\?y 

Hebr. ix. 20.— 3. pL o,flpffi, Acts xxiii. 31 2. pL ^nf^f, 

CoL iv. 10. 

Heb. Pi *Tj53, Mustered, Isa. xiii 4. 

— — jlAcTI ^-ilpAJ, that such as these — Gr. ra% Totavras — compound of 

j, that, -± of the object, the relative J, and ^-»], So. 

— ^OQ^tfJ, toe should stone — Gr. XiOofSoXeivOau — Fut. 1. pL of ^Q-it', 

Stoned.— Pret. 3. pL ClIqJ.5, with afE S. Matt. xxi 35, <fcc 

Fut. ^OQ-.jJ, Acts v. 26. — 3. pi. ^Qia^J, ch. xiv. 5: — with aff. 

ver. 59, below Inf. v^OiV w ith aff. S. John x. 31; xi. 8 

Part. ^CL.«>, S. Luke xx. 6. — Fern, constr. ALCLt5, S. Matt, xxiii 

37 (as AXguO, same verse). — PL masc. ^ >V)yt>, S. John x. 32; 
with * m, ver. 33. 

Ethpeel ^Q^l* Was stoned.— Pret. 3. pL QiO^Zf, Hebr. 
xi. 37 Fut. 3. sing. fern. *jla^>l£, ch. xii 20. Pret. 1. sing. 

^ \0^ » ^ ^ or ' **• ^> ma v ^ re ^ erre ^ *° Ethpe. or Ethpa. 
Heb. QD, Numb. xiv. 10; Josh, vii 25. 

— T 

Transl. Now in the Law of Moses he commanded that we should stone 
such as these. 

6 |,m 1 1, so that there might be to them — i.e. that they might have — 

Gr. Iva c^oxtl 

— A**A^, down — Kara) — See note, ch. i 48. 

— ^GTL<|L|, He stooped — Gr. Kityas — Ethpeel part, of \<TU|, Bent, stooped. 

The Ethpe. conj. has here a reflexive force, bent himself. Fut. 1. 
sing. ^wZl , S. Mark i. 7. 

— |0Ol «£}&££, He was writing, kept writing — wrote— Jypacj>€v — Pael 

part (forming imperf. tense) of %OA2, Wrote. — Pa. %oAd. — The 
Par. and Lond. Polyglotts read «oAsSo, Aph. part. 
Heb. Pi. 3fi3, Wjrote down, decreed, Isa. x. 1. 



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142 S. JOHN VIII. 7—9. 

Ver. 7„ OiLo, tliey continued — hrifievov — Pael pret. 3. pi. of SLd (not used) 
Pa. 5Ao (ch. xi. 6), Remained, lingered. Pret. 2. pi. ^oZiAo, 

S. Luke xxii. 28 Fut 5^DJ, Hebr. xiii. 1.— 2. pi. v o5Ao2., 

ver. 31, below Inf. oS^nV^S, Rev. xvii. 10 Part. 5AaLo, 

•2 S. Pet. iii. 4 ; 1 S. John ii. 10.— PI. masc. ^5AaLo, Acts 
xxvii. 31.— PL fern. ^'Al&O, 1 Cor. xiii. 13. 

Heb. Pi. *)£|3, Surrounded, Ps. xxii 13. — Wailed, Job 
xxxvi. 2. 

— *4*-^l » H e tyted up Himself— Gr. dvaicvij/a^ — Ethpeel pret. 3. sing. 

r 

of 4-a^, Extended. Ethpe. with reflexive sense. — Pret. 3. sing. 

fem. 'L^m^Z^, Gr. dvupOiiOrj, S. Luke xiii. 13 Fut. 3. sing. 

fern. > > fom* 7 )? 1 , ver. 11. 

— <Jl^>i JJJ, Lit. o/* wo «in — tpiJAotttf «n — Gr. dvapApnp-o^ — OT-^ja, 

noun masc. Sin. — Def. |oT-^ki, S. James iv. 17, <fcc. — PL _-iOT-^ki, 

S. Matt xiL 31.— Def. lai^L, S. John ix. 34, &a— R. ]^», 
Sinned. 

Heb. N&n, Ps. li. 7.— Chald. *&h, Dan. iv. 24. 

: •• t ~: 

— IpjkJ, Ae sfoi# cas£, fe£ Aim co*£ — f3a\cTu) — Fut 3. sing, (for imperat) 

of ] r m (ch. xxi. 7), Threw, cast away, down, into. — Pret 3. sing, 
fem. 2'r*, with aff. S. Mark i. 26.-3. pi. O^, Acts xxvii. 38.— 
1. pi. ^^*, ver. 18, 19 — Fut 3. pi. v?r*-*> witn *ff- & Luke 

X ~* 

iv. 29 — Imperat ^j-*, S. Matt iv. 6._Part |p*, 1 S. John 
iv. 18: — Fem. J-*^, Rev. vi. 13. — PL masc. ^p*. Constiv 

~ » x r •• f » 

|1 i V) > O t-i-ifj* , ^y ^^ tfAroifl tp&A tlie right hand, spearmen, 
Gr. fciiohLpovs, Acts xxiii 23. 
0. Q-i^ jD, wfew J/^ /tad begun, i.e. beginning — Gr. dp(d/i€voi — Pael 
pret. 3. pi. of |;-», Loosed Pa. •-»;_• (S. Matt. iv. 17, &c), 

. r r 

Loosened, began. Pret 3. sing. fem. l^^b, S. Mark xiv. 69. — 

1. sing. Lk'^, ver. 25, below Fut. ]: - 3, S. Matt xxiv. 49 

Imperat ]^», S. Matt. xx. 8 Part. lf-*!o, Acts xiv. 11. — PI. 

.w; m V), with _J m, 2 Cor. iii. l._Part. pass. — »; aV>, S. Matt. 



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S. JOHN VIII. 9—20. 143 

Ver. 9. viii. 6.— Def. tl;«V>, ch. ix. 2, 6; S. Luke v. 24.— PL masc. def. 

U^O, S. Matt. iv. 24.— PI. fern. def. fo^lvn Hebr. xii. 12. 

Heb. Pi. JX1&, Loosed, Jer. xv. 11.— Chald. Pa, fcplB% 
T .. .. T 

Dissolved difficulties, Dan. v. 12; — Begun, Ezr.V. 2. 

— AnLOA-*|, the w«* tyt" — Ethpeel pret. 3. sing. fern, of *QJ^#, Left. 

Ethpe. *Q^A*] (S. Luke vii 43), Was left, was forgiven, of sin. 

—Pret 3. pi. aajDA*f, 1 S. John ii. 12 Fut. -riAA- i 

a Matt. xii. 31, 32, Ac.: Fern. *CiLLbF (for - » oAA-7 1 ) 
S. Matt xxiv. 2, <fec— 3. pL ^onpLaJ, S. John xx. 23, <fec. 

Part. *q£>A^lS2>, S. Matt, xxiii. 38, <fcc.: — Fem. \o^LmSo } 

S. Matt. xxiv. 41; S. Mark xiii. 2. — PI. masc. > o^A^Vn 
Hebr. vii. 23; S, James v. 15: — with ^J-m, 2 Cor. iv. 9.— Those 
forms of Ethpeel, in which 2 takes T , are by some referred to 
Ethpaal. 

Chald. Ithpe. p^ft^N, Was left, Dan. ii. 44. 

— 01,00 »»\, site alone, — See note, ch. v. 18. 

Transl. ver. 9, 10. But they, wJven they heard, went out one by one, 
beginning from tJie elders; and the woman was left alone, being 
(CTLiA-i | fD) in the midst. But when Jesus lifted up Himself, He 
said unto the woman, Where are they? Hath no man condemned 
thee? 

11 - * A1, Transl. Go, and from this time sin no more. 

14. v ^1, t/wugh — k&v — Comp. of ^1 + %2i\ — AUlumgh — also Only, at least, 

ch. xiv. 11, <fcc. — The words are written separately, 2 Cor. iv. 16; 
Gal. I 8. 

15. Zu}jf^2), after the flesh~—Gr. Kara rrjv adpxa — Adverb derived from 

% 99 T *0 90 T 

P;_hl_£), Carnal. PL def. 1 Cor. iii. 1, <fcc. ^_3;_.^£), the same, 
pi. def Hebr. vii. 16. 
20. | V.. A * *"\ in the treasury — cv tw yafo^vAaKup — Lit. house of treasure 
— the prep. %0 understood. ||-., Treasure; with aff. fem. cnj-t, 
Acts viii. 27. 



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144 S. JOHN VIII. 20—29. 

Ver. 20. Compare Heb. **h&H *TJ3> the king's treasuries, Esth. iii. 9; 

iv. 7:— and Chald. N»U3, the treasures, Ezr. vi. 1 :— K*TH 1V3> 
T -.. T T - : . 

treasure house, ch. v. 17. R. TJH> Syr. P-ii, Stored up. 

23. A>aA\j _Sl), from beneath; lit. ./row tfAose (who are) beneath — c#c iw 

icaro) — See note, ch. i. 48. — Opposed to this is 
— ^L\? r^» from (those that are) above — c<c r&v avcu — See note, ch. 
ii. 7. 

24. ^on\ 2.£d], / said unto you — Gr. €lirov ovy vfuv — ovv is wanting in 

the Sin. MS. 

25. \JlLd|? Aj^ji, 7 Aave fte^w/i to speak. The verb «-»$-•, in the sense 

of began, is found in the following constructions: 

1. With j prefixed to a verb in the future; as in this passage; 

2. With ^ prefixed to the Infinitive; as n m> ^^^ «-»{-•> He 
began to wash, ch. xiii. 5 ; 

3. With a participle; as - > ii \V) Q-»r-», ^y ftc^an plucking, to 
pluck, S. Matt. xii. 1. 

Transl. The Jews say, Who art thou f Jesus saith unto them, Although 
I have begun to speak with you, (26) I liave (yet) much concerning 
you to say and to judge. 

26 (J |o, Transl. And what things I have lieardfrom Him, those speak 

I in tlie world — Gr. cis rov jcocr/xov. — 001 pleonastic — See Cowper's 
Gr. § 198 (1). 

28. Z.OD01, thus, similarly — Adverb — same as Lo£)\, ch. v. 19. — OOl 

following is pleonastic. 

29. 01^ j^ •>, tlrnt pleaseth Him — Gr. rd apcora aimg — Part, of j-2L* 

(Rom. xv. 3), Was beautiful, graceful, elegant; was pleasing, 
pleased. Pret. 3. fern. '1+21*, S. Matt. xiv. 6, <fcc Fut. ;<=* - y 

1 Cor. vii. 32, 33;— Fern. - »t**^* ver. 34.— 1. sing. jj2L*V, ; Gal. 
L 10. — 2. pi. £;**-?*, Col. L 10, Ac— 1. pi. ^£LmJ, Rom. xv. 

1, Ac — Inf. \&\ aV)\ Rom. viii. 8 Part pi. masc. -;** ~ t 

2 Cor. v. 9, &c. 



Digits 



zed by GoOgle